Studia Romanica Posnaniensia 2021-02-12T16:56:12+00:00 dr Anna Godzich Open Journal Systems <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>OPIS CZASOPISMA</strong>:<br>„Studia Romanica Posnaniensia” to czasopismo naukowe poświęcone szeroko pojmowanym badaniom nad językiem i literaturą. Wydawane jest od 1971 roku; obecnie ma formę kwartalnika. Zakres tematyczny czasopisma obejmuje publikacje poświęcone językoznawstwu i historii języków romańskich, badaniom nad literaturą obszarów romańskojęzycznych, problemom akwizycji języka obcego, teorii tłumaczenia, teoretycznym aspektom formacji zawodowej i naukowej nauczycieli języków romańskich oraz badaniom kulturowym dotyczącym krajów, w których używane są języki romańskie. W skład komitetu naukowego „Studia Romanica Posnaniensia” wchodzą wybitni literaturoznawcy, językoznawcy i tłumacze wywodzący się z ośrodków naukowych w Polsce i za granicą.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/srp/about">POLITYKA FUNKCJONOWANIA CZASOPISMA</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/srp/issue/current">AKTUALNY NUMER</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/srp/issue/archive">ARCHIWUM</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEKSOWANE W:</strong> <p>INDEX COPERNICUS INTERNATIONAL - IC JOURNALS MASTER LIST; EBSCO PUBLISHING; SCOPUS; ERIH - (2007-2014); ERIH PLUS 2015; CSA LINGUISTICS AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR ABSTRACTS; CEJSH; PKP Index; Primo; WorldCat; Cabell's; Google Scholar; DOAJ</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>WSKAŹNIKI OCENY CZASOPISMA: </strong> <p><strong>MNiSW: 100</strong></p> <p><strong>ICV 2019: 120,53</strong></p> <p><img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/gs_2.png" alt=""></p> <p><strong>DOI: </strong>10.14746/strop</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN (Print): </strong>0137-2475 <strong>ISSN (Online): </strong>2084-4158</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>PRACE PUBLIKOWANE W CZASOPIŚMIE DOSTĘPNE SĄ NA LICENCJI CREATIVE COMMONS:</strong><br><a href=""><img src="/public/piotr/cc/cc_4_by_nc_sa.png" alt="CC_by-nd/4.0" border="0"></a></div> Avant-propos 2021-02-12T08:42:22+00:00 Marta Sukiennicka Barbara Łuczak <p>Avant-propos</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Marta Sukiennicka, Barbara Łuczak Diderot et Maupertuis sur la sensibilité de la matière, ou comment feindre de ne pas se comprendre 2021-02-12T12:26:29+00:00 Michael A. Soubbotnik <p>In §§ 50-51 of his Pensées sur l’interprétation de la Nature, Diderot draws consequences adverse to religion from the hypothesis of the sensibility of living matter in the Système de la Nature, prompting an endangered Maupertuis to respond. Diderot knows that he is reading his own materialistic conception of matter in Maupertuis but is feigning to object to it, while Maupertuis, who knows that the so-called objection is in truth Diderot’s own view, is compelled to defend himself. Through this rhetoric of feigned misunderstanding, real and fundamental questions (living matter, continuity, totality, unity of natural philosophy) raised by the phenomena of organization are being discussed.</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Michael A. Soubbotnik Les origines de la vie : sciences, légende et poésie 2021-02-12T12:26:27+00:00 Nicolas Wanlin <p>Faced with the scientific hypotheses of the 18th and 19th centuries on the origins of life, some authors try to maintain the creationist imagery while others develop representations of the gradual emergence of life forms from inert matter (heterogeny). The divide is not between the scientific and the literary: what is most remarkable is the pooling of all resources, the borrowing from various disciplines to put words to the emergence of life. This mix of science, poetry, myth and observation, which can be likened to the category of the legendary, shows that science and the humanities dialogue and interpenetrate despite ideological and religious obstacles, and recalls the unity of the cultural whole.</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nicolas Wanlin Imágenes de la epidemia de fiebres tercianas en la Topografía hipocrática… (1795) de Félix Ibáñez 2021-02-12T12:26:24+00:00 Katarzyna Płaczek-Kaszyńska <p>The aim of the study is to analyse the images of the epidemic of tertian fevers in Topografía hipocrática o descripción de la epidemia de calenturas tercianas intermitentes malignas, continuo-remitentes, perniciosas complicadas (1795) by Félix Ibáñez (ca. 1738-1808), one of the most comprehensive studies dedicated to malaria in the 18th century Spain. They are examined from the perspective of the importance of visual representations of the illness in the 18th century, related to a radical transition from a logocentric to a visually dependent culture, which took place in the field of art and medicine in the<br>Enlightenment.</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Katarzyna Płaczek-Kaszyńska La Pitié (1803) et La Conversation (1812) de Jacques Delille par rapport aux recherches sur la voix humaine et la parole 2021-02-12T12:26:15+00:00 Michał Bajer <p>The studies of Jacques Delille’s work put an emphasis on the relations between a group of poetic texts (L’homme des champs, L’Imagination, Les Trois Règnes de la nature) and their scientific intertexts. The aim of this paper is to study the scientific connotations of lesser known poems, stressing the problem of the physiological and anatomical reflections on the human voice and the speech. Is there a relation between Delille’s observations on the voice (La Pitié, p. 40, 151-152 ; La Conversation, p. 141-142, 146-147) and the terminology used by physicians or philosophers of his time? What is the impact of Rousseau’s Essai sur l’origine des langues on Delille? Is it inspiring to use the medical distinction between the physiology and the pathology to understand Delilles’s conception of the human voice?</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Michał Bajer La representación de la sexualidad vegetal en Las bodas de las plantas de José de Viera y Clavijo 2021-02-12T16:52:20+00:00 Barbara Łuczak <p>The objective of the article is to analyse the way the sexuality of plants is presented in the poem Las bodas de las plantas by José de Viera y Clavijo (1731-1813). The author of this didactic poem written in the early 19th century refers to some aspects of Linnaeus’ taxonomic system founded on the concept of “nuptiae plantarum” (the marriages of plants). We argue that Viera’s description of the anatomy and physiology of the plant’s reproductive parts, albeit reflecting scientific knowledge of his time, possessed some unique features. In particular, depicting the deeply sexualized portrait of the second kingdom thatbemerges from the Linnaeus’ treatises, the Spanish author tries to “save” the “innocence” of the plants, following a long tradition of their representation in the Western culture. To this end, he complements the picture of plants’ sexuality and reproduction by the idea of plants’ maternity.</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Barbara Łuczak « La religion se trouvera vraie » : désenchantement et merveilles de la science chez Renan 2021-02-12T12:26:06+00:00 Azélie Fayolle <p>In 1863, the publication of Vie de Jésus makes Renan part of the movement of “desymbolisation” and secularization of sacred texts. Eliminating the notion of miracles from his writing on religion, Renan anticipates the pattern of Weber and Gauchet’s “disenchantment of the world”. It is thus by the methods of scientific analysis (eviction of miracles and psychological explications instead) that Renan is able to piece together the Messiah’s life, putting forward the idea of an organic Parousia, and making science a new religious ideal.</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Azélie Fayolle La controverse Doyère-Pouchet sur la reviviscence animale et ses échos dans L’Homme à l’oreille cassée d’Edmond About 2021-02-12T12:26:11+00:00 Marta Sukiennicka <p>Rotifers and tardigrades, microscopic animals discovered in the 18th century, have exceptional abilities to survive in hostile conditions. Exposing them to desiccation, extreme temperatures, and vacuum, scientists wanted to determine whether these animals die and revive, or whether they preserve a trace of life in these lethal conditions. The question of boundaries of life had been the subject of scientific controversy throughout the 19th century, an example of which was the debate between L. Doyère and F.-A. Pouchet in the late 1850s. Its echoes can be found in E. About’s science-fiction novel L’Homme à l’oreille cassée (1861), in which tardigrades’ ability to revive is extrapolated to humans.</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Marta Sukiennicka Thérèse Raquin d’Émile Zola : la notion de tempérament entre l’héritage antique et l’apport de la physiologie du XIXe siècle 2021-02-12T12:26:13+00:00 Anna Kaczmarek-Wiśniewska <p>Therese Raquin, Zola’s first important work, is based on the modern version of the old physiological theory of “temperaments”, e.g. the combination of four cardinal “humours” that determine a man’s physical and mental constitution. Through the story of two murderers, an adulterous woman and her lover who kill the woman’s husband, the author shows the mutual influence of two temperaments considered in the 19th century as more important than all the others: sanguine and melancholic (or nervous). The novel intends to “verify” a theory dealing with the consequences of each type of temperament for people’s behaviour, their relationships and their internal life.</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anna Kaczmarek-Wiśniewska Science, nomenclature et représentation. L’expérience et l’expérimentation dans La Joie de vivre d’Émile Zola 2021-02-12T12:26:22+00:00 Jolanta Rachwalska von Rejchwald <p>The article presents a strict interpenetration of scientific discourse and literary fiction on the example of Zolaʼs La Joie de vivre. The coexistence of these discourses is part of the poetics of ambiguity, which is characteristic of the weave of literature and science, where Science opposes Doubt. The purpose of the article is to reflect on the relationship between Experience (everyday life) and Experience (scientific). This conceptual opposition is embodied in a pair of main characters: Pauline and Lazare, equipped with a different attitude to reality and science. She learns human physiology by experiencing changes in her maturing body, which appears to her as a complex, but full of secrets, beautiful machinery. He lives by fearing the body and seeing it as the source of death. He wants to defeat death by coming up with experimental designs that are supposed to make him great and bring immortality. His failures lead him to Doubt and negation of science. Zola decides nothing balancing between knowledge and doubt, affirmation of life and the inevitability of death.</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jolanta Rachwalska von Rejchwald La metáfora biológica en la obra de Manuel González Prada 2021-02-12T16:56:12+00:00 Camilo Rubén Fernández-Cozman <p>Manuel González Prada is one of the most important Latin American authors. He used the biological metaphor to criticize Peruvian society in the late nineteenth century. The metaphor of disease, animal and plant are three kinds of analog procedures that González Prada uses according to a naturalistic vision, heiress of Spencer's evolutionism. González Prada questions the imitation and lack of stylistic precision of writers in the nineteenth century, as well as conceiving that Peru is a sick organism</p> 2020-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Camilo Rubén Fernández-Cozman