Quaestiones Geographicae 2022-07-27T07:59:51+02:00 Monika Rzodkiewicz Open Journal Systems <p class="oczasopismie">Quaestiones Geographicae is peer-reviewed and its language is English. It is published quarterly in print version by Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe and in an electronic version on de Gruyter platform. The publisher is the Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences of Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. The primary mission of Quaestiones Geographicae is to assist researchers in promoting their achievements in the worldwide scientific community. The journal is designed to facilitate an exchange of ideas between researchers from different countries. Preferably, the contributions submitted should be ones with a deep theoretical and methodological background in geosciences, overviews, and comparative studies of interest to an international readership and of practical significance.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="">ABOUT THE JOURNAL</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="">CURRENT ISSUE</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="">ARCHIVES</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEXED IN:<br /></strong><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">AGRO; Arianta; Baidu ; Cabell's Directory; CABI (over 50 subsections); Celdes; CNKI Scholar (China National Knowledge Infrastructure); CNPIEC; Current Geographical Publications; DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals); EBSCO (relevant databases); EBSCO Discovery Service; Elsevier - Reaxys; Elsevier - SCOPUS; ERIH PLUS (European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences); Genamics JournalSeek; GeoArchive; GeoRef; Google Scholar; Index Copernicus; J-Gate; JournalTOCs; KESLI-NDSL (Korean National Discovery for Science Leaders) Naviga (Softweco); POL-index; Primo Central (ExLibris); ProQuest (relevant databases); ReadCube; Research Papers in Economics (RePEc) ResearchGate; SCImago (SJR); Sherpa/RoMEO; Summon (Serials Solutions/ProQuest); TDNet; Thomson Reuters - Emerging Sources Citation Index Ulrich's Periodicals Directory/ulrichsweb; WanFang Data; WorldCat (OCLC)</span></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><br /><br />JOURNAL METRICS: <br /></strong>Ministry of Education and Science (2021): <strong>100<br /></strong><img style="font-size: 0.875rem;" src="" alt="" /></div> <div class="oczasopismie"> <p><!--<img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/sjr_0286.png" alt="" /><br /><br /> <img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/snip_0722.png" alt="" /><br /><br /> <img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/ipp_0500.png" alt="" /></p></div><div class="oczasopismie">--><a title="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" href=";tip=sid&amp;exact=no"><img src="" alt="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" border="0" /></a></p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><br />DOI: </strong><a href="">10.14746/qg</a></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN print: </strong>0137-477X <strong>e-ISSN: </strong>2081-6383</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong> <br /><strong>ARTICLES ARE LICENSED UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS:</strong> <a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br /><a href="" rel="license">Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</strong></div> Editorial 2022-07-27T07:58:54+02:00 Joanna Dominiak Krzysztof Stachowiak <p>This issue of <em>Quaestiones Geographicae </em>is the first to be published &nbsp;under &nbsp;the &nbsp;supervision of new editors of the Human Geography and Spatial Management series. On behalf of the new editorial board, we would like to express our sin- cere thanks to Prof. Tadeusz Stryjakiewicz for his long-standing work as Managing Editor of the journal <em>Quaestiones Geographicae</em>, published by the Faculty of Human Geography and Planning together with the Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences of the Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland. It is because of his commitment and effort that the journal succes- sively raised its standing in the field of geogra- phy. The volume of submitted manuscripts has been growing steadily, elevating publication standards to new levels. Today, <em>Quaestiones </em><em>Geographicae </em>is a recognised geographical journal with a high degree of internationalisation. This achievement would not have been possible with- out the Professor’s consistent efforts. Grateful for his hard work, we are looking forward to fruit- ful collaboration with him as a member of the Editorial Advisory Board.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Joanna Dominiak, Krzysztof Stachowiak Research on rural entrepreneurship in terms of the literature: Definition problems and selected research issues 2022-07-27T07:38:57+02:00 Anita Kulawiak Andrzej Suliborski Tomasz Rachwał <p>Rural entrepreneurship has become an important research issue with great development potential in the face of intense socio-economic changes in rural areas. However, few significant studies cover this topic in Polish and foreign literature. In this article, the authors attempt to review and evaluate the current research on rural entrepreneurship emphasising the Polish literature and including geographical studies. The article describes and organises theoretical research achievements to date and offers a definition of rural entrepreneurship and the directions and prospects for further research.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anita Kulawiak, Andrzej Suliborski, Tomasz Rachwał Regional economic integration and its impact on income distribution and the poverty level: The case of the WAEMU zone 2022-07-27T07:32:57+02:00 ClaIre E. W. Yameogo Joseph A. Omojolaibi <p>This study investigated the influence of regional economic integration (REI) on poverty reduction and the revenue distribution in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) over the period 1994–2018. The second generation panel unit root tests and the Westerlund panel cointegration test were employed for preliminary analysis. The elasticities of the variables were investigated using the Pooled Mean Group (PMG) approach. The results showed that REI reduced income inequality and increased the poverty rate. Moreover, the causal relationship revealed the presence of a bidirectional relationship between REI and poverty. The feedback causal effect operated between REI and remittances, while unidirectional causality runs from REI to income inequality, from economic growth per capita to income inequality, from remittances to poverty, from the control of corruption to income inequality, and from remittances to economic growth. Consequently, the study recommends an easing of governmental regional integration restrictions and provision of subsidies that help to increase the volume of trade and financial development while reducing poverty in the union.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Claire E.W. Yameogo, Joseph Omojolaibi Uneven peripheral developments in Central and Eastern Europe: A case study of the Tirana city region, Albania 2022-07-27T07:29:41+02:00 Marcela Mele Majlinda Muka <p>This paper traces residential and spatial urban transformations in Albania, one of the last post-socialist countries embracing neoliberalism. To do this, we employed a discourse analysis based on analogies of uneven urban peripheral developments in the regions of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), evaluating the impact of uneven (sub) urban development of settlements, with a particular emphasis on socio-economic aspects that need to be addressed in the process of extensive urban growth of the Tirana city region. Our empirical analysis reveals the inherent diversity of urban experiences across post-socialist countries in CEE with a particular reference to how the new post-socialist urban landscape in the Tirana city region produces geographically uneven socio-spatial development. Additionally, we highlight the dichotomy between the urban conditions of a ‘fortress landscape’ in the southern part of the capital of Tirana and its northern part of a new emerging small municipality lagging behind (in)formally with a new fringes identity. Our findings theoretically contribute to a post-socialist critique of urban studies due to urban theory’s neglect of post-socialist cities like Tirana.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Marcela Mele, Majlinda Muka Demographic analysis of the Makkah Province for the purpose of evaluating the balance of the urban system 2022-07-27T07:14:10+02:00 Amani Derbali Abdallah Farhi <p>Reaching a well-adjusted population distribution is a major challenge for urban settlements. Various research works have been focusing on evaluating the demographic balance of urban systems worldwide. Regularities in population distribution among urban settlements have been noticed and confirmed by empirical studies in the contemporary era. These studies assert that both rank of a city in the demographic hierarchy and its population size are proportionally correlated in a balanced urban system. It has been proved that this correlation is established according to mathematical theories that have been scientifically identified and proved through in-depth research. This article aims to check the conformity of the population distribution of the Makkah Province to two main demographic, organisational theories. In this article, there will be an attempt to measure the variations, evaluate and assess the deviations, interpret the result thereof, and then compare the outcomes of the two methods applied on the Makkah Province.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Amani Derbali, Abdallah Farhi Energy consumption and economic growth linkage: Global evi- dence from symmetric and asymmetric simulations 2022-07-27T07:01:03+02:00 Wajid Ali Solomon Prince Nathaniel Ibrahim Ayodaye Adekunle Bezon Kumar <p>The literature reveals that linear models do not accurately represent the asymmetric relationship between economic growth and energy consumption (EC). To fill this gap, we examined the asymmetric relationship between EC and economic growth in a non-linear panel autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) framework of 85 countries as a whole sample and of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS), the Next Eleven, Big Four in Western Europe, Asia-Pacific region, Group of Seven, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) and the Arab League as a sub-sample analysis from 1977 to 2014. A second generational unit root test has been applied to check the problem of cross-sectional dependency. Asymmetric contegration was employed to analyse the co-integration between the variables of interest. Long-run and short-run estimates have been calculated using the non-linear panel ARDL method. Results indicate that positive shocks to energy use tend to have a growth-enhancing effect in ECO and the Next Eleven while in the rest of the regions, the effect is growth con- traction. Moreover, economic recovery from a positive shock to energy use is the case in the Arab League, Asia-Pacific region, Group of Seven and in the whole sample. However, a negative shock to EC is observed in the Group of Seven, Asia Pacific region, Big Four in Western Europe and ECO, and the whole sample worsens the economic contraction. We can deduct from this study’s results that information on the asymmetric relationship between the subject variables is needed to design sound economic policy decisions across different economic regions.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Wajid Ali, Solomon Prince Nathaniel, Ibrahim Ayoade Adekunle, Bezon Kumar Impact of the Tengiz oil field on the state of land cover 2022-07-27T07:51:56+02:00 Asyma G. Koshim Aigul M. Sergeyeva Asset Yegizbayeva <p>The study of the transformation of natural complexes in areas with a developed infrastructure for oil subsurface use is a prerequisite condition for solving the environmental problems of oil-producing regions. Located in the territory of the Atyrau Region in Western Kazakhstan, the Tengiz oil field is one of the largest oil fields in the world. The field has been under intensive development for more than 40 years and is characterised by a large volume of anthropogenic load, which contributes to a significant transformation of the landscape complex. The purpose of this study is to investigate the dynamics of landscape changes in the territory of the Tengiz field and to assess its ecological condition. Based on the materials from many years of research, the features of the Tengiz field and the main technogenic sources affecting the landscape complex were identified. Several quantitative indicators characterising the anthropogenic load were calculated based on satellite images. On the basis of Landsat – 5 TM, 7 ETM+ and 8 OLI and Sentinel-2A (S2A) data, the vegetation index of land cover was calculated using normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI), demonstrating the dynamics of landscape changes in the period from 1990 to 2020. The obtained results show that the areas of some landscape components continue to deteriorate. For example, the area of open soil in 2020 decreased due to the withdrawal of these areas for industrial facilities, which increased by 2.2 times by 2020 due to intensive field development. This study demonstrates the importance of monitoring and studying desert landscape complexes under active anthropogenic impact to ensure the sustainable development of territories.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Asyma G. Кoshim, Aigul M. Sergeyeva, Asset Yeaizbayeva Do motorisation statistics reflect the real geography of car ownership in Poland? 2022-07-27T07:50:32+02:00 Bartłomiej Kołsut Tadeusz Stryjakiewicz Jędrzej Gadziński <p>The article aims to identify the shortcomings of the statistics describing the size and structure of passenger car parc in Poland, and to formulate the consequences of these limitations for geographical research. Analysed in detail, the shortcomings are divided into three groups: (1) ‘dead souls’, i.e. an overestimation of the number of vehicles which have not been on the road for a long time but remain on the register; (2) ‘cars with a grid’ (cars registered as trucks in which the cargo part is separated from passenger seats by a metal grid), i.e. an underestimation of the number of passenger cars and overestimation of the number of trucks related to the mass phenomenon of registering passenger cars as large goods vehicles (LGV-approved cars); and (3) company cars, i.e. an overestimation of the number of vehicles in cities where leasing companies and large enterprises owning those cars have their headquarters. The article determines the scale of car ownership overestimation in Poland and the areas where this overestimation is the highest, using districts (PL: <em>powiaty</em>) as basic spatial units. We conclude that the present motorisation statistics do not fully re flect the real geography of car ownership in Poland.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Bartłomiej Kołsut, Tadeusz Stryjakiewicz, Jędrzej Gadziński Modelling the obstacles to using bicycle sharing systems in the Tehran metropolis: A structural analysis 2022-07-27T07:47:00+02:00 Majid Akbari Moslem Zarghamfard Arezoo Hajisharifi Shahram Amir Entekhabi Sadrallah Goodarzipour <p>The main objective of the current research is to identify and prioritise the obstacles to using bicycle sharing systems (BSSs) in the Tehran metropolis. The methodology of this research is analytical-descriptive and it aims to achieve applied goals. To do so, firstly the obstacles are identified through studying the theoretical and practical foundations of the issue and then by delving into factors associated with BSSs in the Tehran metropolis, extracting them through the content validity method. Then, the interrelations among the specified obstacles and their impact and effectiveness are determined through structural and MICMAC modelling. The data collection tool employed in the research assumes the forms of a survey and a face-to-face interview. According to the results, the following variables are among the ones associated with obstacles having the maximum impact on other obstacles: the financial problems and the disparity within the municipal management, culturalisation, educational shortage and negligence in using the participatory capacities of civilians. Before executing and taking any other strategy to overcome the obstacles, the forthcoming model supports Tehran metropolis municipal managers to identify the existent obstacles of the field in order to enable them to utilise a suitable approach as to lodging BSSs.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Majid Akbari, Moslem Zarghamfard, Arezoo Hajisharifi, Shahram Amir Entekhabi, Sadrallah Goodarzipour Changes in students’ life at selected uni- versities in Central and Eastern Europe during the first stage of the pandemic 2022-07-27T06:53:47+02:00 Zofia KawczyńsKa-Butrym Victoriya Pantyley Marek Butrym Ganna Kisla Liudmila Fakeyeva <p>The COVID-19 pandemic affected not only global economy and society, but also particular institutions, in- cluding those of higher education. The aim of the paper is to determine changes in students’ life at selected universities in Poland, Ukraine, and Belarus. An online survey was applied, addressed to students of four universities in Poland, Ukraine, and Belarus (n=380). As a result of the pandemic, more than 46% of students declared worsening of their material situation. In comparison to the period before the pandemic, the respondents observed appearance or inten- sification of various psychosomatic symptoms, and a 12 percent point decrease in the assessment of their own health. The comparative analysis showed similarities between students’ life preferences, plans on university education, and differences in their material situation, health, and employment.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Zofia Kawczyńska-Butrym, Victoriya Pantyley, Marek Butrym, Ganna Kisla, Liudmila Fakeyeva A year spatio-temporal clusters of COVID-19 in Indonesia 2022-07-27T07:59:51+02:00 Jumadi Jumadi Vidya N. Fikriyah Hamim Zaky Hadibasyir Kuswaji Dwi Priyono Muhammad Musiyam Andri N. R. Mardiah Arif Rohman Hamzah Hasyim Mohd. Hairy Ibrahim <p>Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) in Indonesia began to appear on March 2, 2020 and led to a number of fatalities. Spatial analysis is important to study the spatio-temporal trend of COVID-19 cases and fatalities to get a better understanding of the spread as well as to mitigate it. However, such a comprehensive study at national level is not to be seen in Indonesia with limited health infrastructure. This study aims to analyse the spatio-temporal distribution and clusters of COVID-19 in Indonesia for a year period. COVID-19 cases, as well as the fatalities as a consequence of this disease, were collected from the government through publicly shared data. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to manage and analyse the data on demographics, cases, and fatalities. The case fatality rate (CFR) was produced based on the number of cases and deaths per province weekly. The spatio-temporal data of both cases and fatalities were generated from the data. Finally, K-means clustering was employed to classify the cluster of Indonesia based on the proportion of vulnerable age groups, cases, and CFR. The results show that most of the provinces in Indonesia are affected by COVID-19, but the fatalities are not distributed evenly throughout the country. Based on the K-means clustering, two provinces are classified as moderate, namely the Province of East Kalimantan and North Kalimantan. The Province of Jakarta is classified as high, because the vulnerable age group there is highly correlated with the number of cases and deaths.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jumadi J., Fikriyah V.N., Hadibasyir H.Z., Priyono K.D., Musiyam M., Mardiah A.N.R., Rohman A., Hasyim H., Ibrahim M.H. Comprehensive assessment of meta-analysis and contingent valuation technique for sustainable management of wetland of Middle Ganga Plain 2022-07-27T07:41:03+02:00 Malabika Biswas Roy Abhishek Kumar Debanjana Chatterjee Sudipa Halder <p>In this study, the functions and threats of Suraha Tal Wetland are identified by the stated preference method and weightage is given according to their rank. The objective of the study is to determine the total economic value of Suraha Tal Wetland. The direct value can be drawn from the market price and from a survey of the stakeholders. Suraha Tal Wetland is also famous for the presence of the Jai Prakash Narayan Birds Sanctuary, which makes it a biodiversity-enriched area. The indirect value has been drawn from a review of the literature on Suraha Tal Wetland and the relevance of this literature is justified through the comprehensive meta-analysis (CMA) software. The total valuation of the wetland has been calculated. The paper concludes with suggestions for a few management strategies for better wetland management.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Malabika Biswas Roy, Abhishek Kumar, Debanjana Chatterjee, Sudipa Halder