Porównania https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p <p>"Porównania” has been published annually since 2004 and biannually since 2011. It includes original works and translations of comparative research within literary studies, theory and history of culture, theory of science, anthropology, art study, the cinema, music but also comparative research on history, postcolonial studies, gender, pedagogy, law, contemporary media and the relationship between the humanities and natural sciences. There are also polemics, reviews, surveys of comparative works and a list of received books.</p> <p><strong>INDEXED IN: <br /></strong>ERIH Plus; Index Copernicus; SCOPUS<br /><br /><strong>JOURNAL METRICS:<br /></strong>Ministry of Education and Science (2021): <strong>100<br /><br /><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nd/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br />This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License</a><br /></strong></p> Adam Mickiewicz University Poznan en-US Porównania 1733-165X <p style="margin-top: 0.18cm; margin-bottom: 0.18cm; line-height: 100%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Utwory opublikowane w czasopiśmie „Porównania”, na platformie Pressto należącej do Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu są udostępniane na&nbsp; licencji Creative Commons<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/"> Uznanie autorstwa - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowe (CC BY-ND 4.0) </a></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Tym samym wszyscy zainteresowani są uprawnieni do korzystania z utworów opublikowanych pod następującymi warunkami:</span></span></p> <ul> <li class="show"> <p style="margin-top: 0.18cm; margin-bottom: 0.18cm; line-height: 100%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">uznania autorstwa — czyli obowiązek podania wraz z rozpowszechnianym utworem informacji o autorstwie, tytule, źródle (odnośniki do oryginalnego utworu, doi) oraz samej licencji</span></span></p> </li> <li class="show"> <p style="margin-top: 0.18cm; margin-bottom: 0.18cm; line-height: 100%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">bez utworów zależnych — remiksując, przetwarzając lub tworząc na podstawie utworu, nie wolno rozpowszechniać zmodyfikowanych treści.</span></span></p> </li> <li class="show"> <p style="margin-top: 0.18cm; margin-bottom: 0.18cm; line-height: 100%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">brak dodatkowych ograniczeń — nie można korzystać ze środków prawnych lub technologicznych, które ograniczają innych w korzystaniu z utworu na warunkach określonych w licencji.</span></span></p> </li> </ul> <p style="margin-top: 0.18cm; margin-bottom: 0.18cm; line-height: 100%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu zachowuje prawo do czasopisma jako całości (układ, forma graficzna, tytuł, projekt okładki, logo itp.).</span></span></p> <p style="margin-top: 0.18cm; margin-bottom: 0.18cm; line-height: 100%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Autor zachowuje prawa majątkowe, ale udziela zgody Uniwersytetowi im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu na wykorzystanie dzieła. Autorzy tekstów zakwalifikowanych do publikacji proszeni są o wypełnienie podpisanie i przesłanie <a title="umowy" href="/ojs_3/pliki/p/Porownania_umowa_autorska_PL.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">umowa (PL)</a></span></span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="/ojs_3/pliki/p/Porownania_umowa_autorska_EN.pdf">agreement (EN)</a></p> <div class="QmZWSe">&nbsp;</div> <p style="margin-top: 0.18cm; margin-bottom: 0.18cm; line-height: 100%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><a href="https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/ojs_3/pliki/p/Porównania_umowa%20autorska_EN.pdf">Agreement for granting a royalty-free license to works with a commitment to grant a CC sub-license</a></span></span></p> Coal Humanities in the Context of Counterindustrial Energy https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28566 <p>The article presents the project of coal humanities, a multidisciplinary area of knowledge about coal, which takes into account the achievements in geology and mining, presented from the perspective of human-non-human relations, and located in energy and post-human studies. Against this background, the author first analyses the most common representations of coal in art and literature, related to industry, to show that in the mid-twentieth century, attempts were made to depart from them and create a critical reflection in Polish poetry and painting, which would be a reaction to the forced mining of coal, important for Polish economy and politics. Examples of counter-industrial representations of “green coal” are provided by the paintings of a miner from KWK “Moszczenica,” Ludwik Holesz, and the poet Bolesław Lubosz, born in Tarnowskie Góry. Both artists create visions of Carboniferous nature, try to revive coal and see something more than a raw material in it, e.g. a non-human being, a plant, and organic elements.</p> Marta Tomczok Copyright (c) 2022 Marta Tomczok 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 21 37 10.14746/por.2022.1.2 Restoring the Forest—Restoring the State: An Essay on Forestation https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/29238 <p>This article looks at the state/forest relationship and how and when the state creates discourses about the forest to serve its current objectives and policies. It is a case study of the Polish state and its approach to forest restoration practices. Looking at past actions since 1918 through which the Polish state has restored the forest, the text traces the discursive practices of forest nationalisation. Combining histo­rical perspectives with contemporary discussions of forest restoration within the European Union and global institutions, the text offers an analysis of the power relations inscribed and embodied in nature management activities. The text touches upon a broader reflection on nature management and the power relations inscribed and embodied within it and examines how “the environment” and environmental issues have been constructed as domains requiring state regulation and protection. Focusing on planting rather than deforestation, the article describes the use of environmental governance policy tools to maintain power over discursive and mate­rial actions in relation to the landscape by states and/or international institutions. This article is framed within environmental politics, combined with environmental history and anthropology.</p> Agata A. Konczal Copyright (c) 2022 Agata A. Konczal 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 39 62 10.14746/por.2022.1.3 The New Eden: The Influence of a Gardener and their Work, a Garden, on the Process of Climate Change https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28580 <p>On the 21st of May 2019 the Anthropocene Working Group has concluded that a new geological era in Earth’s history has begun—the Anthropocene. The author of the article has deduced that an interdisciplinary discourse regarding climate change should not omit human gardening activity. The Anthropocene is called an epoch of repression, short-sightedness and irreversible loss, which is shown in the work of many modern amateur gardeners. The author presents a vision of two gardens: one that has been made in a harmony of human and nature and one that is dominated solely by humans. In her article she contrasts the information from gardening guidebooks with the knowledge of amateur gardeners found in social media. The point of the article is to show the direction of modern gardening. By analysing selected texts, the author seeks an answer to the following question: are the gardeners, who see climate change, able to break out of their apathy and start to work for the environment or will they rather just continue doing what they are doing now?</p> Eliza Grzelak Copyright (c) 2022 Eliza Grzelak 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 63 77 10.14746/por.2022.1.4 Involuntary Reservations: Non-Fictional Literature on the Ecosystem of Nuclear Zones https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28555 <p>Bruce Sterling called involuntary reserves such places that were “recovered” by nature as a result of a catastrophe, contamination or war. This type of reserve is the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, almost completely uninhabited by people for over 30 years. On its Belarusian side, the Polessian State Radiation-Ecological Reserve was established. The abandoned villages have been consumed by nature, and endan-gered animal species find their refuge in the zone. At the same time, the zone is still irradiated, its landscape is filled with radioactivity stamps, vehicle cemeteries and mounds-burials where contaminated houses, objects, trees were buried. The article will present the representation of the Chernobyl ecosystem present in non-fictional literature ( including texts by Svetlana Aleksijewicz, Mary Mycio, Kate Brown, Igor Kostin and others ) and the problematization of the status of this environment, which Adam Higginbotham calls “contaminated Eden.”</p> Kamila Gieba Copyright (c) 2022 Kamila Gieba 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 79 93 10.14746/por.2022.1.5 Ecoliterature in the Context of Animal Studies and the Ethical Turn https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28624 <p>The article is an attempt to read various types of journalism that deal with human-animal relations (“Wolves” by Adam Wajrak and “Un chien mort après lui” by Jean Rolin). Each of these texts covers a different category in which we classify animals (wild, companion), but the authors deconstruct these categories. Thanks to this, the interpretation of the aforementioned books has also contributed to the development of such issues as “wildness,” empathy in human-animal relations, cultural conditions of treating certain animal species, species chauvinism, etc. These considerations were obviously included in the spirit of posthumanism, but most of all the ethical turn. The introduction includes, in turn, reflections on the particular genre, which is nature writing, and its evolution in the context of changes that took place in humanistic thought (e.g. negating the division into nature and culture).</p> Katarzyna Szalewska Copyright (c) 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 95 113 10.14746/por.2022.1.6 About Bees, Mice and Purgatory. German Language Writing from the Experience of Nature https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28547 <p>The article deals with a new genre in German-language literature: nature writing. The genre has been enjoying success in the English literature market for some time, and only the first novels and volumes of this poetry appear in German-language literature that have arisen from the experience of nature; texts by Norbert Scheuer, Esther Kinsky, Marcel Bayer, Marion Poschmann, Laura Freundenthaler, Ulrike Draesner, Sabine Scho, Christian Lehnert, Silke Scheuermann and Gerhard Falkner should be mentioned here. The story “Der heißeste Sommer” ( 2020 ) by Laura Freudenthaler and the novel Winterbienen by Nobert Scheuer ( 2019 ) are presented as prime examples of this genre.</p> Monika Wolting Copyright (c) 2022 Monika Wolting 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 115 132 10.14746/por.2022.1.7 Three Visions of Humanity in Extraterrestrial Ecosystems: Klein, Kosik, Skåden https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28553 <p>In the paper, three contemporary science fiction novels are compared: <em>Die Zukunft des Mars</em> (2013) by Georg Klein, <em>Kameleon</em> (2008) by Rafał Kosik, and <em>Fugl</em> (2019) by Sigbjørn Skåden. As possible scenarios of a future colonisation of other planets, the novels represent three different patterns of human existence in extraterrestrial ecosystems: adaptation, imitation, and indifference. They are discussed in the context of contemporary speculative narrations on human life outside of Earth.</p> Rafał Pokrywka Copyright (c) 2022 Rafał Pokrywka 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 133 142 10.14746/por.2022.1.8 The Art of Looking and Nature Writing: The Representation of Landscape and Nature in Esther Kinsky’s River https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28700 <p>In the novel River published in 2014, while wandering along the River Lea on the outskirts of London, the narrator observes an inconspicuous area that does not correspond to the traditional notion of the beauty of nature. The contemplation of the landscape finds its artistic expression not only in language that is not only extremely precise but also lyrical. The exploration of nature is also accomplished through the creative act of naming and describing the human and non-human world. Kinsky depicts a variety of landscapes: the area around the river with its mixture of nature and industry, urban and rural character, other riverine landscapes from the perspective of memories, and areas marked by war and violence. The subject’s attitude is characterized by resignation from an anthropocentric perspective that instrumentalizes nature. The aim of the article is to examine the mutual relations between the human being and the environment in the literary text, including the ecocritical perspective, as well as to investigate the aesthetic representation of landscape and nature in the novel.</p> Anna Pastuszka Copyright (c) 2022 Anna Pastuszka 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 143 158 10.14746/por.2022.1.9 “The Cat Looks at the Dog Not with Hatred, but Contemptuously”: Čapek’s Remarks on the Animal Mind https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/29004 <p>he book by Karl Čapek Měl jsem psa a kočku (I had a dog and a cat) appeared (posthumously) in 1939 in the Czech publishing market. This publication, which consisted of several essays, a story about the fox terrier Dašenka and a humorous guide to dog breeds, was mostly treated by literary scholars as some kind of hybrid bricolage of a miscellaneous texts. The animal stories published in this book draw their thematic material from everyday and empirical observation and do not need to use systems of cultural references and imagination. Their reception, however, requires common knowledge, available to those (i.e., in fact, to everyone) who have ever dealt with domestic animals and thus are able to confirm these observations, confront them with their own experience and, as a result, appreciate the accuracy and insight of the diagnoses offered by the author. The paradoxical conclusions of Čapek’s remarks throw readers out of their cognitive routine and show that the problem of animal emotional and intellectual life is more complicated than is usually considered. The narrative portraits of dog and feline heroes are primarily used to build anthropological models for which the patterns of animal behaviour constitute a convincing (because reduced to simplified “basic” behavioural matrices) exemplification.</p> Anna Gawarecka Copyright (c) 2022 Anna Gawarecka 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 159 180 10.14746/por.2022.1.10 The Poetics of Heterogeneous Bodies in Contemporary Hungarian Literature https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28596 <p>In contemporary Hungarian literature, an increasingly important role is played by post-humanist-anthropocene forms of literary expression, the starting point of which is biological operations performed on the body. The bodily transformations that change the anthropological and evolutionary picture of man are accompanied by new biological constructs and power relations, as a result of which animal life forms acquire hybrid identities. Three Hungarian novels are discussed in the work: My Hero’s Square (2000) by Lajos Parti Nagy, A patkány éve [Year of the Rat] (2013) by Imre Bartók, Irha és bőr [Hide and Skin] (2019) by Anita Moskát. Their analysis is set in the context of posthumanism, ecocriticism and postmodernism.</p> Zoltan Nemeth Copyright (c) 2022 Zoltan Nemeth 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 181 192 10.14746/por.2022.1.11 The School of Attention and Action: The Relation Between the World of the Child and the Natural Environment in Children’s Magazines Published in the Second Polish Republic on the Example of Płomyk and Płomyczek https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28846 <p>The magazines published by Nasza Księgarnia, Płomyk and Płomyczek, were of great importance for the dissemination of the idea of environmental protection during the interwar period. Nature was an important topic of literary works, popular science articles, poems, advice columns, and readers’ letters. The subsequent issues corresponded to the rhythm of the school year and nature’s calendar. The idea of ecological education of Płomyka and Płomyczka was implemented through the concept of coexistence of children, plants, animals in a homogeneous environment. Reflecting on the presence of both plant and animal worlds in the city space and in the rural landscape sensitized the readers to the values and taught them to observe non-human inhabitants of courtyards, parks, gardens, forests and fields. There is a noticeable effort to create a space for communication and understanding of the natural world. The presentation of the concept of ecological education is a reconstruction of the ethical model where children, animals and plants become equal moral subjects, and where relational practices towards the environment and a sense of doing in the surrounding world are shaped.</p> Beata Maria Gromadzka Copyright (c) 2022 Beata Maria Gromadzka 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 193 216 10.14746/por.2022.1.12 The Interobjectivity of the Wind in the Prose of Bruno Schulz https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28595 <p>The aim of the article is to discuss the wind in the prose of Bruno Schulz. The category of a hyperobject proposed by Timothy Morton was used to interpret the problem, as well as the assumptions of object-oriented ontology. Recalling this philosophy made it possible to notice in Schulz’s prose fragments presenting the environment, especially the wind, in the urban space. The writer ascribes various meanings to the described atmospheric phenomena—they serve him to build an atmosphere of danger, but also to outline a utopia of peace and tranquillity.</p> Paweł Tomczok Copyright (c) 2022 Paweł Tomczok 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 217 232 10.14746/por.2022.1.13 The Ecoprophetism of Frank Herbert’s Dune https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28631 <p>The article is an attempt to read Frank Herbert’s science fiction novel “Dune” from the perspective of ecocriticism. The starting point for the discussion on the desert planet Arrakis and its specific waterless ecosystem created by the author on the level of the ecological fiction is to seek the ecomimetic analogies to the anthropocenic condition of the mid 20th century Earth. “Dune” as an ecoprophetic witness was hugely inspired by Herbert’s ecological and anthropological observations concerned with the native societies well adapted to lead a life on desert; it projects also the potential future scenarios of world deprived of water. Speculative character of Herbert’s “Dune” shows how thinking about the end of the anthropocene stimulates the anthropological imagination, which instead of the vision of planetary omnicide, may be helpful in projecting nonapocalyptic scenarios of the new beginning.</p> Mikołaj Smykowski Copyright (c) 2022 Mikołaj Smykowski 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 233 258 10.14746/por.2022.1.14 Poetry, Art, and the Anthropocene: Susan Schuppli and Kacper Bartczak https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28828 <p>The aim of the article is to outline the basic critical possibilities that visual and linguistic art can have in the world of anthropocene. Referring to, among other things examples of the so-called slick images by Susan Schuppli and poems by Polish poet Kacper Bartczak I look at images in digital and poetic media. I am interested in the differences between an artistic activity in which inhuman actors play an important role and one in which the main initiator is still a human being, trying to place human language and human artifacts in the network of biological-technological transformations.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Anna Kałuża Copyright (c) 2022 Anna Kałuża 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 259 276 10.14746/por.2022.1.15 Polymorphic perversion of human and other-than-human bodies https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28558 <p>The author examines a range of modes in which the relationship between flora and the human are portrayed. The paper begins with an inquiry into anthropomorphization of plants—a phenomenon firmly established in Western culture—only to show subsequently that such a notional approach has its counterpoise in non-anthropocentric reflection, primarily in post-humanism and new materialism. It is further demonstrated that the studies which emphasize the “vegetal facet of the human” manage to pinpoint both evolutionary and cultural relationships where the human and the non-human are seen to co-exist and cooperate. Then, the author draws attention to the very considerable role that plants play in creating phantasms relating to human gender and sexuality.</p> Grażyna Gajewska Copyright (c) 2022 Grażyna Gajewska 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 277 294 10.14746/por.2022.1.16 When I Fall in Love with Machine: Cultural Identity of the Taiwanese in the Era of New Technology with Regard to the Works of Huang Yi Studio https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28820 <p>This article could be read as a multi-voice, dynamic and being-in-progress model of relations that connect (could be linked to) a choreographic clip of the Taiwanese dance group Huang Yi Studio +, the establishment of a new Daimler AG factory in Sindelfingen and a sudden acceleration of work on Comprehensive Agreement on Investment between China and the EU at the end of 2020. Considering all of these events, I ask the question: What is the cultural identity of Taiwanese in the era of post-media, cyber-physical industrial culture and technological wars, and what role does artistic activity play in its production.</p> Anna Gryszkiewicz Copyright (c) 2022 Anna Gryszkiewicz 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 295 324 10.14746/por.2022.1.17 The The Socio-natural operations in slide-show Oaks? of Stefan Wojnecki https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/31608 <p><span lang="EN-US">The subject of this text is the audiovisual project <em>Oaks</em></span><em><span lang="ZH-TW">? </span></em><span lang="EN-US">by Stefan Wojnecki, which was created with the collaboration of Maria Ewa Wiesner and Jerzy Dorn in 1974 and has so far been absent from the art-historical literature and from the history of Polish photography. This work is presented as an example of ecological art that not only manifests the need to protect the environment, but encourages an empathetic reevaluation of socio-environmental relations. In the experience of being ill and undergoing life-saving surgery represented in <em>Oaks?</em>, the author of the article notes ideas anticipating the posthumanist abolition of hierarchical human domination in favor of equal relations of human and non-human entities.</span></p> Dorota Łuczak Copyright (c) 2022 Dorota Łuczak 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 325 342 10.14746/por.2022.1.18 McPeople and their Predators or about Vampires Going on a Diet https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28573 <p>The text is an attempt to demonstrate how stories about vampires—ubiquitous in contemporary culture—fit into an accessible version of the issues raised within animal studies. Since the character of the vampire is one of those elements of the Gothic canon that has undergone a dizzying transformation ( there seems to be more differences than shared features between Bram Stoker’s Dracula and Stephenie Meyer’s Twilight heroes ), the article examines the reasons for such a radical change in our stories about fictitious creatures that we have placed above us in the food chain.<br>Jim Jarmusch’s film Only Lovers Left Alive has been analysed in more detail in the article; however, other ( apart from the already mentioned ) “canonical” texts are mentioned, such as Interview with the Vampire by Anne Rice, and some less known ones, including Suzy McKee-Charnas’ The Vampire Tapestry or Truth by Terry Pratchett.</p> Agnieszka Izdebska Copyright (c) 2021 Agnieszka Izdebska 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 343 357 10.14746/por.2022.1.19 The Red Vampires: Cultural Discourse of Lustmörd in the People’s Republic of Poland https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28598 <p>The article discusses the genesis of the cultural discourse of sexual murders perpetuated by perpetrators called “lust murderers,” or colloquially “vampires.” These characters were portrayed—in accordance with the format shaped by criminology and the press of the beginning of the twentieth century—as emanations of the highly anthropogenically changed “woundscape” ( M. Seltzer ). The process of constructing the figure of the “vampire” through othering thus came into conflict with the dynamics of modernization. After the political breakthroughs, the stories of the “vampires” were revised, and today the narratives about their deeds became part of the hauntological trend of “communist Gothic.”</p> Magdalena Kamińska Copyright (c) 2022 Magdalena Kamińska 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 359 378 10.14746/por.2022.1.20 Postcolonialism in Conflict https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/31326 <p>In this article, I analyze the concept of postcolonialism in conflict, proposed in the work entitled <em>Polish Post-Colonial Literature. From Sarmatism to Post-Accession Migration</em> (2020) by Dirk Uffelmann. Referring to the most important works of Polish researchers (Hanna Gosk, Dorota Kołodziejczyk, Magorzata Zduniak-Wiktorowicz, Ryszard Nycz), I try to show the assumptions of the German Slavicist, as well as understand the position that this work wants to take among other researchers of the postdependence of Polish culture. To this end, I follow the historical and literary order adopted by Uffelmann in the book, I also try to describe its individual parts. I pay particular attention to the concepts of self-orientalization, autoindianization and auto-proletarianization, through which the author presents the literature of the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries (including Henryk Sienkiewicz or postaccession migrants) in the victim-colonizer dichotomy. The traps of this dichotomy and the way of avoiding or tightening it in the academic discourse of Polish researchers of postdependence are discussed in the last part of the article.</p> Marta Tomczok Copyright (c) 2022 Marta Tomczok 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 463 476 10.14746/por.2022.1.24 Literature without borders https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/31196 <p>This article is a review of the work <em>Dezorientacje. An Anthology of Polish Queer Literature</em> edited by Alessando Amenta, Tomasz Kaliściak and Błażej Warkocki, which was published in 2021. The anthology is an extensive collection of excerpts from both canonical and marginal works of Polish literature. Representing a variety of themes, authors and genres from the eighteenth century to the present day, the anthology casts a new, unprejudiced light on the historical literary tradition, destabilizing the separatist divisions into center and periphery, high and low, male and female, which have hitherto shaped the canon of Polish literature. Thus Polish readers will find a work without prejudice and without borders, open to additions and new interpretations, but developed on the basis of queer theory and itself queer in its content and methodology of selection. Amenta, Kaliściak, and Warkocki capture the canon with subversive potential, creating an anthology that can be read both as a textbook and as a coherent, multithreaded narrative.</p> Izabela Sobczak Copyright (c) 2022 Izabela Sobczak 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 477 489 10.14746/por.2022.1.25 Introduction https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/35716 Małgorzata Praczyk Copyright (c) 2022 Małgorzata Praczyk 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 10 17 10.14746/por.2022.1.1 The Statue of Lenin (with the Moscow Mausoleum as the background). The contribution to the biography https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/27440 <p>The article deals with contemporary discourse of polish reporters-travellers regarding the fate of the statues of Lenin (as well as the Mausoleum at the Red Square) after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The issues have been presented in a wider interpretative context. The author’s particular area of interest was the “biographic” depiction of the statue, including the late (often final) stages of its “life”. Travellers who “read” and “translate” the artefacts of the Bolshevik leader’s revolution into post-Soviet words attempt to outline the socio-political background conditioning the fate of communist monuments.</p> Ewa Pogonowska Copyright (c) 2021 Ewa Pogonowska 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 379 406 10.14746/por.2022.1.21 Central European Cultural Transfers in the Humanism and Baroque Periods: Three Examples from Literary History https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/35682 <p>This study investigates cultural transfer in Central Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It focuses on three different fields ( parody Protestant religious song, Christmas drama ) and explores the directions and mechanisms of cultural exchange and the role of mediators in the dissemination of selected literary phenomena. The observation of cultural transfers confirms to some extent the traditional idea of the journey of cultural work from the West to the East. However, the individual transfers are significantly influenced by specific cultural contexts. The social, ethnic and religious situation strongly connected cultural life in the Czech lands with the literary models available in the north-east and southern regions of Germany, while Polish cultural traffic, with a few exceptions, is rather distant from these areas, though. The conditions in Silesia were specific, because a significant share of the population was German and a strong multi-confessional situation prevailed there.</p> Jan Malura Copyright (c) 2022 Jan Malura 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 407 434 10.14746/por.2022.1.22 Norwid according to Krasiński, or the disappointment of an unwelcome preceptor https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/p/article/view/28800 <p>The author presents the development of the relationship between Zygmunt Krasiński and Cyprian Norwid, with commenting and focusing on the former writer’s point of view, expressed in letters to a number of addressees. The author points to the reasons for Krasiński’s disappointment after his attempts to position himself as Norwid’s literary mentor and spiritual guide. Krasiński exerted pressure on his younger friend to change his style, accusing him of too much ambiguity and "darkness of words", which made it difficult to understand the ideas behind the poet's ambitious works. Norwid rejected this criticism and defended the right to individualise his style and language, assuming that literature must force the reader to make an individual effort and actively interpret a work of art. The author claims that the dispute revealed fundamental differences in the approach to the rules of creation: while Krasiński referred to the idea of a poet-bard and poet-guide, popular among the first generation of Romantics, Norwid went beyond the Romantic standard.</p> Jerzy Fiećko Copyright (c) 2022 Jerzy Fiećko 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 31 1 435 463 10.14746/por.2022.1.23