Society Register <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>ABOUT THE JOURNAL</strong><br>SOCIETY REGISTER is an international peer reviewed journal that publishes in English empirical, conceptual, and theoretical articles that make substantial contributions to the field in all areas of social sciences including sociology, economics, political science, psychology, cultural studies, education, and social policy. SOCIETY REGISTER is published in partnership with the Department of Sociology at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. The journal has received honorary patronage of Polish Society of Comparative Pedagogy and Sociological Committee of Poznan Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences. The mission of the Society Register Journal is to publish original works of interest to the social sciences disciplines in general, new theoretical approaches, empirical results of research that advance our understanding of fundamental social processes (and important methodological innovations), together with the practical application of those insights to the resolution of social issues. A key requirement for any author wishing to publish his/her work (be it empirically grounded, or purely theoretically oriented) needs to explicitly reflect upon the necessary underlying assumptions (axioms) and (if applicable) on how exactly a methodology was derived to study a given phenomena within a specific context of changing societies.</p> <p class="oczasopismie">Free of charge: we do not charge authors or readers! We believe in a completely free exchange of scientific thoughts.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/sr/about">JOURNAL POLICIES</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/sr/issue/current">CURRENT ISSUE</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/sr/issue/archive">ARCHIVE</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEXED IN: </strong>ARIANTA<img src="/public/site/images/mbaranowski/Twitter_Social_Icon_Circle_Color.png" alt="">, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE), CEJSH (The Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities), CEON (Centrum Otwartej Nauki), Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), European Reference Index for the Humanities and the Social Sciences (ERIH PLUS), EuroPub Database, PKP Index, IC Journals Master List, ICI World of Journals, ROAD Directory of Open Access scholarly Resources, POL-index, SSOAR (Social Science Open Access Repository), Google Scholar, WorldCat, NUKAT</div> <div class="oczasopismie">&nbsp;</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>FIND US:&nbsp;</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie">&nbsp;</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>DOI: </strong>10.14746/sr</div> <div class="oczasopismie">&nbsp;</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>e-ISSN: </strong>2544-5502</div> <div class="oczasopismie">&nbsp;</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ICV (</strong><strong>Index Copernicus Value):</strong>&nbsp;2017: 72,37; 2018: 92,37</div> <div class="oczasopismie">&nbsp;</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>CREATIVE COMMONS:&nbsp; &nbsp;</strong><a href=""><img src="/public/piotr/cc/cc4.png" alt="CC_by-nc/4.0" border="0"></a></div> <div class="oczasopismie">&nbsp;</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>FINANCED BY:&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; <img src="/public/site/images/mbaranowski/MNiSW_maly1.jpg" alt=""></strong></div> Adam Mickiewicz University Poznan en-US Society Register 2544-5502 <p>Manuscript authors are responsible for obtaining copyright permissions for any copyrighted materials included within manuscripts. The authors must provide permission letters, when appropriate, to the Society Register Editors.</p><p>In addition, all published papers in Society Register are published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Unported License.</p><p>1.1 The Author hereby warrants that he/she is the owner of all the copyright and other intellectual property rights in the Work and that, within the scope of the present Agreement, the paper does not infringe the legal rights of another person. The owner of the copyright work also warrants that he/she is the sole and original creator thereof and that is not bound by any legal constraints in regard to the use or sale of the work.</p><p>1.2. The Publisher warrants that is the owner of the PRESSto platform for open access journals, hereinafter referred to as the PRESSto Platform.</p><p>2. 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Because of the royalty-free provision of services of the Author (resulting from the scope of obligations stipulated in the present Agreement), the Author shall not be entitled to any author’s fee due and payable on the part of the Publisher (no fee or royalty is payable by the Publisher to the Author).</p><p>7.1. In the case of third party claims or actions for indemnity against the Publisher owing to any infractions related to any form of infringement of intellectual property rights protection, including copyright infringements, the Author is obliged to take all possible measures necessary to protect against these claims and, when as a result of legal action, the Publisher, or any third party licensed by the Publisher to use the Work, will have to abandon using the Work in its entirety or in part or, following a court ruling in a legal challenge, to pay damages to a third party, whatever the legal basis</p><p>7.2. The Author will immediately inform the Publisher about any damage claims related to intellectual property infringements, including the author’s proprietary rights pertaining to a copyrighted work, filed against the Author. of liability, the Author is obliged to redress the damage resulting from claims made by third party, including costs and expenditures incurred in the process.</p><p>7.3. To all matters not settled herein provisions of the Polish Civil Code and the Polish Copyright and Related Rights Act shall apply. </p> ATTEMPT TO UNDERSTAND PUBLIC-HEALTH RELEVANT SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF COVID-19 OUTBREAK IN POLAND <p class="p2">Recently, the whole of Europe, including Poland, have been significantly affected by COVID-19 and its social and economic consequences which are already causing dozens of billions of euros monthly losses in Poland alone. Social behaviour has a fundamental impact on the dynamics of the spread of infectious diseases such as SARS-CoV-2, challenging the existing health infrastructure and social organization. Modelling and understanding mechanisms of social behaviour (e.g. panic and social distancing) and its contextualization with regard to Poland can contribute to better response to the outbreak on a national and local level. In the presented study we aim to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 on society by: (i) measuring the relevant activity in internet news and social media; (ii) analysing attitudes and demographic patterns in Poland. In the end, we are going to implement computational social science and digital epidemiology research approach to provide urgently needed information on social dynamics during the outbreak. This study is an <em>ad hoc </em>reaction only, and our goal is to signal the main areas of possible research to be done in the future and cover issues with direct or indirect relation to public health.</p> ANDRZEJ JARYNOWSKI MONIKA WÓJTA-KEMPA DANIEL PŁATEK KAROLINA CZOPEK Copyright (c) 2020 Society Register 2020-04-14 2020-04-14 4 3 7 44 10.14746/sr.2020.4.3.01 MANAGING THE HEALTH AND SAFETY LEGAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL RAMIFICATIONS OF COVID-19: AN AUSTRALIAN MULTIDISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE <p class="p2">COVID-19 represents unprecedented challenges for the entire community. Much of Australia’s commercial sector has voluntarily deployed strategies to support social distancing ahead of any lock downs. Businesses are working to safely maintain operations and a productive workforce throughout social isolation/distancing for an unknown duration. Yet uncertainty, ambiguity and radical change are breeding grounds for anxiety, stress and helplessness. Conditions that contradict safe mental health practices for work. The Australian perspective includes the cumulative stressors of the bushfires, torrential rains and floods. Each of these stressors was an environmental stressor. But people and businesses knew what to do. The newest cumulative stressor is remote work becoming the norm. Workplaces have often had a mediating effect as a point of social interaction. Legally mandated safe spaces that people could connect and be productive within. There is much research on the connection between social isolation and loneliness. Organisations need to support workers in maintaining social connections, team cohesion and productivity throughout these times. This paper will explore the health and safety legal obligations that apply in this context and outline a practical framework for organisations to contribute to and reinforce a positive state of mental health during the mass remote work experiment.</p> PAUL PHILLIPS ALENA TITTERTON MICHAEL TOOMA Copyright (c) 2020 Society Register 2020-04-14 2020-04-14 4 3 45 66 10.14746/sr.2020.4.3.02 MENTAL HEALTH IN THE PANDEMIC TIMES <p class="p2">The primary aim of this paper is an attempt at the analysis of the prospective direct and indirect, short- and long-term consequences of COVID-19 pandemic for the individuals’ mental health. The secondary aim is to deconstruct the binarity of categories of “mental health” and “mental disorder” in the context of the global critical situation. The pandemic and its consequences such as isolation requirements as well as uncertainty in diverse aspects of life burden the individuals with the stress that results in the increase of anxiety and depressiveness, which challenges the public mental health care systems. Since the anxiety and depressive states are the reactions to a hazardous outside situation, the categories of “mental health” and “mental disorder” needs reconsideration. The theoretical framework of present analyses is determined by the theory of social (cultural) trauma. The method used for the present study is a meta-analysis of theoretical literature, the results of empirical research on COVID-19 pandemic published so far (mostly in medical journals), studies on psychosocial aspects of the previous pandemics (SARS and Ebola), and press publications selected on the basis of their content on mental health issues in the context of the coronavirus pandemic.</p> MONIKA FRĄCKOWIAK-SOCHAŃSKA Copyright (c) 2020 Society Register 2020-04-14 2020-04-14 4 3 67 78 10.14746/sr.2020.4.3.03 ASSUMPTIONS OF MAXIMAL INDIVIDUALISM IN THE TIME OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC: ETHICAL ASPECTS <p class="p2">Maximal individualism, which is currently a prevalent trend in the way many patients think, places high hopes in the achievements of biomedicine and assumes that everyone should always receive optimal medical care. Such an approach is in line with many normative and legal acts operating worldwide, including the Declaration of Human Rights. However, its feasibility and effectiveness in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic raises numerous ethical, social and economic dilemmas. The culture of prosperity and excess, characteristic of contemporary Western societies, makes it even more challenging to come to terms with this situation.</p> EWA BAUM AGNIESZKA ŻOK Copyright (c) 2020 Society Register 2020-04-13 2020-04-13 4 3 79 88 10.14746/sr.2020.4.3.04 FAMILY WITH CHILDREN IN TIMES OF PANDEMIC – WHAT, WHERE, HOW? DILEMMAS OF ADULT-IMPOSED PROHIBITIONS AND ORDERS <p class="p2">The coronavirus has closed adults and children at home. We communicate by phone or the Internet. Life has moved online, it has lost its rhythm within traditional systems of school and work. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic spreading around the globe, many states have introduced numerous limitations in adults’ and children’s social functioning. The majority of education and care institutions have been closed, while companies and institutions whose type of activity allows to do so have decided to transform their work patterns into remote work. This new situation has particularly affected children, who, for their own and their families’ safety, have been cut off from the possibility to participate in activities and events that used to be part of their daily lives. In order to look at this situation and analyse the situation of families with children, an online survey questionnaire was conducted among 158 adults that aimed to collect data from below (from the perspective of reflexive adults looking after children in the situation of spatial-mobile limitations). In the article, we discuss changes in parents’ and children’s lives and analyse the social background of the areas discussed.</p> URSZULA MARKOWSKA-MANISTA DOMINIKA ZAKRZEWSKA-OLĘDZKA Copyright (c) 2020 Society Register 2020-04-14 2020-04-14 4 3 89 110 10.14746/sr.2020.4.3.05 PEOPLE AND THEIR PETS IN THE TIMES OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC <p class="p2">In the face of a global pandemic, domesticated and companion animals are relegated to the most vulnerable stratification of society. Companion animals (pets) have been established as family members in a wide breath of cultures globally; thereby ensuring reliance on humans for maintaining care and wellbeing. Furthermore, those on social media are sharing animal stories, photos, memes, and videos as a mechanism of distraction, enjoyment, and humor. Animals are becoming the force to bring humanity together through crisis, and yet, they require human care and compassion. Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, the world was confronted with three pertinent questions: 1. How do individuals provide physical and emotional care and enrichment for pets during a pandemic? 2. Are there zoonotic concerns in caring for a pet? 3. What are the mid- and long-term repercussions of the pandemic for pet care? To address these questions, this paper identifies avenues of support, and challenges that can be addressed in the midst of the pandemic to advance and ensure companion animal welfare. This is the moment we collectively challenge the notion of companion animals as family members and the importance of these very animals in our lives.</p> AVIVA VINCENT HANNA MAMZER ZENITHSON NG KATHLEEN J. FARKAS Copyright (c) 2020 Society Register 2020-04-14 2020-04-14 4 3 111 128 10.14746/sr.2020.4.3.06 LIMINALITY: BLACK DEATH 700 YEARS LATER. WHAT LESSONS ARE FOR US FROM THE MEDIEVAL PANDEMIC? <p class="p2">Black Death, global plague of the 14<span class="s2">th </span>century deeply changed the society of Medieval Europe. This unexpected catastrophe killed from 30 to 60 per cent of the continent’s population remaining the most deadly of all known wars, epidemics or natural disasters up to date<span class="s2">1</span>. It was an impulse to a profound transformation of European society, religiosity and art that opened doors for the Renaissance. Time of the catastrophe had a clearly liminal character, well described in Boccaccio’s <em>Decameron</em>. It is far too early to predict the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on the world in long-time perspective, as we know little about how and when the disaster will end, but mechanisms of the liminal period are already to be seen and can be described, so is the influence of the virus on global economy, mobility, culture. There are similarities even in human reactions – from the hostility towards Asians (pogroms of Jews as a reaction to the Black Death) to ‘corona-parties’ (similar to the plays described by Boccaccio).</p> WOJCIECH BEDYŃSKI Copyright (c) 2020 Society Register 2020-04-14 2020-04-14 4 3 129 144 10.14746/sr.2020.4.3.07 RISK UNIVERSITY: UNCERTAINTY OF THE LATE MODERNITY COMING TOO EARLY <p class="p2">The study examines how a regional university, having recently overseen a dramatic internationalization, deals with the consequences of COVID-19, and how the students - many of whom are international and coming from the global peripheries - experience the pandemic. The study is informed by the critical theory of late modernity and capitalism - especially the theory of uncertainty and risk (Beck, 1992; Beck, Giddens, &amp; Lash 1994). It explores the power relations of the communicative dynamic between the administrators managing the crisis and the students perceiving and living it. It is an early-stage research report, published days after a pilot study was run. A survey among international students (including local, tuition-fee paying, and exchange students) was distributed to obtain initial responses. The analysis is complemented by insights based on close observation of the unfolding situation and analysis of the documents issued by the university. The findings explain the uncertainty experienced by international students, characteristic of many CE universities. The study covers the topics of attitudes towards epidemics, information imbalance, perception of security, and evaluation of the responses. The paper concludes with an urgent call to recently internationalized universities for a recognition of the complexity of students’ fears.</p> MARCIN DEUTSCHMANN MICHAŁ WANKE Copyright (c) 2020 Society Register 2020-04-14 2020-04-14 4 3 145 160 10.14746/sr.2020.4.3.08 FROM CORPORATIONISM TO COOPERATIONISM: REVERSED GLOBALIZATION, COOPERATIVE POLITICS AND EXPANDING ONLINE COMMUNICATION IN POST-PANDEMIC TIME <p class="p2">In post-pandemic time a redefinition of politics and globalization is more than possible. There are a lot of possible scenarios – one of them is the cooperative model as an antidote to the polarized politics and corporative driven globalization. The aim of this short discussion paper is to present the proposal of the shift from corporationisim to cooperationism as a functional model in addressing challenges locally and globally.</p> RADOSŁAW FIEDLER Copyright (c) 2020 Society Register 2020-04-14 2020-04-14 4 3 161 168 10.14746/sr.2020.4.3.09