Studia Romanica Posnaniensia 2020-11-02T15:07:38+00:00 dr Anna Godzich Open Journal Systems <p class="oczasopismie"><strong>OPIS CZASOPISMA</strong>:<br>„Studia Romanica Posnaniensia” to czasopismo naukowe poświęcone szeroko pojmowanym badaniom nad językiem i literaturą. Wydawane jest od 1971 roku; obecnie ma formę kwartalnika. Zakres tematyczny czasopisma obejmuje publikacje poświęcone językoznawstwu i historii języków romańskich, badaniom nad literaturą obszarów romańskojęzycznych, problemom akwizycji języka obcego, teorii tłumaczenia, teoretycznym aspektom formacji zawodowej i naukowej nauczycieli języków romańskich oraz badaniom kulturowym dotyczącym krajów, w których używane są języki romańskie. W skład komitetu naukowego „Studia Romanica Posnaniensia” wchodzą wybitni literaturoznawcy, językoznawcy i tłumacze wywodzący się z ośrodków naukowych w Polsce i za granicą.</p> <ul class="oczasopismie"> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/srp/about">POLITYKA FUNKCJONOWANIA CZASOPISMA</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/srp/issue/current">AKTUALNY NUMER</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/srp/issue/archive">ARCHIWUM</a></li> </ul> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>INDEKSOWANE W:</strong> <p>INDEX COPERNICUS INTERNATIONAL - IC JOURNALS MASTER LIST; EBSCO PUBLISHING; SCOPUS; ERIH - (2007-2014); ERIH PLUS 2015; CSA LINGUISTICS AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR ABSTRACTS; CEJSH; PKP Index; Primo; WorldCat; Cabell's; Google Scholar; DOAJ</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>WSKAŹNIKI OCENY CZASOPISMA: </strong> <p><strong>MNiSW: 100</strong></p> <p><strong>ICV 2019: 120,53</strong></p> <p><img src="/public/piotr/ikonki/gs_2.png" alt=""></p> <p><strong>DOI: </strong>10.14746/strop</p> </div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ISSN (Print): </strong>0137-2475 <strong>ISSN (Online): </strong>2084-4158</div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>PRACE PUBLIKOWANE W CZASOPIŚMIE DOSTĘPNE SĄ NA LICENCJI CREATIVE COMMONS:</strong><br><a href=""><img src="/public/piotr/cc/cc_4_by_nc_sa.png" alt="CC_by-nd/4.0" border="0"></a></div> Quelques remarques sur la langue et la forme des arrêts de la Cour de Cassation / Înalta Curte de Casație și Justiție. Regards croisés franco-roumains 2020-11-02T15:07:38+00:00 Simina Mastacan Marta Sobieszewska <p>In view of the difficulties encountered by certain European attempts to guarantee the quality of the public service of justice in the different European States, the question of the language in which law is expressed naturally arises. This contribution is part of the jurilinguistic studies and aims to demonstrate the linguistic peculiarities of the judgments of the French Cour de Cassation [Court of Cassation] and the Romanian Înalta Curte de Casaţie şi Justiţie [High Court of Cassation and Justice]. As a first step, particular attention should be paid to the form of the judgments which leads to the more general reflection: would harmonization of the drafting techniques of legal texts have the virtue of removing the obstacles preventing legal communication within of the European Union? In a second step, it will be a question of showing the main linguistic characteristics of the judgments made. The studied corpus contains judgments from the Cour de Cassation and the Înalta Curte de Casaţie şi Justiţie.</p> 2020-10-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 SIMINA MASTACAN, MARTA SOBIESZEWSKA Sandhi externe en macédonien et en roumain. Les assimilations de sonorité 2020-11-02T15:07:36+00:00 Anna Cychnerska <p>The paper presents a comparative analysis of the assimilation in terms of voicing on the border between words in Macedonian and in Romanian. Although the compared languages belong to different language families, the pronunciation of the obstruental segments in this position is similar. In both Romanian and<br>Macedonian, a regular regressive assimilation is observed on the border between two words. In Macedonian, the voiced obstruent at the end of a word can be pronounced as a voiced or a voiceless before a resonant at the beginning of the next word. It is important that more often the voiced obstruent at the end of the word loses voicing before a vowel in the initial position than before a sonant. In Romanian, before a resonant in the initial position, the voiced obstruent in the final position of the word in front of it is pronounced voiced. The voiceless obstruent on the border between words can be pronounced as a voiced if it occurs before a sonant in the initial position of the next word. This is an optional phenomenon like the voiceless pronunciation of the voiced obstruent before a resonant on the border of two words in Macedonian. As one can see, in both languages, obstruents at the end of a word behave differently before initial vowels and sonants on the inter-word border.</p> 2020-10-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anna Cychnerska Types de formants dans la dérivation fonctionnelle polonaise et roumaine : bases théoriques 2020-11-02T15:07:34+00:00 Szymon Czarnecki <p>The paper describes types of derivational formatives in Polish and Romanian functional, i.e. synchronic derivation, focusing on the proper derivation (i.e. derivation from single-word bases). The proper derivation is positioned as a type of word-formation and a branch of morphology. The author identifies the<br>primary functions of derivational formatives: the semantic, pragmatic and syntactic function. The formatives are identified using a methodology developed in Polish word-formation theory, especially within nest derivatology. Applying a methodology developed for the description of the Polish word-formation<br>system is aimed at distinguishing derivational formatives in Romanian. The author identifies and classifies the following types of derivational formatives in Romanian: affixes (among these prefixes, suffixes, postfixes and ambifixes), alternants (defined as members of alternation), negative formatives (in backformation), paradigmatic formatives (defined as changes in inflexional paradigm), zero formative and accentual formatives. The author also suggests including the types of word-formation stems in the description of the formal structure of derivatives.</p> 2020-10-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Szymon Czarnecki Graiurile poloneze din Poiana Micului şi Bulai (Bucovina de Sud) – o perspectivă sociolingvistică de tip comparativ pe baza ALAB 2020-11-02T15:07:32+00:00 Florin-Teodor Olariu Veronica Olariu <p>The Polish communities from Bukovina have been studied in the last period through several research projects, initiated by both Polish and Romanian researchers. One of them is the Audiovisual Linguistic Atlas of Bukovina (ALAB), which aims to realize a radiography in multimedia format of the ethnolinguistic diversity of Bukovina. Regarding the Polish ethnic minority, in 2016 two field studies have been carried out in two localities: Bulai and Poiana Micului. Following the analysis of the material thus obtained, we managed to capture some characteristics both at the linguistic and the sociolinguistic level that individualize the two communities. Thus, from a linguistic point of view, the two dialects are different both at phonetic and lexical level, the Bulai dialect being more similar to the Polish literary language. At the sociolinguistic level has been observed the presence of a strong epilinguistic component in the Polish people speech, based on the representations and the attitudes that the Polish ethnic groups have regarding the status and the vitality of their own dialects.</p> 2020-10-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 FLORIN-TEODOR OLARIU, VERONICA OLARIU Particulele afirmative în limba română – perspectivă diacronică și areală 2020-11-02T15:07:30+00:00 Tomasz Klimkowski <p>The present article analyses the Romanian affirmative particles from a diachronic and areal perspective in order to determine their origin. The analysis of a corpus of original literary texts and translations of religious texts as well as dictionaries and grammars from different epochs has resulted in distinguishing in Romanian the following affirmative particles: aşa (since the 16th, and especially the 17th century), ei (in the 16th century), ie (since the second half of the 18th century) and da (since the 19th century). As the last three can be put in the East European areal context, a natural explanation of their origin would be the assumption that they were borrowed respectively from Church Slavonic, German and Slavic. However, also because of the special status of affirmative particles as a part of basic vocabulary of most languages, we propose to apply to them the foothold theory inspired by Abraham’s half-open doors theory (2011). Accordingly, we believe that borrowing the particle ei from Church Slavonic could have used as a foothold the Old Romanian conjunction e (&lt; lat. et) and the ie borrowed from German was superposed on the Romanian verbal form e ‘is’. On the other hand, the Slavic loanword da coincided with the inner semantic evolution of the Romanian forms dară ~ dar ~ da from an adversative conjunction to an affirmative particle.</p> 2020-10-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Tomasz Klimkowski La morphonologie du roumain : système d’alternances vs système de morphonèmes 2020-11-02T15:07:28+00:00 Tomasz Cychnerski <p>The paper confronts two models of the Romanian morphonological system. The first one is a complete set of alternations, which are based on three essential relations of purely formal opposition. These are 83 alternations that are even more subdivided, mainly by the criterion of their direction. The second one is made up of 117 morphonemes derived from directional alternations and is based on qualitative, quantitative and distributional opposition relations. Wider use can be achieved by a system of morphonemes, above all thanks to a strict way of defining the constituent units and their simple representation.</p> 2020-10-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Tomasz Cychnerski Problema corporalităţii în proza lui Max Blecher şi a lui Bruno Schulz din perspectiva antropologiei filosofice 2020-11-02T15:07:25+00:00 Justyna Teodorowicz <p>The article discusses the problem of corporality in Max Blecher’s novels and Bruno Schulz’s short stories from the perspective of philosophical anthropology. The motifs of body and matter, predominant in both authors’ work, are a means of presenting the place of man in the universe and dealing with such questions as identity or ontology. Through the use of somatic metaphors all the elements of the fictional world are anthropomorphised or given human characteristics, which leads to the lack of hierarchy. Whereas philosophical anthropology presents humans as active and rational beings, Blecher and Schulz stress the illusion of man’s individuality and question his privileged position in the world.</p> 2020-10-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Justyna Teodorowicz Dicționar grotesc 2020-11-02T15:07:23+00:00 Aluniţa C. Cofan <p>A little writing not enough researched and reaching a few pages belonging to Vasile Alecsandri proves the keen interest of a comedies and vaudeville author for language issues, especially for the building of a beautiful and fluent literary language. From our point of view, of a today's researcher, it is the only work published towards the end of the 19th century (approx. 1876), which includes in the title the term of grotesque with certain connotations, unusual for the Romanian cultural space. Through an analysis sourcing in the New Criticism, we will show the links, avant la lettre, with the aesthetics of the grotesque in the Romanian space and the intuitions of a writer, considered “easy”, although a classic of Romanian literature.</p> 2020-10-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Aluniţa C. Cofan