Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>OPIS CZASOPISMA</strong><br>Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia jest sztandarowym czasopismem Wydziału Archeologii Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza (po przekształceniu Instytutu Prahistorii 1. X. 2019 roku). Ukazuje się od 1984 roku, w cyklu rocznym i jest recenzowana, zarówno przez specjalistów polskich jak i zagranicznych. Komitet redakcyjny ma skład międzynarodowy. Na łamach czasopisma prezentowany jest specjalistyczny dorobek naukowy z zakresu archeologii, stanowiący promocję badań naukowych pracowników Wydziału Archeologii. Zawiera również artykuły przygotowane przez Autorów z innych ośrodków akademickich i instytucji naukowych. W ostatnim czasie rozszerzony został zakres tematyczny od prac analitycznych po syntetyzujące oraz teoretyczne, a także interdyscyplinarne. Obejmują one problematykę archeologii pradziejowej i średniowiecznej w skali środkowoeuropejskiej po archeologię orientalną i antyczną, a także ochronę dziedzictwa archeologicznego. Artykuły w języku polskim posiadają abstrakty i streszczenia w języku obcym i odwrotnie. Czasopismo dystrybuowane jest do około 150 instytucji naukowych w całej Europie oraz USA i Kanadzie.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/fpp/about" target="_self">POLITYKA FUNKCJONOWANIA CZASOPISMA</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/fpp/issue/current">AKTUALNY NUMER</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/fpp/issue/archive">ARCHIWUM</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEKSOWANE W:</strong> <p>CEJSH; INDEX COPERNICUS; ERIH; ERIH PLUS 2015; Google Scholar; WorldCat</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>WSKAŹNIKI OCENY CZASOPISMA: </strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"> <p><strong>MNiSW: 40<br></strong></p> <p><img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/gs_2.png" alt=""><br><br><img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/ic_78_77.png" alt=""></p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>DOI: </strong><a href="https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/index">10.14746/fpp</a></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN (Print): </strong>0239-8524 <strong><strong>ISSN (Online)&nbsp;</strong></strong>2450-5846</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>Licencja:</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>Publikacje w czasopiśmie dostępne są na&nbsp; </strong><strong><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe</a>.</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Licencja Creative Commons"></a><br></strong></div> Adam Mickiewicz University Poznan pl-PL Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia 0239-8524 <p><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Licencja Creative Commons"></a><br>Ten utwór jest dostępny na <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe</a>.</p> Słowo wstępne. Od Redakcji https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27895 <p>Słowo wstępne. Od Redakcji</p> Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia Redakcja Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 7 7 Profesor Stanisław Tabaczyński (1930–2020) – wybitny uczony i intelektualista https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27896 <p>The reason for this article was the 90th birthday of Professor Stanisław Tabaczyński (born on April 1, 1930). However, at the last stage of editorial work, the sad news of his death reached us (November 28, 2020). All the more we would like to commemorate the Professor, recalling his achievements and merits, which place him among the most outstanding Polish archaeologists, including actual members of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He made a great contribution to the development of Polish and world archaeology in the area of theoretical and field archaeological research. Many of his scientific initiatives concerned the theory and anthropology of culture as well as the methodology of archaeological research and the syntheses of prehistory and the early Middle Ages. His achievements and influence on shaping the minds of archaeologists of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century cannot be overestimated.</p> Dorota Cyngot Hanna Kowalewska-Marszałek Anna Izabella Zalewska Danuta Minta-Tworzowska Copyright (c) 2020 Dorota Cyngot, Hanna Kowalewska-Marszałek, Anna I. Zalewska, Danuta Minta-Tworzowska 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 9 36 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.01 Artefact collecting: creating or destroying the archaeological record? https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27840 <p>This paper examines some of the arguments used by archaeologists in favour of collaborating useful for archaeological research and is a form of public engagement with archaeology. It takes as a case study records of 48 600 medieval artefacts removed from archaeological contexts by artefact hunters and recorded by the Portable Antiquities Scheme in England and Wales. The past and potential uses of these records as an archaeological source are objectively reviewed, together with an assessment of the degree to which they provide mitigation of the damage caused to the otherwise unthreatened archaeological record. It is concluded that, although information can be obtained by studying records of findspots of addressed artefacts such as coins, in general the claims made in support of professional archaeological collaboration with this kind of activity prove to be false.</p> Paul M. Barford Copyright (c) 2020 Paul M. Barford https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 39 91 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.02 Potrzeba rekonceptualizacji wczesnośredniowiecznych pochówków „wampirów” z ziem polskich https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27848 <p>The aim of the article is to outline the need to reconceptualized the early medieval burials of “vampires” from Poland. These burials are understood as the remains of the so-called “anti- vampire” practices resulting from the social perception of bad death. These, in turn, are recognized as a socio-religious phenomenon, the assumption of which was to postpone the evil actions of the ‘vampire’ by means of certain measures. Due to doubts about the term “vampire”, concerning both the linguistic sphere and the cultural and historical realities, it is suggested not to use it. The proposed alternative, more precise terms would therefore be the terms “returning dead” or “(un)dead”. Another issue raised is the setting of ‘anti-vampire’ burials in an atypical framework. “Anti-vampirical” burials meet the criteria of atypicality on a macro scale, however, it is possible to consider them typical, assuming that they functioned in the culture of Western Slavs in the early Middle Ages as belonging to a specific social group.</p> Olga Dec Copyright (c) 2020 Olga Dec https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 63 70 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.03 Wino i technologia produkcji win w Gallii Narbonensis w II w. p.n.e. – II w. n.e. https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27838 <p>The article describes the process of making wine in antiquity and tools used for it. It presents wine production in the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis based on historical and archaeological sources.</p> Agnieszka Góralczyk Copyright (c) 2020 Agnieszka Góralczyk https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 71 89 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.04 W poszukiwaniu początków oraz prób zrozumienia „zachowań symbolicznych”. Zarys problematyki https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27874 <p>In academic literature there is a whole range of hypotheses relating to the genesis of the symbolic behavior, which are usually also associated with the beginnings of the development of spirituality. In the nineteenth century, the considerations conducted in this area were often influenced by negative stereotypes (relating, among others, to hunter-gatherers), which were later deconstructed. Although the discussion on this subject has been ongoing since the nineteenth century, even in the light of research and achievements of the modern science, the problem of the origins of symbolic behavior has still not been unequivocally resolved. However, it is assumed that they should be attributed primarily to the changes that were initiated in our ancestors from the Homo Sapiens family. In recent years, however, some ethologists and primatologists believe that the genesis of symbolic behavior should be sought in the animal world. I devote my article to this diversified subject matter.</p> Bożena Józefów-Czerwińska Copyright (c) 2020 Bożena Józefów-Czerwińska https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 91 108 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.05 „Mowa obrończa” metodologii archeologów Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27877 <p>This text contains an interpretation of the intellectual activity of methodologists of archaeology from the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. The idea they implement is – in my opinion – a way of thinking: from an object to thinking about an object, addressed both to archaeologists who are not convinced of methodology and to representatives of cultural archeology, in order to finally signal their contribution to integrated humanities. I tried to highlight the effects of this activity in such a way that its real benefits for each of the recipients mentioned were visible.</p> Henryk Mamzer Copyright (c) 2020 Henryk Mamzer https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 109 147 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.06 Przyczynek do badań nad stylem uradzkim w zachodniej Wielkopolsce na przykładzie materiałów z cmentarzyska w Wartosławiu, pow. szamotulski https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27879 <p>This article presents the issues of the Urad style on the example of ceramics and metal products from the cemetery in Wartosław. The ceramic was obtained in the 19th century as a result of amateur research and in 2009 during archaeological excavations. Findings concerning the definition of the style of Uradzka ceramics and the interpretation possibilities of this phenomenon, registered in western Greater Poland, in the Lubusz region and in eastern Brandenburg, are presented.</p> Jagoda Mizerka Copyright (c) 2020 Jagoda Mizerka https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 149 167 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.07 Archeologia odpowiedzialna społecznie. Działania z zakresu public i community archaeology w Polsce https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27883 <p>This paper aims to conceptualize the social role of archaeology and archeological heritage in the present. First, it contextualizes the legal and doctrinal background of activities aimed at dissemination of cultural and archaeological heritage and engagement of public in initiatives around that heritage. Next, it describes main forms of outreach activities undertaken by archaeologists in Poland. Further, it presents community-oriented activities and initiatives that go beyond education of the general public about the past and archaeology and strive for engaging local communities in activities centered around archaeology and archaeological heritage. It concludes with a statement that openness of archaeology to society helps to strengthen its current social position, determines its role in the world and attributes social activities of archaeologists with a deeper meaning.</p> Michał Pawleta Copyright (c) 2020 Michał Pawleta https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 149 167 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.08 Między Wschodem a Zachodem. Inwentarz krzemienny z osady ludności kultury ceramiki wstęgowej rytej na stanowisku Podlesie 6, woj. świętokrzyskie https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27830 <p>Paper presents results of analysis of the assemblage of flint artefacts from the settlement of Linear Pottery culture (LBK) at the site no. 6 in Podlesie, Świętokrzyskie voivodeship. Importance of the site is primarily by its location: on the border of two geographical regions, two geological conditions, two settlement eccentrics of the LBK and two provinces of lithic raw materials. Within the flint assemblage we can distinguish two main classes of lithical artefacts: an internally cohesive collection of 104 obsidian products and a collection of 2069 artefacts made of at least five different types of flint. In the group of siliceous rocks, the most numerous is the Jurassic flint from Cracow area – 53%. Second place in the inventory is occupied by the Światchowski flint, which share reaches the level of 19%. Only slightly smaller are amounts of chocolate flint – 15%.</p> Michał Przeździecki Michał Szubski Artur Grabarek Copyright (c) 2020 Michał Przeździecki, Michał Szubski, Artur Grabarek 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 191 208 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.09 Zastosowanie analizy korespondencji do klasyfikacji materiałów z późnej epoki brązu na przykładzie obiektów funeralnych z Polski południowo-wschodniej https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27839 <p>It is truism to say that for an archaeologist the question of chronology is particularly important. In relation to Tarnobrzeg Lusatian Culture, this topic was frequently raised, which in the case of its early and late stages gave satisfactory results. There are numerous determinants of these phases, and they can also be divided into smaller periodical stages. The dynamics of change is well understood. However,p hase II is far more problematic. Basically, it is represented by one type of vessel. In addition, the 150–200 year phase is very compact in terms of inventory and it is almost impossible to identify older or younger materials. The problem of its decline also needs to be emphasized, where when treated through the prism of the San River style as it usually is, it should be prolonged to HaD. The author, using the correspondence board, tries to indicate materials which can be related to the older and younger episode of the second phase of Tarnobrzeg Lusatian Culture.</p> Wojciech Rajpold Copyright (c) 2020 Wojciech Rajpold https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 209 245 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.10 Kwestia chronologii, typologii i pochodzenia szklanej biżuterii z wczesnośredniowiecznego ośrodka grodowego w Gnieźnie https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27847 <p>The study presents 175 artefacts from the settlement center in Gniezno – beads and rings. The materials come from settlement levels from around the mid-10th to the 13th centuries. The latest chronological findings based on 14C dating have made it possible to refine the dating, especially of the early settlement levels of the stronghold, where the vast majority of glass artefacts come from. Threeba sic groups of beads have been distinguished based on the technique of their production – beads made of a drawing a tube, the technique of winding a glass strip, as well as casting and sintering. The results of 7 physico-chemical analyzes of the glass composition (performed with the X-Ray Fluorescence, XRF method) are presented. Physicochemical analyzes of the chemical composition of the tested beads made it possible to determine the technological group and the type of glass. An attempt was made to explain the origin of the starting material (glass) for jewelery. A comparative analysis made it possible to indicate in a general manner possible manufacturers and to outline the likely directions of the influx of these glass ornaments to Gniezno.</p> Joanna Sawicka Copyright (c) 2020 Joanna Sawicka 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 247 289 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.11 Rotunda na Kopcu Krakusa? https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27868 <p>The paper focuses on the question of a mysterious building on the top of Krakus burial mound (Cracow, Poland) which was documented on some engravings from the late 16th and 17th century presenting panoramas of the city of Cracow (Matthäus Merian, 1617; and Eric Dahlberg, 1655). On the Swedish map from 1702 the top of the mound is already empty. The hypothesis is that probably a small Romanesque rotunda stood there. The facility established over a big burial mound resembles the case of St. Nicholas (Sv. Nikola) church in Nin (Croatia) which is an early Romanesque rotunda (triconchos)&nbsp; rom ca. 1100 AD which stands till today on the top of a prehistoric mound. In Cracow excavation done on Krakus mound in 30ties eventually revealed a negative of destroyed foundations od the rotunda, which remained uninterpreted.</p> Leszek P. Słupecki Copyright (c) 2020 Leszek P. Słupecki 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 291 313 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.12 Grody wieloczłonowe, zalążki miast, Seehandelsplätze, miejsca centralne u ujścia Odry w X–XII wieku? – synonimy czy problem definicyjny? https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27882 <p>Dyskusja na temat definicji „miejskości” grodów w średniowieczu na ziemiach słowiańskich ma długą tradycję. Już we wczesnym średniowieczu mamy do czynienia z tzw. „zalążkami miast”, centrami wielofunkcyjnymi pełniącymi funkcję miast i grodami miejskimi, jak również z licznymi mniejszymi grodami, którym ciężko przypisywać rolę pierwszych miast. Modele zachodnioeuropejskich miast i ich procesów urbanizacyjnych są trudne do porównania ze wspomnianymi formami osadniczymi, jeśli w analizie staramy się podkreślać postrzymskie, zachodnioeuropejskie rozumienie miast, bez podejścia funkcjonalnego, skoncentrowanego na rzeczywistej roli danych ośrodków w swoim regionie, uzyskujemy obraz, gdzie nie ma żadnych miast, a z punktu widzenia archeologii. Pojawiły się liczne koncepcje na temat definiowania różnych stadiów rozwoju grodów, ale brakuje prób uporządkowania obecnie spotykanej terminologii, bo krótko mówiąc, „gród grodowi nierówny”. Bardzo dobrze to widać u ujścia Odry, gdzie mamy nie tylko terminologię wypracowaną przez polskich badaczy, ale również liczne terminy wykorzystywane w niemieckiej i skandynawskiej archeologii (tj. Burgstadt, Seehandelsplaz, emporium itd.). Celem tego artykułu jest podsumowanie i próba korelacji lub rozróżnienia w zależności od charakterystyki obecnie wykorzystywanych terminów dotyczących grodów z północno-zachodnich ziem polskich w okresie od X do XII w. (okresu przedlokacyjnego), celem uporządkowania postulowanych stadiów rozwoju i form grodów, z jakimi mają do czynienia archeolodzy, na przykładzie Pomorza Zachodniego.</p> Michał Sołtysiak Copyright (c) 2020 Michał Sołtysiak 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 315 350 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.13 Rozważania o narracji budowanej wokół argumentu: „w świetle archeologii”. https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27889 <p>“In the light of archaeology…” means a statement or conclusion based on archaeological sources, its practice and theoretical models used in it. But the range of possibilities and persuasiveness of all such statements is very wide. A typical lack of contemporary historiographic literature is the writer’s failure to define his own research attitude. Researchers also rarely want to confront their own subjectivity and define their views before they start presenting their explanations for the topic under study. This applies to both the research attitude, evaluation and purposefulness of the sources used, the scope of using the achievements and workshop of anthropology, and the issue of the narrative nature of archaeological writing itself. The aim of this article is to discuss the need for a more substantive attention to theoretical assumptions in archaeological writing, especially in the aspect of creating a historiographic narrative in historical archaeology. While attention is put on belonging to a given theoretical trend, the issues of narrative, persuasive procedures and noticing the narrative style that is chosen are less frequently analyzed. These are very significant characteristics of a given text, as they are directly directed to the reader, i.e., the person to whom our research and conclusions are presented. This text is, in accordance with the above considerations, also a commentary on the existing state and an attempt to draw attention to the need for the most conscious approach to one’s own scientific workshop.</p> Michał Sołtysiak Copyright (c) 2020 Michał Sołtysiak 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 351 379 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.14 Dyskursywizm archeologii według Henryka Mamzera: ograniczenia orientacji konstruktywistycznej a mit etniczny w archeologii https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27893 <p>Henryk Mamzer’s conception is an interesting new contribution to the development of socalled constructivist approaches in archaeology. As such it is a good example of the basic assumptions underlying its theory and methodology. In this article I will argue with some basic assumptions of Mamzer’s theory, trying to show that constructivism doesn’t rescue archaeology from the problems, which he would like to avoid. In fact, it deals with the same problems.</p> Sebastian Urbaniak Copyright (c) 2020 Sebastian Urbaniak 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 381 407 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.15 Wpływ wojennych wydarzeń dziejowych (res gestae) i relacji o nich (historie rerum gestarum) na kondycję materialnych pozostałości po tych wydarzeniach. Studium przypadku na temat dziedzictwa konfliktów zbrojnych jako wyzwania poznawczego i społecznego https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27831 <p>In the article we consider the relationship between the poor condition of material remains of the Great War on one of the former Eastern Front’s battlefield’s in the Rawka and Bzura region with the long term attitudes of the local population towards the soldiers of Russian and German armies, fighting and killed there. For this purpose, we have analyzed written sources and witnesses accounts, as well asartifacts from archaeological research. We assume that recognizing situation of the local population during the events of 1914–1915 and after the war may bring us closer to answering the questions posed herein. Thus, we suppose, that loss of property, extremely difficult conditions of everyday life, illnesses and suffering, fear of military authorities and soldiers, of epidemic factors and infectious diseases, death of loved<br>ones also those enlisted in the armies of the occupiers – these types of traumatic experiences – conditioned the attitude of the local population towards soldiers of the Great War. Some lasting consequences of this can be observed till today – in the form of fading traces of the material heritage of the Great War. Focusing on the material and discursive dimensions, we analyze the relationships between the primary (res gestae) and consequential/secondary processes (rerum gestarum histories and narrations) and observe a kind of causative “breaking the continuity” between them. Using the methods of historical archaeology, archaeology of recent past, memory studies, history etc., creates interesting, but so far poorly used, research possibilities. Most importantly, it can contribute to shaping attitudes characterized by historical and archaeological sensitivity and the will to understand the value of a difficult heritage (including resting places of fallen soldiers) and to prompt active care for it.</p> Anna Izabella Zalewska Dorota Cyngot Copyright (c) 2020 Anna Izabella Zalewska, Dorota Cyngot https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 409 441 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.16 Recenzja: Aleksandra Bystry, Dzikie barwy. O naturalnym farbowaniu tkanin roślinami, Wydawnictwo Dzikie Barwy, Łódź 2019 https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/fpp/article/view/27894 <p>Recenzja: Aleksandra Bystry, Dzikie barwy. O naturalnym farbowaniu tkanin roślinami, Wydawnictwo Dzikie Barwy, Łódź 2019.</p> Barbara Wielgus Copyright (c) 2020 Barbara Wielgus 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 25 445 448 10.14746/fpp.2020.25.17