Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching 2021-09-24T11:35:14+00:00 Mirosław Pawlak Open Journal Systems <h4>Founding Editor and Editor in Chief</h4> <p>Mirosław Pawlak (Adam Mickiewicz University, Kalisz, Poland) <a href=""></a></p> <h4>Editors</h4> <p>Jakub Bielak (Adam Mickiewicz University, Kalisz, Poland) <a href=""></a></p> <p>Mariusz Kruk (University of Zielona Góra, Poland) <a href=""></a></p> <p>Chengchen Li (Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China)</p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p>Aleksandra Wach (Adami Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland) <a href=""></a></p> <p>Joanna Zawodniak (University of Zielona Góra, Poland) <a href=""></a></p> <h4>Language Editor</h4> <p>Melanie Ellis, Pedagogical University of Kraków, Poland</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong></p> <div class="oczasopismie"> <p>Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching (ISSN 2083-5205) is a refereed journal published four times a year by the Department of English Studies, Faculty of Pedagogy and Fine Arts, Adam Mickiewicz University, Kalisz, Poland. The language of publication is English. The journal is devoted to reporting previously unpublished highest quality theoretical and empirical research on learning and teaching second and foreign languages. It deals with the learning and teaching of any language, not only English, and focuses on a variety of topics ranging from the processes underlying second language acquisition, various aspects of language learning in instructed and non-instructed settings, as well as different facets of the teaching process, including syllabus choice, materials design, classroom practices and evaluation. Each issue carries about 6 papers, 6000-8000 words in length, as well as reply articles and reviews. Submissions are subjected to an anonymous review process conducted by at least two referees who may be members of the Editorial Board and other leading specialists in the field. Authors are notified of acceptance or rejection of their papers within three months of the submission date.</p> <ul> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/ssllt/about" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ABOUT THE JOURNAL</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/ssllt/issue/current" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CURRENT ISSUE</a></li> <li class="show"><a href="/index.php/ssllt/issue/archive" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ARCHIVES</a></li> </ul> <p><strong>INDEXED IN:</strong></p> <p>Social Sciences Citation Index (WoS Core Collection); Journal Citation Reports Social Sciences (WoS); Scopus; European Reference Index for the Humanities (ERIH PLUS); Education Resources Information Center (ERIC); Index Copernicus; Central and Eastern European Online Library (CEEOL); The Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (CEJSH); The MLA International Bibliography; The MLA Directory of Periodicals; Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ); EBSCO; Linguistic Abstracts;&nbsp; WorldCat (OCLC); Current Contents – Social and Behavioral Sciences (WoS); Essential Science Indicators (WoS)</p> <h4>&nbsp;</h4> <h4>Editorial Board</h4> <p>Ali Al-Hoorie, Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu, Jubail, Saudi Arabia</p> <p>Larissa Aronin, Oranim Academic College of Education, Israel, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland</p> <p>Helen Basturkmen, University of Auckland, New Zealand</p> <p>Adriana Biedroń, Pomeranian University, Słupsk, Poland</p> <p>Simon Borg, University of Leeds, UK</p> <p>Anne Burns, Aston University, Birmingham,UK, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia</p> <p>Anna Cieślicka, Texas A&amp;M International University, Laredo, USA</p> <p>Kata Csizér, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary</p> <p>Maria Dakowska, University of Warsaw, Poland</p> <p>Robert DeKeyser, University of Maryland, USA</p> <p>Jean-Marc Dewaele, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK</p> <p>Zoltán Dörnyei, University of Nottingham, UK</p> <p>Krystyna Droździał-Szelest, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland</p> <p>Rod Ellis, Curtin University, Perth, Australia</p> <p>Danuta Gabryś-Barker, University of Silesia, Poland</p> <p>Tammy Gregersen, American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates</p> <p>Carol Griffiths, University of Leeds, UK, AIS, Auckland, New Zealand</p> <p>Rebecca Hughes, University of Nottingham, UK</p> <p>Hanna Komorowska, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland</p> <p>Terry Lamb, University of Westminster, London, UK</p> <p>Diane Larsen-Freeman, University of Michigan, USA</p> <p>Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, State University of Applied Sciences, Konin, Poland</p> <p>Jan Majer, State University of Applied Sciences, Włocławek, Poland</p> <p>Paul Meara, Swansea University, UK</p> <p>Sarah Mercer, University of Graz, Austria</p> <p>Anna Michońska-Stadnik, University of Wrocław, Poland</p> <p>Carmen Muñoz, University of Barcelona, Spain</p> <p>Anna Niżegorodcew, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland</p> <p>Bonny Norton, University of British Columbia, Canada</p> <p>Terrence Odlin, Ohio State University, USA</p> <p>Rebecca Oxford, University of Maryland, USA</p> <p>Aneta Pavlenko, University of Oslo, Norway</p> <p>Simone Pfenninger, University of Salzburg, Austria</p> <p>François Pichette, TÉLUQ University, Quebec, Canada</p> <p>Luke Plonsky, Northern Arizona University, USA</p> <p>Ewa Piechurska-Kuciel, Opole University, Poland</p> <p>Vera Regan, University College, Dublin, Irlandia</p> <p>Barry Lee Reynolds, University of Macau, China</p> <p>Heidemarie Sarter, University of Potsdam, Germany</p> <p>Paweł Scheffler, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland</p> <p>Norbert Schmitt, University of Nottingham, UK</p> <p>Michael Sharwood Smith, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK</p> <p>Linda Shockey, University of Reading, UK</p> <p>Teresa Siek-Piskozub, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland</p> <p>David S. Singleton, University of Pannonia, Veszprém, Hungary, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland</p> <p>Merrill Swain, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Canada</p> <p>Elaine Tarone, University of Minnesota, USA</p> <p>Pavel Trofimovich, Concordia University, Canada</p> <p>Ewa Waniek-Klimczak, University of Łódź, Poland</p> <p>Stuart Webb, University of Western Ontario, Canada</p> <p>Maria Wysocka, University of Silesia, Poland</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>JOURNAL METRICS:</strong></p> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong> <a title="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" href=";tip=sid&amp;exact=no"><img src="" alt="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" border="0"></a> </strong></div> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/CiteScore2020_Studies_in_Second_La.png"></p> <p>CiteScore (2020): 3.2 (93%)<br>CiteScoreTracker: 5.3 (update 05.10.2021)</p> <p>IF: 3.036 (2020); 2.299 (5 year) - Data from the edition of Journal Citation Reports</p> <p>SJR 2020 1.304<br>SNIP 2020 1.441<br>&nbsp;<br>MNiSW: 100</p> <p>Google Scholar Metrics h5: 23 (06.2021)<br>Google Scholar Metrics h5-median: 32 (06.2021)<br>Google Scholar h-index: 39 (06.2021)</p> <p><strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">DOI:</span></span></span></span></strong><a href=""><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> 10.14746 /ssllt</span></span></span></span></a></p> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">ISSN:</span></span></span></span></strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> 2083-5205 </span></span></span></span><strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">e-ISSN:</span></span></span></span></strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> 2084–1965</span></span></span></span></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><strong>ARTICLES ARE LICENSED UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS (2016 -):</strong></div> <div class="oczasopismie"><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><a href=""><br></a><a href="" rel="license">&nbsp;Attribution 4.0 International License</a><a href="">.<br></a></div> </div> Notes on Contributors 2021-09-14T07:09:57+00:00 ssllt ssllt 2021-09-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Editorial: Introduction to the special issue on teaching English reading and writing to young learners 2021-09-16T09:43:25+00:00 Barry Lee Reynolds Mark Feng Teng <p>We aimed for this special issue to offer up empirically supported advice to teachers for tackling some of the challenges in teaching reading and writing to young English as a second (L2) or foreign language (FL) learners. These challenges teachers face when providing instruction to young learners include cognitive development, motivation, attention, strategy use, and assessment (Nunan, 2011). It is now well understood that the teaching of reading and writing to young learners can no longer be equated with the teaching of adult learners (Cameron, 2001). In terms of cognitive development, language learners need to go through significant developmental changes in their learning journey from infancy to adulthood (Richardson, 2019). These differences in language learners’ cognitive development call for a need to design language learning tasks and materials that can fit the developmental stages of learners (Teng, 2020a). Language learner motivation can decline over time due to a lack of clarity in the goals of language learning and potential feelings that effort invested in learning the language has not paid off (Linse &amp; Nunan, 2006). Furthermore, as young learners tend to have short attention spans, activities that can maintain their motivation and involvement are essential (Fenyvesi, 2020). Language learning strategy researchers have focused their attention on adult learners; however, we believe they should begin considering young learners’ language use and learning preferences, as this knowledge could help inform teachers’ instruction (Plonsky, 2019). To provide proper instruction, an educator of young learners must understand these needs. This requires the construction of appropriate language assessment tools, which will allow teachers to gauge learners’ strengths and weaknesses; doing so can further facilitate teacher scaffolding and other forms of feedback (Ma &amp; Bui, this issue). Despite the acknowledged impact that these issues have on the teaching of reading and writing to young learners, we are still lacking in empirical evidence to support many creative and pedagogical decisions made in the young learner classroom (Cameron &amp; McKay, 2010). Our intention in this special issue was to further focus language researchers’ attention on the young learner classroom and to encourage a rethinking of classroom practices for teaching reading and writing.</p> 2021-09-13T20:16:57+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Barry Lee Reynolds, Mark Feng Teng Morphological instruction and reading development in young L2 readers: A scoping review of causal relationships 2021-09-16T09:43:22+00:00 Sihui (Echo) Ke Dongbo Zhang <p>This scoping review explores the causal relationship between morphological instruction and reading development in young L2 learners by synthesizing 12 primary studies published between 2004 and 2019 (<em>N</em> = 1,535). These studies focused on reading English as the target language and involved participants between kindergarten and Grade 12 from four countries (China, Egypt, Singapore, and the USA). Findings suggested that (a) morphological instruction led to consistent and positive gains in L2 children’s morphological awareness and vocabulary knowledge, and the effect sizes (Cohen’s <em>d</em>s) ranged from small to large; and (b) the relationship between morphological instruction and other outcomes such as phonological awareness, word reading accuracy, word reading fluency, spelling, and reading comprehension was inconclusive. Notably, transfer effects of L2 English morphological instruction on novel word learning in English or on reading development in an additional language were only examined and observed in four primary studies. Discussion was provided regarding future instructional and research design.</p> 2021-09-13T20:33:20+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sihui (Echo) Ke, Dongbo Zhang Exploring the importance of vocabulary for English as an additional language learners’ reading comprehension 2021-09-16T09:43:19+00:00 Gavin Brooks Jon Clenton Simon Fraser <p>This exploratory study represents an attempt to investigate the factors that may affect the reading comprehension abilities of English as an additional language (EAL) learners. For this study, we examined a participant group of 31 (25 EAL and 6 first language English) learners studying at an international school in Japan. We assessed the participants according to four factors shown to influence reading comprehension: vocabulary knowledge, word decoding skills, reading fluency, and general linguistic ability. Our results show that differences in vocabulary knowledge show more variance in reading comprehension scores than the other factors examined in this study, highlighting the importance of vocabulary knowledge for reading comprehension. However, other factors such as reading fluency and general linguistic knowledge are also shown to be moderate to strong predictors of reading comprehension. Based on these results, we suggest that EAL learners need targeted language support to enhance academic text comprehension.</p> 2021-09-13T20:49:06+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Gavin Brooks, Jon Clenton, Simon Fraser Topic familiarity and story continuation in young English as a foreign language learners’ writing tasks 2021-09-24T11:35:14+00:00 Gavin Bui Xueya Luo <p>Prior research demonstrates that primary and secondary school teachers often find teaching young learners to write in a second language a slow and effortful process. Moreover, students in this age range lack the motivation to write. Therefore, it is important to explore the EFL writing pedagogy suitable for young learners. The present study investigated how story continuation (with or without reading input) under different topic familiarity conditions serves as a viable pedagogical means for secondary school students. Ninety-one Chinese students in four intact classes of comparable proficiency levels were assigned four writing task conditions in a 2 ⨉ 2 factorial design. Group 1 (Fam) was provided with the beginning of a familiar story in L1 Chinese and was required to complete the story in L2 English. Group 2 (UnFam) had the same task as Group 1, with an unfamiliar story. Group 3 (Fam+Input) was initially provided with the complete familiar story in Chinese (the same story as Group 1) as reading input and were then instructed to write the story in English with the reading material taken away. Group 4 (Unfam+Input) received the full unfamiliar story in Chinese (the same story as Group 2) as input before writing. Again they were not allowed to refer to the reading in the composing process. The results revealed that the young learners who wrote on familiar topics (Groups 1 and 3) produced longer texts and demonstrated greater lexical diversity than those with unfamiliar stories (Groups 2 and 4), although topic familiarity did not affect their writing quality or lexical sophistication. As for the story continuation conditions, students who completed writing the story without the L1 reading input on the topics (Groups 1 and 2) developed longer compositions and better writing quality than those with such input (Groups 3 and 4), although their lexical profiles (both lexical diversity and lexical sophistication) remained uninfluenced. Pedagogical implications for EFL writing among young learners were also discussed in the present study.</p> 2021-09-13T20:59:53+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Gavin Bui, Xueya Luo Creative writing for publication: An action research study of motivation, engagement, and language development in Argentinian secondary schools 2021-09-16T09:43:14+00:00 Darío Luis Banegas Robert J. Lowe <p>There has been much research on the connections between second language (L2) writing and learner motivation. However, few studies have focused on contexts in which L2 learning is mandatory, rather than elective. This technical action research-based study evaluated a project in which teenage learners in Argentina were engaged in creative writing tasks, with the goal of including their final written pieces in a formal publication. Through focus group interviews and group discussions, it was found that the project had increased the motivation not only of the learners, but also of the teachers. Further, the study highlights the importance of making such writing tasks student-centered, and calls attention to the role played by the teachers in motivating and engaging students. The study suggests that effort should be made to develop more initiatives in formal education settings in order to motivate and engage learners involved in mandatory language study.</p> 2021-09-13T21:08:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Darío Luis Banegas, Robert J. Lowe Innovating teacher feedback with writing activities aimed at raising secondary school students’ awareness of collocation errors 2021-09-16T09:43:11+00:00 Barry Lee Reynolds Mark Feng Teng <p>The study examined the types of written corrective feedback given by second language writing teachers on Taiwanese secondary school students’ collocation errors. First, the written corrective feedback that teachers provided on learners’ word choice errors was examined to uncover the types of feedback provided. Then, analysis focused on verb–noun collocations to draw attention to how students had been receiving different types of written corrective feedback from teachers on a single collocation error type. Results showed that some sentences tagged as including word choice errors only contained rule-based errors. Furthermore, for verb-noun collocation errors, teachers chose to provide indirect and direct feedback almost equally at the expense of metalinguistic feedback. Based on the results, we suggested options for second language writing teachers when providing feedback on word choice errors.</p> 2021-09-13T21:16:11+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Barry Lee Reynolds, Mark Feng Teng Chinese secondary school teachers’ conceptions of L2 assessment: A mixed-methods study 2021-09-23T10:47:38+00:00 Maggie Ma Gavin Bui <p>Teacher conceptions of assessment influence their implementation of learning-focused assessment initiatives as advocated in many educational policy documents. This mixed-methods study investigated Chinese secondary school teachers’ conceptions of L2 assessment in the context of an exam-oriented educational system which emphasizes English grammar, vocabulary and reading comprehension skills. For the quantitative part of the study, survey data were collected to gauge the conceptions of assessment held by 66 senior secondary EFL teachers from six schools in Eastern China. For the qualitative part, case studies of two teachers from schools with different rankings were conducted. Quantitative results showed that the teacher participants as a group agreed most with the view that assessment is to help learning. However, there was a strong association between two factors, that is, the assessment as accurate for examination and teacher/school control factor, and the assessment as accurate for student development factor. The strong association indicated that it may be less likely for the group of teachers to adopt the formative assessment initiatives emphasizing student development as promoted in the English curriculum reform. Qualitative findings further revealed individual differences in the two case study teachers’ conceptions and practices of assessment as well as the interplay among meso-level (e.g., school factor), micro-level (e.g., student factor), and macro-level (e.g., sociocultural and policy contexts) factors in shaping the teachers’ different conceptions and practices of assessment. A situated approach has been proposed to enhance teachers’ assessment literacy.</p> 2021-09-13T21:26:25+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Maggie Ma, Gavin Bui