Main Article Content
A national dialogue on school discipline has now reemerged in the United States as many educators struggle with how to maintain a balance of cultural responsiveness and high expectations when addressing student transgressions on their campuses. While the field of child development, counseling psychology, and communications pose theoretical responses to such dilemmas, this article aims specifically to address the procedural challenges of dealing with verbal abuse from students and adults. Through the lens of a social justice educator, the author offers practical, humanizing steps that are intended to help secondary school educators engage with students in a way that emphasizes boundaries, respect, and reflection for students and adults alike.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Manuscript authors are responsible for obtaining copyright permissions for any copyrighted materials included within manuscripts. The authors must provide permission letters, when appropriate, to the Society Register Editors.
In addition, all published papers in Society Register are published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Unported License.
1.1 The Author hereby warrants that he/she is the owner of all the copyright and other intellectual property rights in the Work and that, within the scope of the present Agreement, the paper does not infringe the legal rights of another person. The owner of the copyright work also warrants that he/she is the sole and original creator thereof and that is not bound by any legal constraints in regard to the use or sale of the work.
1.2. The Publisher warrants that is the owner of the PRESSto platform for open access journals, hereinafter referred to as the PRESSto Platform.
2. The Author grants the Publisher non-exclusive and free of charge license to unlimited use worldwide over an unspecified period of time in the following areas of exploitation:
2.1. production of multiple copies of the Work produced according to the specific application of a given technology, including printing, reproduction of graphics through mechanical or electrical means (reprography) and digital technology;
2.2. marketing authorisation, loan or lease of the original or copies thereof;
2.3. public performance, public performance in the broadcast, video screening, media enhancements as well as broadcasting and rebroadcasting, made available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them;
2.4. inclusion of the Work into a collective work (i.e. with a number of contributions);
2.5. inclusion of the Work in the electronic version to be offered on an electronic platform, or any other conceivable introduction of the Work in its electronic version to the Internet;
2.6. dissemination of electronic versions of the Work in its electronic version online, in a collective work or independently;
2.7. making the Work in the electronic version available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them, in particular by making it accessible via the Internet, Intranet, Extranet;
2.8. making the Work available according to appropriate license pattern CC BY-NC 4.0 as well as another language version of this license or any later version published by Creative Commons.
3. The Author grants the Publisher permission to reproduce a single copy (print or download) and royalty-free use and disposal of rights to compilations of the Work and these compilations.
4. The Author grants the Publisher permission to send metadata files related to the Work, including to commercial and non-commercial journal-indexing databases.
5. The Author represents that, on the basis of the license granted in the present Agreement, the Publisher is entitled and obliged to:
5.1. allow third parties to obtain further licenses (sublicenses) to the Work and to other materials, including derivatives thereof or compilations made, based on or including the Work, whereas the provisions of such sub-licenses will be the same as with the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Creative Commons sub-license or another language version of this license, or any later version of this license published by Creative Commons;
5.2. make the Work available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them, without any technological constraints;
5.3. appropriately inform members of the public to whom the Work is to be made available about sublicenses in such a way as to ensure that all parties are properly informed (appropriate informing messages).
6. Because of the royalty-free provision of services of the Author (resulting from the scope of obligations stipulated in the present Agreement), the Author shall not be entitled to any author’s fee due and payable on the part of the Publisher (no fee or royalty is payable by the Publisher to the Author).
7.1. In the case of third party claims or actions for indemnity against the Publisher owing to any infractions related to any form of infringement of intellectual property rights protection, including copyright infringements, the Author is obliged to take all possible measures necessary to protect against these claims and, when as a result of legal action, the Publisher, or any third party licensed by the Publisher to use the Work, will have to abandon using the Work in its entirety or in part or, following a court ruling in a legal challenge, to pay damages to a third party, whatever the legal basis
7.2. The Author will immediately inform the Publisher about any damage claims related to intellectual property infringements, including the author’s proprietary rights pertaining to a copyrighted work, filed against the Author. of liability, the Author is obliged to redress the damage resulting from claims made by third party, including costs and expenditures incurred in the process.
7.3. To all matters not settled herein provisions of the Polish Civil Code and the Polish Copyright and Related Rights Act shall apply.
- Akom, Antwi A. 2003. “Reexamining Resistance as Oppositional Behavior: The Nation of Islam and the Creation of a Black Achievement Ideology.” Sociology of Education 76(4): 305-325.
- Baumrind, Diana. 2005. “Patterns of Parental Authority and Adolescent Autonomy.” New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development 2005(108): 61-69. https://doi.org/10.1002/cd.128
- Bergen, Benjamin K. 2016. What the F: What Swearing Reveals about our Language, our Brains, and Ourselves. New York: Basic Books.
- Bohanon, Hank, Pamela Fenning, Kelly L. Carney, Myoung J. Minnis-Kim, Sarah Anderson-Harriss, Kristyn B. Moroz, Kira J. Hicks, Beverly B. Kasper, Carrie Culos and Wayne Sailor. 2006. “Schoolwide Application of Positive Behavior Support in an Urban High School: A Case Study.” Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions 8(3): 131-145. https://doi.org/10.1177/10983007060080030201
- Bradshaw, Catherine P., Christine W. Koth, Leslie A. Thornton and Philip J. Leaf. 2009. “Altering School Climate through School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports: Findings from a Group-Randomized Effectiveness Trial.” Prevention Science 10(2):100-115.
- Chomsky, Noam and Chomsky Noam. 2002. On Nature and Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Civille, Gail V. and Harry T. Lawless. 1986. “The Importance of Language in Describing Perceptions.” Journal of Sensory Studies 1(3‐4): 203-215. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-459X.1986.tb00174.x
- curse out. 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019 (https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/curse%20out).
- DeFrank, Melanie and Patricia Kahlbaugh. 2019. “Language Choice Matters: When Profanity Affects how People are Judged.” Journal of Language and Social Psychology 38(1): 126-141.
- Freire, Paulo. 2000. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. 30th Anniv. Ed. New York: Continuum 35.
- Frie, Roger and Donna Orange. 2013. Beyond Postmodernism: New Dimensions in Clinical Theory and Practice. New York: Routledge.
- Greenleaf, Robert K. 2002. Servant Leadership: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness. New York: Paulist Press.
- Harro, Bobble. 2000. “The Cycle of Socialization.” Pp. 15-21 in Readings for Diversity and Social Justice, edited by M. Adams, W. Blumenfeld, R. Castaneda, H. Hackman, M. Peters, and X. Zuniga. New York: Routledge.
- Hodge, Robert and Gunther R. Kress. 1993. Language as Ideology. London: Routledge.
- Jackson, Linda A., Yong Zhao, Wei Qiu, Anthony Kolenic III, Hiram E. Fitzgerald, Rena Harold and Alexander Von Eye. 2008. “Cultural Differences in Morality in the Real and Virtual Worlds: A Comparison of Chinese and US Youth.” CyberPsychology & Behavior 11(3): 279-286.
- Jay, Timothy and Kristin Janschewitz. 2008. “The Pragmatics of Swearing.” Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture 4(2):267-288.
- Jordaan, Eduard. 2009. “Dialogic Cosmopolitanism and Global Justice.” International Studies Review 11(4): 736-748.
- Joseph, Errol E. and Bruce E. Winston. 2005. “A Correlation of Servant Leadership, Leader Trust, and Organizational Trust.” Leadership & Organization Development Journal 26(1): 6-22.
- Killen, Melanie and J. G. Smetana. 2005. Handbook of Moral Development. Manwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Mayseless, Ofra and Miri Scharf. 2009. “Too Close for Comfort: Inadequate Boundaries with Parents and Individuation in Late Adolescent Girls.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 79(2): 191-202.
- Musu, Lauren, Anlan Zhang, Ke Wang, Jizhi Zhang and Barbara Oudekerk. 2019. Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2018. U.S. Department of Education. Washington: NCES, IES.
- Park, Nansook and Christopher Peterson. 2006. “Moral Competence and Character Strengths among Adolescents: The Development and Validation of the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths for Youth.” Journal of Adolescence 29(6): 891-909.
- Shields, Carolyn M. and Mark M. Edwards. 2005. Dialogue is Not just Talk: A New Ground for Educational Leadership. New York, NY: Peter Lang.
- Shields, Carolyn M. and Erica J. Mohan. 2008. “High‐quality Education for all Students: Putting Social Justice at its Heart.” Teacher Development 12(4): 289-300.
- Stapleton, Karyn. 2003. “Gender and Swearing: A Community Practice.” Women and Language 26(2): 22-33.
- Stephens, Richard, John Atkins and Andrew Kingston. 2009. “Swearing as a Response to Pain.” Neuroreport 20(12): 1056-1060.
- Tschannen-Moran, Megan. 2014. Trust Matters: Leadership for Successful Schools. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.
- Widdowson, Henry G. 1989. “Knowledge of Language and Ability for Use.” Applied Linguistics 10(2): 128-137.
- Winters, Alaina M. and Steve Duck. 2001. “You****!: Swearing as an Aversive and a Relational Activity.” Pp. 59-77 in Behaving badly: Aversive behaviors in interpersonal relationships, edited by R. M. Kowlaski. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/10365-003