Towards a Non-human Speciophilosophy

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Enrico Giannetto

Abstract

After the publication of Jaques Derrida’s book, L’animal que donc je suis, anti-speciesism has been looking for a theoretical foundation for its ethical content. In my opinion, the defect of all these philosophical perspectives is that they still reduce animals to objects of human philosophy. Here, I develop a new framework in which animals are considered as subjects of their own philosophy. In analogy to the concept of ethnophilosophy, the concept of speciophilosophy is here introduced (§ 1, §3). The different ways of thinking between humans and other animals are outlined, by explaining the difference between verbal reasoning and thinking through images (§ 2). Human philosophies are shown to be anthropocentric ideologies, related to carnivorism (§4, § 8). Subsequently, animal speciophilosophies are discussed (§6) and a dialogical symphilosophein (§ 5) among all living beings is proposed to be the extension of the so-called philosophy of dialogue. Finally, it is shown how this perspective was present in the original Christian ethics (§7, §9, § 10).

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How to Cite
Giannetto, E. (2020). Towards a Non-human Speciophilosophy. ETHICS IN PROGRESS, 11(2), 9-30. https://doi.org/10.14746/eip.2020.2.2
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Core topics-related articles
Author Biography

Enrico Giannetto, Università degli Studi di Bergamo

Enrico Giannetto is a physicist, Full Professor of History of Science, and Director of the Department of Letters, Philosophy and Communication at the University of Bergamo, Italy. His research is focused on history of cultures, history of science and history of philosophy. He has published more than 200 scientific papers and books, among which: “Notes for a Metamorphosis” (2013), in Society and Animals 21(1):75–89; and “Philosophy of Nutrition. A Historical, Existential, Phenomenological Perspective” (2017), in Relations beyond Anthropocentrism 5(1):57–64.

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