Kultura-Społeczeństwo-Edukacja 2020-05-07T13:46:13+00:00 Jarema Drozdowicz Open Journal Systems <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>OPIS CZASOPISMA</strong><br>Problematyka podjęta w tekstach naukowych to stricte globalny dyskurs nad temporalną wielowymiarowością społeczeństwa współczesnego oraz kondycją człowieka współczesnego, żyjącego w wieloznacznej i ambiwalentnej rzeczywistości globalnej, skazanego na szukanie swojego miejsca w ciągle na nowo konstruowanej wielokulturowej rzeczywistości. Globalna ekumena kulturowa determinuje również niekonwencjonalny namysł nad edukacją w warunkach globalnych. Współczesny dyskurs nad jakością edukacji, uwzględniający wielość kontekstów społeczno-kulturowych zmian zachodzących w świecie, powinien sprzyjać umiejętności planowania działań oświatowych na rzecz kształtowania prorozwojowego społeczeństwa ogólnoświatowego. Warunkiem sine qua non będzie więc zrozumienie istoty transformacji odbywającej się w przestrzeni edukacyjnej. Zamieszczone teksty mają stanowić przyczynek do namysłu i zaproszenie do dyskusji na temat uczestnictwa jednostek w kulturze globalnej ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem rozważań nad konieczną ewolucją edukacji w warunkach globalnych.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/kse/about">POLITYKA FUNKCJONOWANIA CZASOPISMA</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/kse/issue/current">AKTUALNY NUMER</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/kse/issue/archive">ARCHIWUM</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEKSOWANE W:</strong> <p>CSHJ, Index Copernicus, POL-index, IBUK</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>WSKAŹNIKI OCENY CZASOPISMA: </strong> <p><strong>MNiSW: 20</strong><br><!--<br /><br /> <img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/ic_39_55.png" alt="" />--></p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>DOI: </strong>10.14746/kse</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN (Print): </strong>2300-0422 <strong>ISSN (Online):</strong>&nbsp;2300-0422<!--<strong>ISSN (Online): </strong>2391-5838--></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>PRACE PUBLIKOWANE W CZASOPIŚMIE OD 2016 r. DOSTĘPNE SĄ NA LICENCJI CREATIVE COMMONS:</strong><br><a href=""><img src="/public/piotr/cc/cc_4_by_nd.png" alt="CC_by-nd/3.0" border="0"></a></div> Teaching to Transgress: Subjective Educational Experience in the Model of Engaged Pedagogy of Bell Hooks (Gloria Jean Watkins) 2020-05-07T13:46:13+00:00 Jarema Drozdowicz <p>The African-American scholar bell hooks is a well known figure in the Western academic milieu. This article makes an attempt at presenting the model of engaged pedagogy represented in hook’s works and her public appearances. This is done by highlighting the issue of subjective experience in the educational setting. Hook’s concept of race and gender is brought to attention to present the aforementioned issue within the broader context of her socio-cultural concepts she is known for. The outcome of this reconstruction shows us that the model of engaged pedagogy is developed by hooks into a wide set of postulates of structural change of the American schooling system, as well systems in other parts of the world. Therefore, it seems plausible to put her works within the tradition of critical pedagogy as found in the works of Paulo Freire and others.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Jarema Drozdowicz On education in the perspective of tragedy 2020-05-07T13:46:11+00:00 Sławomir Futyma Zbigniew Rudnicki <p>Man experiences their existence constantly experiencing tension that emerges between that which is and that which could be, between the actual, known, and the unknown that barely shines in the horizon. In this uncomfortable experience, one can find potential for development, hidden behind a facade of pretence and camouflage, which, when disclosed and uncovered can be the “fuel” of satisfactory change. As a result, education can be in service of man once again. This process, as a fundamental experience, will assume the acceptance of truth about the human condition and the circumstances of its emergence in the course of life. Education not abandoning man must rediscover and re-evaluate such categories as fate, uncertainty, fragility, unforeseeability.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Sławomir Futyma, Zbigniew Rudnicki The phenomenon of responsibility: between incontinence and hypercontrol 2020-05-07T13:46:09+00:00 Dmitry Leontiev <p>The paper contains a phenomenological and theoretical analysis of responsibility treated as the capacity of personal causation (taking the role of the cause of one’s actions) based upon conscious awareness and self-detachment from the immediate stream of one’s living. The manifestations of the lack of responsibility are the failure to manage one’s actions in the face of multiple forces majeures, incontinence of<br>immediate wishes and impulses, or rigid hypercontrol over these impulses. Special sections are devoted to interrelations between responsibility and freedom, especially in the developmental aspect, and responsibility for another person.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Dmitry Leontiev Young Disabled Adults Facing Developmental Tasks and Life Choices – In Search of Daily Life Quality 2020-05-07T13:45:34+00:00 Jolanta Suchodolska <p>Emerging adulthood, in numerous individual biographies, also in the case of disabled people, is the time of permanent need for self-actualisation and time of verifying one’s subjective vision of “being an adult,” i.e. being responsible for one’s own decisions, pursuing professional and economic independence. Due to developmental acceleration, sociological shift in terms of undertaken roles and realized developmental tasks as well as their moratoriumlinked delays, it is also the time conducive to educational activity. This psychological time of a young person, its course and specificity depend, to a large extent, on numerous (micro-, mezo- and macro-) conditions of family life and social life in today’s world which is more competitive and less predictable than it used to be for generation of the late 1990s. All of these factors contribute to the fact that maturing to adulthood seems to be a state which is harder to achieve nowadays. It is displayed in the form of delaying the moment of taking up a job or other important decisions in family and relationship contexts.<br>The study aims to present the selected aspects of daily life of disabled young adults, described in the context of developmental tasks of this period and considering the perspective of investment in relationships, development of one’s own resources, pursuing education and entering the job market which are all, from a temporal perspective, a chance of complementing one’s own identity.</p> 2019-06-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Learning and Teaching Opportunities of Ethnic Minorities in Multicultural China. Unity, Diversity or Critical Pluralism? 2020-05-07T13:46:07+00:00 Anna Mańkowska <p>This article explores current issues of minority education in China, especially in the context of religion and language education. In the first part of the article, the author describes (1) cultural and political framework of Chinese education in general and (2) current educational conditions, also discussing differences in educational attainment for minority groups in China. The second part of the article presents the situation of minority religions, which is not really recognised in state schooling in China. The author shows educational examples from the Tibet region and from Muslim education. The third part of the article explores another major challenge related to ethnic minority schooling, which is language diversity. In the final part of the paper, the author tries to comment on Chinese minority education dilemmas and concludes with some social recommendations.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Anna Mańkowska Educational potential of critical life events from the point of view of biographical learning 2020-05-07T13:45:41+00:00 Agnieszka Skowrońska-Pućka <p>The article contains deliberations on the subject of adult learning as a result of breaking points in people’s lives. It is based on Fritz Schütze and Gerhard Riemann’s concept of the trajectory, trying to show the educational potential of critical life events. The paper constitutes an illustration about learning and biography. The analysis concerns an individual who experienced domestic violence, was separated from her family of origin by being placed in a care and educational institution, whose life was additionally complicated by teenage pregnancy and motherhood. The analysis of the narrative makes it possible to see two dimensions of the relationship between learning and biography – learning from the experiences we face during life and biographical learning (or learning from a biography).</p> 2019-06-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 On instant pedagogy 2020-05-07T13:46:05+00:00 Jarosław Marzec <p>The main intention of this text is to show the interpretative track in the attempt to find the genealogy of expert appraisal. The main thesis expresses Zygmunt Bauman’s view of mutual connection between the weak and light status of identity in consumer culture and the tendency to create cultural practices in order to overcome that weakness, and to strengthen and confirm that status of identity. On the one hand, the main feature of consumer culture and our freedom expressed by consumption determines our identities and is the main reason for „corrosion of identity” (R. Sennett), but on the other hand it demands and generates the necessity of cultural institutions that guarantee its confirmation. Hence, we may find the reason for the so-called „counselling boom” and expansion of expert appraisal in our risk society. The presented text also shows the cultural background for cultural practices in the risk society and consists of the attempt to grasp social instant pedagogies. This phenomenon is analysed here by the role of advertisements and psychological guides as the main cultural practices of instant pedagogy. My intention seeks to bring to account often hidden and obvious practices, and to highlight in a critical manner the tendencies in our social milieu and in the face of „the unbearable lightness of consumption”.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Jarosław Marzec The issue of social situation of homosexual women as a potential for using eclectic research 2020-05-07T13:46:03+00:00 Marta Dziarnowska <p>Scientists practicing social sciences issues more and more often undertake constructing and performing eclectic research projects. Nowadays, qualitative and quantitative approaches are thought to be equivalent. Their results can be characterized by complementarity, facilitation and/or triangulation. The article presents two research papers – quantitative which is represented by a report titled ‘Social situation of LGBTA people in Poland. Report 2015-2016’ written by organizations supporting LGBTQIA environments – and quantitative master thesis titled ‘The quality of life of homosexual women – cases study’. These projects arose in similar time, but they were developed and conducted independently. Compared results are connected to issues of functioning of homosexual women in a range of identical or approximate categories of both studies. The main aim of the article is to show the validity of quantitative and qualitative trends connection on the example of presented papers – despite of distinctiveness of these two conceptions their results illustrate each other in many questions. The quantitative publication pictures the scale of the phenomenon while the qualitative one gives the context of gathered data. In presented text it is shown not only how the results complement one another, but also how they mutually verify and give a possibility to widen the cafeteria of dependent variables or categories of thematic-notions frame.<br>The secondary aim of the paper is to outline the problematic aspects of functioning of homosexual women in environments and social groups to which they belong. The article is rich in references that discusses in details mentioned issues; these are: an attitude toward public institutions and condipolitics in Poland, conditions of sexual orientation openness, professional, family and social relations, same-sex<br>relationships and a violence motivated by prejudices. The awareness of benefits from using the eclectic approach in examining social phenomena can arise the cognitive value of research projects and as an effect increase effectiveness of actions in favour of nonheteronormative individuals.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Marta Dziarnowska The World of the Child in Selected Poems by Joanna Kulmowa 2020-05-07T13:46:00+00:00 Elżbieta Rogalska <p>“Children’s need for miracles” has been accentuated as elements appearing in the selected poems by Joanna Kulmowa, which allow the child to be amazed by the world; they are a predicator to the appearance of tutoring. The astonishment with the world, as a place full of lyricism, enables the consolidation of identity by the emergence of the child’s “I”. Not judging and classifying. Subjectivity is emphasized: the seriousness of the child’s world, understanding oneself, transforming the world, individuality, respect, acceptance, cooperation, responsibility, independence, sense of agency and dialogue. It was concluded that the main “miracle” is dialogue which: requires presence to be astonished by the world; raises the child’s responsibility for another person; cannot be deprived of love; manifests itself in the “question-cry “ for presence as a result of trust in the subject of the relationship. The objectives of the study were: to define dialogue as Bettelheim’s “miracle” in selected poems by J. Kulmowa; demonstrate that selected poems of J. Kulmowa are dialogical. The aim of the article was to: present the “miracles” in the child’s world in selected poems by Joanna Kulmowa. The method of hermeneutics was used based on the methodology of Wolfgang Klafka. It seems important that so far the selected poetry of J. Kulmowa has not been interpreted in relation to Bettelheim’s concept of “miracle” and its connection with the philosophy of dialogue, pedagogy and literary studies at the same time.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Elżbieta Rogalska The process of acquiring civic competences by students in the school space – analysis of theoretical foundations 2020-05-07T13:45:58+00:00 Celina Kamecka-Antczak <p>The article analyses three selected theories: the theory of communicative action proposed by Jürgen Habermas, the theory of social learning by Albert Bandura, as well as dramaturgical theory by Erving Goffman. The aim of the analysis was to find one leading theory of the process of acquiring civic competences. The selected theory should meet the set conditions that allow it to be used in school space. Civic competences are understood as a particular subtype of social competences, the acquisition of which is an important element of social development. The scope of the definition of civic competences depends on the theoretical approach adopted. School space is a community made up of students, teachers and parents, who focus on a common goal. This space is also where students’ socialisation takes place. The analysis was carried out on the basis of 5 questions regarding the subject, determinants, mechanism, place in development, and criteria for verifying the process of acquiring civic competences by students in the school space. The answers to the questions listed in the table have become the criteria for the analysis. However, this analysis did not allow for choosing a leading theory. None of the theories has met all the conditions set.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Celina Kamecka-Antczak Family with an adolescent in the face of depression – possible effects in systemic family therapy 2020-05-07T13:45:55+00:00 Syma Marta Al Azab-Malinowska <p>The aim of this article is to describe the phenomenon of teenage depression in the context of the impact of depression on the functioning of the family system. The first part of the paper shows the understanding of the concept of the family on the basis of the system theory, paying special attention to the family life cycle and the function of symptoms in the family system. The second part of the article presents the etiology, symptoms and specificity of teenage depression. The developmental tasks characteristic for the age of adolescence were also reconstructed. The last part of the article is devoted to the ways in which depression<br>can be understood from a systemic and family therapy perspective The possible ways and directions of working with a teenager and his parents are also indicated.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Syma Marta Al Azab-Malinowska Systemic therapy – A practical implementation of systemic thinking 2020-05-07T13:45:53+00:00 Kurt Ludewig <p>A summary presentation of the historic development of systemic therapy as the follow-up to family therapies, with the usage of new metatheoretical thinking from the constructivist point of view is followed by a description of the material theoretical conditions of this psychotherapeutic approach, with particular consideration for the theories of cognition and autopoiesis by Chilean biologist Humberto Maturana as well as the sociological system theory according to German sociologist Niklas Luhmann. This is followed by an understanding of interaction systems with respect to the theory of therapy, as developed by the author – the member concept, as well as a system-theoretical adequate conceptualisation of psychical systems. The work ends with a short presentation of the implementation of the described theoretical concepts in systemic therapy practice.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Kurt Ludewig Contemporary means of communication in educational institutions 2020-05-07T13:45:32+00:00 Przemysław Żebrok <p>The subject of the paper deals with the issues of communication in educational institutions. Effective exchange of information plays a key role in achieving the desired results in every organization. This depends largely on the tools, language and the way the content is delivered. In the modern world communication is increasingly carried out by means of digital communication. Examples include e-registers, organizational sheets, electronic mail and websites, which have become the main tools for communicating information in educational institutions.</p> 2019-06-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 To Live in Harmony with Oneself. De-somatisation and Sated Childhood Hunger 2020-05-07T13:45:51+00:00 Agnieszka Bzymek <p>The inspiration for this article was a project entitled “Crossing Borders: Activation of Disabled Seniors” carried out in the Daily Nursing Home run by Stowarzyszenie Przyjaciół Strzyży (Strzyża Friends’ Association) in Gdańsk, in the period between 15 June and 15 December 2015. The project focused on eliciting memories about the seniors’ past with the use of a biographical method and a narrative interview. The problems concentrate on the issue of de-somatisation and possibilities and modes of compensation. Referring to the therapeutic role of the biographical method, the author tries to find out if creating narratives supports the acquisition of sense of life and acceptance of the past in the context of traumatic childhood experiences.</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Agnieszka Bzymek In the face of change – reading in a new cultural context 2020-05-07T13:45:37+00:00 Sylwia Stano-Strzałkowska <p>The aim of the article is to present modern readership habits and the impact of new technologies development<br>on them. Those technologies and social changes can also pose a danger or provide support for the development of<br>readership; however, the point is how to skilfully make use of them.<br>Readership plays a significant role in modern societies. It is considered not only a socio-cultural tool giving people<br>equal chances in life and facilitating dialogue between different cultures, but also an important economic development factor. Nevertheless, the level of readership keeps successively decreasing in developed countries. Poland is not an exception – on the contrary, the level of readership is decreasing faster than in other developed countries.<br>This article is an outline of opportunities and barriers as well of new technologies affecting readership. The relations<br>between those opportunities or barriers and the level of readership are also discussed. The article includes<br>a range of examples of positive solutions from abroad, suitable for introduction in Poland.</p> 2019-06-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Development of the School Events Locus of Control Scale 2020-05-07T13:45:48+00:00 Joanna Poziemska <p>Many studies have shown that the activity of individuals depends, among others, on constructs such as self-efficacy, self-esteem, motivation, learned helplessness or relations with the environment. They are in turn closely related to the locus of control. As it takes shape under the influence of experiences, past events are important in this process, for students – school events in particular must be taken into account. Due to the fact that tools are missing that could be used by paedagogues to study and diagnose the locus of control of school events in pupils, an attempt has been made to construct it. Existing tools are constructed in other cultures or socio-economic conditions, so this research is an attempt to construct a tool to determine the direction of explaining school events, separately for successes and failures. The sample consisted of 449 second graders from schools above the lower secondary level. The reliability of the tool was verified by the internal compliance coefficient and the validity – by studying the relationship with the chosen variables. The tool can be considered validated. In terms of the failures scale, the tool achieved satisfactory reliability, while the in terms of the scale of success – it needs more development</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Joanna Poziemska Report from the 4th National Scientific Conference from the series “Child – a digital native at school” 2020-04-05T09:57:24+00:00 Małgorzata Sławińska 2019-06-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019