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In studies on men and masculinities, there is an increasing number of theories, which result from development, discussions and criticism in the area. However, in the context of this paper, two ways of describing masculinities are taken into account, i.e. caring masculinities and hybrid masculinities. The article analyses research results on male nurses in Poland, which were performed by means of in-depth interviews, according to theoretical assumptions on caring and hybrid masculinities. The interviews revealed varying ways of perceiving masculinities in the context of care. Out of the ways identified by the Author, the study focuses on the analysis of how to define masculinity as a belief that masculinity is accomplished by ensuring hegemonic masculinity. It also shows how this way of defining masculinity is related to the assumptions of hybrid masculinity. As a result, the analyses show that caring masculinities are not only diverse but also that the very term is disputable with regard to masculinities involved in various types of care.


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URSZULA KLUCZYŃSKA, Collegium Da Vinci, Poznan

Urszula Kluczyńska, a graduate of both sociology and pedagogy, is an associate professor at  Collegium da Vinci in Poznań, Poland. Her research interests are focused on critical studies of men and masculinities, with particular emphasis on men’s health, ageing, sexuality, sport, caring masculinities and medicalization of masculinity. She is an author of the following books: Mężczyźni w pielęgniarstwie.W stronę męskości opiekuńczej [Men in nursing. Caring masculinities] (UMP Poznań 2017) and Metamorfozy tożsamości współczesnych młodych mężczyzn [Metamorphoses of men’s identities in contemporary culture] (Adam Marszałek 2009), and co-author of Poza schematem. Społeczny konstrukt płci i seksualości  [Beyond the scheme. Social construction of gender and sexuality] (with Wiktor Dynarski and Anna M. Kłonkowska) (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego 2016). She is also a coeditor of three Special Issues, such as “Men and masculinities in the European dimension” (Studia Humanistyczne AGH), “Wymiary męskości” (Interalia), “Gender trouble – from producing and reproducing masculinities to ways of crossing gender” (Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica), and an author of numerous articles on men and masculinities published in Polish books and journals. She is a member of the Polish Sociological Association and the Polish Gender Association.


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