Main Article Content

Claudia-Daniela Albă
Sandu Boengiu


The aim of this study is to highlight three of the urban geomorphosites of Craiova city, which can be promoted in a specific itinerary for geotourism or integrated, along with other objectives, in different touristic products. The selection of the three sites was made after analysing historical documents, images and maps, which show the landscape transformation, the development of the community and the settlement expansion. For the assessment of the sites, the method created by the University of Rome was used and two stages were performed: a) the geomorphological analysis by multitemporal and multidisciplinary approaches and b) the geomorphoheritage characterisation by calculating the VSGh index (Value of a Site for Geotourism index) based on the presence of five attributes. One of the three sites, The Valley of the 7 Wells, is nowadays an invisible geomorphosite with an important geotouristic and educational potential.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Albă, C.-D., & Boengiu, S. (2020). URBAN GEOHERITAGE. THE SECULAR WELLS OF CRAIOVA, ROMANIA. Quaestiones Geographicae, 39(1), 19–32. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2020-0002


  1. Albă C.-D., Zamfir A.G., Boengiu S., 2018. Urban hydrography and Bluespots map of Craiova (Romania). Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijic”, SASA, 68: 321–332.
  2. Albă C.-D., Zamfir A.G., Boengiu S., Șoșea C., Mititelu Ionuș O., 2017. The impact of the urban expansion on the Jiu floodplain. Case study – Craiova, Romania. Forum geografic XVI(2): 132–141. Doi:10.5775/fg.2017.011.d.
  3. Avram C.G., Barbu P.-E., Ciobotea D., Osiac V., 2005. Dicționarul istoric al localităților din județul Dolj, Craiova, Editura Alma.
  4. Boengiu S., Ionuș O., Simulescu D., Popescu L., 2011. River undercutting and induced landslide hazard. The Jiu river valley (Romania) as a case study. Geomorphologia Slovaca et Bohemica 2: 46–58.
  5. Brocx M., Semeniuk V., 2019. Building Stones Can Be of Geoheritage Significance. Geoheritage 11(1): 133–149.
  6. Bruschi V.M., Cendrero A., 2005. Geosite Evaluation; Can we measure intangible values? Il Quaternario. Italian Journal of Quaternary Sciences 18: 293–306.
  7. Bruschi V.M., Cendrero A., Albertos J.a.C. 2011. A Statistical Approach to the Validation and Optimisation of Geoheritage Assessment Procedures. Geoheritage 3: 131–149.
  8. Buce-Răduț M., 2008. Trecutul în Craiova de astăzi, Craiova, Sim Art.
  9. Buce-Răduț M., 2011. The Past in Craiova of Today, Sim Art.
  10. Bulat T.G., 1922. O anafora din 1979. Arhivele Olteniei, 01, nr. 4, decembrie 1922, 4: 375–381.
  11. Clivaz M., Reynard E., 2018. How to Integrate Invisible Geomorphosites in an Inventory: a Case Study in the Rhone River Valley (Switzerland). Geoheritage 10: 527–541.
  12. Comănescu L., Nedelea A., Dobre R. 2012. The Evaluation of Geomorphosites from the Ponoare Protected Area. Forum geografic 11: 54–61.
  13. Coratza P., Bruschi V., Piacentini D., Saliba D., Soldati M., 2011. Recognition and Assessment of Geomorphosites in Malta at the Il-Majjistral Nature and History Park. Geoheritage 3: 175–185.
  14. Coratza P., Galve J., Soldati M., Tonelli C., 2012. Recognition and assessment of sinkholes as geosites: Lessons from the Island of Gozo (Malta). Quaestiones Geographicae 31: 25–35.
  15. Coratza P., Giusti C., 2005. Methodological Proposal for the Assessment of the Scientific Quality of Geomorphosites Il Quaternario. Italian Journal of Quaternary Sciences 18: 307–313.
  16. Coratza P., Hobléa F., 2018. The Specificities of Geomorphological Heritage. Geoheritage. Assessment, Protection, and Management: 87–106.
  17. Coratza P., Reynard E., Zwoliński Z., 2018. Geodiversity and Geoheritage: Crossing Disciplines and Approaches. Geoheritage 10: 525–526.
  18. Coteț P., 1957. Cîmpia Olteniei. Studiu Geomorfologic, cu privire specială asupra Cuaternarului, București, Editura Știintifică.
  19. Enache C., 2008. Geologia Olteniei, Craiova, Editura Universitaria.
  20. Erhartič B., 2010. Geomorphosite assessment. Acta geographica Slovenica 50: 295–319.
  21. Fassoulas C., Mouriki D., Dimitriou-Nikolakis P., Iliopoulos, G., 2012. Quantitative Assessment of Geotopes as an Effective Tool for Geoheritage Management. Geoheritage 4: 177–193.
  22. Feuillet T., Sourp E., 2011. Geomorphological Heritage of the Pyrenees National Park (France): Assessment, Clustering, and Promotion of Geomorphosites. Geoheritage 3: 151–162.
  23. Firan F., Firescu A., 1983. Craiova. Ghid de oraș, Bucuresti, Editura Sport Turism.
  24. Fuertes-Gutiérrez I., Fernández-Martínez E., 2010. Geosites Inventory in the Leon Province (Northwestern Spain): A Tool to Introduce Geoheritage into Regional Environmental Management. Geoheritage 2: 57–75.
  25. Georgescu A., 1923. Identificarea unor vechi fântâni din Craiova. Arhivele Olteniei, 02, nr. 10, noiembrie – decembrie 1923, 10: 475–476.
  26. Georgescu A., 1936. Târgul Craiovei, Craiova, Editura Ramuri.
  27. Georgescu T., Barbacioru C., Florea F., 1977. Istoria Craiovei, Craiova, Editura Scrisul Românesc.
  28. Gordon J. E., 2012. Rediscovering a Sense of Wonder: Geoheritage, Geotourism and Cultural Landscape Experiences. Geoheritage 4: 65–77.
  29. Gray M., 2004. Geodiversity: Valuing and Conserving Abiotic Nature, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester.
  30. Habibi T., Ponedelnik A.A., Yashalova N.N., Ruban D.A., 2018. Urban geoheritage complexity: Evidence of a unique natural resource from Shiraz city in Iran. Resources Policy 59: 85–94.
  31. Jiménez-Sánchez M., José Domínguez-Cuesta M., Aranburu A., Martos E., 2011. Quantitative indexes based on geomorphologic features: A tool for evaluating human impact on natural and cultural heritage in caves. Journal of Cultural Heritage 12: 270–278.
  32. Kirchner K., Kubalíková L., Bajer A., 2017. Local geoheritage: Its importance and potential for geotourist and recreational activities (a case study from Lomnicko area). Mendel University in Brno: 202–211.
  33. Kirchner K., Smolová I., 2010. Základy antropogenní geomorfologie Fundamentals of anthropogenic geomorphology.
  34. Kubalíková L., 2013. Geomorphosite assesment for geotourism purposes. Czech Journal of Tourism 2(2): 80–104.
  35. Kubalíková L., Bajer A., Kirchner K., 2016. Secondary geodiversity and its potential for geoeducation and geotourism: a case study from Brno city. In: Public recreation and landscape protection – with nature hand in hand…: 224–231.
  36. Kubalíková L., Kirchner K., Bajer A., 2017. Secondary Geodiversity and its Potential for Urban Geotourism: A Case Study from Brno City, Czech Republic. Questiones Geographicae 36(3): 63–73.
  37. Lóczy D., Szabó J., Dávid L., 2010. Anthropogenic Geomorphology. A Guide to Man-Made Landforms, Springer.
  38. Nica M., 1979. Marturii ale unor stravechi civilizatii in zona Craiovei. In: I.Cetateanu, I.Hinoveanu (eds.), Craiova – Trecut, prezent si viitor. Craiova: Scrisul Romanesc.
  39. Nicolaescu L., Luckacs S., Avram C., Ciobotea D., Zarzără I., Pleniceanu V., 1997. Craiova – pagini de istorie și civilizație I. Alimentarea cu Apă, Craiova, Editura Aius.
  40. Palacio J., 2015. Geoheritage Within Cities: Urban Geosites in Mexico City. Geoheritage 7(4): 365–373.
  41. Papilian G., 1979. Craiova in Epoca Post – Romana. In: I.Cetateanu, I.Hinoveanu (eds.), Craiova – Trecut, Prezent si Viitor. Craiova: Scrisul Romanesc.
  42. Pellitero R., González-Amuchastegui M., Ruiz-Flaño P., Serrano E., 2011. Geodiversity and Geomorphosite Assessment Applied to a Natural Protected Area: the Ebro and Rudron Gorges Natural Park (Spain). Geoheritage 3: 163–174.
  43. Pereira D., Pereira P., Brilha J., Cunha P., 2015. The Iberian Massif Landscape and Fluvial Network in Portugal: A geoheritage inventory based on the scientific value. Proceedings of the Geologists Association, 126(2): 252–265.
  44. Pereira P., Pereira D., Alves M., 2007. Geomorphosite assessment in Montesinho Natural Park (Portugal). Geographica helvetica 62: 159–168.
  45. Pessiacov A., 1914. Schite din Istoria Craiovei, Craiova, Institutul de Arte Grafice ”SAMITCA”.
  46. Pica A., Fredi P., Del Monte M., 2014. The ernici mountains geoheritage (Central Apennines, Italy): Assessment of the geosites for geotourism development. GeoJournal of Tourism and Geosites 14: 176–189.
  47. Pica A., Luberti G.M., Vergari F., Fredi P., Del Monte M., 2017. Contribution for an Urban Geomorphoheritage Assessment Method: Proposal from Three Geomorphosites in Rome (Italy). Quaestiones Geographicae 36(3): 21–36.
  48. Pralong J.-P., 2005. A method for assessing tourist potential and use of geomorphological sites. Géomorphologie: relief, processus, environnement 11(3): 189–196.
  49. Pralong J.-P., Reynard E., 2005. A proposal for a classification of geomorphological sites depending on their tourist value. Il Quaternario 18: 315–321.
  50. Reynard E., Fontana G., Koźlik L., Scapozza C., 2007. A method for assessing scientific and additional values of geomorphosites. Geographica Helvetica 62: 148–158.
  51. Reynard E., Panizza M., 2007. Geomorphosites: definition, assessment and mapping. Géomorphologie : relief, processus, environnement 11(3): 177–180.
  52. Reynard E., Perret A., Bussard J., Grangier L., Martin S., 2015. Integrated Approach for the Inventory and Management of Geomorphological Heritage at the Regional Scale. Geoheritage 8: 43–60.
  53. Reynard E., Pica A., Coratza P., 2017. Urban Geomorphological Heritage. An Overview. Quaestiones Geographicae 36(3): 7–20.
  54. Serrano E., Gonzalez-Tureba J.J., 2005. Assessment of geomorphosites in natural protected areas: the Picos de Europa National Park (Spain). Geomorphologie: relief, processus, environnement 11(3): 197–208.
  55. Sharples C., 2002. Concepts and principles of geoconservation. PDF Document, Tasmian Parks & Wildlife Service website.
  56. Stoicescu N., 1970. Bibliografia Localităților și monumentelor feudale din Romania Mitropolia Olteniei.
  57. Tičar J., Komac B., Zorn M., Ferk M., Hrvatin M., Ciglič R., 2017. From Urban Geodiversity to Geoheritage: The Case of Ljubljana (Slovenia). Questiones Geographicae 36(3): 37–50.
  58. Toropu O., 1979. Pelendava Dacică. In: I.Cetățeanu, I.Hinoveanu (eds.), Craiova – trecut, prezent și viitor. Craiova: Scrisul Românesc.
  59. Vasilescu A.A., 1927. Fântâna Obedeanului in sec XVIII-lea. Arhivele Olteniei, 06.
  60. Vulpe R., 1979. Pelendava in Tabula Peutingeriana. In: I.Cetateanu, I.Hinoveanu (eds.), Craiova – trecut, prezent si viitor. Craiova: Scrisul Romanesc.
  61. Zwoliński Z., 2004. Geodiversity. In: A.Goude (ed.), Encyclopedia of Geomorphology, Routledge: 417–418.
  62. Zwoliński Z., Hildebrandt-Radke I., Mazurek M., Makohonienko M., 2017. Existing and Proposed Urban Geosites Values Resulting from Geodiversity of Poznań City. Quaestiones Geographicae 36(3): 125–149.
  63. Zwoliński Zb., Najwer A., Giardino M., 2018. Methods for assessing geodiversity. In: E.Reynard, J.Brilha (eds.), Geoheritage: Assessment, Protection, and Management, Elsevier, Amsterdam: 27–52.