Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>OPIS CZASOPISMA</strong><br>Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia jest sztandarowym czasopismem Wydziału Archeologii Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza (po przekształceniu Instytutu Prahistorii 1. X. 2019 roku). Ukazuje się od 1984 roku, w cyklu rocznym i jest recenzowana, zarówno przez specjalistów polskich jak i zagranicznych. Komitet redakcyjny ma skład międzynarodowy. Na łamach czasopisma prezentowany jest specjalistyczny dorobek naukowy z zakresu archeologii, stanowiący promocję badań naukowych pracowników Wydziału Archeologii. Zawiera również artykuły przygotowane przez Autorów z innych ośrodków akademickich i instytucji naukowych. W ostatnim czasie rozszerzony został zakres tematyczny od prac analitycznych po syntetyzujące oraz teoretyczne, a także interdyscyplinarne. Obejmują one problematykę archeologii pradziejowej i średniowiecznej w skali środkowoeuropejskiej po archeologię orientalną i antyczną, a także ochronę dziedzictwa archeologicznego. Artykuły w języku polskim posiadają abstrakty i streszczenia w języku obcym i odwrotnie. Czasopismo dystrybuowane jest do około 150 instytucji naukowych w całej Europie oraz USA i Kanadzie.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/fpp/about" target="_self">POLITYKA FUNKCJONOWANIA CZASOPISMA</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/fpp/issue/current">AKTUALNY NUMER</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/fpp/issue/archive">ARCHIWUM</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEKSOWANE W:<br></strong>CEJSH; INDEX COPERNICUS; ERIH; ERIH PLUS 2015; Google Scholar; WorldCat</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><br>WSKAŹNIKI OCENY CZASOPISMA:</strong><strong><br></strong>Punktacja Ministerstwa Edukacji i Nauki (2021): <strong>70<br></strong><img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/gs_2.png" alt=""><br><img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/ic_78_77.png" alt=""></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><br>DOI: </strong><a href="https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/index">10.14746/fpp</a></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN (Print): </strong>0239-8524 <strong><strong>ISSN (Online)&nbsp;</strong></strong>2450-5846</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>Publikacje w czasopiśmie dostępne są na&nbsp; </strong><strong><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe</a>.</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Licencja Creative Commons"></a><br></strong></div> Adam Mickiewicz University Poznan pl-PL Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia 0239-8524 <p><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Licencja Creative Commons"></a><br>Ten utwór jest dostępny na <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe</a>.</p> Ślady produkcyjne na cegłach profilowanych z placu Kolegiackiego w Poznaniu – próba rekonstrukcji dawnej wytwórczości strycharskiej https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31054 <p>Medieval profiled bricks from the remains of the city parish church of St. Mary Magdalene in Poznań are a very important source of information about the brickmaking craftsmanship. The study attempts to identify production traces with specific stages of brick production (the process of forming and drying bricks), along with an attempt to reconstruct these operations that were used by the Poznań brickmakers. In addition to the analyzes related to the number of occurrences, the type of research material was defined, the criteria for isolating individual traces were described, the state of knowledge about brickmaking and analogies of fittings found in medieval buildings, mainly in the city of Poznań, were taken into account.</p> Olga Antowska-Gorączniak Włodzimierz Lajsner Copyright (c) 2021 Olga Antowska-Gorączniak, Włodzimierz Lajsner https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 9 40 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.01 Rola południowej Galii w produkcji i handlu winem w VI w. p.n.e. – II w. n.e. na tle przemian politycznych w zachodniej części Morza Śródziemnego https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31057 <p>The article describes the role of southern Gaul in the production and trade of wine, with particular consideration for the Gauloise flat-bottomed amphorae produced in this area. It provides a brief outline of the history of this area of Mediterranean basin, shaped by the political and economic activities of several Mediterranean peoples – Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Etruscans and Romans. It discusses the types of archaeological sites where the remains of amphorae for Gallic wine were discovered, exemplary stamps characteristic of southern Gaul and the influence of the Romans on the emergence and development of the culture of producing and consuming wine in southern Gaul</p> Agnieszka Góralczyk Copyright (c) 2021 Agnieszka Góralczyk https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 41 57 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.02 Biada zwyciężonym – gospodarka i relacje społeczne w kulturze lateńskiej https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31064 <p class="western" style="text-indent: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0cm;" align="justify"><span lang="en-US">The economy of any community depends on the values which are considered to be the most important. Social organization and technologies are subordinated to their implementation. In traditional societies, including people of the La Tène culture, the most significant issues concerned the status of individuals and the resulting interpersonal relations. The position in rank was manifested and gained through participation in military expeditions. The economy was subordinated to military action. Nonetheless, new technologies and financial solutions created opportunities for military success. This, however, has its price in enormous social inequalities and almost permanent war.</span></p> <p class="western" style="text-indent: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0cm;" align="justify"><span lang="en-US">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="western" style="text-indent: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0cm;" lang="en-US" align="justify">&nbsp;</p> Tomasz Gralak Copyright (c) 2021 Tomasz Gralak https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 59 87 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.03 Were the oasis-cities of the southern branch of the Silk Road in Tarim Basin, China, dispersed urban complexes? https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31078 <p>This article reinterprets the urban pattern of the oases of southern Tarim Basin, which flourished in the first half of the first millennium C.E. using the dispersed urban complexes framework. Disperse urban centre, also known as a low-density urban complex, is a site that had an urban function, but its morphology was much different from compact cities of, for example, China or mediaeval Europe. Low-density urban complexes, like Tikal in Mesoamerica or Angkor in South-East Asia, despite their distinct urban functions, had the cityscape consisting of intermingled monumental agriculture, water management features and agricultural field. Thus, the oasis-cities of southern Tarim Basin were different from compact urban centres of neighbouring China and western Central Asia and showed some similarities to complexes like Tikal and Angkor. This article evaluates if those sites can be associated with low-density urbanism. Three selected sites, 尼雅 [Niya], 米兰 [Miran] and 樓蘭 [Loulan], have been evaluated for the presence of characteristic associated with low-density urbanism: dispersed monumental architecture, large scale anthropogenic landscapes modifications, and pattern of alternating housing clusters and agricultural fields. This can affect our understating of both the understanding of urbanism in the region and low-density urbanism on the global scale.</p> Kasper Hanus Copyright (c) 2021 Kasper Hanus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 89 121 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.04 „Jakaś groza wieje od tych pól ponurych” – świadkowie i dziedzictwo masowych, drugowojennych zbrodni w Dolinie Śmierci w Chojnicach https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31094 <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 150%;" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">This paper discusses the results of the research carried out in a project entitled </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US"><em>An archaeology of the Death Valley</em></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">. First, the historical context related to mass killings on the outskirts of Chojnice during the Second World War is sketched. Then, the results of the archaeological field research are presented. The last part is about ethnographic research which allowed to document various memories related to mass killings in the Death Valley as well as human and non-human witnesses of these events. The idea behind this paper is to show that archaeology and ethnography are crucial in discovering and documenting sites of mass killings and their heritage.</span></span></span></p> Dawid Kobiałka Copyright (c) 2021 Dawid Kobiałka https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 123 144 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.05 Metodologia archeologii/prahistorii profesora dr. hab. Jana Żaka (1923–1990) po 30 latach. Między modernistycznymi dążeniami a postmodernistyczną rzeczywistością https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31056 <p>January 4, 2020 was the 30th anniversary of the death of Professor Jan Żak, who died prematurely at the age of 67. His work and scientific activities were known and appreciated in &nbsp;various countries and during difficult times when he was professionally involved in archeology. The biography of Professor Jan Żak resulted largely from the spirit of the times in which he lived, but also from his open, curious personality. He touched the warfare, and his professional life took place in the realities of the People's Republic of Poland; he also witnessed its dramatic end. The aim of this article is not only to recall the methodological and theoretical foundations of J. Żak's scientific work, but also to try to answer the question about the contemporary methodology of archeology, practiced by the Professor's students and subsequent generations.</p> Danuta Minta-Tworzowska Copyright (c) 2021 Danuta Minta-Tworzowska https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 145 169 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.06 Wczesnośredniowieczne grodzisko w Dusinie, pow. gostyński, woj. wielkopolskie w świetle ponownej analizy archeologicznej https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31070 <p>The article presents the results of another archaeological analysis carried out on materials from an early medieval settlement in Dusina in southern Greater Poland. The data obtained during the excavations, during the millennium research, prompted the recognition of the settlement as the oldest motte-type object in Poland. During the verification of the old findings, the ceramic material and the stratigraphic situation were re-analyzed, radiocarbon dating was made, and historical and cartographic data were used to confirm the chronology of the stronghold as well as the course of events that led to severe damage and disturbance of the original appearance of the stronghold. A contour plan and a model of the terrain were also prepared.</p> Jagoda Mizerka Copyright (c) 2021 Jagoda Mizerka https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 171 226 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.07 Zwierzęce szczątki kostne z dawnego grodu w Dusinie, stanowisko 1, gm. Gostyń https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31083 <p>This article presents the results of a specialist archaeozoological analysis of materials from an early medieval stronghold in Dusina, in southern Greater Poland. The examined bones come from millennium excavations and are a fragment of the collection obtained at that time. The remains were subjected to a description of zoological, anatomical and biological features, presenting the composition of individual taxa, as well as identifying traces on bones, indicating slaughtering activities and preferences in the selection of animal carcass parts</p> Daniel Makowiecki Copyright (c) 2021 Daniel Makowiecki https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 227 239 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.08 Żelazo meteorytowe w starożytnym Egipcie przed okresem późnym https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31085 <p>The aim of the article is to present an unusual raw material, which is the meteorite iron and its specific status in the culture of ancient Egypt. The presentation of this extraordinary material, highlighting the features allowing to recognize it, the interpretation of the artifacts made of it (taking into account the physicochemical analyzes), and the development of the results of experimental works recreating the methods of its processing allow us to obtain the necessary information about the delineation of meteorite iron metallurgy in ancient Egypt up to the beginning of the Late Period. An important source for achieving the article’s goal are also texts. Text analysis highlights the ambiguity of the terminology used to describe meteorite iron. By reviewing the contexts of its use, they allow us to enrich knowledge about its metallurgy and help to characterize the status of this metal in the consciousness of the Egyptians.</p> Mateusz Napierała Copyright (c) 2021 Mateusz Napierała https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 241 279 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.09 Przedstawienia grzybów psychoaktywnych w ewidencji archeologicznej i ich interpretacje https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31093 <p>There has been a debate regarding substances that cause altered states of consciousness (especially those of a psychedelic nature) that have been intrinsically linked to man since the dawn of time. The question of the beginning of the crystallization of human consciousness intrigues today’s researchers. American writer and ethnobotanist Terence McKenna tangled with such ideas, indeed one of his thoughts contributes to many controversial opinions and theories presented in this work. The stoned ape theory considers psilocybin, the active substance of entheogenic mushrooms, as an element that played an important role in the process of human evolution and contributed to the acceleration of human consciousness. The author of a title theory believes that psychoactive mushrooms, which might have been components of our ancestors’ diet, could also contributed to the development of language and religion. In this paper, an attempt will be made to subject the title theory to criticism with particular discussion of archaeological evidence.</p> Aleksandra Olbryś Copyright (c) 2021 Aleksandra Olbryś https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 281 307 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.10 The attitudes of the contemporary Poles towards the archaeological past https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31052 <p>This paper aims to present how the past is viewed in contemporary cultural and social narratives, and defines contemporary attitude to the past among Poles. My deliberations are placed in the context of the present-day society/culture and their constituting processes, namely the phenomenon of forgetting the past, democratization of the past, its privatization/individualization, commodification of the past and new ways of experiencing it. The paper will specifically concentrate on the archaeological past - that is the past created by archaeologists, and on archaeological heritage. It address three crucial issues, namely: (1) how changes in the historical context of post-1989 Poland influenced the emergence the renaissance of the past and different narratives about it; (2) what are the most important and widespread forms of presenting and/or experiencing the archaeological past in the present?, and (3) what are the main motivations that lie behind contemporary Poles interest in the past, archaeological heritage and activities undertaken around it? Finally, it is argued that the changes in the people’s attitudes towards the past have led also to a transformation in the hierarchy of aims and methods in education and dissemination of the knowledge about the past within institutions concerned with the past on a professional level.</p> Michał Pawleta Copyright (c) 2021 Michał Pawleta https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 309 329 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.11 Jaka przyszłość czeka muzeum archeologiczne? Dyskusja z tezami zawartymi w książce Moniki Stobieckiej: Natura artefaktu, kultura eksponatu. Projekt krytycznego muzeum archeologicznego https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31061 <p>This article is of polemical nature. It discusses main theses of the recently published book by Monika Stobiecka: <em>Natura artefaktu, kultura eksponatu. Projekt krytycznego muzeum archeologicznego </em>(2020). The book presents contemporary archaeology as a very innovative discipline striving for interdisciplinarity and extending beyond traditional research issues and borders. At the same, the authoress postulates a need to reorient archaeology and create a new type of archaeological museum, namely critical museum – “museum of life”.</p> Michał Pawleta Copyright (c) 2021 Michał Pawleta https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 331 345 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.12 Pottery from the well and its context. Searching for differences and similarities https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31063 <p>In this article the pottery obtained from three wells from the settlement in Kwiatków was analyzed. Compared to other sites associated with the Przeworsk culture, this site deserves a special attention due to the presence of over a hundred of artificial water intakes within excavated area. The method of the vessels production, macro and micromorphology characteristics, the degree of their preservation and the level of deposition inside the features were examined in detail. Most of the pottery fragments should be associated with the Przeworsk culture from the Roman Iron Age, however there was also a small percentage of pottery with Jastorf culture elements. The information obtained allowed to define the context of their discovery and to explain its presence inside the well.</p> Magdalena Piotrowska Karolina Kot-Legieć Copyright (c) 2021 Magdalena Piotrowska, Karolina Kot-Legieć https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 347 372 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.13 Próba interpretacji zjawiska rytualnego składania ofiar z ludzi na Słowiańszczyźnie Zachodniej https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31066 <p>The subject matter of the article concerns on ritual sacrificial practices related to human sacrifices among the Western Slavs, including the Polish lands and the Polabia region. The chronological range covers the early Middle Ages, from the 7th to the 12th centuries. Considerations on this subject include the review of anthropological and philosophical disciplines research including R. Girard studies in this aspect, an analysis of written sources, and above all the analysis of the occurrence of victims and sacrificial sites from an archaeological perspective. The aim of the study was to identify archaeological remains related to sacrificial rituals by presenting the occurrence of victims and sacrificial sites at selected archaeological sites. The study aims to discuss the issues with interpretations of various aspects of the human sacrifices from the early medival Western Slavdom territory sites. The work is interdisciplinary, as it takes into account and integrates the results of archaeological research, knowledge in the field of history, philosophy and cultural anthropology. The article presents the effectiveness of interdisciplinary methods in expanding analytical and interpretative possibilities of archeology regarding the rituals of sacrifice and sacrificial sites.</p> Mikołaj Pokorski Copyright (c) 2021 Mikołaj Pokorski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 373 397 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.14 Obozowisko łowieckie ludności kultury świderskiej na stanowisku Sulejówek 4, pow. miński, woj. mazowieckie https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31076 <p>The paper presents results of an analysis of the assemblage of flint artefacts from the site no. 6 in Sulejówek, Mazovian Voivodeship. The main attention was focused on technological and typological observations. Based on the obtained results, these materials were interpreted as a remnant of a medium-sized hunting camp of the Swiderian community. An important feature of the inventory is the extremely high proportion of relics made of chocolate flint, which was imported from about 150 km.</p> Michał Przeździecki Copyright (c) 2021 Michał Przeździecki https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 399 422 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.15 Czego oczy nie widzą, tego archeologom żal – nowe metody dokumentacji sztuki naskalnej (RTI, DSTRETCH) https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/31080 <p>This article presents the cognitive possibilities of the methods of documentation of rock art. It focuses on the latest and relatively recent documentation methods, such as RTI and DStretch. These techniques have been described in terms of the effectiveness of their application to various types of monuments, with particular emphasis on their application to the Franco-Cantabrian rock art. It was also emphasized that these techniques significantly affect the quality of the collected data and the analytical and interpretative level of cave art.</p> Patrycja Wagner Copyright (c) 2021 Patrycja Wagner https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 26 423 430 10.14746/fpp.2021.26.16