The subject of the paper was chosen because the features of language of law have not been described in every language pair yet. The aim of the paper is to discuss the features of the Japanese and Polish language of law. The presented features were taken from Polish and Japanese copyright acts, national terminology and language used in courts. The method focuses on empirical studies. The authors of the paper focus on the following features of language of law: polysemy and homonymy, synonyms, metaphors, false friends (faux amis) or specialized terminology, as well as differences between colloquial language and the varieties of the language of the law. The paper has an outlook nature. Only some features of language of law were chosen. In the nearest future the description of these features should be broadened, as well as the examples.
Aizawa, Sachio. 相沢幸夫.1987. Hōritsu yōgo taiyaku shū 法律用語対訳集. Tokio: Shōji hōmu kenkyūkai 商事法務研究会.
Alcaraz Varό, Enrique i Brian Hughes. 2002. Legal Translation Explained. UK & Northampton, MA: St. Jerome Publishing Manchester.
Bednarczyk, Anna. 2008. W poszukiwaniu dominanty translatorskiej, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
Bukowski, Piotr i Magda Heydel (red.). 2009. Współczesne teorie przekładu, Kraków: Wydawnictwo Znak.
Delisle, Jean, et. al. 2004. Terminologia tłumaczenia, Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM (tłum. Teresa Tomaszkiewicz).
Dolata-Zaród, Anna, 2000. O przekładzie tekstu specjalistycznego. O nauczaniu przekładu, Warszawa: TEPIS Publishing House.
Furuta, Hirokiyo. 古田裕清. 2005. Honyakugo tositeno nihon no hōritu yōgo 翻訳語としての日本の法律用語, Tokio: Chūō shuppanbu 中央出版部.
Hashiuchi, Takeshi 橋内武, i Shūgo. Hotta 堀田秀吾. (red.). Hō to gengo法と言語. Tokio: Kuroshio shuppan くろしお出版.
Jadacka, Hanna. 2006. Słownik poprawnej polszczyzny, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
Jopek-Bosiacka, Anna. 2006. Tłumaczenie sądownicze i prawne, PWN.
Kubacki, Artur Dariusz. 2012. Tłumaczenie poświadczone. Status, kształcenie, warsztat i odpowiedzialność tłumacza przysięgłego, Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer.
Kubacki, Artur Dariusz. 2013. Teksty paralelne jako narzędzie pomocnicze przy sporządzaniu tłumaczeń specjalistycznych. W: Comparative Legilinguistics. International Journal for Legal Communication. red. J. Bańczerowski, A. Matulewska. Poznań: Zakład Graficzny UAM. t. 13/2013, ss. 145-157.
Mattila, Heikki. 2006. Comparative Legal Linguistics. Ashgate.
Matulewska, Aleksandra. 2007. Lingua Legis in Translation. Peter Lang Publishing House.
Matulewska, Aleksandra. 2008. „Jakość przekładu prawniczego a cechy języka prawa” w: Język, Komunikacja, Informacja, Tom III, Sorus SC Wydawnictwo i Drukarnia Cyfrowa.
Matulewska, Aleksandra. 2008. Przyczynek do charakterystyki zmian w polskim języku prawnym od roku 1918 do czasów współczesnych. W: Język w urzędach i w sądach II, s. 149-161.
Mellinkoff, David. 1963. The Language of the Law, Boston, Toronto: Little, Brown and Company.
Oksaar, Els. 1989. Alltagssprache. Fachsprachen. Rechtssprache, Zeitshrift für Gesetzgebung.
Pieńkos, Jerzy. 1999. Podstawy juryslingwistyki. Język w prawie – prawo w języku. Warszawa: Muza SA. Oficyna Prawnicza.
Polański, Kazimierz. 1999. Encyklopedia językoznawstwa ogólnego, Wrocław: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich.
Sourioux, Jean-Louis i Pierre Lerat. 1975. Le langage du droit, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Wróblewski, Bronisław. 1948. Język prawny i prawniczy, Kraków: Polska Akademia Umiejętności.
Wróblewski, Jan. 1987. Zagadnienia polskiej terminologii prawnej i prawniczej. Studia Prawno-Ekonomiczne, t. 39, ss. 14-34.
Zieliński, Maciej. 1999. Polszczyzna 2000, Języki prawne i prawnicze w Polszczyzna 2000. Orędzie o stanie języka na przełomie tysiącleci, red. W. Pisarek, Ośrodek Badań Prasoznawczych, Kraków: Uniwersytet Jagielloński.
Zieliński, Maciej. 2002, 2006. Wykładnia prawa. Zasady, reguły, wskazówki, Warszawa: LexisNexis.
Ustawa z dnia 4 lutego 1994 r. o prawie autorskim i prawach pokrewnych, Dz.U. 1994 Nr 24 poz. 83
知的財産基本法 Japanese Intellectual Property Basic Act,
平成十四年十二月四日法律第百二十二号 Act No. 122 of December 4, 2002, Copyright Act, 1956, 4&5 Eliz. 2 CH. 74
When submitting a paper the author agrees to the following publishing agreement and processing personal data.
PUBLICATION AGREEMENT, COPYRIGHT LICENSE, PERSONAL DATA PROCESSING CONSENT
This is a publication agreement and copyright license (“Agreement”) regarding a written manuscript currently submitted via Pressto platform
(“Article”) to be published in Comparative Legilinguistics International Journal for Legal Communication (“Journal”).
The parties to this Agreement are:
the Author or Authors of the submitted article (individually, or if more than one author, collectively, “Author”) and Comparative Legilinguistics International Journal for Legal Communication (“Publisher”), address al. Niepodległości 4, 61-874 Poznań, represented by its editor in chief Aleksandra Matulewska.
§1. LICENSE OF COPYRIGHT
a) The Author and the Publisher agree that the Author grants a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which is incorporated herein by reference and is further specified at Creative Commons — Attribution 4.0 International — CC BY 4.0 copyright license in the Article to the general public.
b) The Author grants to the Publisher a royalty-free, worldwide nonexclusive license to publish, reproduce, display, distribute, translate and use the Article in any form, either separately or as part of a collective work, including but not limited to a nonexclusive license to publish the Article in an issue of the Journal, copy and distribute individual reprints of the Article, authorize reproduction of the entire Article in another publication, and authorize reproduction and distribution of the Article or an abstract thereof by means of computerized retrieval systems (such as Westlaw, Lexis and SSRN). The Author retains ownership of all rights under copyright in the Article, and all rights not expressly granted in this Agreement.
c) The Author grants to the Publisher the power to assign, sublicense or otherwise transfer any and all licenses expressly granted to the Publisher under this Agreement.
d) Republication. The Author agrees to require that the Publisher be given credit as the original publisher in any republication of the Article authorized by the Author. If the Publisher authorizes any other party to republish the Article under the terms of paragraphs 1c and 1 of this Agreement, the Publisher shall require such party to ensure that the Author is credited as the Author.
§2. EDITING OF THE ARTICLE
a) The Author agrees that the Publisher may edit the Article as suitable for publication in the Journal. To the extent that the Publisher’s edits amount to copyrightable works of authorship, the Publisher hereby assigns all right, title, and interest in such edits to the Author.
a) The Author represents and warrants that to the best of the Author’s knowledge the Article does not defame any person, does not invade the privacy of any person, and does not in any other manner infringe upon the rights of any person. The Author agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Publisher against all such claims.
b) The Author represents and warrants that the Author has full power and authority to enter into this Agreement and to grant the licenses granted in this Agreement.
c) The Author represents and warrants that the Article furnished to the Publisher has not been published previously. For purposes of this paragraph, making a copy of the Article accessible over the Internet, including, but not limited to, posting the Article to a database accessible over the Internet, does not constitute prior publication so long as the as such copy indicates that the Article is not in final form, such as by designating such copy to be a “draft,” a “working paper,” or “work-in-progress”. The Author agrees to hold harmless the Publisher, its licensees and distributees, from any claim, action, or proceeding alleging facts that constitute a breach of any warranty enumerated in this paragraph.
a) The agreement was concluded for an unspecified time.
a) The Author agrees and acknowledges that the Author will receive no payment from the Publisher for use of the Article or the licenses granted in this Agreement.
b) The Publisher agrees and acknowledges that the Publisher will not receive any payment from the Author for publication by the Publisher.
§6. ENTIRE AGREEMENT
a) This Agreement supersedes any and all other agreements, either oral or in writing, between the Author and the Publisher with respect to the subject of this Agreement. This Agreement contains all of the warranties and agreements between the parties with respect to the Article, and each party acknowledges that no representations, inducements, promises, or agreements have been made by or on behalf of any party except those warranties and agreements embodied in this Agreement.
b) In all cases not regulated by this Agreement, legal provisions of Polish Copyright Act and Polish Civil Code shall apply.
c) Any disputes arising from the enforcement of obligations connected with this Agreement shall be resolved by a court competent for the headquarters of the Publisher.
d) Any amendments or additions to the Agreement must be made in writing and signed by authorised representative of both parties, otherwise being ineffective.
e) This Agreement is signed electronically and the submission of the article via the PRESSto platform is considered as the conclusion of the Agreement by the Author and the Publisher.
f) Clause for consent to the processing of personal data - general
g) The Author shall give his or her consent to the processing of their personal data in accordance with the Act of 10 May 2018 on the protection of personal data and Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of persons physical in connection with the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46 / EC (General Data Protection Regulation) for the purpose and in connection with making publications available on the PRESSto scientific journals platform and DeGruyter platform, guaranteeing the security of services rendered, and improving them.
I HAVE READ AND AGREE FULLY WITH THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT.
The Author The Publisher