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Parmenides’ Poem: Riddle from B 5

Małgorzata Bogaczyk-Vormayr

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14746/eip.2016.2.6

Abstract


The paper constitutes a short analysis of the poem of Parmenides from Elea “On Nature”. The author posits that this text is the original aim of ontology. In the author’s opinion, the most important thesis of the poem is to be found in the fragment B 5, in which she recognizes the ancient motive of the self-knowledge (“the inner Way of Truth”). The primary purpose of the analysis is to interpret the mythological language and to reconsider terminology, e.g. Way of Day and Way of Night, Dike and Moira, thymos, plankton noon. Furthermore, the thinking of Parmenides is briefly interpreted in comparison with Heraclitus, Anaximander, and Archytas. 


Keywords


Parmenides; ontology; Way of Truth; pistis alethes; thymos; peras

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References


Bodnár, I. 1985. “Contrasting Image. Notes On Parmenides B5“, Apeiron 19 (1985): 52-59.

Kahn, Ch. 1966. “The Greek Verb 'To Be' and the Concept of Being.” Foundation of Language 2 (3), 1966: 244-265.

Kahn, Ch. 1973. The Verb ‘Be’ In Ancient Greek, Reidel: Dordrecht/Boston.

McKirahan, R. D. 1994. Philosophy Before Socrates: An Introduction With Text And Commentary. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co.

Tarán, L. 1965. Parmenides. A Text with Translation. Commentary and Critical Essays. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press.

Weizsäcker v., C. F. 2002. Die Einheit der Natur. München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag.


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