Poznańskie Studia Slawistyczne 2022-02-17T16:44:14+00:00 Krystyna Pieniążek-Marković Open Journal Systems <p><strong>ABOUT THE JOURNAL</strong></p> <p>„Poznańskie Studia Slawistyczne” (“Poznań Slavic Studies”) is a six-monthly journal co-published by the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań and the Poznań Society of Friends of Learning (previously published by the Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM Academic Publishing House). The journal was established at the Faculty of Polish and Classical Philology of Adam Mickiewicz University by the Institute of Slavonic Philology, where research is carried out in the area of southern Slavic languages, Slavic Balkans in their non-Slavic context and bohemistics. The first issue was published in 2011. The journal publishes original and previously unpublished works concerning the whole Slavonic culture: its southern, western and eastern varieties. Each issue of the journal is devoted to a different subject matter and run by a different thematic editor. Main themes of each issue aim to answer current challenges of humanities. The journal's leading discipline is literature studies, but monographic issues also embrace linguistics, culture, history, art history, religion or sociology. Therefore, we present intercultural and interdisciplinary research, representing various methodologies and research perspectives. The journal is open to scientific dialogue and polemics. We publish peer-reviewed articles and scientific essays, as well as review articles (which are also addressed to peer-reviewers). The journal is co-created by an international team of experts (the Scientific Council), an international group of authors (usually more than half of the authors are affiliated in foreign centres) and international reviewers (mainly foreign experts). The editorial board consists of researchers from renowned scientific centres in Slavic and non-Slavic countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Montenegro, Czech Republic, France, Macedonia, Germany, Russia and Serbia). We publish in all Slavic languages as well as in English, German and Italian. The editing of papers in each language is supervised by a separate editor - a native speaker of a given language. Each article is accompanied by an abstract and keywords in English, while latest issues also include a note about the authors. Editing and dissemination of articles published in the journal is done by employees affiliated with the Institute of Slavic Philology of Adam Mickiewicz University (editor-in-chief, deputy editor-in-chief, secretary, database administrator, language editors).</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/pss/about">ABOUT THE JOURNAL</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/pss/issue/current">CURRENT ISSUE</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/pss/issue/archive">ARCHIWUM</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ARCHIVE:</strong> <p>CEEOL, ERIH PLUS, ARIANTA, CEJSH, PKP Index,&nbsp;Google Scholar, WorldCat</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><br>JOURNAL METRICS:<br></strong>Ministry of Education and Science (2021):&nbsp;<strong>70<br></strong> <p>ICV 2018 =<strong> 89.71 <br></strong>ICV 2020 =<strong> 100<br></strong></p> <p><strong>indeks Hirscha = 5</strong></p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>DOI: </strong><a href="">10.14746/pss</a></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN (Print)</strong> 2084-3011&nbsp; <strong>ISSN (Online)</strong> 2450-2731</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>PUBLISHED WORK ARE LICENSED UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS &nbsp;</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>(2015-10.2020):</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><a href=""><img src="/public/piotr/cc/cc_4_by_nd.png" alt="CC_by-nd/4.0" border="0"> </a><strong><a href="" rel="license">Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License</a><a href="">.</a></strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>(10.2020 -):</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br><strong><a href="" rel="license">&nbsp;Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</strong></div> </div> Studia Animalia 2: an Image of Animals in Language, Literature and Culture 2022-02-17T16:14:06+00:00 Ana Samardžić Ivana Vidović Bolt 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ana Samardžić, Ivana Vidović Bolt Studia Animalia 2: the Image of Animals in Language, Literature and Culture 2022-02-17T16:16:50+00:00 Ana Samardžić Ivana Vidović Bolt 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ana Samardžić , Ivana Vidović Bolt Animal Names in Children’s Vocabulary. Frequency Studies 2022-02-17T16:17:53+00:00 Katarzyna Zagórska <p>The article aims to present the children’s vocabulary in terms of the presence of animal topics. The author characterizes given issues on the basis of linguistic statistics research (volumes: H. Zgółkowa, K. Bułczyńska, Vocabulary of kindergarten children, Poznań 1987; H. Zgółkowa, Vocabulary of kindergarten children 2010–2015, Poznań 2016).The material used in two dictionaries was collected in the years1980–1983 and 2010–2015. The frequency and range lists were analysed. In the examples described, animal names appear in language of the youngest speakers of Polish (2–7 years old). Animal topics may play a supportive role in linguistic, glottodidactic and natural education.</p> 2021-12-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Katarzyna Zagórska Animals and the World of the Supernatural 2022-02-17T16:20:29+00:00 Svetlana Kmecová <p>Phraseological stocks of all languages contain numerous phrasemes with zoonym components. In<br>the paper the author deals with Slovak and Slovene zoonym phrasemes which demonstrate ancient ideas of ancestors about interconnections between animals and the world of the supernatural, in relevant cases she also deals with other phenomena related to the subject of the paper. A number of phraseological units reflect the belief that animals used to have the ability to sense upcoming events, predict the weather, misfortune or death. The units listed in the paper are often rather archaic, however, many of them are still in use or the idea they represent is still alive. The analysed language material has shown similarity not only between Slovak and Slovene languages but also between the mental concepts which form the language picture of the world of their users.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Svetlana Kmecová Some Remarks on Anthropocentrism and Didacticism as Exponents of the Homo–Animal Relationship (Based on Polish and Russian Phraseological Units with the Names of Selected Farm Animals)]. 2022-02-17T16:22:18+00:00 Agata Piasecka <p>The aim of the article is to show the relationship between the homo and animal spheres. The research material consists of Polish and Russian phraseological units in a broad sense (idioms, comparisons and proverbs) with zoonyms being the names of farm animals. The main emphasis was placed on the inherent – in faunal phraseology – and the closely related features of anthropocentrism and didacticism. Tracing the relationship between humans and animals clearly indicates the pejorativization of the linguistic image of fauna by a man. People like to use animal portraits to speak of the dark sides of their own world. Ascribing disabilities to representatives of fauna at the same time exposes the value of everything that is human. Parallel however, there is a phenomenon of hyperbolization of the negative portrait of a man who tries to subjugate living creatures from outside his species, guided by heartlessness, greed and selfishness. The lack of morality or culture cannot be considered animal traits, since higher feelings are characteristic of homo sapiens and constitute the foundation that distinguishes humans from the fauna world. Animals only fight for food, domination, and take care of the young. Their behavior is not due to ill will, lack of morals or culture. In the behavior of animals, their nature prevails and their innate instincts ensure their survival. Animals are not uncultivated and immoral, it is only a man who thinks of them in this way, involuntarily projecting his own world onto the animal world. There is a human interpretation of the world in animalistic phraseological units.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Agata Piasecka “The First Swallow”: Avian Metaphors in Nikita Khrushchev’s Political Discourse 2022-02-17T16:23:06+00:00 Elena V. Carter <p>Birds are a rich source for metaphors in paremias that are known to be a significant rhetorical force in various modes of communication. This article deals with the repertoire of ornithological proverbial texts utilized in the Soviet leader’s public speeches and memoirs, as well as in their English translations. The metaphor human is bird, in which there are various grounds of comparison, is explored. The peculiarities of using avian metaphors in the context of the original and the ways of their translation into English are scrutinized as well. The analysis of the material shows that the main features, shared by the Target (human) and the Source (bird species), are grounded on physiological characteristics and behavioral traits, having a negative slant. The equivalent and literal translations are applied as the main methods of rendition. Of particular interest are the metaphorical “animalistic metamorphoses” found in translation.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Elena V. Carter Love Animal: Animal Motifs in Croatian Early Renaissance Love Poetry 2022-02-17T16:33:29+00:00 Tomislav Bogdan Snježana Husić Borna Treska <p>Animal motifs were very popular in medieval bestiaries and love poetry, especially in Provençal and Petrarchan poetry. Afterwards they spread throughout European Renaissance love poetry and they are found in love poems by Šiško Menčetić (1457–1527) and Džore Držić (1461–1501), the very first Croatian Renaissance poets. This paper examines some of the animal motifs present in their poems, in order to establish whether they could provide a better understanding of the luralism of Croatian Renaissance love poetry, which cannot be reduced to Petrarchism alone, and of the extraliterary context to which certain animal motifs are related. Our research shows that e.g. motifs of snakes and birds are linked to various types of love discourse; animal motifs related to the topos of love hunt are also analysed. It is shown that animal motifs are potentially polysemous and that their usage follows conventions of the genre and norms of a particular type of love discourse with which they are associated, while their meaning is more precisely defined<br>in the context of the poem.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tomislav Bogdan, Snježana Husić , Borna Treska Kak Taubeka Dva: on the Image of Amiable Love 2022-02-17T16:24:44+00:00 Lahorka Plejić-Poje Evelina Rudan <p>This paper is aimed at scrutinizing emblematic and iconic functions of doves in love poetry. Despite the fact that love is a complex emotion both in literary and psychological sense, the main analytical emphasis will be put on the literary codification of a simple (amiable) type of love – incarnated in the symbol of dove – within various cultural layers. In addition to this, it will be argued that a dove or a pair of pigeons as literary topoi are very common in popular and oral literature as opposed to the literature with the certain authorship. The aforesaid literary image can frequently be found in Kajkavian manuscripts of love poetry which originated from the 18th and 19th centuries. Moreover, it will be demonstrated that this image is still present in a popular music of the 20th and 21st century.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lahorka Plejić-Poje, Evelina Rudan The Affective Nature of Realism – on Non-Human Subjects in Wilhelm Mach’s Prose 2022-02-17T16:26:02+00:00 Adriana Kovacheva <p>The article examines the problem of the special place occupied by the prose writer Wilhelm Mach in the Polish literary field in the 1960s, when it was suggested that the novel had mainly cognitive functions. Mach does not openly oppose this tendency, but his work is concerned with the question what makes literature an experience. The article traces the development of this problem in Mach’s work, focusing on novel scenes and episodes of killing or torturing domestic animals in which the writer’s mechanism for depicting affects plays a key role. Their analysis shows that, according to Mach, a literary work works when it transmits affects and demonstrates the ultimate possibilities for their expression. The article tests the hypothesis that Wilhelm Mach’s search for affective realism can be seen as a counterpoint and context to Blaga Dimitrova’s fiction.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Adriana Kovacheva Animals in Serbian Poetry of the Second Half of the 20th Century 2022-02-17T16:27:04+00:00 Marko Avramović <p>During the second half of the twentieth century, unlike some earlier periods, the dominant tendency was to present animals in Serbian poetry in the “mode of new literacy”, i.e. to depict their real existence. This approach began in the middle of the century by Vasko Popa with his famous cycle “List”. After him, numerous Serbian poets continued in that direction. Thus, in his poetry, Aleksandar Ristović, created a lavish bestiary in which he paid the most attention to tiny and seemingly trivial animal species. In his opus, he emphasized the common biological basis and the equal value of humans and animals. However, in the work of the author of the same generation, Borislav Radović, we come across the nostalgia of modern urban man for the animal world. In the generation of poets who affirmed themselves on the Serbian poetry scene during the seventies, one of the important thematic preoccupations was the animal world. From this generation of poets, we pointed out the verses of Petar Cvetković, who presented all the complexity of the animal’s encounter with the human, and Ibrahim Hadžić, who very often humanized the animals he wrote about.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Marko Avramović A Donkey and His Voice in the Poetry of Zvane Črnja 2022-02-17T16:27:53+00:00 Evelina Rudan <p>A donkey is an animal that can be found in linguistic, literary, and cultural-anthropological works. However, this work analyses the symbolism of the animals that appear in the Chakavian poetry by Zvane Črnja, Croatian poet, opinion journalist and cultural historian. It specifically focuses on the character of donkey (or tovar) in that poetry, as well as the poetic effect of the place that the motif or the subject of donkey occupies in Črnja’s poems. In his poetry, the donkey represents, at least to<br>an extent, a signum or a symbol of the rebellion of those who are oppressed, invisible or marginalized due to their language, their culture or their social status. It is a symbol of all of those who perceive their marginalism as the cause for uprising or newly awakened self-awareness, and which, in part, fits into the pattern of the Mediterranean cultural codex, due to its humoristic aspect.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Evelina Rudan The Interspecies Encounter Zones. Relations between dogs and humans [with “devil’s saliva in hearts” 2022-02-17T16:28:51+00:00 Ewa Szperlik <p>The subject of the literary study proposed in the title is the triptych by Josip Mlakić, which follows the convention of a futuristic anti-utopia. The work provides research material amenable to the application of diverse, interdisciplinary methodological tools (from ecocriticism to animal studies). In addition to the symbolic framing of the issue of dogs in cultural history, the starting point for the reflections on the post-apocalyptic vision of the totalitarian world (through which further wars swept and disturbed the ecosystem) is the post-humanist and post-anthropocentric perspective of the present and future human condition, with a particular focus on species chauvinism. In the Bosnian-Herzegovinian writer’s anti-war prose, speciesism (seen from the perspective of the complex relationship between dogs and humans) is also manifested in the blurring of the boundary between the concepts of animalism and humanity, in a vision of the world in which homo crudelis proves to be the greatest threat. In the world depicted by Mlakić, the relations between the man and the dog can be defined as an example of companion species, “nanoculture” realised in diverse “contact areas”. There also arises the question of hierarchical relations between people, entities with weak subjectivity: the excluded, the marginalised and all exterminated Others, including the disabled, who become subordinated “dogs” with the status of victims. The anticipated result of the study will be to present the function of literature as a source of reflection and a medium of expression (an invention, attributed to the humans) in relation to the concept of the twilight of anthropocentrism.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ewa Szperlik The Emmanuel-Lion Parallel and its Importance in the Painting Scheme of Serbian Iconostases 2022-02-17T16:29:55+00:00 Agnieszka Gronek <p>One of the unique features in the schemes of painting of modern Serbian iconostasis is the icon of The Unsleeping Eye, illustrating the intellectual parallel of Emanuel–lion. The ideological source for this image is biblical texts and their interpretations by Origen, Cyril, patriarch of Alexandria, Theodore of Cirrhus, Epiphanius, bishop of Salamis, and the explanation of role of the lion in Physiologos, Greek bestiary from 2nd–4th century. This icon is located in the very center of the screen, most often directly above the royal gates. This article attempts to read the sense of this presentation. Iconographic, iconological, comparative studies, and analysis of the content of biblical texts and inscriptions on icons led to the belief that the image of The Unsleeping Eye in this place of iconostasis primarily performs apotropaic functions. The Christian church is divided into two parts, sanctuary and nave, which means symbolic division into a visible and invisible world, earthly and heavenly, bodily and spiritual. The iconostasis is the border between these two spheres, and royal doors connect them. The passage is guarded by image The Unsleeping Eye. Although in the 18th century there were radical formal changes in Serbian Orthodox painting, and traditional patterns were replaced by new Western origins, their eschatological and apotropaic senses were remained.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Agnieszka Gronek Representaton of Family Values in Polish Paremiological Units with Semantically Opposite Components 2022-02-17T16:39:07+00:00 Tetiana Moroz <p>This paper presents the results of the research of the concept of family and basic family values in Polish paremiological proverbs with semantically opposite components. More than 60 paremiological units with semantically opposite components were analysed. Considering the semantics of paremias, there are groups that represent the image of the Polish family, i.e. “Husband and wife (the relationship between them)”, „Parents and children (the importance of parents for children)”, „Parents and children (the importance of children for parents)”, „Relationships between other relatives”. The analysis of these groups has showed the breadth of the semantic structure of paremias with antonymous components, which reflect the relationship between husband and wife, the peculiarities of the family hierarchy; a significant difference between the importance of father and mother for a child, in particular the status and functions of father and mother; the importance of children in parents’ lives; relationship between brother and sister and between two brothers as well, and the images of blood relatives and relatives by marriage.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tetiana Moroz Atrocity at the Roots of Bulgarian Statehood? An Attempt of Interpretation Based on Bulgarian Historical Novels 2022-02-17T16:39:59+00:00 Wojciech Jóźwiak <p>The foundations of the medieval Bulgarian state are inseparably paired with the adoption of Christianity. At that time an event occurred which based on modern terminology ought to be described as coup d’état. As a consequence a cruel punishment was administered by the ruler, prince Boris. A bloody execution of all the 52 rebelled houses became an immanent symbol of the rise of the Christian Bulgarian state and plays an important role in the novels related to the history of the medieval period of the state. The literary vision of the Bulgarian authors of the socialist era presents that tragic occurrence almost as a founding murder and in accordance with Foucault interpretation as a bloody spectacle of suffering that was a demonstration of the power of the sovereign over his subjects, and following Girard can be described as specific collective sacrifice.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Pavlović’s Reading of Folk and Old Serbian Poetry 2022-02-17T16:40:52+00:00 Đorđe M. Despić <p>Using the analytical method, the paper points to the extents and implications of Pavlović’s research of Serbian verbal folk and medieval literature. Along with this, the paper tries to present this segment of his essayistic work in the context of the wider Pavlović’s essayistic and poetic opus as well, emphasizing their prolific and versatile corresponding. His essays are in a function of thoughtful and evaluating reflections of our oldest literature strata, which eventually shapes up the image about literature and historical span of Serbian poetry and the experience of a unique spiritual continuity. Pavlović’s Essays on Folk and Old Serbian Poetry (orig. Ogledi o narodnoj i staroj srpskoj poeziji) represent an example of how broadness of interests, an impressive intelect, erudite competency, an open and explorative spirit, but also inevitable artistic sensibility and frequent poetic expression become a trigger for new readings and interpretations surely valuable for new generations of readers and researchers.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ђорђе М. Деспић Animals through the Prism of Language and Culture 2022-02-17T16:41:45+00:00 Ana Samardžić <p>The paper is a review which examines the semantic analysis offered in Slobodan Novokmet’s study entitled “Animal Names in Serbian language – Semantic and Linguo-Cultural analysis.” The monograph was published in 2020 by the Institute for the Serbian Language at the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Belgrade. Although lexicological and lexicographic in its nature, this monograph offers an interdisciplinary approach to the study of animal names in the Serbian language, combining methods of traditional linguistics, i. e. componentional analysis, and the increasingly popular linguocultural approach. The focus of the study is to research the mechanisms of semantic transfer within the meaning of lexems denoting animals, such as metaphor and methonymy. The monograph also deals with the lexicography definitions, offering the ways of their improvement.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ana Samardžić The Great Problems of Micro-language 2022-02-17T16:42:37+00:00 Mariola Walczak-Mikołajczakowa <p>The article contains a review of Marinela Mladenova’s book Банатски български книжовен език в контекста на славянската микролингвистика. История, динамика на нормата и езикови политики, the author of which focuses on the normalization and development of the language norms of the Bulgarian minority living in Banat. The literary language of the Banat Bulgarians has the status of an island language because it has been used by the Catholic community for over two hundred years living outside their homeland, in a foreign linguistic environment. It developed its own literary norm through time, mostly under the influence of Croatian, Romanian, and Hungarian, and is now regarded a micro-language. Marinela Mladenowa’s book, as well as the accompanying article, discuss the political and societal reasons that influenced the development of this standard.</p> 2021-11-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Mariola Walczak-Mikołajczakowa Analytical Look at the Recent Past 2022-02-17T16:43:19+00:00 Maya Ivanova <p>The subject of the article is the review of the book Jubilee and modern. The Cyrillo-Methodian narrative during socialism in Bulgaria by the Polish-Bulgarian scholar Ewelina Drzewiecka (2020). Her monograph is an analysis of the jubilee editions dedicated to the holy brothers Cyril and Methodius and their disciples which were published in socialist Bulgaria. The author’s aim is to trace “the Cyrillo-Methodian story” and turn it into a key for understanding the Bulgarian collective memory for the period between 1944 and the1980s. E. Drzewiecka uses Mary Douglas’ theoretical formulations of the history of ideas and the anthropology of institutions as well as Jan and Aleida Assmann’s concept of cultural memory.</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Maya Ivanova Profesor Ivan Dorovský (1935–2021) 2022-02-17T16:44:14+00:00 Monika Válková-Maciejewska 2021-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Monika Válková-Maciejewska