KNOWLEDGE AS IDENTITY: AN ESSAY IN GENEALOGY

Main Article Content

DUŠAN RISTIĆ
DUŠAN MARINKOVIĆ

Abstract

In this research, we analyze the nexus between knowledge and identity as a problem of the sociology of knowledge. Our aim is to present the genealogical framework with the hypothesis that if we accept that knowledge is a multi-discursive phenomenon, then one way of justifying and stabilizing knowledge in social practices is through the concept of identity. We single out the problem of “locality” of discourses and practices and present the “genealogical paths” through which knowledge and identity are intertwined. Furthermore, our attempt is to identify the specific historical relations of knowledge and identity – through the discursive practices and especially in the context of Enlightenment and the claims for “universal knowledge” as part of the process of the formation of what could be called European identity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
RISTIĆ, D., & MARINKOVIĆ, D. (2019). KNOWLEDGE AS IDENTITY: AN ESSAY IN GENEALOGY. Society Register, 3(1), 73-86. https://doi.org/10.14746/sr.2019.3.1.04
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

DUŠAN RISTIĆ, University of Novi Sad

Dušan Ristić is assistant professor of Sociology at the University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia.

DUŠAN MARINKOVIĆ, University of Novi Sad

Dušan Marinković is full professor of Sociology at the University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia.

References

  1. Balibar, Étienne. 2004. We, the People of Europe? Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
  2. Bauman, Zygmunt. 2004. Identity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  3. Berger, Peter L. 1966. “Identity as a Problem in the Sociology of Knowledge.” European Journal of Sociology 7(1): 105-115.
  4. Berger, Peter L., and Thomas Luckmann. 1991. The Social Construction of Reality. London: Penguin Books.
  5. Bloch, Marc. 2004. Feudal Society (I). London and New York: Routledge.
  6. Bloor, David. 1976. Knowledge and Social Imagery. London and Boston: Routledge.
  7. Braudel, Fernand. 1995. The Mediterranean and The Mediterranean World in The Age of Philip II (I). Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  8. Bufton, Serena. 2004. “Social Class.” Pp. 14-34 in Social Identities: Multidisciplinary Approaches, edited by G. Taylor, and S. Spencer. London and New York: Routledge.
  9. Burke, Peter. 2004. A Social History of Knowledge: From Gutenberg to Diderot. Malden: Blackwell Publishers.
  10. Chakrabarty, Dipesh. 2008. Provincializing Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  11. Clark, William, Jan Golinski, and Simon Schaffer. 1999. “Introduction.” Pp. 3-31 in The Sciences in Enlightened Europe, edited by W. Clark, J. Golinski, and S. Schaffer.Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
  12. Daston, Lorraine. 1999. “The Ethos of Enlightenment.” Pp. 495-504 in The Sciences in Enlightened Europe, edited by W.
  13. Clark, J. Golinski, and S. Schaffer. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
  14. Delanty, Gerard. 1995. Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality. London: Macmillan Press.
  15. Delanty, Gerard, and Chris Rumford. 2005. Rethinking Europe: Social theory and the implications of Europeanization. London and New York: Routledge.
  16. Delumeau, Jean. 1967. La civilization de la Renaissance. Paris: Éditions Arthaud.
  17. Durkheim, Émile. 1995. The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. New York: The Free Press.
  18. Elden, Stuart. 2003. “Plague, Panopticon, Police.” Surveillance & Society 1(3): 240-253.
  19. Fleck, Ludwik. 1979. Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  20. Foucault, Michel. 1978. The History of Sexuality, Volume I. New York: Pantheon Books.
  21. Foucault, Michel. 1980. “Questions on Geography.” Pp. 63-77 in Power/Knowledge Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972-1977, edited by C. Gordon. New York: Pantheon Books.
  22. Foucault, Michel. 1981. ”The Order of Discourse.“ Pp. 48-79 in Untying the Text: A Post-Structuralist Reader, edited by R. Young. Boston: Routledge.
  23. Foucault, Michel. 1982. “The Subject and Power.” Pp. 208-226 in Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics, edited by H. Dreyfus, and P. Rabinow. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
  24. Foucault, Michel. 1984a. “Nietzsche, Genealogy, History.” Pp. 76-100 in The Foucault Reader, edited by P. Rabinow. New York: Pantheon Books.
  25. Foucault, Michel. 1984b. “What is Enlightenment?” Pp. 32-50 in The Foucault Reader, edited by P. Rabinow. New York: Pantheon Books.
  26. Foucault, Michel. 1988a. “Truth, Power, Self.” Pp. 9-15 in Technologies of the Self, edited by H.M. Luther, H. Gutman, and P.H. Hutton. Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press.
  27. Foucault, M. 1994a. “Théories et institutions pénales.” Pp. 389-393 in Dits et écrits 1970-1975, Tome II, edited by D. Defert, and F. Ewald. Paris: Gallimard.
  28. Foucault, Michel. 1994a. “L'oeil du pouvoir.” Pp. 195-206 in Dits et écrits 1976-1979 Tome III, edited by D. Defert, and F. Ewald. Paris: Gallimard.
  29. Foucault, Michel. 1994b. “Du gouvemement des vivants.” Pp. 125-129 in Dits et écrits 1980-1988, Tome IV. Paris: Gallimard.
  30. Foucault, Michel. 1995. Discipline and Punish. New York: Vintage Books.
  31. Foucault, Michel. 2002. The Order of Things. London and New York. Routledge.
  32. Foucault, Michel. 2003. The Birth of the Clinic. London and New York: Routledge.
  33. Foucault, Michel. 2006a. History of Madness. London and New York: Routledge.
  34. Foucault, Michel. 2006b. Psychiatric Power. New York: Palgrave, Macmillan.
  35. Habermas, Jürgen. 1972. Knowledge and Human Interests. Boston: Beacon Press.
  36. Habermas, Jürgen. 1987. The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  37. Hall, Stuart. 1996. “Who Needs 'Identity'?” Pp. 1-17 in Questions of Cultural Identity, edited by S. Hall and P. Du Gay. London: Sage Publications.
  38. Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. 2001. The Philosophy of History. Kitchener: Batoche Books.
  39. Innerarity, D. 2013. ”Power and knowledge: The politics of the knowledge society.“ European Journal of Social Theory 16 (1): 3–16.
  40. Kant, Immanuel. “An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment?” 1784. Retrieved June 20, 2014 http://deakinphilosophicalsociety.com/texts/kant/whatisenlightenment.pdf
  41. Layton, Edwin T. 1974. “Technology as Knowledge.” Technology and Culture 15 (1): 31-41.
  42. Le Goff, Jacques. 2005. The Birth of Europe. Oxford: Blackwell.
  43. Le Goff, Jacques. 1993. Intellectuals in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Blackwell.
  44. Livingstone, David N. 2003. Putting Science in its Place: Geographies of Scientific Knowledge. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
  45. Loader, Colin. 2001. “Puritans and Jews: Weber, Sombart and Transvaluators of Modern Society.” The Canadian Journal of Sociology 26(4): 635-653.
  46. McCarthy, Doyle E. 1996. Knowledge as Culture. New York: Routledge.
  47. Rifkin, Jeremy. 2004. The European Dream. New York: Tarcher/Penguin.
  48. Said, Edward W. 1979. Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books.
  49. Shotter, John. 1993. Conversational Realities. London: Sage Publications.
  50. Smith, Adrian. 2013. “Europe and an inter-dependent world: Uneven geo-economic and geo-political developments.” European Urban and Regional Research 20(1): 3-13.
  51. Weber, Max. 2005. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. London and New York: Routledge.
  52. Weiler, Hans N. 2009. ”Whose knowledge matters? Development and the Politics of Knowledge.” Pp. 485-496. in Entwicklung als Beruf, edited by T. Hanf, H.N. Weiler, and H. Dickow. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
  53. Wintle, Michael. 2013. “The History of the Idea of Europe: Where are We Now?” Perspectives on Europe 43(1): 8-13.