Geologos <p>Geologos is an international, peer-reviewed journal publishing research results and review articles covering all earth-science disciplines, with a focus on the geology of central and eastern Europe. Manuscripts dealing with the geology of these areas will get priority. Only manuscripts in English are considered for publication. All manuscripts should meet international standards regarding the quality of both the scientific content and the presentation (structure, style, good English, high-quality figures, etc.).</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="">ABOUT THE JOURNAL</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="">CURRENT ISSUE</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="">ARCHIVE</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEXED IN:</strong> <p>PKP Index, Arianta<br />Astrophysics Data System (ADS)<br />Baidu Scholar<br />BazTech<br />Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) - CAplus<br />Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) - SciFinder<br />CNKI Scholar (China National Knowledge Infrastructure)<br />CNPIEC - cnpLINKer<br />Current Geographical Publications<br />Dimensions<br />DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)<br />EBSCO (relevant databases)<br />EBSCO Discovery Service<br />Engineering Village<br />Genamics JournalSeek<br />GeoArchive<br />GeoRef<br />Google Scholar<br />Index Copernicus<br />Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)<br />J-Gate<br />JournalGuide<br />JournalTOCs<br />KESLI-NDSL (Korean National Discovery for Science Leaders)<br />Microsoft Academic<br />MyScienceWork<br />Naver Academic<br />Naviga (Softweco)<br />Petroleum Abstracts TULSA Database<br />POL-index<br />Primo Central (ExLibris)<br />ProQuest (relevant databases)<br />Publons<br />QOAM (Quality Open Access Market)<br />ReadCube<br />Reaxys<br />SCImago (SJR)<br />SCOPUS<br />Semantic Scholar<br />Sherpa/RoMEO<br />Summon (ProQuest)<br />TDNet<br />Ulrich's Periodicals Directory/ulrichsweb<br />WanFang Data<br />Web of Science - Emerging Sources Citation Index<br />Web of Science - Zoological Record<br />WorldCat (OCLC)</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>JOURNAL METRICS:</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><br />SJR = 0.25<br />CiteScore (cites/publication) = 1.7<br />SNIP = 0.63<br />Score of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education = 40</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><br /><br />DOI: <a href="">10.2478/logos</a> </strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN on-line:</strong> 2080-6574 <strong>ISSN print: </strong>1426-8981</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><br />PUBLISHED WORK ARE LICENSED UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS:</strong><br /><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><a href=""><br /></a><a href="" rel="license"> Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a><a href="">.</a></div> Adam Mickiewicz University Poznan en-US Geologos 1426-8981 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Coastal hydrogeology, by Jiao Jimmy and Vincent Post, 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 403 pages. Hardback: price £49.99, ISBN: 9781107030596 <p>Coastal hydrogeology, by Jiao Jimmy and Vincent Post, 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 403 pages. Hardback: price £49.99, ISBN: 9781107030596</p> Adam Szymkiewicz Copyright (c) 2022 Adam Szymkiewicz 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 28 1 81 82 10.2478/logos-2022-0007 The Nile Basin: Quaternary geology, geomorphology and prehistoric environments, by Martin Williams, University of Adelaide, 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Hardback: price £105.00, ISBN: 9781107179196 <p><strong>The Nile Basin: Quaternary geology, geomorphology and prehistoric environments</strong>, by Martin Williams, University of Adelaide, 2019. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Hardback: price £105.00, ISBN: 9781107179196</p> Kamal Ghodeif Copyright (c) 2022 Kamal Ghodeif 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 28 1 79 80 10.2478/logos-2022-0006 Geological and palaeogeographical peculiarities of the Adamów Graben area, central Poland <p>From a geological and palaeogeographical point of view, the area of the Adamów Graben in the vicinity of Turek ranks amongst the best known in central Poland, with several opencast mines located here where lignite was exploited for 57 years. These large-surface exposures provide a good opportunity for detailed geological studies of strata of Late Cretaceous to Holocene age. However, the present research focuses mainly on those deposits, forms and structures that have been most thoroughly examined and are best exposed. These are Cretaceous marls and gaizes, Paleogene ‘blue clays’ and the ‘Koźmin Gravels’, Neogene sandstones, as well as the Quaternary glacial ‘Lake Koźmin’, involutions and ‘Koźmin Las’. Some of these, e.g., the ‘Koźmin Gravels’ and ‘Koźmin Las’, are not known from other Polish territories. Furthermore, results obtained by the authors over a period of nearly 30 years also include data on palaeogeographical changes across some Cenozoic intervals, especially during the early Oligocene and late Weichselian.</p> Marek Widera Danuta Dzieduszyńska Joanna Petera-Zganiacz Copyright (c) 2022 Marek Widera, Danuta Dzieduszyńska,Joanna Petera-Zganiacz 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 28 1 1 17 10.2478/logos-2022-0001 Tectonomagmatic settings of Jurassic granitoids in the Sanandaj-Sirjan Zone, Iran: A review <p>The present paper discusses the geochemical affinities, origin and ages of Jurassic granitoids of the Sanandaj-Sirjan Zone (SaSZ) in the eastern part of the Zagros Thrust Zone. A multidisciplinary, integrated approach was carried out using existing granitoid geochemical data (major, trace, rare earth element and isotopes) and knowledge of the regional geology (geodynamic and metamorphic setting), coupled with geophysical data (magnetic susceptibility) from granitoids in the SaSZ. We re-interpret and re-classify the Jurassic granitoids of this zone into three main genetic groups: S-type, I-type and A-type subduction-related ones. In the central to southern part of the Sanandaj-Sirjan zone (between Hamadan and Sirjan), S-type magmatism appeared between 178 and 160 Ma during the Cimmerian orogeny, due to continental collision. To the north of the Sanandaj-Sirjan zone (between Sanandaj and Ghorveh), I-type and A-type magmatism occurred between 158 and 145 Ma. This heterogenic tectonomagmatic system along the SaSZ suggests a heterogenic subcontinental lithospheric mantle, resulting in two Jurassic tectonomagmatic zones of (1) the Sanandaj-Ghorveh Zone and (2) the Hamadan-Sirjan Zone.</p> Mohammad Hassan Karimpour Nargess Shirdashtzadeh Martiya Sadeghi Copyright (c) 2022 Mohammad Hassan Karimpour, Nargess Shirdashtzadeh, Martiya Sadeghi 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 28 1 19 37 10.2478/logos-2022-0002 Characterisation of potholes formed on bedrock sandstones at Loei Dun, Phetchabun Geopark, Thailand <p>Phetchabun National Geopark comprises varied geosites; one of the fluvial bedrock landforms distinguished here is Loei Dun. This shows many potholes in Mesozoic sandstone of the Nam Phong Formation (Khorat Group). A genetic study of the occurrence of the Loei Dun potholes lends it a higher geoheritage value. For the present study we did field- work and carried out petrographical and geotechnical analyses so as to classify and characterise the potholes and con- sider geotourism potentials. Petrographically, the bedrock sandstone is a lithic arenite which consists of 82-96 percent very fine to coarse, well-sorted subangular sand with low sphericity and calcite cementation. Our geotechnical analysis of the bedrock sandstone suggests that pothole occurrence may be linked to low rock strength and slake durability index with high rock absorption and porosity at Loei Dun. Field studies confirmed the impact of other factors such as joints/faults, fluvial conditions and biological weathering. There are five types of pothole, viz., simple ones, potholes with external furrows, compound potholes, breached potholes and lateral ones. The present study adds educational value to the Loei Dun geosite at Phetchabun Geoparks and cultural and economic aspects can be further strengthened through the development of geotourism in the area.</p> Vimoltip Singtuen Thitaree Junjuer Copyright (c) 2022 Vimoltip Singtuen, Thitaree Junjuer 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 28 1 39 50 10.2478/logos-2022-0003 Bank filtration for climate resilience: potentiality of a new site along the Ismailia Canal in Egypt <p>Bank filtration (BF) is a nature-based solution that can provide safe drinking water at a low cost, in being a green tech- nology that benefits from natural ecosystem services and saves energy as well. The objective of the present paper is to evaluate the potentiality of a new site for bank filtration along a surface water source that experiences periods of both high and low flow. This site is located along the Ismailia Canal in the eastern Nile Delta fringe of Egypt. The present evaluation is based on exploratory drilling, installation of monitoring infrastructure and monitoring of both water level and water quality parameters for one year. The site has favourable hydrogeological conditions; the mean hydraulic conductivity of aquifer materials (sand and gravel) is 18.98 m/day. Moreover, there is a hydraulic connection between canal and aquifer; under steady conditions, the canal feeds the aquifer. Using different tracers, such as Cl, EC, Sr and SO4, the average bank filtration share is in excess of 95%. BF has reduced the particulates (turbidity) by 96%, total col- iform by 99 % and total organic carbon (TOC) expressed as ultra-violet absorbance at 254 wavelengths (UVA254) by 44%. In addition, BF reduces concentrations of disinfection by-products due to its ability to remove organic matter. The potential degradation of TOC in the canal bed sediments may cause the release of iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) to the bank filtrate water; this process is exaggerated during low-flow periods. Compared to conventional water treatment, BF is a cost-effective green technology, because no chemicals are used and no waste products are generated.</p> Kamal Ghodeif Rifaat A. Wahaab Thomas Grischek Hana Afifi Neveen Wahsh Copyright (c) 2022 Kamal Ghodeif, Rifaat A. Wahaab, Thomas Grischek, Hana Afifi, Neveen Wahsh 2022-11-02 2022-11-02 28 1 51 60 10.2478/logos-2022-0004 Textural characteristics, mode of transportation and depositional environment of the Stormberg Group in the Eastern Cape, South Africa: evidence from grain size and lithofacies analyses <p>The Stormberg Group comprises the Molteno, Elliot and Clarens formations and is one of four stratigraphical groups that make up the Karoo Supergroup in South Africa. The group is the highest unit in the Karoo Basin, representing the final phase of preserved sedimentation. The major problem with the Stromberg Group is that the mode of transport, hy- drodynamic energy conditions and depositional environment are still poorly understood. For the present paper, grain size and lithofacies studies on selected sandstones from the Molteno, Elliot and Clarens formations were performed&nbsp; so as to elucidate their textural characteristics, depositional processes, sedimentation mechanisms and hydrodynamic energy conditions and to discriminate different depositional environments. The statistical parameters of grain size distribution (mean grain size, standard deviation, skewness and kurtosis) show that the sandstones are predominantly unimodal, fine grained, moderately well sorted, mesokurtic and near symmetrical. The bivariate diagrams of the afore- mentioned statistical parameters demonstrate that river and aeolian dune had the greatest impact on the depositional environments. Likewise, the C-M pattern (Passega diagram) shows that the sandstones were mostly deposited through tractive current process. Furthermore, the C-M diagram reveals the prevalence of rolling, suspension and graded sus- pension modes of sediment transportation. Seventeen sedimentary lithofacies were identified and grouped into seven lithofacies associations. These lithofacies associations indicate braided channel, overbank and swamp deposits for the Molteno Formation, alluvial fan/floodplain and playa deposits for the Elliot Formation and aeolian deposits for the Clarens Formation.</p> Priscilla Chima Christopher Baiyegunhi Copyright (c) 2022 Priscilla Chima, Christopher Baiyegunhi 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 28 1 61 78 10.2478/logos-2022-0005