Polish Journal of Landscape Studies https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong><br />"Polish Journal of Landscape Studies" is an online journal published by the AMU Institute of European Culture in Gniezno, in collaboration with the Institute of Philosophy, University of Warsaw. The journal is an interdisciplinary publication which aims to expand and contribute to Polish studies of landscape by e.g. integrating approaches developed in that area by various scholarly disciplines, and to promote cultural landscape studies as a research domain in contemporary Polish humanities. PJLS is addressed to the readers involved or interested in landscape research conducted as part of various methodologies (aesthetics, history of art, history, cultural studies, geography, anthropology, archaeology, landscape design and urban development), who are looking for a platform of dialogue and discourse. The journal has been established as part of the grant project under the National Programme for the Development of Humanities entitled Cultural Landscape Studies; no. 0059/NPRH4/H2b/83/2016.</p><ul class="oczasopismie"><li><a href="/index.php/pls/about">ABOUT THE JOURNAL</a></li><li><a href="/index.php/pls/issue/current">CURRENT ISSUE</a></li><li><a href="/index.php/pls/issue/archive">ARCHIVE</a></li></ul><!--<div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEXED IN:</strong><p> </p></div>--> <!--<div class="oczasopismie"><strong>JOURNAL METRICS: </strong><p><img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/mnisw_7.png" alt="" /><br />--> <!--<br /> <img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/ic_10.png" alt="" /></p>--><div class="oczasopismie"><strong>DOI: </strong>10.14746/pls</div><!--<div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN: </strong>2080-5926 <strong>ISSN (online): </strong>2391-4491</div>--> <!--<div class="oczasopismie"><strong>PUBLISHED WORK ARE LICENSED UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS<span>:</span></strong><br /><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/"><img src="/public/piotr/cc/cc_4_by_nd.png" alt="CC_by-nd/4.0" border="0" /></a></div>--> Adam Mickiewicz University Poznan en-US Polish Journal of Landscape Studies Editorial Information https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19469 <p>Editor of the Volume:<br />Monika Stobiecka</p><p>Articles by J. Schollenberger, P. Szczepański and J. Zimpel translated by Delfina Potocka</p><p>Proof reading:<br />Kamil Lemanek</p><p>Graphic Design:<br />Ewa Mikuła, Katarzyna Turkowska</p><p>Typesetting:<br />Monika Rawska / Legut</p> PJLS Editors Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 1 2 ToC https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19467 - PJLS Editors Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 3 4 Landscape and the environment https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19468 The paper analyzes the concept of landscape and its various embodiments in art and nature. On the one hand, one can claim that our understanding of the landscape is constituted by conceptual oppositions like human/non-human, artifactual/natural, culture/nature; on the other, one may notice that landscapes occur in the space “between” these oppositions. Furthering this observation, I lodge an objection to the approach of certain exponents of environmental aesthetics who opt for replacing the notion of landscape by that of environment because I would argue that the former is still informative. Krystyna Wilkoszewska Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 5 12 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.1 A landscape embroiled: experience of nature through experience of art https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19470 The article sets out with the theory of “aesthetics of reality” (created by Maria Gołaszewska) and its related method of transferring artistic structures onto non-artistic reality. The resulting construct, which is dubbed a para-artistic structure, becomes the theoretical basis for the aesthetic experience of nature. The so-called “formalization”—a procedure which consists in inserting nature into artistic frameworks—makes natural phenomena acquire a pretense of artwork. Nature as a picture becomes a landscape, while terms connected with the aesthetics of nature gain artistic qualities, enabling use of such notions as picturesque or kitsch. The methodological proposal by Gołaszewska is subsequently compared with the critical perspective of environmental aesthetics. Paula Milczarczyk Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 13 22 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.2 To describe an alien planet: An experience of landscape in "The Voyage of the Beagle" by Charles Darwin https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19471 This text presents an attempt to reread Darwin’s account of his journey on the Beagle. That account constitutes a report of meetings and confrontations with various “strangers”: men, animals, as well as with different faces of otherness and exoticism, that culminate in a landscape so radically distinct from the European one, namely that of the South Pacific. This interpretation allows us to look at Darwin—the narrator—as more than just a naive traveler who observes and judges the world exclusively through the narrow perspective of British imperialism. The naturalist struggles with describing that which exceeds his previous experiences. The imperialistic perspective of landscape taken up in this text allows us to reflect on Darwin’s perception of the landscape. The sights analyzed in the text are foremost treated as emanations of the powers of nature. At the same time, Darwin defines these sights in categories that are not scientific but aesthetic, finding them beautiful and sublime. Justyna Schollenberger Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 23 33 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.3 On the experience of the urban landscape: A commentary on Siegfried Lenz’s "Von der Wirkung der Landschaft auf den Menschen" https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19472 The aim of this paper is to characterize the relation between the urban landscape (the image of the city) and the subject. The landscape is understood here in two ways: as something alien, excluding, and hostile, but also as something that gains new features when in contact with the Other. For it can be said, paraphrasing Siegfried Lenz’s famous statement on the relation between man and landscape, that the city is being created through us. The relationship between the residents and the urban landscape has a reciprocal character, in which “I” places itself in relation to a certain “you.” Piotr Szczepański Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 35 45 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.4 A history of non-human lives: social weeds https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19473 The author analyzes Karolina Grzywnowicz’s installation Weeds (2015): a meadow which the artist replanted from two villages in Bieszczady—whose inhabitants had been resettled in 1944-1950—into a site adjoining a street in Warsaw. The meadow was promptly mowed by the municipal services, and thus became a twofold commemoration. First, it was a deliberately created yet subtle and poetical monument to the displaced people. Second, in a manner unanticipated by the artist, it grew into a symbolic martyrdom memorial of the “green urban anarchists”: weeds in other words. The author analyzes the relationships between non-human lives and history, asking whether the marginal history of plants is ever noticed in scientific and social reflection, as well as wondering about the role of plants in commemoration and why they fail as a medium of memory. Monika Weychert Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 47 60 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.5 Symbolic “Iconic Sites” vs. “Quotidian Worlds”—industrial landscapes in 1960s Polish cinema https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19474 This paper examines industrial landscapes in Polish Cinema in the 60s. Upper Silesian scenery is considered not as a mere background but an essential element that constructs the cinematographic narration. Historic, economic, and socio-cultural context is brought up to draw attention to the propagandizing role of cinema in the 60s. The category of “iconic sites” proposed by Tim Edensor is introduced to analyze cinematographic depictions of Upper Silesia. Movies show the processes of industrialization framed by the strict artistic rules proposed by the Polish People Republic’s officials. The analyzed examples show the adoption of a distanced outsider’s perspective that is based on geographical and cultural orientation points. The propaganda images seen as “iconic sites” are confronted with another interpretative category proposed by Edensor, “quotidian worlds,” constituted by products of grassroots practices, focused on capturing the space of everyday experiences (surroundings) from the perspective of a citizen. Ilona Copik Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 61 71 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.6 The landscaping of Upper Silesia after 1989 https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19475 The paper offers a critical analysis of the representations of post-industrial landscapes in Upper Silesia. It takes a look at the products of visual culture after 1989: feature films set in the region and photographs by Wojciech Wilczyk, trying to detect their embedded ideological mechanism and explain its dynamics. Drawing on the concepts advanced by Tim Edensor and W.J.T. Mitchell, the paper demonstrates that that mechanism consists in using aestheticization tools and sight cropping, following which a comprehensive view is feigned. As a result, Upper Silesia appears to be a degenerate space affected by permanent stagnation. In closing, the requirements that representations of landscape should meet are enumerated in order to provide insights into the diversity of a region, as well as offering a point of departure for reflection on its place in the national imagination. Ultimately, these considerations enable the expression of Upper Silesian identity from a position other than that of inferiority and subordination. Alicja Kosterska Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 73 85 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.7 New landscapes of the post-industrial city https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19476 This paper attempts to analyze modern urban space in the context of intercepting the effects of biopolitical production by means of a conceptual apparatus taken from urban landscape studies. Among the discussed sections of urban space, which illustrate the issue undertaken in this text, there are first and foremost places that focalize and intertwine practices of urban design, landscape architecture, design and media initiated by local governments, institutions, and private investors. All of these practices strive to create a new type of urban landscapes, characterized by their simultaneous functioning as sights and as “urban stages.” Following from the above findings, this paper aims to describe the listed forms of land use in terms derived from cultural concepts of landscape, considering the latter to be a useful tool for explaining the relations between modern urban subjects and the environment they exist in. Jadwiga Zimpel Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 87 98 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.8 Contemporary sites of contemplation: contemplative nature of the aesthetic experience of natural and transformed landscape in Roden Crater by James Turrell and Lucid Stead by Philip K. Smith https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19477 The aim of this paper is to offer an interpretation of two contemporary art works: James Turrell’s Roden Crater and Philip K. Smith’s Lucid Stead. They are seen as projects that may be qualified as examples of art based on the artists’ playing with light. The claim being that one of the factors that engenders a contemplative attitude on behalf of the beholder is the presence of light in relation to the artwork’s structure. Nadia Issa Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 99 105 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.9 Nonequilibrium landscapes and nature conservation in the Białowieża Forest https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19478 Traditional conceptualizations presume that landscape and nature in general are characterized by a striving for balance. In consequence, environmental protection chiefly consists in conservation of the existing state, without making allowances for the dynamic changes caused by vital processes taking place in those landscapes, human and non-human alike. The current dispute concerning the protection of the Białowieża Forest is nothing but an upshot of the differences between the involved with respect to what should be protected on top of how it should be done. This study outlines the problems deriving from conceptualizations of nature and landscape as static entities and comes forward with a proposal of conceiving landscape not as an “image of the land”1 but a corporeal experience of being in a space, on which climate change, civilizational and social transformation, political decisions, and bark beetles all have their impact. Agata Kowalewska Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 107 114 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.10 Three photo essays: "Granica. Rekonesans wizualny", "Lappland. 2017", "Dopóki Wisła" https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19479 - Wojciech Sternak Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 115 134 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.11-13 Karolina Ćwiek-Rogalska, Zapamiętane w krajobrazie. Krajobraz kulturowy czesko-niemieckiego pogranicza w czasach przemian, Scholar, Warsaw 2017 https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pls/article/view/19480 - Mateusz Salwa Copyright (c) 2019 Polish Journal of Landscape Studies 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 2 4-5 135 139 10.14746/pls.2019.4.5.14