THE INFLUENCE OF THE NAPOLEONIC CODE ON THE JAPANESE CIVIL CODE

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Yuki HORIE

Abstract

The Napoleonic Code was established under Napoleon I in 1804. This code influenced the law of many of the countries formed during and after the Napoleonic Wars. It was also influential on developing countries outside of Europe, not only the Middle East and African countries, but also some Asian countries such as Japan. In the Meiji era, Japan was attempting to modernize and Europeanize through legal reforms. At that time in Japan, Napoleonic Code was regarded as the best civil code and was translated into Japanese by Mitsukuri Rinsho. However, because of the lack of the dictionary and any material concerning the law, Mitsukuri was forced to coin the new words during the translation. Translating these concepts was not easy because these concepts based on the philosophy of the French Revolution didn’t exist in Japan at that time. I would like to analyze these difficulties taking example of the French word “droit civil” and the Japanese word “民権minken”.

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How to Cite
HORIE, Y. (2016). THE INFLUENCE OF THE NAPOLEONIC CODE ON THE JAPANESE CIVIL CODE. Comparative Legilinguistics, 19, 49-60. https://doi.org/10.14746/cl.2014.19.03
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