Investigationes Linguisticae 2020-03-25T09:05:10+00:00 Agata Wolarska-Sobocińska Open Journal Systems <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>OPIS CZASOPISMA</strong></p><ul class="oczasopismie"><li><a href="/index.php/il/about">POLITYKA FUNKCJONOWANIA CZASOPISMA</a></li><li><a href="/index.php/il/issue/current">AKTUALNY NUMER</a></li><li><a href="/index.php/il/issue/archive">ARCHIWUM</a></li></ul><div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEKSOWANE W:</strong><p>JSTOR; CEEOL; Google Scholar; WorldCat<strong><br /></strong></p></div><div class="oczasopismie"><strong>WSKAŹNIKI OCENY CZASOPISMA: </strong><p><img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/mnisw_9.png" alt="" /><br /><!--<br /> <img src="/ojs_3/public/piotr/ikonki/ic_6_87.png" alt="" /></p>--></p></div><div class="oczasopismie"><strong>DOI: </strong>10.14746/il</div><div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN: </strong>1426-188X<strong> ISSN (online): </strong>1733-1757</div> PL 2020-02-28T20:17:22+00:00 Emilia Wojtasik-Dziekan 2020-02-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 EN 2020-02-28T20:24:04+00:00 Emilia Wojtasik-Dziekan 2020-02-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Our Second Son is Number One: Numbers in Recent Japanese Given Names 2020-03-25T09:05:10+00:00 Barešová Barešová <p>Japanese given names reflect through their kanji selection particular perceived or anticipated aspects concerning their bearers, providing an insight into the changing values of Japanese society. In the past, numbers were used in names mainly to refer to the order of birth, the time of birth, or, in the case of large numbers, to express a wish for longevity. Within the larger historical context, this paper focuses on the use of kanji representing numbers in the names of children born in the last ten years (2008–2017), exploring the recent reasons for their choice and what values and priorities of recent Japanese parents they reflect.</p> 2020-02-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Agriculture and Law in Japanese Society 2020-03-25T09:05:07+00:00 Shinji Shimogaki <p>This&nbsp;study analyzes the changes in farmland&nbsp;system in&nbsp;Japan. The&nbsp;main policy of&nbsp;post-World War II Japan was regulation of&nbsp;the&nbsp;transfer lease or ownership of&nbsp;farmland, and&nbsp;the conversion of&nbsp;agricultural land&nbsp;into non-agricultural land&nbsp;considering the&nbsp;importance of&nbsp;farmlands. Paradoxically, this&nbsp;policy created some problems, such subdivision of&nbsp;farmland&nbsp;and&nbsp;ownerless lands. To address these problems, the Farmland&nbsp;Intermediary Management Institution was established in&nbsp;2014 to accelerate farmland&nbsp;concentration and&nbsp;intensify the power of&nbsp;core farmers. In&nbsp;2016, The Agricultural Land&nbsp;Act was reformed to make it easier for stock companies to&nbsp;own farmland. And, ICT has enabled us&nbsp;to&nbsp;visualize and verbalize tacit knowledge. This&nbsp;study explores the&nbsp;outcomes of&nbsp;these reforms and&nbsp;other unanswered issues.</p> 2020-02-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Current Status of and Challenges in Regional Policies in Japan 2020-03-25T09:05:05+00:00 Munenori Ichishima <p>This study aims to explain current regional policies in&nbsp;Japan and to explore challenges in relation to the same. Specifically, I will focus on regional revitalisation policies implemented by the Abe cabinet since 2014 and examine whether grants for regional revitalisation policies are&nbsp;distributed in a way that political scientists have disputed for a long time. From the perspective of public policy analyses in political science, I will conduct statistical analyses by using aggregated data of local municipalities in Japan. Thus, I will clarify the current status of and challenges related to regional policies in&nbsp;Japan.</p> 2020-02-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Comparative Analysis of ELV Recycling Policies in the European Union, Japan and China 2020-03-25T09:05:01+00:00 Jeongsoo Yu Shuoyao Wang Kevin Roy B. Serrona <p>This research aims at revealing the current status of&nbsp;the&nbsp;End-of-Life Vehicle (ELV) recycling systems in&nbsp;the&nbsp;European Union (EU), Japan and China which are&nbsp;known to have big vehicle manufacturers. The&nbsp;purpose of this research is to clarify their characteristics and issues, such as existing ELV recycling policy, limitations of&nbsp;Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) and&nbsp;environmental problems caused by secondhand car export. Japanese ELV recycling system will be analyzed as&nbsp;a specific example. Automakers’ effort to improve ELV recycling rate and the potential influence on recycling policy from large secondhand car export and Next-Generation Vehicle’s (NGV) popularization in Japan will be discussed and generalized. In addition, interview investigation for vehicle makers and government agencies has been conducted to have a comparative analysis of&nbsp;stakeholders’ (mainly automakers) attitude towards current ELV recycling law and future plans which can support Next-Generation Vehicle recycling well, as well as&nbsp;cross-border environmental/international resources recycling problems caused by secondhand car export.</p> 2020-02-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Life-Cycle Assessment on Nickel-Metal Hydride Battery in Hybrid Vehicles: Comparison between Regenerated and New Battery 2020-03-25T09:04:58+00:00 Shuoyao Wang Jeongsoo Yu <p>To reduce air pollution and&nbsp;avoid petroleum exhaustion problem, many advanced countries, especially Japan installed Hybrid Vehicles (HV). As the&nbsp;use of&nbsp;HV&nbsp;popularizes around the&nbsp;world, there will be a&nbsp;huge amount of End-of-Life HV in the&nbsp;near future, and&nbsp;the&nbsp;proper treatment of&nbsp;these End-of-Life HVs, especially the&nbsp;waste NiMH (Nickel-Metal Hydride) batteries, will become a&nbsp;serious problem. Currently, the&nbsp;recycling of&nbsp;NiMH battery is gaining substantial attention. However, instead of&nbsp;recycling waste NiMH batteries directly, regenerating and&nbsp;reusing a&nbsp;used NiMH battery for a&nbsp;secondhand HV will largely reduce waste battery generation and&nbsp;demand for new NiMH battery. However, the&nbsp;environmental impact of&nbsp;regenerating and&nbsp;reusing a&nbsp;waste NiMH battery was not clear and&nbsp;has&nbsp;not been compared with the situation when using a&nbsp;brand-new NiMH battery. The&nbsp;purpose of&nbsp;this research is to&nbsp;compare the&nbsp;environmental performance (CO2&nbsp;emission) of&nbsp;regenerated NiMH battery and&nbsp;brand-new NiMH battery in an HV from their production to&nbsp;usage stage and&nbsp;to&nbsp;discuss the&nbsp;validity of&nbsp;using a&nbsp;regenerated NiMH in Japan and&nbsp;in other countries using the Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach. This research analyzed the&nbsp;composition of a&nbsp;NiMH battery and&nbsp;the&nbsp;CO2 emission during the manufacture, transportation, regeneration and&nbsp;usage process of a&nbsp;NiMH battery. The&nbsp;data used in this research was collected from reports and&nbsp;data published by the&nbsp;government of Japan, vehicle makers and&nbsp;previous studies. Original field survey and&nbsp;interview research on&nbsp;battery regeneration operators were also performed. The&nbsp;result showed that there is&nbsp;not a&nbsp;big difference in environmental effect. Moreover, by doing so, a&nbsp;huge amount of&nbsp;resource will be saved from battery manufacturing process while reducing waste generation. It is recommended that waste NiMH battery should be regenerated and&nbsp;reused in HV instead of&nbsp;being recycled directly in the&nbsp;future.</p> 2020-02-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019