Towards a Theological Overcoming of Anthropocentrism. The Vegetarian Choice

Main Article Content

Paolo Trianni
Sara Sgarlata

Abstract

The article intends to demonstrate that a theology of vegetarianism is possible, despite some contrary evidence present in the biblical texts. Like other theologies dealing with issues not directly voiced in the Bible, it becomes possible to interpret the biblical statements in a new way, on the bases of a specific methodology. As a result, an objective comprehension will go back inductively to Sacred Scripture. The article advocates for applying this new method as well as for introducing its ethical implications into the Christian tradition. An additional supportive argument in favour of establishing the new understanding can be found in the history of the Roman Church, besides the consolidated custom of carnivorous nutrition: there has been no shortage of positions in favour of vegetarian asceticism. This stance was also represented by Thomas Aquinas. By valorizing classic Christian authors in favour of vegetarianism (starting with Jerome), the inauguration of the theology of vegetarianism becomes legitimised. Such an inauguration would reorient Christian thought toward reconsidering cosmology, ecology and topical contemporary issues such as anthropocentrism and speciesism.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Trianni, P., & Sgarlata, S. (2020). Towards a Theological Overcoming of Anthropocentrism. The Vegetarian Choice. ETHICS IN PROGRESS, 11(2), 54-65. https://doi.org/10.14746/eip.2020.2.5
Section
Core topics-related articles
Author Biographies

Paolo Trianni, Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana; Centro Studi Cristiani Vegetariani

Paolo Trianni is the president and co-founder of the Centro Studi Cristiani Vegetariani (Centre for Vegetarian Christian Studies). He teaches at various pontifical universities including the Gregorian University, where he is responsible for Asian religions at the Centre for Interreligious Studies. He recently authored Per un vegetarianesimo cristiano (2017). His various publications include: Il monachesimo non cristiano (2008); Henri Le Saux (Swami Abhishiktananda). Un incontro con l’India (2011); Il Cristo di tutti. Teilhard de Chardin e le religioni (2012); Il diritto alla libertà religiosa. Alle fonti di Dignitatis humanae (2014); Nostra aetate. Alle radici del dialogo interreligioso (2015).

Sara Sgarlata, Università degli Studi di Catania

Sara Sgarlata is M.A. international student at the Faculty of Philosophy of Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU) as winner of the NAWA Poland My First Choice Program research scholarship. From 2019 onwards, she is member of the Research Group in Practical Philosophy (Philosophy of Law, Ethics and Political Philosophy) at Centre for Transdisciplinary Research on Lay Judges and Courts DIKASTAI (Faculty of Philosophy, AMU). In 2020 she joined the editorial board of Ethics in Progress academic journal in quality of commissioning editor. Her research interests concern issues related to animal advocacy, environmental ethics and environmental management.

References

  1. Barth K. 1980. Dogmatica ecclesiale. Bologna: Centro Editoriale Dehoniano.
  2. Bellucci V. 2013. Cristo era vegetariano? Padova: Editoriale Programma.
  3. Bonhoeffer D. 2005. Etica, Brescia: Queriniana.
  4. Bormolini G. 2000. I vegetariani nelle tradizioni spirituali. Torino: Il Leone verde.
  5. Canciani M. 1990. Nell’arca di Noè. Vigodarzere: Edizioni Carroccio.
  6. Canciani M. 1955. Ultima cena dagli Esseni. Roma: Edizioni Mediterranee.
  7. Chialà S. (Ed.). 2009. I detti islamici di Gesù. Milano: Fondazione Lorenzo Valla/Arnoldo Mondadori editore.
  8. De Benedetti P. 1999. E l’asina disse… Magnano: Edizioni Qiqajon.
  9. Ditadi G. (Ed.). 2010. I filosofi e gli animali, Torino: AgireOra Edizioni.
  10. Erbetta M. (Ed.). 1966. Gli apocrifi del Nuovo Testamento. Torino: Marietti.
  11. Flecha J. R. 2001. Il rispetto del creato. Milano: Jaca Book.
  12. Greppi C. 2003. Rabi’a. La mistica. Milano: Jaca Book.
  13. Lanza del Vasto G. G. 1972. Principi e precetti del ritorno all’evidenza. Torino: Gribaudi.
  14. Lintner M. M. 2020. Etica animale. Una prospettiva cristiana. Brescia: Queriniana.
  15. Linzey A. & Regan T. 1989. Animal and Christianity: A Book of Reading. London: SPCK Publishing.
  16. Linzey A. 1998. Teologia animale. I diritti degli animali nella prospettiva teologica. Torino: Edizioni Cosmopolis.
  17. Mannucci E. J. 2008. La cena di Pitagora. Roma: Carocci Editore.
  18. Mariani A. 2005. Do per cibo il verde dell’erba. Il cristianesimo alla prova della condizione animale. Pisa: Centro Gandhi.
  19. Massaro A. 2018a. Alle origini dei diritti degli animali. Milano: LED.
  20. Massaro A. 2018b. I diritti degli animali. Una riflessione cristiana. Padova: EMP.
  21. Monchanin J. 1985. Théologie et spiritualité missionaries. Paris: Beauchesne.
  22. Pétrement S. 1984. Le Dieù séparé. Les origines du gnosticisme. Paris: Les Editions du Cerf.
  23. Porfirio. 2005. Astinenza dagli animali (G. Girgenti & A.R. Sodano, Eds.). Milano: Bompiani.
  24. Schweitzer A. 1983. Rispetto per la vita. Milano: Edizioni di Comunità.
  25. Singer P. 1974. “All Animals Are Equal,” Philosophic Exchange 5(1):103–116.
  26. Szekely E. B. 1992. La scoperta del Vangelo Esseno della Pace. Genova: Edizioni Naturvi.
  27. Tolstoj L. 1989. Il primo gradino. Saggio sull’alimentazione vegetariana. Roma: Michele Manca Editore.
  28. Tommaso D’Aquino. 1966. La Somma teologica (Volume XVII). Milano: Casa Editrice Adriano Salani.
  29. Trianni P. 2017. Per un vegetarianesimo cristiano. Padova: EMP.
  30. White L. 1973. “Le radici storico-culturali della nostra crisi ecologica,” Il Mulino 2:251–263.
  31. Zanca G. 1987. Filosofia del vegetarianesimo. Torino: Bresci Editore.