Prekarność i gender: Co ma z tym wspólnego miłość?

Main Article Content

Ewa Majewska

Abstrakt

Niniejszy artykuł analizuje pojęcie prekarności z perspektywy filozoficznej,  skupiając się na miłości i pracy afektywnej oraz odnosząc się przy tym krytycznie  do nierówności genderowych w neoliberalnym kapitalizmie. Romantyczny, heteroseksualny model miłości, cechujący współczesne społeczeństwa zachodnie, był na  wiele sposobów rozmontowywany i poddawany krytyce, co doprowadziło do sprzecznych rozstrzygnięć – zniszczenia, zniesienia, wytworzenia się jego wariantów czy  (raczej konserwatywnych) prób jego zachowania. Jednak miłość, w jej różnych  postaciach, zarówno jako teoria, jak i praktyka, wciąż dostarcza modeli i rozwiązań  nie tylko neoliberalnemu rynkowi pracy i nowym formom wyzysku i wywłaszczania opieki i pracy afektywnej, ale także rewolucyjnym ideom i przemianom, zarówno  wśród feministek i marksistek. Miłość wymaga zatem teorii skupiającej się raczej na  zniesieniu, a nie unicestwieniu poprzednich modeli miłości. W swoim artykule  konstruuję taką perspektywę, ukazując jej potencjał jako model oporu i rewolucji  na czasy neoliberalnego kapitalizmu.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Majewska, E. (2021). Prekarność i gender: Co ma z tym wspólnego miłość?. Praktyka Teoretyczna, 38(4), 19-48. https://doi.org/10.14746/prt2020.4.2
Dział
COMMONING
Biogram autora

Ewa Majewska

EWA MAJEWSKA – is a feminist philosopher and activist, living in  Warsaw. She taught at the University of Warsaw and the Jagiellonian  University in Kraków, Poland, she was also a visiting fellow at the University of California, Berkeley; ICI Berlin and IWM in Vienna. She  published four books and some 50 articles and essays, in journals, magazines and collected volumes, including: e-flux, Third Text, Journal of  Utopian Studies or Jacobin. Her current research is in Hegel’s philosophy, focusing on the dialectics and the weak; feminist critical theory  and antifascist cultures. Her next book, Feminist Antifascism. Counterpublics of the Common, will be published in 2021.

Bibliografia

  1. Adkins, Lisa. 2015. “What can money do? Feminist theory in austere times.” Feminist Review 109: 31–48.
  2. Ahmed, Sara. 2017. Living a Feminist Life. Durham: Duke University Press.
  3. Anzaldua, Gloria. 1999. Borderlands/La Frontera. The New Mestiza. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.
  4. Athanasiou, Athena. 2014. “Precarious Intensities: Gendered Bodies in the Streets and Squares of Greece”. Signs, 40, 1:1-9.
  5. Badiou, Alain. 2012. In Praise of Love. Transl. P. Bush. New York: The New Press.
  6. Bauman, Zygmunt. 2003. Liquid Love. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  7. Becker, Gary. 1991. A Treatise on the Family. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
  8. Benjamin, Walter. (1929) 2004. “The Task of Translator”. In: The Translation Studies Reader, (ed.) Venuti, Lawrence. New York and London: Routledge.
  9. Berlant, Lauren. 2011. “A Properly Political Concept of Love”. Cultural Anthropology, 26, 4: 683–691.
  10. Berman, Marshall. 1988. All That Is Solid Melts into Air: The Experience of Modernity. New York: Penguin Books.
  11. Bhattacharya, Tithi (ed). 2017a. Social Reproduction Theory. Remapping Class, Recentering Oprression. New York: Pluto Press.
  12. Bhattacharya, Tithi. 2017b. “Socializing Security, Unionizing Work. #Metoo as Our Moment to Explore Possibility”. In: Where Freedom Starts: Sex, Power, Violence, #Metoo. A Verso Report, Verso Books (ed.). London: Verso.
  13. Brown, Wendy. 1999. “Resisting Left Melancholy”. Boundary, 2, 26.3: 19-27.
  14. Butler, Judith. [1990] 1999. Gender Trouble. Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge.
  15. Crenshaw, Kimberle. 1991. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color”. Stanford Law Review, 43: 6:1241-1299.
  16. Davis, Angela. 1999. Blues Legacies and Black Feminism. New York: Vintage Books.
  17. Derrida, Jacques. 1981. “Plato’s Pharmacy”. In: Dissemination. Transl. Barbara Johnson. London: The Athlone Press.
  18. Dunn, Elisabeth. 2005. Privatizing Poland. Baby Food, Big Business, and the Remaking of Labor. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  19. Fantone, Laura. 2007. “Precarious changes: gender and generational politics in contemporary Italy”. Feminist Review, 87: 5-20.
  20. Federici, Silvia. 2004. Caliban and the Witch, Women, the Body and Primitive Accumulation. New York: Autonomedia.
  21. Federici, Silvia, 2006, “Precarious Labor: A Feminist Viewpoint”. A lecture held on October 28th 2006 at Bluestockings Radical Bookstore in New York City. http://inthemiddleofthewhirlwind.wordpress.com/precarious-labor-a-feminist-viewpoint/ (Accessed on January 2014).
  22. Ferguson, Ann. 1991. Sexual Democracy. Women, Oppression and Revolution. Boulder: Westview Press.
  23. Ferguson, Ann. 1998. “Resisting the Veil of Privilege: Building Bridge Identities as an Ethico-Politics of Global Feminisms”. Hypatia, 13, 3: 95-113.
  24. Ferguson, Ann. 2009. “Feminist Paradigms of Solidarity and Justice”. Philosophical Topics, 37(2): 161-177.
  25. Ferguson, Ann. 2011. “How is Global Solidarity Possible”. In: Sexuality, Gender and Power, Jonasdottir, Anna et al (eds). New York and London: Routledge.
  26. Ferguson, Ann and Jonasdottir, Anna (eds.). 2013. Love: A Question for Feminism in the Twenty-First Century. New York: Routledge.
  27. Fraser, Nancy. 2013. “Crisis, Critique, Capitalism. A Framework for 21 Century”. IWM Patocka Lectures Series, available on-line: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4n2ctlqWF9s.
  28. Giddens, Antony. 1992. The Transformation of Intimacy. Sexuality, Love, and Eroticism in Modern Societies. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  29. Hardt, Michael. 2011. “For Love or Money”. Cultural Anthropology, 26, 4: 676–682.
  30. hooks, bell. (1984) 2000. Feminist Theory. From Margin to Center. New York: Pluto Press.
  31. Hochschild, Arlie. 1983. The Managed Heart: Commercialization of Human Feeling. Berkeley: California University Press.
  32. Illouz, Eve. 2007. Cold Intimacies. Emotions and Late Capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  33. Illouz, Eve. 2012. Why Love Hurts?A Sociological Explanation. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  34. Jonasdottir, Anna. 1991. Love, Power and Political Interests. Towards a Theory of Patriarchy in Contemporary Western Societies. Orebro: University of Orebro.
  35. Jonasdottir, Anna. 2009. “Marx's Method and the Theorisation of ‘Love-Power’” In: The Political Interests of Gender Revisited, Jonasdottir, Anna and Jones Kathleen (eds.). Manchester University Press.
  36. Klein, Naomi. 2007. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. Picador: Knopf, Canada.
  37. Klein, Naomi. 1999. No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies. Picador: Knopf Canada.
  38. Kubisa, Julia. 2014. Bunt białych czepków: Analiza działalności związkowej pielęgniarek i położnych. Warszawa: Scholar.
  39. Lipton, Briony. 2015. “Gender and Precarity: A Response to Simon During”. Australian Humanities Review, 58: 63-69.
  40. Loomba, Ania. 1998. Colonialism/Postcolonialism (The New Critical Idiom). New York: Routlege.
  41. MacKinnon, Catharine. 2016. “In Their Hands: Restoring Institutional Liability for Sexual Harassment in Education”. Yale Law Review, 125, 7: 2038–2105.
  42. MacKinnon, Catharine. 2019. “Ask a Feminist: Sexual Harassment in the Age of #MeToo”. In conversation with Durba Mitra. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 44, 4: 1027–1043.
  43. MacRobbie, Angela. 2016. Be Creative. Making a Living in the New Culture Industries. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  44. Majewska, Ewa, 2020 (forthcoming). “Complaint as Counterpublic: Weak Resistance and Feminism in the Neoliberal Academia”. Kontradikce Journal.
  45. Majewska, Ewa. 2013. “Love in Translation: Neoliberal Availability or a Solidarity Practice?”. In: Love: A Question for Feminism in the Twenty-First Century, Jónasdóttir, Anna, Ferguson, Ann. London and New York: Routlege.
  46. Majewska, Ewa and Kukowska, Marta. 2006. Przemoc wobec kobiet w rodzinie i relacjach intymnych. Warsaw: Amnesty International Polska. Available online: https://amnesty.org.pl/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/przemoc_wobec_kobiet_w_rodzinie_i_relacjach_intymnych_2006.pdf [accessed Aug. 19, 2020]).
  47. Marx, Karl. 1844. “Letter to L. Feuerbach, 11 August 1844”. https://marxists.anu.edu.au/archive/marx/works/1844/letters/44_08_11.htm (Accessed on January 2014).
  48. Marx, Karl. (1844) 1959. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844. Transl. Martin Mulligan. Moscow: Progress Publishers.
  49. Marx, Karl and Engels, Frederic. (1845) 1956. The Holy Family. Transl. Richard Dixon. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House.
  50. Munck, Ronaldo. 2013. “The Precariat: A View from the South”. Third World Quarterly, 34, 5: 747-762.
  51. Negri, Antonio and Hardt, Michael. 2011. The Commonwealth. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
  52. Negri, Antonio and Hardt, Michael. 2004. Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire. London: Penguin Books.
  53. Preciado, Beatriz. 2013. Testo Junkie: Sex, Drugs, and Biopolitics in the Pharmacopornographic Era. New York: The Feminist Press.
  54. Ranciere, Jacques. 2004. Philosopher and his Poor. Durham: Duke University Press.
  55. Revel, Judith 2003. “Devenir-femme de la politique”. Multitudes, 12: 125-133.
  56. Revel, Judith and Negri, Tony. 2011. http://www.uninomade.org/commoninrevolt/.
  57. Said, Edward. 1978. Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books.
  58. Spivak, Gayatri. 1993. “The Politics of Translation”. In: Outside in the Teaching Machine. London-New York: Routledge.
  59. Standing, Guy. 2011. Precariat: The New Dangerous Class? London: Bloomsbury.
  60. Stenning, Alison. 2007. “Wypieranie stali: Myśląc o Nowej Hucie poza hutą”. In: Futuryzm miast przemysłowych. 100 lat Wolfsburga i Nowej Huty, Kaltwasser, Martin, Majewska, Ewa, Szreder, Kuba (eds.). Kraków: Korporacja Ha!art.
  61. Świda-Zięba, Hanna. 2005. Młodzi w nowym świecie. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie.
  62. Ticinetto Clough, Patricia et al. (eds.). 2007. The Affective Turn. Theorizing the Social. Durham: Duke University Press.
  63. Truth, Sojourner. 1851. “Ain't I a Woman?’. A speech delivered at the Women's Rights Convention, Akron, Ohio. Available on-line: http://www.nps.gov/wori/historyculture/sojourner-truth.htm (accessed 1 October 2014).
  64. Weeks, Kathi. 2011. The Problem with Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics, and Postwork Imaginaries. Durham: Duke University Press.
  65. Weeks, Kathi. 2017. “Down with Love: Feminist Critique and the New Ideologies of Work”. Women's Studies Quarterly, 45, 3 & 4: 37-58.
  66. Young, Iris M. 1981. “Beyond the Unhapy Marriage. A Critique of the Dual Systems Theory”. In: Women and Revolution. A discussion of the Unhappy Marriage of Feminism and Marxism, Sargent, Lydia (ed.). Cambridge, Massachussets: South End Press.