Comparative Legilinguistics 2021-02-20T14:06:40+00:00 Aleksandra Matulewska Open Journal Systems <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong></p> <p class="oczasopismie">Comparative Legilinguistics (International Journal for Legal Communication) is published four times a year by the Faculty of Modern Languages and Literatures, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland. We are pathfinders in mapping the contours of legal linguistics and legal translation especially in its comparative aspects. Comparative Legilinguistics is equally devoted to forensic linguistics, theory of the law and the intersection of legal language and legal translation. We welcome submissions in English, French and German. Guest edited volumes at the request of the guest editor may be published in Italian, Polish, Russian and Chinese. The reviews are stored in the journal’s editorial office. The articles are peer-reviewed by two reviewers (double-blind review) via our online submission platform <a title="PRESSto" href="/index.php/cl/manager/setup/"></a> with well-established expert reviewers from all over the world. The editors reserve the right to appoint a third reviewer in case of doubts. The editorial board reserves the right to publish selected articles without two reviews. We reserve a right to have one review in cases where the topic of the paper is very niche and it is not possible to find two competent reviewers.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/cl/about">ABOUT THE JOURNAL</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/cl/issue/current">CURRENT ISSUE</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/cl/issue/archive">ARCHIVE</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEXED IN:</strong> <p>WorldCat; Google Scholar; Primo Central Index, ERIH Plus, DOAJ</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>JOURNAL METRICS:</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong> MNiSW (Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education): 5 points</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>DOI:&nbsp;</strong>10.14746/cl</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN:&nbsp;</strong>2080-5926&nbsp;<strong>ISSN (online):&nbsp;</strong>2391-4491</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong> <strong>ARTICLES ARE LICENSED UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS:</strong></strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><strong><a class="enhancr_card_2499183924" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Creative Commons — Attribution 4.0 International — CC BY 4.0</a></strong></strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><strong><a href=""><img id="licensebutton" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br></strong></strong></div> Preface 2021-02-16T20:13:44+00:00 Anne Wagner Aleksandra Matulewska 2021-02-15T10:20:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Paula Trzaskawka L’ABÎME DU SENS OU LE CHAUDRON DES SIGNES. SENS ET TERTIUM QUID : SHAKESPEARE TRADUCTEUR ? 2021-02-20T14:06:40+00:00 Jean-Claude Gémar <p>Sum of atoms or molecules that are the signs that the author of a text organizes in speech, the text contains meaning, in latency. To activate it, reveal it must be interpreted, whether or not the purpose is to translate it. When it comes to translating, the difficulties presented by the translation of normative texts are due in large part to the notional burden, the degree of “juridical status” of the message conveyed by the text and the cultural singularity revealed by its mode of writing. While the substance of a text is of paramount importance in its interpretation, the manner in which it is written and presented – its form – is far from negligible. Each way of saying carries its own, and participates in the, meaning. The approach defined for the translation, sourcing (least-cultural) or targeting (most-cultural), guides the meaning. That is when the final interpretation of the two versions of the instrumental text by the courts fulfils the canonical function of law and language: to say the law by determining the meaning of all or part of a text. Until then, the signs generating the speech and its meaning nested in this place of uncertainty that is the <em>tertium quid</em>, where rest, like the ingredients that the Sisters of Destiny (Macbeth) stir in their cauldron, the signs of where meaning will come out, an uncertain and precarious truth deduced by the original interpreter of the instrumental text, the translator, transcribed into the target text. Would Shakespeare provide an answer to the existential questions posed by the translator, when the spectre (Hamlet) and the witches (Macbeth), enigmatic oracles, answer the protagonists' ontological questions about the meaning and direction of their lives? The bard indeed launches this injunction: <em>keep law and form and due proportion</em> in <em>Richard II</em> (3.4.43)! Will the translator follow him in each of these three directions?</p> 2021-02-15T10:23:20+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jean-Claude Gémar TRANSLATION AS A CATALYST IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN CHINESE LEGAL LANGUAGE 2021-02-16T20:13:45+00:00 Deborah Cao <p>This paper focuses translation of legal language and the development of modern Chinese legal language as a translated legal language. It first describes the historical contexts in which China underwent enormous and unprecedented social and political changes including changes to law in the late 1800s and early 1900s. It then discusses how translation played an important catalyst role in introducing Western law, legal practices, legal concepts and terminology in the emerging modern Chinese legal language as we know it today, and in the process, lent a helping hand in negotiating China’s transition to modernity through translation and creating a new legal language and legal system. It also considers the issues in translingual and cross-cultural communication and understanding translated Chinese legal language.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-02-15T10:24:41+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Deborah Cao ON THE FORMS AND THORNS OF LINGUISTIC INDETERMINACY IN CHINESE LAW 2021-02-16T20:13:46+00:00 Michele Mannoni <p>This study addresses the different types and implications of linguistic indeterminacy in Chinese law. It firstly draws on the studies of scholars of different disciplines, such as linguistics and philosophy of language, to provide a taxonomy of indeterminacy in language. It then provides examples of each type, highlighting the implications in law and legal interpretation. It uses linguistic data from various texts, such as statutory laws and judgements, and analyse them with various methods, including discourse analysis and corpus linguistics. This study argues that when the language of the law is indeterminate, the legal outcomes may be particularly uncertain. It suggests that although it is difficult to ascertain whether the degree of indeterminacy is higher in some languages more than in others, some linguistic mechanisms at the word-formation level in Chinese are remarkably ambiguous. When uncertain terms are in key parts of the law, the consequences may be more serious. The study of linguistic indeterminacy in Chinese has implications for the study of forensic linguistics, and Chinese studies in general.</p> 2021-02-15T10:26:02+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Michele Mannoni RECONCEPTUALISING THE THIRD SPACE OF LEGAL TRANSLATION 2021-02-18T10:06:02+00:00 Edward Clay Karen McAuliffe <p>This paper explores the concept of legal translation as a Third Space through the lens of the ‘multilingual’ Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ). In many ways legal translation at that Court fits readily with the characterisation of translation as a Third Space. Due to complex internal production processes the ECJ produces texts which are undoubtedly hybrid in nature, and which exhibit distinctive features on a lexical and textual level marking them out as a product of cross-fertilisation of influences from source and target languages and legal cultures. Even the teleological approach taken towards legal reasoning at the ECJ occupies a space outside the strict confines of the texts involved. Both the processes and the product of the ECJ’s language system appear to bear all the hallmarks of translation as a Third Space. However, translation at the ECJ also challenges the concept of a Third Space. The prevailing definitions of translation as a Third Space fail to effectively conceptualise additional nuances of the specific nature of drafting and the complex nature of translation at the ECJ. This paper uses original empirical data to demonstrate that translation at the ECJ places constraints on the undefined, vague and fluid nature of the Third Space, warping the forces at work within that space. In this regard, rather than an amorphous space, the Third Space is better thought of as a determinate area which is delimited by elements of translation process which constrain it. This adapted framing of the Third Space can consequently be used to better understand and illustrate the dynamics at play in other areas of legal translation where the current concept of the Third Space is equally inadequate for encompassing the specific nature of translation practices which impact on that space-in-between.</p> 2021-02-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Edward Clay, Karen McAuliffe