Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching 2022-03-24T16:30:50+00:00 Mirosław Pawlak Open Journal Systems <h4>Founding Editor and Editor in Chief</h4> <p>Mirosław Pawlak (Adam Mickiewicz University, Kalisz, Poland) <a href=""></a></p> <h4>Editors</h4> <p>Kata Csizér (Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary) <a class="sm-account__link" title="Link to email address" href=""></a></p> <p>Mariusz Kruk (University of Zielona Góra, Poland) <a href=""></a></p> <p>Chengchen Li (Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China)</p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p>Aleksandra Wach (Adami Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland) <a href=""></a></p> <p>Joanna Zawodniak (University of Zielona Góra, Poland) <a href=""></a></p> <h4>Language Editor</h4> <p>Melanie Ellis, Pedagogical University of Kraków, Poland</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong></p> <div class="oczasopismie"> <p>Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching (ISSN 2083-5205) is a refereed journal published four times a year by the Department of English Studies, Faculty of Pedagogy and Fine Arts, Adam Mickiewicz University, Kalisz, Poland. The language of publication is English. The journal is devoted to reporting previously unpublished highest quality theoretical and empirical research on learning and teaching second and foreign languages. It deals with the learning and teaching of any language, not only English, and focuses on a variety of topics ranging from the processes underlying second language acquisition, various aspects of language learning in instructed and non-instructed settings, as well as different facets of the teaching process, including syllabus choice, materials design, classroom practices and evaluation. Each issue carries about 6 papers, 6000-8000 words in length, as well as reply articles and reviews. Submissions are subjected to an anonymous review process conducted by at least two referees who may be members of the Editorial Board and other leading specialists in the field. Authors are notified of acceptance or rejection of their papers within three months of the submission date.</p> <ul> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/ssllt/about" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ABOUT THE JOURNAL</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/ssllt/issue/current" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CURRENT ISSUE</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/ssllt/issue/archive" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ARCHIVES</a></li> </ul> <p><strong>INDEXED IN:</strong></p> <p>Social Sciences Citation Index (WoS Core Collection); Journal Citation Reports Social Sciences (WoS); Scopus; European Reference Index for the Humanities (ERIH PLUS); Education Resources Information Center (ERIC); Index Copernicus; Central and Eastern European Online Library (CEEOL); The Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (CEJSH); The MLA International Bibliography; The MLA Directory of Periodicals; Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ); EBSCO; Linguistic Abstracts;&nbsp; WorldCat (OCLC); Current Contents – Social and Behavioral Sciences (WoS); Essential Science Indicators (WoS)</p> <h4>&nbsp;</h4> <h4>Editorial Board</h4> <p>Ali Al-Hoorie, Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu, Jubail, Saudi Arabia</p> <p>Larissa Aronin, Oranim Academic College of Education, Israel, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland</p> <p>Helen Basturkmen, University of Auckland, New Zealand</p> <p>Adriana Biedroń, Pomeranian University, Słupsk, Poland</p> <p>Simon Borg, University of Leeds, UK</p> <p>Anne Burns, Aston University, Birmingham,UK, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia</p> <p>Anna Cieślicka, Texas A&amp;M International University, Laredo, USA</p> <p>Kata Csizér, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary</p> <p>Robert DeKeyser, University of Maryland, USA</p> <p>Ali Derakhshan, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran</p> <p>Jean-Marc Dewaele, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK</p> <p>Zoltán Dörnyei, University of Nottingham, UK</p> <p>Krystyna Droździał-Szelest, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland</p> <p>Majid Elahi Shirvan, University of Bojnord, Iran</p> <p>Rod Ellis, Curtin University, Perth, Australia</p> <p>Danuta Gabryś-Barker, University of Silesia, Poland</p> <p>Tammy Gregersen, American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates</p> <p>Carol Griffiths, University of Leeds, UK, AIS, Auckland, New Zealand</p> <p>Rebecca Hughes, University of Nottingham, UK</p> <p>Hanna Komorowska, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland</p> <p>Terry Lamb, University of Westminster, London, UK</p> <p>Diane Larsen-Freeman, University of Michigan, USA</p> <p>Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, State University of Applied Sciences, Konin, Poland</p> <p>Jan Majer, State University of Applied Sciences, Włocławek, Poland</p> <p>Paul Meara, Swansea University, UK</p> <p>Sarah Mercer, University of Graz, Austria</p> <p>Anna Michońska-Stadnik, University of Wrocław, Poland</p> <p>Carmen Muñoz, University of Barcelona, Spain</p> <p>Anna Niżegorodcew, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland</p> <p>Bonny Norton, University of British Columbia, Canada</p> <p>Terrence Odlin, Ohio State University, USA</p> <p>Rebecca Oxford, University of Maryland, USA</p> <p>Aneta Pavlenko, University of Oslo, Norway</p> <p>Simone Pfenninger, University of Salzburg, Austria</p> <p>François Pichette, TÉLUQ University, Quebec, Canada</p> <p>Luke Plonsky, Northern Arizona University, USA</p> <p>Ewa Piechurska-Kuciel, Opole University, Poland</p> <p>Vera Regan, University College, Dublin, Irlandia</p> <p>Barry Lee Reynolds, University of Macau, China</p> <p>Heidemarie Sarter, University of Potsdam, Germany</p> <p>Paweł Scheffler, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland</p> <p>Norbert Schmitt, University of Nottingham, UK</p> <p>Michael Sharwood Smith, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK</p> <p>Linda Shockey, University of Reading, UK</p> <p>Teresa Siek-Piskozub, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland</p> <p>David S. Singleton, University of Pannonia, Veszprém, Hungary, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland</p> <p>Merrill Swain, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Canada</p> <p>Elaine Tarone, University of Minnesota, USA</p> <p>Pavel Trofimovich, Concordia University, Canada</p> <p>Ewa Waniek-Klimczak, University of Łódź, Poland</p> <p>Stuart Webb, University of Western Ontario, Canada</p> <p>Maria Wysocka, University of Silesia, Poland</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>JOURNAL METRICS:</strong></p> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong> <a title="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" href=";tip=sid&amp;exact=no"><img src="" alt="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" border="0"></a> </strong></div> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/CiteScore2020_Studies_in_Second_La.png"></p> <p>CiteScore (2020): 3.2 (93%)<br>CiteScoreTracker: 6.2 (update 07.02.2022)</p> <p>IF: 3.036 (2020); 2.299 (5 year) - Data from the edition of Journal Citation Reports</p> <p>SJR 2020 1.304<br>SNIP 2020 1.441<br>&nbsp;<br>MNiSW: 100</p> <p>Google Scholar Metrics h5: 23 (06.2021)<br>Google Scholar Metrics h5-median: 32 (06.2021)<br>Google Scholar h-index: 39 (06.2021)</p> <p><strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">DOI:</span></span></span></span></strong><a href=""><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> 10.14746 /ssllt</span></span></span></span></a></p> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">ISSN:</span></span></span></span></strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> 2083-5205 </span></span></span></span><strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">e-ISSN:</span></span></span></span></strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> 2084–1965</span></span></span></span></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ARTICLES ARE LICENSED UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS (2016 -):</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><a href=""><br></a><a href="" rel="license">&nbsp;Attribution 4.0 International License</a><a href="">.<br></a></div> </div> Notes on Contributors 2022-03-21T11:31:17+00:00 ssllt ssllt 2022-03-21T11:20:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ssllt ssllt Editorial 2022-03-22T10:12:13+00:00 Mirosław Pawlak <p>The first 2022 issue of <em>Studies in Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching </em>brings together five papers, all of which constitute reports of original empirical studies.</p> 2022-03-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mirosław Pawlak Shifting focus through a small lens: Discursive and introspective perspectives on the emergence of L2 study emotions 2022-03-24T16:30:50+00:00 Richard J. Sampson <p>While perennial in the research landscape, empirical work investigating second language (L2) study emotions has proliferated in the past ten years (Dewaele, 2019). Nevertheless, this article argues there is space for more holistic yet detailed, social yet individual perspectives when conducting such research. As one avenue, the paper explores the potential of a “small lens” approach (Ushioda, 2016) to delve into particular emotional events <em>in situ</em> from learner-internal and learner-external points of view. It details an example of such an approach put into practice, in which the author examined the emergence of emotionally significant episodes for English as a foreign language undergraduates in Japan during short conversation sessions. The research explored data from discursive (video-recordings and transcripts of short conversations) and introspective (learner journals) angles. As a result, it was possible to observe the ways in which students’ emotional moves were both afforded by and acted on those of the other through their social interactions, and through interactions with additional aspects of their ongoing psychologies and relationships. The article thus aims to promote further situated L2 emotion research examining the dynamic interplay between various aspects of learners’ psychologies and the co-formed social context.</p> 2022-03-21T08:11:49+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Richard James Sampson Potential sources of foreign language learning boredom: A Q methodology study 2022-03-22T10:12:05+00:00 Mariusz Kruk Mirosław Pawlak Majid Elahi Shirvan Tahereh Taherian Elham Yazdanmehr <p>The present study employed an interpretive approach to investigate individual learners’ viewpoints on foreign language learning boredom (FLLB). To this aim, a Q method, which shares features of both qualitative and quantitative research approaches, was used to explore 37 Iranian English as a foreign language (EFL) learners’ perceptions of potential sources of boredom in the classroom. Nonprobability purposeful sampling was used to select participants from two private language institutes in Mashhad, Iran. A hybrid-type Q sampling was employed to produce 40 statements related to the sources of FLLB. Using PQ Method, an exclusive statistical package for Q methodology, the Q sorts were intercorrelated and factor-analyzed. Three factors were extracted and rotated using varimax rotation and hand adjustment. Factor arrays and qualitative analyses were utilized to find and interpret three different accounts of FLLB. The three factors showed that the students held three divergent prototypical points of view about the sources of boredom experienced in EFL learning in class: (a) teacher-induced boredom, (b) student-induced boredom, and (c) activity-induced boredom. The findings also showed that different learner prototypes experience FLLB distinctly. Thus teachers should consider using different strategies to prevent or reduce this negative emotion in the context of L2 learning since otherwise this process could be impeded.</p> 2022-03-21T08:23:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mariusz Kruk, Mirosław Pawlak, Majid Elahi Shirvan, Tahereh Taherian, Elham Yazdanmehr Dynamic engagement in second language computer-mediated collaborative writing tasks: Does communication mode matter? 2022-03-22T10:12:02+00:00 Scott Aubrey <p>This study takes a dynamic approach to investigating engagement, examining fluctuations in cognitive-affective variables at regular time intervals during online collaborative second language (L2) writing tasks. Using online conference software and online editing software, 16 university students who use English as an L2, completed two collaborative problem-solution L2 writing tasks in two communication modes: video-chat and text-chat. After each task, learners viewed videos of their performances in 12 three-minute segments and were asked to rate their engagement on two scales (interest, focus). They were then interviewed about their attributions for fluctuations in their ratings. Group-level analysis revealed that learners experienced significantly higher focus and interest during tasks performed in video-chat mode than text-chat mode. This was contrasted with an analysis from a dynamic perspective, which produced a more nuanced picture of individual engagement trajectories during the tasks. Dynamic patterns of engagement fell into either <em>moderately steady, increasing, decreasing,</em> or <em>rollercoaster</em> pattern categories. A content analysis of 32 interviews revealed four factors that accounted for changes in engagement during tasks: task design (e.g., task familiarity), task process (e.g., instances of collaboration), task condition (e.g., communication mode), and learner factors (e.g., perceptions of proficiency).</p> 2022-03-21T09:10:28+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Scott Aubrey Exploring the predictive role of teacher immediacy and stroke behaviors in English as a foreign language university students’ academic burnout 2022-03-22T10:11:57+00:00 Ali Derakhshan Zohreh R. Eslami Samantha Curle Kiyana Zhaleh <p>To expand the literature on the rather new concept of student burnout, the present study examined the influence of teacher immediacy and stroke variables on English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students’ experience of burnout. To fulfill this aim, a group of 631 undergraduate EFL students from various universities in Iran answered questionnaires including the <em>Immediacy Behavior Scale</em>, the <em>Student Stroke Scale</em>, and the <em>Maslach Burnout Inventory-Stu</em><em>dent Survey</em>. The results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of immediacy and burnout scales demonstrated the validity of the two scales in the Iranian EFL context. Subsequently, Pearson multiple correlation coefficients and structural equation modeling (SEM) were used to analyze the data. It was found that student burnout subscales negatively and significantly correlated with teacher immediacy and stroke subscales. Moreover, the results indicated that teacher immediacy and stroke variables, in combination with their subscales, could predict student burnout. On the whole, it can be concluded that teacher immediacy and stroke concepts, characterized as positive teacher interpersonal communication behaviors enhancing rapport and positive interaction between the teacher and students in EFL contexts, are potential preventers of negative student-related outcomes such as burnout.</p> 2022-03-21T09:22:26+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ali Derakhshan, Zohreh R. Eslami, Samantha Curle, Kiyana Zhaleh Investigating academic achievement of English medium instruction courses in Turkey 2022-03-22T10:14:46+00:00 Mehmet Altay Samantha Curle Dogan Yuksel Adem Soruç <p>This article reports a quantitative study that investigated academic achievement in English medium instruction (EMI) courses at a public university in Turkey. Student test score data on EMI and Turkish medium instruction (TMI) courses as well as general English proficiency scores were collected in two academic divisions: the mathematical, physical, and life sciences (MPLS, <em>N</em> = 357); and the social sciences (<em>N</em> = 359). Analysis conducted at the macro (academic division), meso (academic department), and micro levels (academic program) showed subtle differences at each level. Overall, results were consistent: English language proficiency was a strong predictor of academic achievement of social science participants, whereas success in TMI courses predicted EMI success of MPLS participants. These results reinforce the notion that more language support should be given to social science students, whereas learning some content through TMI should be prioritized for MPLS students. Implications for language professionals and EMI practitioners are discussed, and suggestions are made for further research.</p> 2022-03-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mehmet Altay, Samantha Curle, Dogan Yuksel, Adem Soruç