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Analiza antropologiczna materiału kostnego z wykopów nr 69 i 70 ze stanowiska Poznań-Ostrów Tumski 9/10

Anna Kubicka



The purpose of this study was to estimate the sex, age structure and minimum number of individuals (MNI) of human skeletal remains found in trenches number 69 and 70 located in St Mary’s Church in Ostrów Tumski. A new methodology had to be created as a consequence of bone fragmentation and the absence of preserved anatomical system. The lower limit of the group was obtained by adding the number of particular bones found in their entirety to the number of ends of the same bone. Sex and age were determined on the basis of skulls. The best quantitative indicators for adult vs immature status were femurs. Somewhat less useful was tibias. Based on the new methodology, the MNI for excavation no. 69 was 17 adult, 6 immature; for in excavation no. 70, 229 adult, 17 immature. Femurs and tibias were distinguished by the best state of preservation due to their robustness and characteristic anatomical structure, which facilitated the identification of even small elements. The disadvantage of this research was that only the lower limit of the group could be determined.

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