Biocentryzm i marksizm: Blochowska koncepcja życia i "Duch Utopii"

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Cat Moir

Abstrakt

Tekst dowodzi, że wczesny rozwój filozoficzny Ernsta Blocha (1885-1997) był znacząco zainspirowany biocentryczną perspektywą, która zdominowała kulturęeuropejską na przełomie wieków. Pojęcie biocentryzmu obejmuje szeroki zakres zarówno artystycznych, jak i intelektualnych nurtów, które jednoczy zainteresowanie wcielonym życiem, światem naturalnym, a także myślą rozkwitających nauk biologicznych. Pomimo jasnego pokrewieństwa pomiędzy biocentryzmem i volkistycznymi, a także faszystowskimi ideologiami – jak pokazuję – myśl Blocha łączy w sobie pewne aspekty biocentryzmu z marksistowską perspektywą, próbując zmierzyć się ze swoimi politycznymi oponentami, nawet jeśli czasami oznacza to poruszanie się po tym samym terytorium pojęciowym.

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Moir, C. (2020). Biocentryzm i marksizm: Blochowska koncepcja życia i "Duch Utopii". Praktyka Teoretyczna, 35(1), 15–34. https://doi.org/10.14746/prt2020.1.2
Dział
DREAMS OF A BETTER LIFE ‒ RETHINKING MARXISM WITH ERNST BLOCH
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Cat Moir, School of Languages and Cultures The University of Sydney

Cat Moir is Senior Lecturer in Germanic Studies at the University of Sydney. She is an intellectual historian specialising in nineteenth and twentieth-century European thought, with a special interest in critical theory and its antecedents in idealism, romanticism, materialism and psychoanalysis. Her first book, Ernst Bloch’s Speculative Materialism: Ontology, Epistemology, Politics (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2020), offers a new interpretation of Bloch’s utopian materialism that challenges characterisations of him as an irrationalist and totalitarian thinker, and appraises the relevance of his thought for our time.

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