Scripta Neophilologica Posnaniensia 2021-12-22T15:35:34+01:00 Joanna Puppel-Wobalis Open Journal Systems <p>Czasopismo Scripta Neophilologica Posnaniensia jest czasopismem ogólnowydziałowym Wydziału Neofilologii UAM o charakterze rocznika, poświęconym zagadnieniom językoznawczym, literaturoznawczym i kulturoznawczym. Scripta Neophilologica Posnaniensia jest przede wszystkim forum publikacyjnym integrującym wielowątkową twórczość naukową pracowników Wydziału Neofilologii UAM, w tym również wybijających się słuchaczy Wydziałowego Studium Doktoranckiego ale również zaproszonych autorów z innych ośrodków akademickich w Polsce i zagranicą. Jednocześnie chcemy podkreślić, iż czasopismo Scripta Neophilologica Posnaniensia ma formułę otwartą i zakłada ekumenizm językowy, zgodnie z którym w czasopiśmie umieszczane są artykuły w róznych językach narodowych i etnicznych.</p> <ul> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/snp/about">POLITYKA FUNKCJONOWANIA CZASOPISMA</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/snp/issue/current">AKTUALNY NUMER</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/snp/issue/archive">ARCHIWUM</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEKSOWANE W:</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie">ERIH PLUS, CEJSH (The Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities), Norwegian register for scientific journals, POL-index, WorldCat</div> <div class="oczasopismie"> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><br>WSKAŹNIKI OCENY CZASOPISMA:</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie">Punktacja Ministerstwa Edukacji i Nauki (2021): <strong>40<br><br>DOI: </strong><a href="">10.14746/snp</a></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN: 1509-4146</strong></div> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>LICENCJA:</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Licencja Creative Commons"></a></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>Prace publikowane w czasopiśmie dostępne są na<a href="" target="_blank" rel="license noopener"> licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowe</a>.</strong></div> Starten på arbeidet med skolehager i Norge – Andreas M. Feragens hage i Holt på Agder 2021-12-21T14:30:24+01:00 Ernst Håkon Jahr <p>This paper recounts the beginnings of the School Gardening Movement in Norway, which is now (in 2021) a topic of great interest throughout the country. The famous 19th-century school teacher and reformist Andreas M. Feragen (1818–1912), who retired from his teaching position at the age of 93, was the first to argue, in the late 1850s and early 1860s, for including gardening both as a subject and as a practical activity in primary schools. A widely used reader first published in 1863 included four pieces by Feragen about different types of gardens which would be appropriate for a rural school: the first piece was about the garden in general, the following three described a kitchen garden, a fruit garden, and a flower garden. These four pieces were written in the form of a story about a teacher and his students strolling around the gardens discussing what they saw and how to grow vegetables, fruit trees and fruit bushes, and flowers. Feragen followed up these pieces with an article in the teachers’ journal Den norske Folkeskole [The Norwegian Primary School] in which he argued that basic gardening knowledge ought to be included in the teacher training curriculum. School gardening in Norway started with Feragen’s own gardens surrounding his school in Holt in Agder, clearly the very gardens he described in his pieces in the reader.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Afrikaans: język, w którym spotykają się ideologia i językoznawstwo 2021-12-21T14:30:21+01:00 Camiel Hamans <p>This paper summarizes the discussion about the origin and the status of Afrikaans. Two schools appear to be opposed to each other: the philological school and a creolistic view. The philological school tried to demonstrate with meticulous research of sources that Afrikaans is a full daughter of 17th century Dutch, which set foot ashore with van Riebeeck in 1652 at the Cape of Good Hope. Linguists who thought of a pattern of creolization in the formation of Afrikaans point to the influence of the languages of slaves brought to South Africa and to the influence of the original inhabitants, the Khoi and the San. This contribution mainly outlines the ideological background of these two schools of thought. For the philological school this is the system of Apartheid, while for the Creolist view the emphasis is more on decolonization.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Trening kompetencji międzykulturowej na podstawie analizy podręcznika do nauki języka szwedzkiego dla uczniów na poziomie średniozaawansowanym Rivstart B1+ B2 2021-12-21T14:30:19+01:00 Kamil Iwaniak <p>The aim of the article is to reflect upon the conveying of cultural content in the foreign language classroom that contributes to the development of intercultural competence. It has been attempted to systematize the multitude of aspects which characterizes the use of cultural studies in language classes. It has been done by drawing attention to reasons for taking into consideration this sort of knowledge while preparing the lessons and teaching methods that are in favour of an insightful contact with a cultural content. Attention has been primarily drawn to the coursebook <em>Rivstart B1 +B2</em> that is intended for intermediate students of Swedish language. The coursebook has been subjected to a comprehensive analysis with regard to the cultural learning.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Udział plotki i plotkowania w komunikacji ustnej na przykładzie komunikacji biurowej – podejście hybrydowe: pragma-, socjo-, psycho- oraz ekolingwistyczne 2021-12-21T14:30:16+01:00 Jerzy Kaus Stanisław Puppel <p>The article aims at analysing the concept of gossip at workplace. The main goal of the article is to answer such questions as: what is gossip? Who is involved in spreading gossip at workplace? What are the sources of gossips? The first part (section 1) of the article is theoretical and aims at defining the concept of gossip. The second part (sections 2 and 3) analyses the results of a questionnaire which was carried out among forty respondents. The results are compared with the theoretical assumptions put forth by a number of research works discussed briefly in the article.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) The characteristics of early pandemic advertising 2021-12-22T15:07:31+01:00 Kinga Kowalewska <p>The aim of this paper is to examine early pandemic commercials and show the main changes in their focus from the point of view of communication. In terms of the contents, COVID-19 lockdown, heroism of health care workers, social distancing, online learning, remote work, and the strong shift towards online communication are underlined with an enormous stress put on such values as family, helping each other and being together in these difficult times. Characteristic nonverbal components of commercials referring to the pandemic situation include, for example, sentimental piano music, dimmed colours, a specific style of filming, or showing ordinary people as actors. Finally, it is noticed that some ad makers decide to use the sense of humour in their spots. In conclusion, the coronavirus pandemic and its effects can be easily observed on every level of an advertising message.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Arabskie zapożyczenia leksykalne w języku hiszpańskim 2021-12-21T14:30:11+01:00 Jamila Oueslati Agata Wolarska <p>The large number of words from Arabic found in modern Spanish is proof of the deep influence Arabic has had on the Spanish language. Historical sociolinguistic processes which have lasted to the present day indicate that the influence of Arabic culture has been neither brief or superficial. Instead, it has, and continues to have great significance for the language situation of Spain. Much linguistic research has shown how loans from Arabic have been assimilated as they have become part of the lexical resources of modern Spanish. Arabic culture and civilization in the Iberian Peninsula (711-1942) above all involved the sciences, literature, art, architecture, engineering, agriculture, the military, medicine. At that time, Al-Andalus was one of the most influential European centers of science and cultural exchange in Europe. Contacts between Arabic and the Romance languages found in the Iberian Peninsula resulted in numerous loans both from Arabic to the Romance languages and from the Romance languages to Arabic. These topics have been the subject of extensive research conducted from historical, cultural and linguistic points of view. Despite the existence of numerous works concerning Arabic loans, this area requires, further, deeper research. In this article, selected issues concerning Arabic loans in Spanish are analyzed as are the adaptive processes they have undergone and the level of their integration into Spanish. The basis of the analysis is made up of oral and written texts collected in the <em>Corpus de Español del Siglo XXI</em> [<em>CORPES XXI, RAE</em>] – a corpus of contemporary Spanish from the 21<sup>st</sup> century.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Dyskurs diet odchudzających we współczesnej włoskiej prasie kobiecej. Analiza jakościowa 2021-12-21T14:30:08+01:00 Joanna Ozimska <p>The discourse of slimming diets in contemporary Italian women's press. Qualitative analysis. Based on a corpus of articles extracted from contemporary Italian female magazines (2021) <em>Donna</em> <em>Moderna</em> and <em>Grazia</em>, this paper examines the nature of discourse of slimming diet. It is shown that the discourse has changed compared to the study conducted on the material from 2005-2008. Altogether 29 monthly issues have been analyzed. Currently emerging corpus does not contain many persuasive techniques related to emotions (Aristotle's <em>pathos</em>), the credibility of provided advice is enhanced mostly by arguments from authority (<em>ethos</em>). The innovation thus lies in the references to currently important societal topics, such as ecology (a manifestation of linguistic fashion). The research based on a rhetorical tools and analysis of press discourse shows that the topic of weight loss is treated nowadays with greater awareness and is being transferred to the pages of the men's press, in women's magazines its place is taken by e.g., cosmetic-surgical, or ecologic discourse. The conclusions from own research have been preceded by a review of theoretical issues in the field of a modern concept of a slimming diet, myth of beauty, development of the press in Italy, the role of cuisine and food in the Italian women's press.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Kultura strachu 2021-12-21T14:30:06+01:00 Stanisław Puppel Joanna Puppel <p>The ‘culture of fear’ constitutes an important environment for mankind. It is an interplay of biological, socio-cultural and linguistic dimensions which, in fact, underlie human existence. The dominance of one subtype of culture with respect to fear, the dystopian culture, pulls mankind into a culture of aggression, competitiveness and intolerance (or into the win-lose perspective). On the other hand, eutopian culture pulls mankind into a culture of non-aggression, cooperation, tolerance and inclusiveness (or into the win-win perspective). In fact, one may easily envisage that a well-functioning human society should remain in a state of balance between the two types of culture and it is the dystopian type of culture that should be kept in check, while the eutopian culture should be favoured if the earth as the carrier of all life, the existing biodiversity, and humanity, are to be sustained.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Empathic and peacebuilding gestures: an analysis of greeting gestures across cultures 2021-12-22T15:07:55+01:00 Joanna Puppel Alicja Rozpendowska <p>Communication process allows people to receive and send messages through verbal and nonverbal resources which play an important role in healthy interpersonal acts. While verbal communication has been the subject of many studies, the present study aims to focus mainly on the nonverbal aspect that is greeting gestures. In this article we shall analyze which greeting gesture, that is widely used across different cultures may evoke a feeling of empathy and thus build peaceful interactions so needed in human communication nowadays.</p> 2021-12-20T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Nauka języków obcych uczniów z dysfunkcją słuchu 2021-12-21T14:30:04+01:00 Barbara Skowronek <p>Hearing impaired people have serious communication problems: both with (full) understanding of reality and with learning the first language. In order to counteract communication exclusion, they compensate for the deficiencies with an increased use of other senses. They learn the first language consciously with the help of a speech therapist, compensating for hearing dysfunctions, e.g. wide-angle vision. Karpińska-Szaj calls such learning inclusive; they can be successfully used in teaching foreign languages.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Questioning North Korea’s digraphic inflection point: Kim Il Sung’s 1964 and 1966 conversations with linguists reconsidered 2021-12-22T15:08:36+01:00 William Strnad <p>Kim Il Sung’s 1964 and 1966 conversations with linguists are appropriately deemed important as the establishment of the North’s “cultured language” as a standard, as well as guidance related to language purification and script. In the analysis of inflection point related to language planning and policy in the North, is the often guidance on re-enshrinement of teaching “Chinese characters” (<em>hanja</em>) in North Korean education. Clearly this was official pronouncement of functional, synchronic digraphia, which has been preserved and operationalized down to the present. Scholarship on these conversations, amounting to policy guidance, attribute the shift in policy related to script as an inflection point. The author of this article concurs with its importance, but with respect to digraphia in the North, the conversations related to <em>hanja</em> instruction served as a confirmation for what was a broad trend in North Korean language planning during the years 1953-1964, a language planning and policy&nbsp; <em>fait accompli</em>, diminishing the portrayal of the conversations as a digraphic inflection point in North Korea.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) The paradoxical self: duality and ambiguity in the works and lives of Oscar Wilde and Morrissey 2021-12-22T15:34:58+01:00 Karolina Adamskich <p>Oscar Wilde’s and Morrissey’s lives seem to be full of contradictions. Their art constitutes a reaction against materialism, traditional lifestyle and social standards, as well as defence of individualism and freedom of thought. So far, their works have been analysed only from a very limited perspective of the tension between aesthetics and ethics. Nevertheless, it is worth mentioning that what prevails in their art is the state of ambivalence and ambiguity in relation to the issues connected with religion and morality, innocence and experience, life and death. This article aims at demonstrating multiplicity of personalities of the artists mentioned and ethical ambivalences of their works. Taken together, Wilde and Morrissey’s creative outputs present a clash between different spheres of life, the divided consciousness and the split between body and soul. Thus, the oscillation between opposite standpoints and values excluding each other is not only the result of the artists’ personal experience but it may symbolise the paradox and absurdity of the human existence as well.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) The impact of the Arabian Nights in Modern Egyptian narration: Mahfouz’s Arabian Nights and Days as a Case Study 2021-12-22T15:35:34+01:00 Sherif Elgayyar <p>The Arabian Nights were passed orally for long eras, long before they were written down; the collective sense, through several anonymous narrators, developed them: changing, modifying, omitting and adding to this oral discourse. All for the purpose of entertaining the public according the spirit of the age and the socio-cultural contexts, afterwards, it was recorded in different versions, as diverse as their sources, up until the landmark version, namely the one printed in Bulak, Egypt in 1835.The West is to be commended on paying attention to the significance of <em>The Arabian Nights</em>, academically and creatively, before its original-home, especially since it was later translated to many languages. After French orientalist Antoine Galland (1646 - 1715) translated into French between 1704 and 1713 a third of the manuscript he had brought from the Orient.This study delves into “The Impact of <em>The Arabian Nights</em> on Modern Egyptian Narration”. The researcher tries to point out how Egyptian writers were inspired by the classic text by examining Naguib Mahfouz's <em>Arabian Nights and Days</em> (Layālī alf laylah) as a case study. An analytic, text-based approach was used to detect the intertextual interaction between the classic and the modern, and to explore how classical elements and connotations were employed within the modern text.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Dżuma w Italii. O zapomnianym traktacie Della peste Angela Antonia Frari 2021-12-21T14:29:55+01:00 Dorota Karwacka-Pastor <p>Angelo Antonio Frari, a 19th century doctor and writer, devoted his life to studying the plague. In his treaty entitled <em>Della peste </em>published in Venice in 1840, he presented the history of the plague pandemic, describing its symptoms and ways of curing throughout centuries. His work is not only a medical, anthropological, and ethical treaty, but also an account of events seen by a witness, who, having recovered from the plague, became involved in fighting with this disease in Italy and abroad. The author of the treaty delves into pondering on human nature, morality, and choices, and he presents various attitudes in the light of the epidemic. This work is also a source of information on how 19th century healthcare used to work and contains tips on how to avoid catching the disease. The subject matter of the treaty is still up to date, since the last word of this disease has not been said yet and it continues to be a threat to the human race.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Uwagi na temat ‘Inaugural Speech’ Joe Bidena jako aktu retorycznego w świetle klasycznej teorii retoryki 2021-12-21T14:29:53+01:00 Krystyna Tuszyńska <p>The article performs an analysis of 46<sup>th</sup> USA President’s inaugural speech in the spirit of Neo-Aristotelian concepts. The article also contains an analysis of inaugural speech genre, matching Joe Biden’s case as a hybrid, and analyses <em>elocutio</em> and the way the speaker claims the space of communication. The article also refers to Aristotle’s concept of <em>ethos</em>.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) Recenzja monografii: Р.В. Белютин, Прагмасемантические и лингвоментальные проекции немецкого спортивного дискурса, Смоленск: Издательство СмолГУ, 2019. 336 s. ISBN 978-5-88018-641-9 2021-12-21T14:29:50+01:00 Andrzej Narloch <p>Book review: Belyutin, R.V. 2019. <em>Pragmasemantic and linguomental projections of German sports discourse</em>. Smolensk: SmolSU Publishing House. 336 pp. ISBN 978-5-88018-641-9.</p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c)