plain legal language
legal texts
Polish Consumer Law
legal drafting

How to Cite



The purpose of this research is to explore plain-language postulates reflecting on legal drafting assumptions since legal acts should be precise, clear and express with no doubts the intention of the legislator. The aim of this project is to commence discussion about improving the clarity of Polish consumer law based on selected plain-language techniques. This article agrees that the aspiration to make the law comprehensible for all subjects is an idealistic postulate. Ultimately, despite this, legislators’ obligation is to make an effort to increase the intelligibility of legislation wherever it is possible.


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Consumer Rights Act of May 30, 2014, (Journal of Laws 2014, No 827)

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Cutts, M. 2010. Oxford Guide to Plain English, Third edition, Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Hernandez, M., Jamison, J., Korczyc, E., Mazar, N., Sormani, R. 2017. Introduction of behavioural techniques to improve tax collection, The results of empirical research in Poland, World Bank Group, June 2017.

Kimble, J. 2006. Lifting the fog of legalese, Essays on Plain Language, Carolina Academic Press, 2006

Principles of legislative technique of June 20, 2002 (Journal of Laws, 2016 r. No 283)

Public Law 111–274—OCT. 13, 2010 124 STAT. 2861

Wronkowska, S., Ziembiński, Z. 1997. Zarys teorii prawa. Ars Boni et aequi: Poznań.

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