Comparative Legilinguistics <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong></p> <p class="oczasopismie">Comparative Legilinguistics (International Journal for Legal Communication) is published four times a year by the Faculty of Modern Languages and Literatures, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland. We are pathfinders in mapping the contours of legal linguistics and legal translation especially in its comparative aspects. Comparative Legilinguistics is equally devoted to forensic linguistics, theory of the law and the intersection of legal language and legal translation. We welcome submissions in English, French and German. Guest edited volumes at the request of the guest editor may be published in Italian, Polish, Russian and Chinese. The reviews are stored in the journal’s editorial office. The articles are peer-reviewed by two reviewers (double-blind review) via our online submission platform <a title="PRESSto" href="/index.php/cl/manager/setup/"></a> with well-established expert reviewers from all over the world. The editors reserve the right to appoint a third reviewer in case of doubts. The editorial board reserves the right to publish selected articles without two reviews. We reserve a right to have one review in cases where the topic of the paper is very niche and it is not possible to find two competent reviewers.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/cl/about">ABOUT THE JOURNAL</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/cl/issue/current">CURRENT ISSUE</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/cl/issue/archive">ARCHIVE</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEXED IN:</strong> <p>WorldCat; Google Scholar; Primo Central Index, ERIH Plus, DOAJ, Scopus, ICI Journals Master List (Index Copernicus Value za 2020 = 100.00 pkt)<br><br><strong>JOURNAL METRICS:<br></strong>Ministry of Education and Science (2021): <strong>20<br><br></strong><strong>DOI:&nbsp;</strong><a href="">10.14746/cl</a><br><strong>ISSN:&nbsp;</strong>2080-5926&nbsp;<strong>ISSN (online):&nbsp;</strong>2391-4491<br><strong><strong><a href=""><img id="licensebutton" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br></strong></strong><strong><strong>ARTICLES ARE LICENSED UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS </strong></strong><strong><strong><a class="enhancr_card_2499183924" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Creative Commons - Attribution 4.0 International - CC BY 4.0</a></strong></strong></p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong></strong></div> en-US <p align="left">When submitting a paper the author agrees to the following publishing agreement and processing personal data.</p> <p align="center"><strong>PUBLICATION AGREEMENT, COPYRIGHT LICENSE, PERSONAL DATA PROCESSING CONSENT</strong></p> <p>This is a publication agreement and copyright license (“Agreement”) regarding a written manuscript currently submitted via Pressto platform</p> <p>&nbsp;(“Article”) to be published in <em>Comparative Legilinguistics International Journal for Legal Communication </em>(“Journal”).</p> <p>The parties to this Agreement are:</p> <p align="left">the Author or Authors of the submitted article (individually, or if more than one author, collectively, “Author”) and <em>Comparative Legilinguistics International Journal for Legal Communication</em> (“Publisher”), address al. Niepodległości 4, 61-874 Poznań, represented by its editor in chief <em>Aleksandra Matulewska</em>.</p> <p align="center"><strong>§1. LICENSE OF COPYRIGHT</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author and the Publisher agree that the Author grants a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which is incorporated herein by reference and is further specified at <a class="enhancr_card_2499183924" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Creative Commons — Attribution 4.0 International — CC BY 4.0</a> copyright license in the Article to the general public.</p> <p>b)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author grants to the Publisher a royalty-free, worldwide nonexclusive license to publish, reproduce, display, distribute, translate and use the Article in any form, either separately or as part of a collective work, including but not limited to a nonexclusive license to publish the Article in an issue of the Journal, copy and distribute individual reprints of the Article, authorize reproduction of the entire Article in another publication, and authorize reproduction and distribution of the Article or an abstract thereof by means of computerized retrieval systems (such as Westlaw, Lexis and SSRN). The Author retains ownership of all rights under copyright in the Article, and all rights not expressly granted in this Agreement.</p> <p>c)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author grants to the Publisher the power to assign, sublicense or otherwise transfer any and all licenses expressly granted to the Publisher under this Agreement.</p> <p>d)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Republication. The Author agrees to require that the Publisher be given credit as the original publisher in any republication of the Article authorized by the Author. If the Publisher authorizes any other party to republish the Article under the terms of paragraphs 1c and 1 of this Agreement, the Publisher shall require such party to ensure that the Author is credited as the Author.</p> <p align="center"><strong>§2. EDITING OF THE ARTICLE</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author agrees that the Publisher may edit the Article as suitable for publication in the Journal. To the extent that the Publisher’s edits amount to copyrightable works of authorship, the Publisher hereby assigns all right, title, and interest in such edits to the Author.</p> <p align="center"><strong>§3.&nbsp; WARRANTIES</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author represents and warrants that to the best of the Author’s knowledge the Article does not defame any person, does not invade the privacy of any person, and does not in any other manner infringe upon the rights of any person. The Author agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Publisher against all such claims.</p> <p>b)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author represents and warrants that the Author has full power and authority to enter into this Agreement and to grant the licenses granted in this Agreement.</p> <p>c)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author represents and warrants that the Article furnished to the Publisher has not been published previously. For purposes of this paragraph, making a copy of the Article accessible over the Internet, including, but not limited to, posting the Article to a database accessible over the Internet, does not constitute prior publication so long as the as such copy indicates that the Article is not in final form, such as by designating such copy to be a “draft,” a “working paper,” or “work-in-progress”. The Author agrees to hold harmless the Publisher, its licensees and distributees, from any claim, action, or proceeding alleging facts that constitute a breach of any warranty enumerated in this paragraph.</p> <p align="center"><strong>§4. TERM</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The agreement&nbsp;was concluded for&nbsp;an unspecified time.</p> <p align="center"><strong>§5. PAYMENT</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author agrees and acknowledges that the Author will receive <strong>no payment</strong> from the Publisher for use of the Article or the licenses granted in this Agreement.</p> <p>b)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Publisher agrees and acknowledges that the Publisher will not receive any payment from the Author for publication by the Publisher.</p> <p align="center"><strong>§6. ENTIRE AGREEMENT</strong></p> <p>a)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This Agreement supersedes any and all other agreements, either oral or in writing, between the Author and the Publisher with respect to the subject of this Agreement. This Agreement contains all of the warranties and agreements between the parties with respect to the Article, and each party acknowledges that no representations, inducements, promises, or agreements have been made by or on behalf of any party except those warranties and agreements embodied in this Agreement.</p> <p>b)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In all cases not regulated by this Agreement, legal provisions of Polish Copyright Act and Polish Civil Code shall&nbsp;apply.&nbsp;</p> <p>c)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Any disputes arising&nbsp;from&nbsp;the enforcement of obligations connected with this Agreement shall be resolved by a court competent for the headquarters of the Publisher.</p> <p>d)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Any&nbsp;amendments&nbsp;or additions to the&nbsp;Agreement&nbsp;must be made in writing and signed by authorised representative of both parties, otherwise being ineffective.&nbsp;</p> <p>e)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This Agreement&nbsp;is signed electronically and the submission of the article via the PRESSto platform is considered as the conclusion of the Agreement by the Author and the Publisher.</p> <p>f)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Clause for consent to the processing of personal data - general</p> <p>g)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Author shall give his or her consent to the processing of their personal data in accordance with the Act of 10 May 2018 on the protection of personal data and Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of persons physical in connection with the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46 / EC (General Data Protection Regulation) for the purpose and in connection with making publications available on the PRESSto scientific journals platform and DeGruyter platform, guaranteeing the security of services rendered, and improving them.</p> <p align="center"><strong>I HAVE READ AND AGREE FULLY WITH THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT.</strong></p> <p align="center"><strong>The Author &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Publisher</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> (Aleksandra Matulewska) (Pressto) Tue, 05 Jul 2022 09:33:54 +0000 OJS 60 GERICHTSVERFAHREN PER VIDEOKONFERENZ ALS EINE NEUE HERAUSFORDERUNG FÜR GERICHTSDOLMETSCHER <p>The Covid-19 pandemic has significantly increased the meaning of videoconferencing in a professional setting. Furthermore, there has been an increase in the number of court hearings held via videoconference, although the advantages of this form of trial are still being questioned. Videoconferencing in court has also become a new challenge for court interpreters. Unfortunately, there are no current studies of Polish associations of translators which would provide a comprehensive presentation of issues related to translation in court by means of remote translation devices. However, the positions of the German associations of interpreters and translators contain an extensive mention of the advantages and disadvantages of this form of translation. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the possible issues related to court interpreting by means of videoconferencing based on the expertise of translators from Germany and Austria and of the author.</p> Magdalena Łomzik Copyright (c) 2022 Magdalena Łomzik Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LES CONTRADICTIONS SYSTÉMIQUES COMME SOURCES D'ACCESSIBILITÉ DIFFICILE DU LANGAGE JURIDIQUE <p><strong>Résumé :</strong> Le langage juridique se présente sous forme de textes difficilement accessibles aux non-initiés. Pourtant, certains de ces textes, comme les textes de lois, sont d’une utilité générale et concernent tout le monde. Tributaire de grands travaux de la théorie juridique sur l’incertitude juridique et de la pratique légistique française, cet article tente de rechercher les sources systémiques de cette situation paradoxale à partir d’exemples tirés notamment du Code civil français. Affirmant que les contradictions qui se manifestent sur le plan linguistique sont immanentes à tout ordre juridique, de l’opposition entre la précision et l’ambiguïté des termes et concepts juridiques, par le conflit entre leur côté traditionnel ou moderne, jusqu’à la divergence entre l’intelligibilité et la technicité des textes juridiques, l’article essaie d’identifier les contradictions systémiques principales responsables de l’accessibilité limitée du langage juridique tant au niveau du vocabulaire juridique qu’au niveau du discours du droit.</p> Ivo Petrů Copyright (c) 2022 Ivo Petrů Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TRANSLATION IN LIBEL CASES: REPUTATIONS AT STAKE! <p><strong>Abstract: </strong>In this paper we examine translation arising in court cases involving reputational damage. A diachronic and tightly focused cross-jurisdictional selection of examples from case law is used to highlight the range of ways in which translation can be employed, blamed, or relied upon by the parties and by the courts, and we glimpse how translations can be a source of libel, a defence against libel, or a gateway to libellous material, how crucial translation can be in protecting or damaging reputations, and how significantly it can affect a case’s outcome. We apply Engberg’s lens for communication in legal contexts, distinguishing micro, meso and macro occurrences of translation at publisher/business/individual, judicial, and State levels. Recurring translation-related topics either mooted by courts or arising in our analysis are then outlined, including: competing translations; translation techniques; translator identification; online translation; how the acceptance of jurisdiction may be influenced by translation requirements; and how judges approach decision-making when foreign language documents and translation are involved.</p> Juliette Scott, John Anthony O'Shea Copyright (c) 2022 Juliette Scott, John Anthony O'Shea Tue, 05 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LE TAMAZIGHT APRES SA CONSTITUTIONALISATION EN ALGERIE : ETAT DE LIEUX ET PERSPECTIVES <p>40 ans après la proclamation de la Déclaration Universelle des Droits des Peuples, et 54 ans après son indépendance, l’Algérie officialisa le Tamazight, langue maternelle de près de 9 millions de Berbères.</p> <p>Mais, malgré sa constitutionnalisation depuis 2016, le Tamazight reste une langue marginalisée, minorisée pour ne pas dire ignorée. Il est le parent pauvre du gouvernement. A ce jour, le Tamazight peine à se retrouver. Ignoré de l’administration et de la justice, il joue à peine le rôle de figurant dans l’enseignement. Deux ans après sa constitutionnalisation (langue nationale et officielle), il est toujours à son balbutiement dans la vie quotidienne des gens qui le parlent (i.e.&nbsp;: les Amazighofones ou Berbérophones).&nbsp; Il n’est enseigné que pour 6,67% des 9 millions d’élèves inscrits. Non introduit dans plusieurs wilayas du pays, beaucoup plus facultatif qu’obligatoire, le Tamazight reste une langue à enseigner et non une langue d’enseignement.</p> <p>L’officialisation de Tamazight et son application concrète sur les terrains juridique, éducatif, politique, économique... soulèvent beaucoup d’enjeux. Beaucoup de mentalités sont à revoir et d’énormes complexes doivent être dépassés. Il ne suffit pas de proclamer une langue «&nbsp;officielle&nbsp;» pour lui rendre ses lettres de noblesse. En ce qui concerne l’Algérie dans les domaines linguistique et démocratique, hélas, beaucoup reste à faire pour pouvoir construire une Algérie de l'espoir,&nbsp; l’Algérie de demain.</p> Rabah TABTI Copyright (c) 2022 Rabah TABTI Fri, 01 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000