Plato’s Crito on Civil Disobedience and Political Obligations
PDF (Język Polski)

Keywords

Plato
Socrates
Crito
civil disobedience
political obligation

How to Cite

Kuniński, T. (2011) “Plato’s Crito on Civil Disobedience and Political Obligations”, Peitho. Examina Antiqua, 2(1), pp. 139–158. doi: 10.14746/pea.2011.1.9.

Abstract

The present paper focuses on the complex relation between ethics and
politics in Plato’s Crito. While the issue is presented from a contemporary
perspective, the problems of civil disobedience and political
obligation are the present study’s primarily concern. The issue of civil
disobedience concerns moral reasons for breaking the law, whereas
the concept of political obligation refers to a moral duty to obey the law.
When disagreeing with the view that Socrates in the dialogue argues
for an unconditional obedience to the state, the article builds on the
Apology. Subsequently, the similarities between the position of Socrates
and that of H.D. Thoreau are investigated. Finally, the paper discusses
the concept of political obligation so as to show that the argument
in the Crito anticipates several modern theories. The modern controversies
that this article covers are shown to play an important role in Plato’s
dialogue, as they are the basis of Socrates’ political obligation.

https://doi.org/10.14746/pea.2011.1.9
PDF (Język Polski)

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