Symbolae Philologorum Posnaniensium Graecae et Latinae 2021-10-15T09:22:56+00:00 Monika Miazek-Męczyńska, Marlena Puk Open Journal Systems <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>OPIS CZASOPISMA</strong><br>„Symbolae Philologorum Posnaniensium Graecae et Latinae” powołano do życia w roku 1973 w ówczesnej Katedrze Filologii Klasycznej UAM jako pismo periodyczne poznańskiego środowiska naukowego filologów klasycznych, otwarte również dla innych ośrodków filologicznych w Polsce oraz dla przedstawicieli pozostałych dyscyplin naukowych, zajmujących się antykiem greckim i rzymskim. Założycielem czasopisma i redaktorem pierwszych tomów był prof. Jan Wikarjak. Redaktorami prowadzącymi „Symbolae” byli i są stale profesorowie filologii klasycznej UAM. Artykuły w SPhP są drukowane w języku polskim, a także, od samego początku, część z nich ukazuje się w językach zachodnioeuropejskich oraz w języku łacińskim. Pojawiają się także autorzy z zagranicznych ośrodków naukowych. Wszystkie artykuły zaopatrzone są w abstrakty oraz summaria w językach obcych. Drukowane są tylko prace oryginalne, które przejdą pomyślnie proces recenzji.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/sppgl/about">POLITYKA FUNKCJONOWANIA CZASOPISMA</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/sppgl/issue/view/3">AKTUALNY NUMER</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/sppgl/issue/archive">ARCHIWUM</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>WYDAWCA:</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie">Uniwersytet&nbsp; im.Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu</div> <div class="oczasopismie">Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu</div> <div class="oczasopismie">ul. A. Fredry 10, 61-701 Poznań;</div> <div class="oczasopismie"> <div style="font-family: Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt; color: #000000;">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEKSOWANE W:</strong> <p>CEJSH; INDEX COPERNICUS; WorldCat; Google Scholar; CEEOL, ERIH PLUS</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>WSKAŹNIKI OCENY CZASOPISMA: </strong> <p><img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/gs_2.png" alt=""><br><br><strong>MNiSW: 70 (2021)</strong><br><br><strong>Index Copernicus</strong> IVC 65,8 (2017)</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>DOI: </strong><a href="">10.14746/sppgl</a></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN: </strong>0302-7384&nbsp; <strong><strong>E-ISSN: </strong></strong>2720-2305 </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>PRACE PUBLIKOWANE W CZASOPIŚMIE DOSTĘPNE SĄ NA LICENCJI CREATIVE COMMONS:</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>Od 2016 r. do 09.2020 r. <a href="" rel="license">Uznanie autorstwa - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowe</a>.</strong><br><a href=""><img src="/public/piotr/cc/cc_4_by_nd.png" alt="CC_by-nd/4.0" border="0"></a></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>Od 10. 2020 r.&nbsp; publikowane na <a href="" rel="license">licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe</a>.</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Licencja Creative Commons"></a><br><br></div> Profesor Sylwester Dworacki – człowiek prawdziwie akademicki 2021-10-13T11:58:33+00:00 Bogumiła Kaniewska 2021-10-12T11:31:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Bogumiła Kaniewska Nasz profesor Sylwester Dworacki 2021-10-13T11:59:28+00:00 Jerzy Danielewicz <p>The author presents the profile and scholarly achievements of Professor Sylwester Dworacki, a distinguished classicist from the University of Poznań, to celebrate his 70th birthday.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jerzy Danielewicz Adesp. 741 K.-A. Niektóre aspekty stylistyki komediowej 2021-10-13T11:59:26+00:00 Krystyna Bartol <p>This article explores the thematic and stylistic function of the anaphora in the anonymous fragment of Old Comedy (741 K.-A.). It also analyses an interpretation of Plutarch’s comment on these lines.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Krystyna Bartol Gerechtigkeit und deren intertextuelle und intermediale Beziehungen im Werk des Magisters Vincentius 2021-10-13T11:59:24+00:00 Piotr Bering <p>The aim of present paper is a closer analyze of some textual construction which are imitating a legal action at court. The scene of imagined court were popular in medieval dramaturgy, they are often used as a plot for scenic action. A particular case was created by Master Vincentius (12th Cent.): a passage from chronicle which presents a possible staging of court action.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Piotr Bering Portret idealnej królowej w antycznej powieści greckiej – w stronę modelu 2021-10-13T11:59:22+00:00 Małgorzata Cieśluk <p>This article line of reasoning follows the assumption that in the period in which the ancient Greek novel was developing there already existed fixed cultural norms which thus provided for the frames of the then literary presentations of women in power. In Callirhoe by Chariton or Aethiopica by Heliodorus the reader comes across three images of queens and can consequently ponder over the most significant elements of the model of an ideal female ruler. The comparative analysis of the three heroines in question as well as the juxtaposition of their images with the remaining female characters of Greek novels thus constitutes the core of the article.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Małgorzata Cieśluk Szalony protagonista Eurypidesowego „Orestesa” w komentarzach scholiastów 2021-10-13T11:59:20+00:00 Jadwiga Czerwińska Katarzyna Chiżyńska <p>Madness is a constant motif in ancient literature. It was often used by playwrights, including the three greatest tragedians of the Classical Greece: Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. One of the most interesting plays dealing with issues of madness is Euripidean Orestes. This play has received numerous commentaries written by scholiasts, who described all aspects of the state of mania. The article is devoted to the analysis of madness and the corpus of texts are scholia describing Orestes’ disease. Commentaries allow us to establish a definition of mania, show its sources and describe its various physical and mental symptoms. The material presented in the article shows how interesting the phenomenon of madness was for the scholiasts.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Czerwińska Jadwiga, Chiżyńska Katarzyna Powtarzająca się aluzja do Pindara i misteriów eleuzyńskich we fragmentach komedii Anaksilasa? 2021-10-13T11:59:17+00:00 Jerzy Danielewicz <p>Anaxilas in fragments 25 and 30 K.-A. deliberately alluded to Pindar’s fragment 137 S.-M. and the mystery references it contains, but at the same time completely redesigned the sense of the Pindaric phrase for a strong comic effect.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jerzy Danielewicz „Vectes” i „vestes”. Dwie lekcje antycznego tekstu i dwie różne imitacje 2021-10-13T11:59:15+00:00 Zofia Głombiowska <p>The article shows the Horatian ode III 26 on the background of the votive epigram and in reference to the custom and at the same time the topos of „winning” by violence the house of a lover (frangere postes) and the way of imitating this ode by Filip Buonaccorsi Kallimach in the XXVII elegy and by Jan Kochanowski in the elegy II 11 (in the version preserved in the so-called Osmólski’s manuscript). Callimachus had the text of the ode with the lesson of vestes in verse 7, Kochanowski with the lesson of vectes. As a consequence, in Kallimach’s elegy there is no topos of breaking the door, but the motif of the victorious militia amoris remains, while Kochanowski uses the topos of frangere postes, but departs with love, Lydia and the goddess Venus not with the satisfaction of a victorious soldier, but similarly to Propertius in anger and with a feeling of experienced harm.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Zofia Głombiowska Plethon wobec tradycji teologicznej Greków 2021-10-13T11:59:13+00:00 Anna Kujawa <p>Byzantine philosopher Georgios Gemistos Pletho (1355–1452) is regarded as the first Philhellene who rejected Christianity and attempted to restore the pogan religion of Hellenic gods. In his last work Books of Laws (Νόμων συγγραφή) he presents his own system of theology based on ancient philosophy and Greek mythology. The aim of the paper is to outline some main features of Plethon’s theology and to show the influence of Greek tradition on it.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anna Kujawa Elegia Solona w „Chronicon regum Poloniae” Erazma Glicznera ze Żnina 2021-10-13T11:59:11+00:00 Ignacy Lewandowski <p>In this commemorative article, the author presents the Latin translation of one of Solon’s elegies (27W) which was placed in Chronicon regum Poloniae (from Lech until Mieszko I), a 16th-century chronicle by Gliczner, who was a theologian and pedagogue born in Żnin. In addition, mentions of the Polish studies and contemporary translations of that elegy were made, and based on the Latin translation, a Polish translation was produced in prose poetry.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ignacy Lewandowski Chińczycy w Etiopii? „Seres” w „Opowieść etiopskiej o Teagenesie i Chariklei” Heliodora 2021-10-13T11:59:06+00:00 Gościwit Malinowski <p>In the Ethiopian adventures of Theagenes and the Chariclea by Heliodorus, Seres are mentioned twice as allies of the Ethiopian king in the battle against the Persians (9, 16–18) and participants in the royal audience at Meroe (10, 25–26). They donate silk produced in their country to the King Hydaspes, so they are usually considered Chinese by commentators. However, the world presented in Heliodorus’ novel is set in the realities of the Roman era and Roman eastern trade, when African countries also participated in trans-oceanic contacts with India. The archetype of the Heliodorus’ Seres can be found in the kingdom of Chera, located in southern India.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Gościwit Malinowski Lukrecja – wzór dla Rzymianek. Historia niezbyt słodka 2021-10-13T11:59:04+00:00 Monika Miazek-Męczyńska <p>The article presents the story of Lucrece, legendary heroine and noble wife of Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus, whose suicide was presented many times in the ancient Roman and Renaissance literature by historiographers and poets. The author compares few versions of Lucrece’s story focusing on her virtues (like castitas, obstinata pudicitia, decus muliebris) that became canonical features characterising the Roman matrona.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Monika Miazek-Męczyńska Mogontiacum: czynniki rozwoju 2021-10-13T11:59:02+00:00 Leszek Mrozewicz <p>The history of Mogontiacum spans the period from 17/16 BCE to the end of the fourth century CE. It was a strong military base (with two legions stationed there in the first century) and a major settlement centre, though without municipal rights. However, the demographic and economic development, as well as the superior administrative and political status enabled Mogontiacum to transform – in socio-economic and urbanistic terms – into a real city. This process was crowned in the latter half of the third century with the construction of the city walls.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Leszek Mrozewicz „Euthymia” we fragmentach Demokryta z Abdery 2021-10-13T11:58:59+00:00 Krzysztof Narecki <p>The author carries out a thorough philological analysis of 9 fragments of Democritus, in which both the noun εὐθυμίη and related verbs and adjectives appear. This allows to establish the contextual semantic scope of the basic concept and to define the role it plays in Democritus’ ethical thought.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Krzysztof Narecki Patrzenie jako źródło cierpień (z rzymskich dziejów pewnego motywu literackiego) 2021-10-13T11:58:57+00:00 Jakub Pigoń <p>The paper examines a number of Roman literary texts (by Ennius, Cicero, Vergil, Ovid, Seneca the Younger, Lucan, Tacitus, Jerome, etc.) in which viewing is connected with mental or emotional suffering. Usually, the emphasis is laid on a character’s viewing of some dramatic events – a close relative’s death, for example – and on his or her emotional response to what is being seen. In some works, especially in consolatory contexts, someone’s premature death is presented as advantageous because the dead person is now spared the necessity of viewing misfortunes which the living have to witness. Also, people may be compelled (e.g. by an emperor) to watch evil things; in such a situation they are usually viewers and objects of viewing at the same time, since their gestures and facial expression are carefully observed.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Pigoń Jakub Ein vieldiskutierter Imperativ: Euripides, Elektra 140 2021-10-13T11:58:55+00:00 Bernd Seidensticker <p>The article argues that in line 140 Electra does not address an anonymous servant but herself.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Bernd Seidensticker Tłumacz – uczony. Oblicza przekładów literatury antycznej w XXI wieku 2021-10-13T11:58:53+00:00 Ewa Skwara <p>The article is an attempt to outline the tendencies in translations of ancient literature appearing in the new millennium. It introduces answers to the question of who is the new translator of ancient literature, what competences does he/she bring, and what impact this shift has on the selection of translatable texts, strategies of translation and the paratext.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ewa Skwara Homo sum – amicus sum, or about the Christian Terence by Hrotsvit from Gandesheim 2021-10-13T11:58:51+00:00 Kurt Smolak <p>The most famous line from Terence, homo sum etc. (Heautontimoroumenos 77), has been interpreted in different ways under different circumstances by authors ranging from Cicero and Seneca in antiquity and Erasmus at the beginning of the modern age to figures of the 19th and 20th centuries, such as Friedrich Nietzsche, George Bataille, and Thomas Mann. Augustine of Hippo was the first to refer to Terence within a broader Christian context, and in the 12th century John of Salisbury equated the presumed philanthropic attitude of the Roman comedian and imitator of Menander with charity, the ultimate Christian virtue. Whereas most of the testimonia to the reception of Heautontimoroumenos 77 have already been identified and in part analyzed, a refined indirect ῾quotation᾿ of the line in question has been neglected: In a sort of réécriture of the initial scene of Terence’s drama, Roswita (Hrotsvit) of Gandersheim (10th century), in her hagiographic comedy ῾Abraham᾿, interpreted the even then proverbial sentence by introducing for the attitude of ῾humanity towards one’s neighbour᾿ both the Aristotelian definition of friendship (῾one soul in two bodies᾿) and a reference to the ideal of a Christian society with ‘one heart and one soul᾿ (Acts 4, 32). Thus the Terentian humanum is bothparaphrased by and identified with both an other classical and a Christian concept of mutual human affection.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Kurt Smolak Funkcja moralizatorska sentencji Appiusza 2021-10-13T11:58:49+00:00 Lucyna Stankiewicz <p>The article talks about the aphorisms of Appius (Appius Claudius Caecus, c. 360 BCE – 275 BCE), the first individualized figure in Latin literature. The author introduces the reader to the motifs of the aphorisms and at the same time proposes a translation of these verses.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lucyna Stankiewicz Ostatnie dni Plotyna: pandemia i filozofia 2021-10-13T11:58:47+00:00 Mateusz Stróżyński <p>The traditional view of the cause of Plotinus’ death was leprosy. The analysis of the biographical sources, however, point to another hypothesis, that of „Cyprian’s plague”. The last months of Plotinus life and work coincided with the end of this great ancient pandemic and he produced four treatises, focused primarily on ethical problems. The last treatise, On the primal Good (1.7) is a short and concentrated meditation on the First Principle and the soul’s ascent to it.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Mateusz Stróżyński ΤΕΧΝΗΣ ΕΥΡΗΜΑΤΑ. Motyw wynalazków kulinarnych w komedii średniej i nowej oraz poezji gastronomicznej 2021-10-15T09:22:56+00:00 Magdalena Stuligrosz <p>The purpose of this paper is to show how Middle and New comedy as well as gastronomic poetry authors use the protos heuretes-motif characteristic of literature undertaking heurematographic themes, to present the originality and innovation of the cook’s and parasite’s art.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magdalena Stuligrosz Maksymos z Tyru, „O istocie boga według Platona” (XI) 2021-10-13T11:58:44+00:00 Marian Szarmach <p>The paper contains a Polish translation of Maximus of Tyre’s Eleventh Discourse entitled Who is God according to Plato?, with a short introduction and notes.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Marian Szarmach Epitaphios logos – hybrydyczny gatunek retoryki ateńskiej 2021-10-13T11:58:39+00:00 Krystyna Tuszyńska <p>Athenian funeral oration (epitaphios logos) belongs to the epideictic rhetoric. But according to Aristotle the topics used in epideictic oratory could be applied in the deliberative kind, after some modification in the matters of language. In this article I consider the means proposed in the narrative part of the composition, which can be used instead of argumentation in epideictic oratory, i.e. amplification, metaphors and actualization (putting things before the eyes, gr. energeia, lat. evidentia). My purpose is to answer the question who was/is the recipient of Athenian funeral oration. In my opinion there are three kinds of primary recipients: the dead soldiers in the battle, the listeners present at the celebration (Athenians and foreigners) and the Idea of Democracy itself. I also try to find the so-called secondary recipient of Athenian funeral oration. I treat Athenian funeral oration as a hybrid genre of Greek rhetoric.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Krystyna Tuszyńska Symboliczna topografia życia Edypa. Kilka uwag 2021-10-13T11:58:37+00:00 Elżbieta Wesołowska <p>The author of Oedipus Rex manages to reconstruct the hero’s life path against the background of the map of Greece of his day. In doing so he constructs the imaginary of the protagonist’s identity, one that is inextricably linked to his mental blindness as opposed to the tragic, self-inflicted blindness meted out to himself as a punishment for his crimes.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Elżbieta Wesołowska Hippokratesa z Chios kwadratura księżyczków 2021-10-13T11:58:35+00:00 Marian A. Wesoły <p>I dedicate this article, in Memoriam, to Professor Sylwester Dworacki, my first guide in Greek texts, with whom I later had the distinguished privilege to frequently discuss diverse issues in philological exegesis. The little-known figure of Hippocrates of Chios has recently attracted strong interest of several scholars, though mainly by historians of mathematics. Aristotle mentioned critically his quadrature of the circle by means of segments or by means of lunules. Aristotle’s commentator Simplicius, citing Eudemus of Rhodos, quoted a longer paraphrase of Hippocrates’ arguments regarding the quadrature of the lunules. Appropriately selected parts from these arguments are given here in Greek, along with their faithful Polish translation. One should carefully understand the critical stance of Aristotle, who in his particular way understood quadrature as the finding of the geometrical mean and, therefore, accused Hippocrates of using false diagrams.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Wesoły A. Marian