THE ROOTS OF JAPANESE LEGAL TERMINOLOGY

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Yuki HORIE

Abstract

During the Meiji era, Japan began its modernization and the Western culture wasintroduced to Japan. Japan had to construct a modern society, fusing complicatedly with a model ofthe Japanese tradition. In the legislation field, beginning with the Constitution of the Empire ofJapan, the establishment of the first unified nationwide law was attempted in this period. Inparticular concerning the civil code, The French Code (later German Code) was considered as themost comprehensive code, and its translation was made and edited as a Japanese Civil Code.However, translating the original concepts which had not existed in Japan was a very difficult task.They coined words preserving the original sequence of elements and as a result there is a gapbetween the European legal terms and the Japanese ones especially in translation. The current legalterminology was made based on such a historical background, in consequence it has become lessfamiliar to Japanese people. I would like to consider theses problems on some examples.

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How to Cite
HORIE, Y. (2010). THE ROOTS OF JAPANESE LEGAL TERMINOLOGY. Comparative Legilinguistics, 4, 81-92. https://doi.org/10.14746/cl.2010.4.7
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