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The paper is the result of collaboration between seven European universities and covers health, social pedagogy, and special education programs, aimed at the removal of barriers to social inclusion and social participation facing children and young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). The collaboration received funding from the Erasmus+ Intensive Program with the aim of developing a common curriculum on social inclusion for children and young adults with IDD. Identifying variables that support inclusion for individuals with IDD who engage in challenging behavior is critically important and this paper is built on reviewing social and educational policies from 5 European countries in order to do so. The paper reveals loopholes and paradoxes in policy that hinder social inclusion when addressing challenging behavior. The greatest challenges identified by the researchers are the gaps in training for different professions and the lack of overarching legislation for these professions. Another issue identified is government tolerance of a lack of clear competencies and codes of conduct amongst unregulated service providers.


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Author Biographies

ROLF MAGNUS GRUNG, OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University

Rolf Magnus Grung, Associate Professor at the Department of Behavioral Science, OsloMet.

ANNA ODROWĄŻ-COATES, The Maria Grzegorzewska University

Anna Odrowąż-Coates, PhD is the Chairholder of the UNESCO/Janusz Korczak Chair in Social Pedagogy, and an associate professor at the Insitute of Education at the Maria Grzegorzewska University in Warsaw, Poland.

JUDE TAH, University of Stockholm

Jude K. Tah, PhD. Assistant Professor at the Department of Special Education, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

PAUL MALORET, University of Hertfordshire

Paul Maloret,  MA, BA (Hons), PGDip, PGCE, Dip HE, RNLD, Head of the Centre for Learning Disability Studies (tCLDS), University of Hertfordshire.

JULIEN KISS, University of Oradea

Julian Ferencz Kiss, PhD in Psychology, lecturer at Teacher Training Department at University of Oradea, Romania.

FLORICA ORTAN, University of Oradea

Florica Ortan, PhD in Educational Sciences, Director and Professor at Teacher Training Department at University of Oradea, Romania.


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