SOUTH KOREAN LEADERS IN THE POLITICS OF DEMOCRATIZATION
This article aims to show the process of formation and operation (functioning) of the changing political system of South Korea. It is undertaken for the analysis of the process of the collapse of the former authoritarian political system and formation of South Korean democracy. Indicated in this article are the roles and participation of political leaders (Chun Doo Hwan, Roh Tae Woo, Kim Young Sam, and Kim Dae Jung) in the process of intense political change that took place in South Korea from the 1980s to the late twentieth century.
During the authoritarian regimes of South Korea, the nation recorded spectacular economic development, but without political development. Political leadership in the democratization of the country was still authoritarian. Core values and attitudes of politicians pointed to the presence of the cultural heritage of Confucianism in politics.
Ahn, Byung Young. 1999, Korea’s Democratization, Achievements and Issues, “Koreana”, Summer, Vol. 13, No. 2.
Back, Jong Gook. 1994. Election as Transformation: Explaining the Reorganization of a Ruling Coalition, in: ed. D. C. Shin, M. H. Zoh, M. Chey, Korea in the Global Wave of Democratization, Seoul.
Bae, Sun Kwang, Cotton, James. 1993. Regionalism in Electoral Politics, in: ed. J. Cotton, Korea under Roh Tae Woo: Democratization, Northern Policy and Inter-Korean Relations, Canberra.
Bae, Sun Kwang. 1995. Continuity or Change: The Voter’s Choice in the 1992 Presidential Election, w: J. Cotton, red., Politics and Policy in the New Korean State: From Roh Tae Woo to Kim Young Sam, New York.
Cha, Victor D. 1993. Politics and Democracy under the Kim Young Sam Government, w: “Asian Survey”, September, Vol. 31, No. 9.
Confucius. 1979. trans. Din-cheuk Lau. The Analects: The Sayings of Confucius. London.
Croissant, Aurel. 2002. Strong Presidents, Weak Democracy? Presidents, Parliaments and Political Parties in South Korea, “Korea Observer”, Spring, Vol. 33, No. 1.
Eckert, Carter J., Lee, Kii Baik, Lew, Young Ick, Robinson, Michael, Wagner, Edward W., 1990. Korea Old and New: A History, Seoul.
Friedman, Amy L. 2006. Political Change and Consolidation, Democracy’s Rocky Road In Thailand, Indonesia, South Korea, and Malaysia, New York.
Gawlikowski, Krzysztof. 2001. Jednostka i władza w cywilizacji wschodnioazjatyckiej, w: Korea – Doświadczenia i perspektywy, in: ed. K. Gawlikowski, E. Potocka, Toruń.
Gawlikowski, Krzysztof. 2009. Konfucjański model państwa w Chinach, Warszawa.
Hinton, Harold. 1983. Korea under New Leadership: The Fifth Republic, New York.
Horowitz, Shale. 2002. Democratization, Dispersed Interest Groups, and Economic Reforms in South Korea: Understanding the Decline of the “Chaebol Republic”, “East Asia”, Spring.
Hsü, Leonard Shih Lien. 1932. The Political Philosophy of Confucianism: An Interpretation of the Social and Political Ideas of Confucius, His Forerunners, and His Early Disciples, London.
Huang, Teh Fu. 1997. Party Systems in Taiwan and South Korea, in: ed. L. Diamond, M. F. Plattner, Y. H. Chu, H. M. Tien, Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies: Themes and Perspectives, Baltimore, MD & London.
Im, Hyug Baeg. 1997. Politics of Democratic Transition from Authoritarian Rule in South Korea, in: ed. S. Y. Choi, Democracy in Korea: Its Ideals and Realities, Seoul 1997.
Im, Hyug Baeg. 2000. South Korean Democratic Consolidation in Comparative Perspective, in: ed. L. Diamond, B. K. Kim, Consolidating Democracy in South Korea, Boulder, CO & London.
Kang, David C. 2003. Regional Politics and Democratic Consolidation in Korea, w: S. S. Kim, Korea’s Democratization, Cambridge & New York.
Kihl, Young Whan. 1995. Democratization and Foreign Policy, in: ed. J. Cotton, Politics and Policy in the New Korean State: From Roh Tae Woo to Kim Young Sam, New York.
Kihl, Young Whan. 1997. The Legacy of Confucian Culture an South Korean Politics and Economics: An Interpretation, in: ed. S. Y. Choi, Democracy in Korea: Its Ideals and Realities, Seoul.
Kim Sunhyuk. 2000. The Politics of Democratization in Korea: The Role of Civil Society, Pittsburgh, PA.
Kim, Byung Kook. 2000. The Politics of Crisis and a Crisis of Politics: The Presidency of Kim Dae-Jung, in: ed. K. D. Oh, Korea Briefing, 1997-1999. Challenges and Change at the Turn of the Century, Armonk, NY.
Kim, Eugene C.I. 1986. South Korea in 1985: An Eventful Year Amidst Uncertainty, “Asian Survey”, Vol. 16, No. 1.
Kim, Hak Joon. 1993. New Political Development with a Vision, w: J. Cotton, red., Korea under Roh Tae Woo: Democratization, Northern Policy and Inter-Korean Relations, Canberra.
Kim, Hong Nack. 1993. The 1988 Parliamentary Election in South Korea, in: ed. J. Cotton, Korea under Roh Tae Woo: Democratization, Northern Policy and Inter-Korean Relations, Canberra.
Kim, Yong Ho. 1994. Party Politics and the Process of Democratization in Korea, in: ed. D. C. Shin, M. H. Zoh, M. Chey, Korea in the Global Wave of Democratization, Seoul.
Koh, Byung Chul. 1985. The 1985 Parliamentary Election in South Korea, “Asian Survey”, September 1985, Vol. 25, No. 9.
Lee, Doo Won. 2000. South Korea’s Financial Crisis and Economic Restructuring, in: ed. K. D. Oh, red., Korea Briefing, 1997 - 1999. Challenges and Change at the Turn of the Century, Armonk, NY.
Lee, Man Woo. 1990. The Odyssey of Korean Democracy: Korean Politics, 1987-1990, New York, Westport, CT & London.
O’Donnell, Guillermo., Schmitter, Philippe C. 1986. Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies, in: ed. Transition from Authoritarian Rule: Prospects for Democracy, G. O’Donnell, P. C. Schmitter, L. Whitehead, red., Baltimore, MD & London.
Oh, John Kie Chiang. 1999. Korean Politics. The Quest for Democratization and Economic Development, Ithaca NY & London.
Przeworski, Adam. 1991. Democracy and the Market: Political and Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe and Latin America, Cambridge.
Saxer, Carl J. 2004. Generals and Presidents: Establishing Civilian and Democratic Control in South Korea, “Armed Forces & Society”, Vol. 30, No. 3.
Schedler, Andreas. 2001. Taking Uncertainty Seriously: The Blurred Boundaries of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, “Democratization”, Winter Vol. 8, No. 4.
Shin, Doh Chull, 1994. On the Third Wave of Democratization. A Synthesis and Evaluation of Recent Theory and Research, “World Politics”, 1994, No. 47.
Shin, Il Chul. 1994. First Year of Civilian Government, “Korea Focus”, January-February.
Sigur, Christopher. 1993. South Korea and the Triumph of Democracy, in: ed. C. J. Sigur, Korea’s New Challenges and Kim Young Sam, New York.
Steinberg, David I. 2000. Continuing Democratic Reform: The Unfinished Symphony, in: ed. L. Diamond, B. K. Kim, red., 2000. Consolidating Democracy in South Korea, Boulder, CO & London.
Wójcik, Anna I. Konfucjusz, No. 471, Kraków 1995.
StatystykiAbstract - 266 PDF - 117
- There are currently no refbacks.