Bratman i prakseologia minimalna

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Piotr Makowski


The paper is an introductory essay to the Polish translation of M.E.  Bratman’s paper The Fecundity of Planning Agency. Instead of summarizing the  main drifts of Bratman’s work, the author tries to show a few important  parallels between his approach to action theory and the so-called praxiology  (or ‘theory of efficient action’) proposed by Tadeusz Kotarbiński. It occurs that there are important similarities between their approaches both to specific problems in action theory (as: concept of an agent, the role of Buridan’s Ass, or mind-infusion of actions) and to the general question how to understood agency (norms of planning). A brief presentation of these similarities gives two central results. Firstly, it allows to interpret Bratman as a kind of praxiologist, and, secondly, it shows that praxiological thinking proposed by Kotarbiński is still a vital perspective in contemporary action theory.


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Makowski, P. (2013). Bratman i prakseologia minimalna. ETHICS IN PROGRESS, 4(2), 78-86.
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  1. Bittner, R. 1980. What Reason Demands, transl. Th. Talbot, Cambridge: Cambridge UP.
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