Comparing the terminology in Polish and Japanese civil law, it can be divided into the
following four groups; the first group, in which there are equivalents in both languages with the
same meaning; the second group, in which the equivalents exist, but in one language the semantic
field is wider; the third group, in which the equivalents exist, but their semantic fields to some
extent are not identical; and the last one, in which there are no equivalents. In this article I would
like to analyze the Polish-Japanese legal terminology in accordance with that division into four
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