„Meat Should Be Prescribed in Very Small Doses, Arsenic-like”. How Josephine Joteyko and Varia Kipiani Pioneered Medical Research to Improve Vegetarianism in 1906 « Il faut prescrire l’usage de la viande en petite quantité, comme on prescrit l’arsenic » Josephine Joteyko et Varia Kipiani: la recherche médicale pionnière en faveur du végétarisme en 1906

Main Article Content

Josephine Joteyko
Varia Kipiani
Ewa Nowak
Ilana Löwy

Abstract

This compilation is based on the original report on a clinical survey conducted in Brussels (1905-1906) by Josephine Joteyko and Varia Kipiani with 43 vegetarians. Having advanced expertise in physiology and experimentalism, Joteyko (with Lithuanian and Polish origins) and Kipiani (with Georgian origins) discussed their findings at the Congress of the Belgian Society for Vegetarianism in 1906. For both children and adults, females and males, regardless of age, the findings demonstrated vegetarian dietary habits to be beneficiary for human development, the subjects’ physical and mental health, welfare, and physical and intellectual efficiency. Surprisingly, Joteyko and Kipiani confirmed C. Darwin’s observation across various nutritional cultures that vegetarian food would increase the energetic balance of the human body. Additionally, their focus on the moteur humain shows affinities with Taylorism, the modernist utopias of labor, the enhancement of human faculties, the protection of workers and their rights from automation, and applied social science represented by Joteyko and Kipiani as multidisciplinary investigators. The compilation was made on: J. Joteyko & V. Kipiani, Enquête scientifique sur les Végétariens de Bruxelles, Conférence donnée à la Société végétarienne de Belgique, le 4 décembre 1906, pp. 1–77, with no further correction.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Joteyko, J., Kipiani, V., Nowak, E., & Löwy, I. (2020). „Meat Should Be Prescribed in Very Small Doses, Arsenic-like”. How Josephine Joteyko and Varia Kipiani Pioneered Medical Research to Improve Vegetarianism in 1906: « Il faut prescrire l’usage de la viande en petite quantité, comme on prescrit l’arsenic » Josephine Joteyko et Varia Kipiani: la recherche médicale pionnière en faveur du végétarisme en 1906. ETHICS IN PROGRESS, 11(2), 80 - 87. https://doi.org/10.14746/eip.2020.2.8
Section
Core topics-related articles
Author Biographies

Josephine Joteyko

Josephine (Josepha or Józefa) Joteyko (1866-1929) was a Professor of physiology and developmental neurology with Lithuanian, Polish and French roots. Affiliated at Universite de Lyon, College de France and Warsaw University. Michalina Stefanowska was her long-term co-researcher, and Varia Kipiani was her laboratory assistant and co-researcher. She authored several books and papers (in French and Polish), inter alia: “La fatigue et la respiration élémentaire du muscle” (1896); „Psycho-physiologie de la Douleur” (with M. Stefanowska, 1909); „Tableau synoptique des signes de la fatigue intellectuelles” (1910); “Tableau synoptique des signes de la fatigue intellectuelles” (1910); “La science du travail et son organization“ (1917); “La fatigue“ (1920).

Varia Kipiani

Varia Kipiani (biographical information not available) was Joteyko’s student, laboratory assistant, and friend, with Georgian origins. V. Kipiani authored the book “Ambidextrie. Etude expérimentale et critique“ (1912). 

References

  1. Lipkowski O. 1996. Józefa Joteyko.Życie i praca. Warszawa: PAN.
  2. Löwy I. 2005. “Measures, Instruments, Methods, and Results: Jozefa Joteyko on Social Reforms and Physiological Measures,” in G. Jorland, Opinel A., & Weisz G. (Eds.), Body Counts (pp. 145–172). Montreal/Québéc – Kingstone/Ontario: McGill–Queen’s University Press.
  3. Rabinbach A. 1992. The Human Motor: Energy, Fatigue and the Origins of Modernity. Berkeley: University of California Press.