Main Article Content
This article presents a detailed history of the development of a particular immersion program to teach English to young Polish students. The program draws support from two organizations, the Kościuszko Foundation and the Polish Scouting Organization. Kościuszko Foundation is dedicated to strengthening the ties between the United States and Poland as well as to increase knowledge of Poland’s history and culture in the United States. The cooperation of these two organizations developed an experience of immersion in language and cultural exchange. Both the teachers and the students in this program benefited from the opportunity to engage in a number of different types of language activities and cultural events through a summer camp experience. This program is, of course, unique, but the elements of context, culture and immersion could be used in other programs to develop English skills and knowledge in the context American culture.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Manuscript authors are responsible for obtaining copyright permissions for any copyrighted materials included within manuscripts. The authors must provide permission letters, when appropriate, to the Society Register Editors.
In addition, all published papers in Society Register are published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Unported License.
1.1 The Author hereby warrants that he/she is the owner of all the copyright and other intellectual property rights in the Work and that, within the scope of the present Agreement, the paper does not infringe the legal rights of another person. The owner of the copyright work also warrants that he/she is the sole and original creator thereof and that is not bound by any legal constraints in regard to the use or sale of the work.
1.2. The Publisher warrants that is the owner of the PRESSto platform for open access journals, hereinafter referred to as the PRESSto Platform.
2. The Author grants the Publisher non-exclusive and free of charge license to unlimited use worldwide over an unspecified period of time in the following areas of exploitation:
2.1. production of multiple copies of the Work produced according to the specific application of a given technology, including printing, reproduction of graphics through mechanical or electrical means (reprography) and digital technology;
2.2. marketing authorisation, loan or lease of the original or copies thereof;
2.3. public performance, public performance in the broadcast, video screening, media enhancements as well as broadcasting and rebroadcasting, made available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them;
2.4. inclusion of the Work into a collective work (i.e. with a number of contributions);
2.5. inclusion of the Work in the electronic version to be offered on an electronic platform, or any other conceivable introduction of the Work in its electronic version to the Internet;
2.6. dissemination of electronic versions of the Work in its electronic version online, in a collective work or independently;
2.7. making the Work in the electronic version available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them, in particular by making it accessible via the Internet, Intranet, Extranet;
2.8. making the Work available according to appropriate license pattern CC BY-NC 4.0 as well as another language version of this license or any later version published by Creative Commons.
3. The Author grants the Publisher permission to reproduce a single copy (print or download) and royalty-free use and disposal of rights to compilations of the Work and these compilations.
4. The Author grants the Publisher permission to send metadata files related to the Work, including to commercial and non-commercial journal-indexing databases.
5. The Author represents that, on the basis of the license granted in the present Agreement, the Publisher is entitled and obliged to:
5.1. allow third parties to obtain further licenses (sublicenses) to the Work and to other materials, including derivatives thereof or compilations made, based on or including the Work, whereas the provisions of such sub-licenses will be the same as with the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Creative Commons sub-license or another language version of this license, or any later version of this license published by Creative Commons;
5.2. make the Work available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them, without any technological constraints;
5.3. appropriately inform members of the public to whom the Work is to be made available about sublicenses in such a way as to ensure that all parties are properly informed (appropriate informing messages).
6. Because of the royalty-free provision of services of the Author (resulting from the scope of obligations stipulated in the present Agreement), the Author shall not be entitled to any author’s fee due and payable on the part of the Publisher (no fee or royalty is payable by the Publisher to the Author).
7.1. In the case of third party claims or actions for indemnity against the Publisher owing to any infractions related to any form of infringement of intellectual property rights protection, including copyright infringements, the Author is obliged to take all possible measures necessary to protect against these claims and, when as a result of legal action, the Publisher, or any third party licensed by the Publisher to use the Work, will have to abandon using the Work in its entirety or in part or, following a court ruling in a legal challenge, to pay damages to a third party, whatever the legal basis
7.2. The Author will immediately inform the Publisher about any damage claims related to intellectual property infringements, including the author’s proprietary rights pertaining to a copyrighted work, filed against the Author. of liability, the Author is obliged to redress the damage resulting from claims made by third party, including costs and expenditures incurred in the process.
7.3. To all matters not settled herein provisions of the Polish Civil Code and the Polish Copyright and Related Rights Act shall apply.
- Acker, Steve & Mike Miller. 2005. “Campus learning spaces: Investing in how students learn.” EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research Bulletin 8: 1-11.
- Ambrosewicz-Jacobs, Jolanta. 2016. „…wobec rozmiarów Zagłady świat doświadczył ogromnej winy…”. Debaty wokół nauczania o Holokauście.” Studia nad Autorytaryzmem i Totalitaryzmem 38(2): 19-33.
- Bedyk, Emilia & Jacek Liwiński. 2016. “The wage premium from parents’ investments in the education of their children in Poland.” Working Papers 2016-14, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
- Bergart, Ann M. & Jennifer A. Clements. 2015. “Going to camp together: Lighting the group work fire in a new generation.” Social Work with Groups 38(1): 21-43. https://doi.org/10.1080/01609513.2014.931667
- Brown, H. Douglas. 2000. Principles of language learning and teaching. White Plains, NY: Longman.
- Devereux, Peter. 2008. “International volunteering for development and sustainability: Outdated paternalism or a radical response to globalisation?” Development in Practice 18(3): 357-370. https://doi.org/10.1080/09614520802030409
- Dörnyei, Zoltán. 1998. “Motivation in second and foreign language learning.” Language Teaching 31: 117-135. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S026144480001315X
- Farkas, Kathleen J. & Jarosław R. Romaniuk. 2017. “Multi-problem families in Poland and a changing, globalized world.” Rodzina wieloproblemowa. Roczniki Socjologii Rodziny 26/27: 7-26.
- Gardner, Robert C. & Wallace E. Lambert. 1972. Attitudes and Motivation in Second Language Learning. Rowley, MA: Newbury House Publishers.
- Giota, Joanna. 1995. “Why do all children in Swedish schools learn English as a foreign language? An analysis of an open question in the national evaluation programme of the Swedish compulsory comprehensive school.” System 23(3): 307-324. https://doi.org/10.1016/0346-251X(95)98861-M
- Grossman, Pam, Karen Hammerness & Morva McDonald. 2009. “Redefining teaching, re-imagining teacher education.” Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice 15(2): 273-289.
- Guerrero, Mario. 2015. “Motivation in second language learning: A historical overview and its relevance in a public high school in Pasto, Colombia.” HOW 22(1): 95-106.
- Hayes, David. 2014. Factors influencing success in teaching English in state primary schools. British Council, London, UK.
- Hillocks Jr., George. 2009. “Some practices and approaches are clearly better than others and we had better not ignore the differences.” English Journal 98(6): 23–29.
- Kaszkur, Alina. 2007. Filozofia działania Jacka Kuronia. Instytut Nauk Politycznych. Materiały I Letniej Szkoły Historii Najnowszej. Warka.
- Kasztalska, Aleksandra. 2014. „English in contemporary Poland.” World Englishes 33(2): 242– 262. https://doi.org/10.1111/weng.12083
- Komorowska, Hanna. 2014. “Analyzing linguistic landscapes. A diachronic study of multilingualism in Poland.” Pp. 19-3 in Teaching and learning in multilingual contexts: Sociolinguistic and educational perspectives, edited by A. Otwinowska & G. De Angelis. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
- Korczak, Janusz. 2009. The Child’s Right to Respect. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
- Krashen, Stephen D. 1988. Second language acquisition and second language learning. London: Prentice-Hall International.
- Liwiński, Jacek. 2016. Does it pay to study abroad? Evidence from Poland. Working Papers 2016-25, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
- Mislia, M., A. Mahmud, & D. Manda. 2016. “The implementation of character education through scout activities.” International Education Studies 9(6): 130-138.
- McKay, Sandra L. 2003. “Teaching English as an International Language: the Chilean context.” ELT Journal 57(2): 139–148. https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/57.2.139
- Mondahl, Margrethe & Liana Razmerita. 2014. “Social media, Collaboration and Social Learning – a Case-study of Foreign Language Learning.” The Electronic Journal of e-Learning 12(4): 339-352.
- Nikolov, Marianne. 1999. “‘Why do you learn English?’ ‘Because the teacher is short.’ A study of Hungarian children’s foreign language learning motivation.” Language Teaching Research 3(1): 33–56. https://doi.org/10.1177/136216889900300103
- Odrowąż-Coates, Anna. 2017. “The peaceful expansion of the English language in Europe. A tool of integration or a facet of quiet colonization?” Multicultural Studies 1: 115-125.
- Polok, Krzysztof & Joanna Harężak. 2018. “Facebook as a beneficial tool while used in learning second language environment.” Open Access Library Journal 5: e4732.
- Radzki, Kacper. 2016. „Metoda harcerska w oddziaływaniach zakładu poprawczego.” Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Humanitas. Pedagogika 12: 173-184.
- Rajamanikam, A. 2016. “Scouting and education.” Journal of Applied and Advanced Research 1(1): 1-2.
- Renau, Maria L. 2016. “A review of the traditional and current language teaching methods.” International Journal of Innovation and Research in Educational Sciences 3(2): 82-88.
- Richards, Jack C., & Willy A. Renandya. 2002. Methodology in language teaching: An anthology of current practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Swick, Thomas. 1991. Unquiet Days: At Home in Poland. New York: Ticknor & Fields Publishers.
- Zarębska, Jadwiga. 2010/2011. „Nauczyciele języków obcych w roku szkolnym 2010/2011.” Zespół Wydziału Informacji i Promocji ORE. Retrieved January 10, 2020 (https://womgorz.edu.pl/files/Informacja%20Pedagogiczna/Nauczyciele_jezykow_obcych_2010-2011_13.09.12.pdf).