DOES THE PROCESS OF SHRINKING CONCERN ALSO SMALL TOWNS? LESSONS FROM POLAND

Main Article Content

Bartosz Bartosiewicz
Agnieszka Kwiatek-Sołtys
Sławomir Kurek

Abstract

The approach to the issue of shrinking cities is undergoing constant changes. Originally, this process was referred primarily to the progressing depopulation connected with a deteriorating economic situation. Presently, works on shrinking cities mainly focus on the challenges posed by the problem rather than the delimitation questions. Do the shrinking also apply to the situation of small towns, and if so, to what extent may small towns shrink? Being conscious of the multidimensional nature of the topic discussed, the authors took measures aimed at singling out a group of shrinking towns from the whole set of small towns in Poland. The identification of depopulating centres consisted in pointing to those shrinking both in terms of their demography and economy. This type of research gives rise to all types of methodological problems such as which tools should be used to measure town shrinking or which data should be selected for the research, an issue particularly important for small towns where the range of indicators available is rather limited. What conclusions may be drawn from the conducted analysis? Do small towns in Poland shrink? On the basis of the conducted research the answer is no. With regard to demography, the process of shrinking concerns only 30 towns (4.5%). And this group includes only four which additionally shrink in economic terms.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bartosiewicz, B., Kwiatek-Sołtys, A., & Kurek, S. (2019). DOES THE PROCESS OF SHRINKING CONCERN ALSO SMALL TOWNS? LESSONS FROM POLAND. Quaestiones Geographicae, 38(4), 91–105. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2019-0039
Section
Articles

References

  1. Alves D., Barreira A.P., Guimarães M.H., Panagopoulos T., 2016. Historical trajectories of currently shrinking Portuguese cities: A typology of urban shrinkage. Cities 52: 20–29.
  2. Blair J.P., 1991. Urban and regional economics, Irwin.
  3. Bański J., 2008. Wiejskie obszary problemów demograficznych (Rural areas with demographic problems). In: Wybrane zagadnienia systemów informacji przestrzennej i obszarów problemowych rolnictwa w Polsce (Selected issues of spatial information systems and problem areas of agriculture in Poland). Studia i Raporty IUNG-PIB 12. Program Wieloletni 2005–2010. IUNG, Puławy: 93–102.
  4. Bartosiewicz B., 2016. Polityka rozwoju lokalnego w kurczących się małych miastach (Local development policy in shrinking small towns). Prace Naukowe UE, Research Papers of the Wroclaw University of Economics 418. Wrocław: 22–31.
  5. Bontje M., 2005. Facing the challenge of shrinking cities in East Germany: The case of Leipzig. GeoJournal 611: 13–21.
  6. Cocks M., Couch C., 2012. The governance of a shrinking city: Housing renewal in the Liverpool conurbation, UK. International Planning Studies 173: 277–301.
  7. Domhardt H.J., Troeger-Weiß G., 2009. Germany’s shrinkage on a small town scale. The Future of Shrinking Cities–Problems, Patterns and Strategies of Urban Transformation in a Global Context.–Р: 161–168.
  8. Dziewoński K., Jerczyński M., 1971. Baza ekonomiczna i struktura funkcjonalna miast. Metody pośrednie identyfikacji i pomiaru (The economic base and functional structure of cities). Prace Geograficzne IG PAN 87.
  9. Eberhardt P., 1989. Depopulating regions in Poland. Prace Geograficzne IGiPZ PAN 148.
  10. Galjaard R., Van Wissen L., Van Dam K., 2012. European regional population decline and policy responses: Three case studies. Built Environment 382: 293–302.
  11. Grossmann K., Bontje M., Haase A., Mykhnenko V., 2013. Shrinking cities: Notes for the further research agenda. Cities 35: 221–225.
  12. Haase D., Lautenbach S., Seppelt R., 2010. Modeling and simulating residential mobility in a shrinking city using an agent-based approach. Environmental Modelling & Software 2510: 1225–1240.
  13. Harańczyk A., 2015. Uwarunkowania i konsekwencje procesu kurczenia się miast w Polsce (The determinants and consequences of urban shrinkage in Poland). CeDeWu.pl.
  14. Häussermann H., Siebel W., 1987. Neue Urbanität. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt/M.
  15. Hollander J.B., 2011. Can a city successfully shrink? Evidence from survey data on neighborhood quality. Urban Affairs Review 471: 129–141.
  16. Kantor-Pietraga I., Krzysztofik R., Runge J., 2012. Kontekst geograficzny i funkcjonalny kurczenia się małych miast w Polsce południowej (Geographical and functional context of shrinkage in the case of small towns of southern Poland). In: Heffner K., Halama A., (eds), 2012. Ewolucja funkcji małych miast w Polsce (The evolution of functions of small towns in Poland). Studia Ekonomiczne – Zeszyty Naukowe Wydziałowe 92, Katowice.
  17. Kantor-Pietraga I., 2014. Both external and internal factors as an explanation of depopulation of cities on the area of Poland. Environmental & Socio-economic Studies 23: 56–64.
  18. Kryńska E., 2015. Znikanie miast. Studium przypadku Łodzi (Urban decay. Case study of Łodź). Studia Ekonomiczne 223: 174–185.
  19. Krzysztofik R., Szmytkie R., 2011. Studia nad procesami i strukturami osadniczymi sieci miast Polski Południowej (Studies on processes and settlement structures of Southern Poland town network). The Faculty of Earth Sciences of the University of Silesia, Sosnowiec.
  20. Krzysztofik R., Dymitrow M., Kantor-Pietraga I., Spórna T., 2015. The concept of urban hibernation: Scientific note. In: Krzysztofik R., Dymitrow M. (eds), Degraded and restituted towns in Poland, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg: 351–353.
  21. Krzysztofik R., Runge J., Kantor-Pietraga I., 2011. Paths of shrinkage in the Katowice conurbation: Case studies of Bytom and Sosnowiec cities. The Faculty of Earth Sciences of the University of Silesia, Sosnowiec.
  22. Krzysztofik R., Runge J., Kantor-Pietraga I., 2012. An introduction to governance of urban shrinkage: A case of two Polish cities, Bytom and Sosnowiec. The Faculty of Earth Sciences of the University of Silesia, Sosnowiec.
  23. Krzysztofik R., Szmytkie R., 2018. Procesy depopulacji w Polsce w świetle zmian bazy ekonomicznej miast (Depopulation in Poland in the light of changes in city functions). Przegląd Geograficzny 902: 309–329.
  24. Kwiatek-Sołtys A, 2015. Population changes as litmus paper of the socio-economic development level of small towns in Poland. Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica: 39–53.
  25. Lauf S., Haase D., Seppelt R., Schwarz N., 2012. Simulating demography and housing demand in an urban region under scenarios of growth and shrinkage. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 392: 229–246.
  26. Manfred K., 2015. Small towns in peripheral regions of Germany. Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica: 29–38.
  27. Musiał-Malago M., 2018. Kurczenie się miast Polski – analiza i pomiar zjawiska (Selected aspects of the shrinking of cities in Poland). Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna 42: 91–102.
  28. Pallagst K., Wiechmann T., Martinez-Fernandez C., 2013. Shrinking cities: International perspectives and policy implications. Routledge.
  29. Pirisi G., Trócsányi A., 2015. Shrinking small towns in Hungary. The factors behind the urban decline in “small scale”. Acta Geographica Universitatis Comenianae 58(2): 131–147.
  30. Plöger J., 2012. Learning from abroad: Lessons from European shrinking cities. Rebuilding America’s legacy cities: New directions for the industrial heartland. The American Assembly, Columbia University, New York: 295–371.
  31. Praşca M., Petrea R., Filimon M.I., 2013. The urban shrinkage of the small towns located in southern part of Bihor county, Romania. Annals of the University of Oradea, Geography Series/Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Seria Geografie 23(1): 172–180.
  32. Richardson H.W., Nam C.W., 2014. Shrinking cities: A global perspective 71. Routledge.
  33. Sousa S., Pinho P., 2015. Planning for shrinkage: Paradox or paradigm. European Planning Studies 23: 12–32.
  34. Steinführer A., Haase A., 2007. Demographic change as a future challenge for cities in East Central Europe. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography 892: 183–195.
  35. Stryjakiewicz T. (ed.), 2014. Kurczenie się miast w Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej. (Urban shrinkage in East-Central Europe.) Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznań.
  36. Stryjakiewicz T., Ciesiółka P., Jaroszewska E., 2012. Urban shrinkage and the post-socialist transformation: The case of Poland. Built Environment 382: 196–213.
  37. Szmytkie R., 2015. Zjawisko kurczenia się miast bardzo małych w Polsce (The pheonomenon of the shrinking of very small towns in Poland). In: Wolaniuk A. (ed.), Współczesne czynniki i bariery rozwoju miast (Contemporary factors and barriers to urban development), XXVIII Konwersatorium Wiedzy o Mieście. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódź: 259–276.
  38. Szmytkie R., Tomczak P., 2018. Procesy depopulacji na obszarach wiejskich województwa dolnośląskiego w latach 1995–2015 (Depopulation in rural areas of Lower Silesia in the years 1995–2015). Studia Regionalne i Lokalne 3(73): 99–117.
  39. Śleszynski P., 2016a. Lokalne planowanie przestrzenne w gminach wyludniających się (Local spatial planning in depopulating communes). Biuletyn PAN. Komitet Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania Kraju 263.
  40. Śleszyński P., 2016b. Współczesne i prognozowane uwarunkowania demograficzno-migracyjne w rozwoju miejskiego systemu osadniczego Polski (Contemporary and forecast demographic and migration determinants in the development of the Polish urban settlement system). Konwersatorium Wiedzy o Mieście, Łódź.
  41. Webb J.W., 1963. The natural and migrational components of population changes in England and Wales, 1921–1931. Economic Geography 392: 130–148.