Comparative Legilinguistics https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong></p> <p class="oczasopismie">Comparative Legilinguistics (International Journal for Legal Communication) is published four times a year by the Faculty of Modern Languages and Literature, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland. We are pathfinders in mapping the contours of legal linguistics and legal translation especially in its comparative aspects. Comparative Legilinguistics is equally devoted to forensic linguistics, theory of the law and the intersection of legal language and legal translation. We welcome submissions in English, French and German. Guest edited volumes at the request of the guest editor may be published in Italian, Polish, Russian and Chinese.&nbsp;The reviews are stored in the journal’s editorial office. The articles are peer-reviewed by two reviewers (double-blind review) via our online submission platform <a title="PRESSto" href="/index.php/cl/manager/setup/www.pressto.amu.edu.pl">www.pressto.amu.edu.pl</a>&nbsp;with well-established expert reviewers from all over the world.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/cl/about">ABOUT THE JOURNAL</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/cl/issue/current">CURRENT ISSUE</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/cl/issue/archive">ARCHIVE</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEXED IN:</strong> <p>WorldCat; Google Scholar; Primo Central Index, ERIH Plus, DOAJ</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>JOURNAL METRICS:</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong> MNiSW (Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education): 5 points</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>DOI:&nbsp;</strong>10.14746/cl</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN:&nbsp;</strong>2080-5926&nbsp;<strong>ISSN (online):&nbsp;</strong>2391-4491</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong> <strong>ARTICLES ARE LICENSED UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS:</strong></strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/"><img src="/public/piotr/cc/cc_4_by_nd.png" alt="CC_by-nd/4.0" border="0"></a></div> en-US <p align="left">When submitting a paper the author agrees to the following publishing agreement and processing personal data.</p> <p align="center"><strong>PUBLICATION AGREEMENT, COPYRIGHT LICENSE, PERSONAL DATA PROCESSING CONSENT</strong></p> <p>This is a publication agreement and copyright license (“Agreement”) regarding a written manuscript currently submitted via Pressto platform</p> <p>&nbsp;(“Article”) to be published in <em>Comparative Legilinguistics International Journal for Legal Communication </em>(“Journal”).</p> <p>The parties to this Agreement are:</p> <p align="left">the Author or Authors of the submitted article (individually, or if more than one author, collectively, “Author”) and <em>Comparative Legilinguistics International Journal for Legal Communication</em> (“Publisher”), address al. 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LICENSE OF COPYRIGHT</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author and the Publisher agree that the Author grants a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International License, which is incorporated herein by reference and is further specified at&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode%20" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode</a> copyright license in the Article to the general public.</p> <p>b)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author grants to the Publisher a royalty-free, worldwide nonexclusive license to publish, reproduce, display, distribute, translate and use the Article in any form, either separately or as part of a collective work, including but not limited to a nonexclusive license to publish the Article in an issue of the Journal, copy and distribute individual reprints of the Article, authorize reproduction of the entire Article in another publication, and authorize reproduction and distribution of the Article or an abstract thereof by means of computerized retrieval systems (such as Westlaw, Lexis and SSRN). The Author retains ownership of all rights under copyright in the Article, and all rights not expressly granted in this Agreement.</p> <p>c)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author grants to the Publisher the power to assign, sublicense or otherwise transfer any and all licenses expressly granted to the Publisher under this Agreement.</p> <p>d)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Republication. The Author agrees to require that the Publisher be given credit as the original publisher in any republication of the Article authorized by the Author. If the Publisher authorizes any other party to republish the Article under the terms of paragraphs 1c and 1 of this Agreement, the Publisher shall require such party to ensure that the Author is credited as the Author.</p> <p align="center"><strong>§2. EDITING OF THE ARTICLE</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author agrees that the Publisher may edit the Article as suitable for publication in the Journal. 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For purposes of this paragraph, making a copy of the Article accessible over the Internet, including, but not limited to, posting the Article to a database accessible over the Internet, does not constitute prior publication so long as the as such copy indicates that the Article is not in final form, such as by designating such copy to be a “draft,” a “working paper,” or “work-in-progress”. The Author agrees to hold harmless the Publisher, its licensees and distributees, from any claim, action, or proceeding alleging facts that constitute a breach of any warranty enumerated in this paragraph.</p> <p align="center"><strong>§4. TERM</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The agreement&nbsp;was concluded for&nbsp;an unspecified time.</p> <p align="center"><strong>§5. PAYMENT</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author agrees and acknowledges that the Author will receive <strong>no payment</strong> from the Publisher for use of the Article or the licenses granted in this Agreement.</p> <p>b)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Publisher agrees and acknowledges that the Publisher will not receive any payment from the Author for publication by the Publisher.</p> <p align="center"><strong>§6. ENTIRE AGREEMENT</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This Agreement supersedes any and all other agreements, either oral or in writing, between the Author and the Publisher with respect to the subject of this Agreement. This Agreement contains all of the warranties and agreements between the parties with respect to the Article, and each party acknowledges that no representations, inducements, promises, or agreements have been made by or on behalf of any party except those warranties and agreements embodied in this Agreement.</p> <p>b)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In all cases not regulated by this Agreement, legal provisions of Polish Copyright Act and Polish Civil Code shall&nbsp;apply.&nbsp;</p> <p>c)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Any disputes arising&nbsp;from&nbsp;the enforcement of obligations connected with this Agreement shall be resolved by a court competent for the headquarters of the Publisher.</p> <p>d)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Any&nbsp;amendments&nbsp;or additions to the&nbsp;Agreement&nbsp;must be made in writing and signed by authorised representative of both parties, otherwise being ineffective.&nbsp;</p> <p>e)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This Agreement&nbsp;is signed electronically and the submission of the article via the PRESSto platform is considered as the conclusion of the Agreement by the Author and the Publisher.</p> <p>f)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Clause for consent to the processing of personal data - general</p> <p>g)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author shall give his or her consent to the processing of their personal data in accordance with the Act of 10 May 2018 on the protection of personal data and Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of persons physical in connection with the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46 / EC (General Data Protection Regulation) for the purpose and in connection with making publications available on the PRESSto scientific journals platform and DeGruyter platform, guaranteeing the security of services rendered, and improving them.</p> <p align="center"><strong>I HAVE READ AND AGREE FULLY WITH THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT.</strong></p> <p align="center"><strong>The Author &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Publisher</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> aleksmat@amu.edu.pl (Aleksandra Matulewska) pressto@amu.edu.pl (Pressto) Wed, 24 Jun 2020 11:20:45 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 PREFACE (GUEST EDITOR JOSEPH-G. TURI) https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl/article/view/23291 Joseph-G. Turi Copyright (c) 2020 Joseph-G. Turi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl/article/view/23291 Wed, 24 Jun 2020 11:07:44 +0000 FRONTIÈRES ET REPRÉSENTATIONS EN CONFLIT LE CAS DE L’OCCITANIE EN 2019, ENTRE ESPACE LINGUISTIQUE ET RÉGION ADMINISTRATIVE https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl/article/view/20081 <p>Le présent article prend en compte l’impact sur les représentations de l’espace historique et linguistique occitan de la création de la nouvelle région administrative Occitanie – Pyrénées, Méditerranée, issue en 2016 de la fusion des anciennes régions Midi-Pyrénées et Languedoc-Roussillon. Cette région ne correspond en effet que très partiellement à l’Occitanie linguistique historique, ce qui risque de délégitimer aussi le nom et même les pratiques de la langue – déjà, d’ailleurs, largement pulvérisées.</p> Giovanni Agresti Copyright (c) 2020 Giovanni Agresti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl/article/view/20081 Sat, 23 May 2020 00:00:00 +0000 DROIT COMMUN, LANGUE COMMUNE: UN RETOUR SUR L'INTERPRÉTATION JUDICIAIRE DU DROIT LINGUISTIQUE AU QUÉBEC À LA LUMIÈRE DU DROIT COMMUN https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl/article/view/20055 <p>&nbsp;Le droit commun (<em>jus commune</em>) est la toile de fond intellectuelle sur laquelle toute normativité juridique se construit au sein d'une société et dont tout droit, même constitutionnel, ne peut faire l'économie au moment de son interprétation. Le droit commun emportant une série de valeurs structurantes, il convient de s'interroger sur l'interprétation à donner au droit linguistique d'une société minorisée, pour laquelle la préservation linguistique est un enjeu littéralement existentiel au sein d'un cadre constitutionnel fédéral plus grand, à la lumière de son droit commun. L'auteur avance que la Cour suprême du Canada n'aurait peut-être pas adéquatement tenu compte de cette donnée importante au Québec au moment d'invalider les pans de la <em>Charte de la langue française</em> traitant de la langue officielle de la législation et de la justice au Québec dans le cadre de l'affaire <em>Blaikie</em> en 1979, par laquelle elle imposait à la province francophone enclavée un bilinguisme législatif et judiciaire obligatoire, et qu'il conviendrait de réévaluer la justesse en droit de cette décision.</p> François Côté Copyright (c) 2020 François Côté https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl/article/view/20055 Sat, 23 May 2020 10:08:57 +0000 MULTILINGUAL LEGAL DISCOURSE AT THE COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl/article/view/20079 <p>The European Union is an organisation using multiple languages, and so does its law. Dealing with over twenty languages may be seen as an additional challenge in the interpretation of the provisions of the common legal order, so different from national legal systems of particular Member States. Multilingual interpretation has attracted a high interest of scholars all over the Europe (see Derlen 2009, Paunio, Doczekalska, Schubel-Pfister, Gemar, Sarcević, Pozzo, McAuliffe)<a title="" href="#_ftn1">[1]</a>. Unlike most of other works, this article does not focus on the process of interpretation conducted by an adjudicating panel or an Advocate General but rather on the statements of the parties to a dispute or national courts requesting a preliminary ruling when referring to multilingualism.</p> <p>This work is divided into two separate parts. Firstly, the author focuses on the cases, where a national court or a party invokes the multilingual character of the EU-law. Several different ways of its application in the course of proceedings have been explained. The second part is dedicated to the issue of multilingualism of the EU case law. Unlike the EU law, the judgments of the Court of Justice, as well as the Advocate Generals’ opinions are authentic in certain languages only (accordingly – language of the Court proceedings and the language chosen by an Advocate General for a particular opinion). However, the research proved that the existing single authentic language version does not help in avoiding problems concerning multilingual character of the EU law and multilingual nature of the common European legal discourse.</p> <p>Both issues have been analysed based on the texts of judgments and opinions passed in recent cases solved by the CJEU. Of course, the statements of the parties or national courts referring to multilingualism do not always have a great influence on the final result of the case. Nevertheless, a unique perspective taken in this article can serve as a good illustration of various possibilities of making use of the linguistic comparison in the process of legal interpretation.</p> <div><br clear="all"><hr align="left" size="1" width="33%"> <div> <p><a title="" href="#_ftnref1">[1]</a> Currently, a research project providing complex and multidimensional analysis of the relationship of Law and Language in the context of EU law is being conducted by Karen McAuliffe and her team (is funding the “Law and Language at the European Court of Justice” Project http://www.llecj.karenmcauliffe.com).</p> </div> </div> Karolina Paluszek Copyright (c) 2020 Karolina Paluszek https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl/article/view/20079 Sat, 23 May 2020 10:10:38 +0000 FACHSPRACHENPHRASEOLOGISMEN – EINE KONTRASTIVE RECHTSLINGUISTISCHE UNTERSUCHUNG AM BEISPIEL DES DEUTSCHEN UND ARABISCHEN STRAFURTEILS https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl/article/view/20703 <p>Der vorliegende Beitrag ist eine kontrastive rechtslinguistische Studie, die sich mit Phraseologismen in Strafurteilen des deutschen und arabischen Rechtssystems befasst. Sie zielt in erster Linie darauf ab, Rechtsphraseologismen zu ermitteln, die in deutschen und arabischen Strafurteilen wiederholt in der gleichen festen Form auftreten und die eine fachsprachlich spezialisierte Bedeutung aufweisen. Sie konzentriert sich auf die Identifizierung der Typen solcher Phraseologismen in den verschiedenen Bestandteilen der Strafurteile. Ziel ist es herauszufinden, welche rechtssprachlichen Phraseologismen in welchen Textteilen der Strafurteile eingesetzt werden und welche Unterschiede und Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen dem deutschen und arabischen Rechtssystem in dieser Hinsicht festzustellen sind.</p> Amany Shemy Copyright (c) 2020 Amany Shemy http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/cl/article/view/20703 Sat, 23 May 2020 10:12:12 +0000