Critical Social Analysis of Crisis [Krytyczna analiza społeczna kryzysu]

Main Article Content

Felipe Ziotti Narita
Jeremiah Morelock


W tym artykule proponujemy krytyczną analizę społeczną kryzysy w świetle szerszych procesów rozwoju kapitalizmu, i przed wszystkim przemian po 2008 roku. Omawiamy pięć podejść rozwijanych w naukach społecznych, które mierzą się z problemem kryzysu i rozwijają teoretyczną refleksję nad problemem. Wskazujemy na wagę prekarności dla uchwycenia bieżącego kryzysu w krytycznym świetle. Tekst przybliża także sześć kolejnych artykułów z tego numeru Praktyki Teoretycznej.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Ziotti Narita, F., & Morelock, J. (2021). Critical Social Analysis of Crisis [Krytyczna analiza społeczna kryzysu]. Praktyka Teoretyczna, 42(4), 7-37.
Biogramy autorów

Felipe Ziotti Narita, São Paulo State University (UNESP)

Felipe Ziotti Narita, Ph.D. – received his postdoctoral training at the University of São Paulo (USP) and Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar) and all four of his degrees from the São Paulo State University (UNESP). He is a lecturer in public policy at UNESP and director of research at Baron of Mauá University, Brazil. He was an invited researcher at the Forschungskreis Gregor Girard at the Universität Freiburg (Switzerland) and is a member of the Research Network on Dialectics & Society, Research Nucleus on Ethics, Philosophy and Social Theory of UNESP, Historiar (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development of Brazil) and the Laboratory for the Study and Research on Education of USP. With Jeremiah Morelock, he is the author of The Society of the Selfie: Social Media and the Crisis of Liberal Democracy (University of Westminster Press, 2021) and O Problema do Populismo: Teoria, Política e Mobilização (UNESP and Paco Press, 2019).

Jeremiah Morelock, Boston College, Department of Sociology

Jeremiah Morelock, Ph.D. – is an instructor of sociology at Boston College’s Woods College of Advancing Studies, the program coordinator of the Taking Care of Us initiative as well as a postdoctoral researcher at the William F. Connell School of Nursing at Boston College, and the founder and director of the Research Network on Dialectics & Society. He is the author of Pandemics, Authoritarian Populism, and Science Fiction: Medicine, Militarism, and Morality in American Film (Routledge, 2021), and the editor of Critical Theory and Authoritarian Populism (University of Westminster Press, 2018) and How to Critique Authoritarian Populism: Methodologies of the Frankfurt School (Brill, 2021).


  1. Adorno, Theodor. 1975. „Spätkapitalismus oder Industriegesellschaft?” In Gesellschaftstheorie und Kulturkritik. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  2. Adorno, Theodor. 2000. Introduction to Sociology. Translated by Edmund Jephcott. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.
  3. Al Jazeera. 2020. „Cars Become Home for Spain’s Pandemic Casualties.” Al Jazeera, March 24.
  4. Azmanova, Albena. 2020. Capitalism on Edge: How Fighting Precarity Can Achieve Radical Change Without Crisis or Utopia. New York: Columbia University Press.
  5. Barbosa, Nelson. 2020. “Espremendo a classe média no Brasil e nos EUA.” Getulio Vargas Foundation News, January 8.
  6. Barnett, Clive. 2017. The Priority of Injustice: Locating Democracy in Critical Theory. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
  7. Bauman, Zygmunt, and Carlo Bordoni. 2014. State of Crisis. London: Polity.
  8. Beck, Ulrich. 1986. Risikogesellschaft: auf dem Weg in eine andere Moderne. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  9. Beck, Ulrich. 2007. Was ist Globalisierung? Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  10. Benanav, Aaron. 2020. Automation and the Future of Work. New York: Verso.
  11. Benjamin, Walter. 1977. „Über den Begriff der Geschichte.” In Illuminationen. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  12. Bloch, Ernst. 1962. Verfremdungen, vol. 1. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  13. Bordoni, Carlo. 2016. Interregnum: Beyond Liquid Modernity. Berlin: Transcript.
  14. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1962. The Algerians. Translated by Alan M. Ross. Boston: Beacon.
  15. Butler, Judith. 2006. Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence. London: Verso.
  16. Castel, Robert. 2003. L’insecurité sociale. Paris: Seuil.
  17. Castells, Manuel. 2019. “Explosiones sociales.” La Vanguardia, October 25.
  18. Chamayou, Grégoire. 2013. Théorie du drone. Paris: La Fabrique.
  19. Chari, Anita. 2010. “Toward a Political Critique of Reification: Lukács, Honneth and the Aims of Critical Theory.” Philosophy & Social Criticism 36(5): 587–606.
  20. Clarke, Simon. 1994. Marx’s Theory of Crisis. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  21. Cordero, Rodrigo, Aldo Mascareño, and Daniel Chernilo. 2017. “On the Reflexivity of Crises: Lessons from Critical Theory and Systems Theory.” European Journal of Social Theory 20(4): 102–134.
  22. Dona, Giorgia, and Angela Veale. 2021. “Crisis, (Im)mobilities and Young Life Trajectories.” Social Sciences 10(7).
  23. Durand, Cédric. 2015. Le Capital Fictive. Comment la Finance s’Approprie de Notre Avenir. Paris: Les Prairies ordinaires.
  24. Durand, Cédric. 2020. Techno-Féodalisme. Critique de l’Économie Numérique. Paris: La Découverte.
  25. Eastham, Katherine, Donald Coates, and Federico Allodi. 1970. “The Concept of Crisis.” Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal 15(5): 463–472.
  26. Ehlers, Eckart, and Thomas Krafft. 2006. Earth System Science in the Anthropocene: Emerging Issues and Problems. London: Springer.
  27. Endo, Tamaki. 2014. Living with Risk: Precarity and Bangkok’s Urban Poor. Kyoto: Kyoto University Press.
  28. Farnsworth, Kevin, and Zoë Irving. 2015. Social Policy in Times of Austerity: Global Economic Crisis and the New Politics of Welfare. Bristol: Bristol University Press.
  29. Feldner, Heiko, and Fabio Vighi. 2015. Critical Theory and the Crisis of Contemporary Capitalism. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
  30. Ferguson, James. 2015. Give a Man a Fish: Reflecting on the New Politics of Distribution. Durham: Duke University Press.
  31. Feldstein, Steven. 2019. The Global Expansion of AI Surveillance. New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  32. Fong, Benjamin. 2016. Death and Mastery: Psychoanalytic Drive Theory and the Subject of Late Capitalism. New York: Columbia University Press.
  33. Foster, Sheila, and Christian Iaione. 2016. “The City as a Commons.” Yale Law & Policy Review 34(2): 230–262.
  34. Fraser, Nancy. 2003. “Social Justice in the Age of Identity Politics: Redistribution, Recognition and Participation.” In Redistribution or Recognition?, edited by Axel Honneth and Nancy Fraser. New York: Verso.
  35. Gardawski, Juliusz, Adam Mrozowicki, and Vera Trappmann. 2020. Young Precarious Workers in Poland and Germany. Insights into life strategies, political consciousness and activism. Warsaw: National Science Centre Poland.
  36. Graham, Mark, and Mohammad Anwar. 2019. “The Global Gig Economy: Towards a Planetary Labour Market?” First Monday 24(4).
  37. Gray, John. 1998. False Dawn: The Delusions of Global Capitalism. New York: W.W. Norton.
  38. Gu, Yuanyuan, Simeng Gu, and Hong Li. 2020. “From Uncertainty to Anxiety: How Uncertainty Fuels Anxiety in a Process Mediated by Intolerance of Uncertainty.” Neural Plasticity 20(1).
  39. Habermas, Jürgen. 1992. Erkenntnis und Interesse. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  40. Habermas, Jürgen. 2002. “The Tasks of a Critical Theory of Society.” In Contemporary Sociological Theory, edited by Craig Calhoun and Joseph Gerteis. London: Blackwell.
  41. Han, Byung-Chul. 2015. The Burnout Society. Translated by Erik Butler. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.
  42. Holton, R.J. 1987. “The Idea of Crisis in Modern Society.” The British Journal of Sociology 38(4): 502–520.
  43. Honneth, Axel. 2000. Das Andere der Gerechtigkeit. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  44. Horkheimer, Max. 1968a. „Bemerkungen über Wissenschaft und Krise.” In Kritische Theorie: eine Dokumentation I, edited by Alfred Schmidt. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer.
  45. Horkheimer, Max. 1968b. „Die gesellschaftliche Funktion der Philosophie.” In Kritische Theorie: eine Dokumentation II, edited by Alfred Schmidt. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer.
  46. Horkheimer, Max. 1968c. „Materialismus und Metaphysik.” In Kritische Theorie: eine Dokumentation I, edited by Alfred Schmidt. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer.
  47. Horkheimer, Max. 1968d. ”Traditionelle und kritische Theorie.“ In Kritische Theorie: eine Dokumentation II, edited by Alfred Schmidt. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer.
  48. Illouz, Eve. 2007. Cold Intimacies: Emotions and Late Capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  49. Ivancheva, Maria, Felipe Ziotti Narita, and Natalia-Rozalia Avlona. 2020. “Experiências populares radicais, precariedade, gênero e covid-19 no ensino superior.” Cadernos CIMEAC 10(3): 13–28.
  50. Jonas, Hans. 2017. Une Éthique pour la Nature. Translated by Sylvie Courtine-Denamy. Paris: Flammarion.
  51. Jones, Phil. 2021. Work Without the Worker: Labour in the Age of Platform Capitalism. New York: Verso.
  52. Kołakowski, Leszek. 2005. Main Currents of Marxism. New York: Norton.
  53. Koselleck, Reinhart. 2012. Crisi. Per un lessico della modernità. Translated by Genaro Imbriano and Silvia Rodeschini. Verona: Ombre Corte.
  54. Le Breton, D. 2018. “Ambivalence in the World Risk Society.” Theory, Culture & Society 35(8): 141–156.
  55. Levy, Daniel. 2016. “Cosmopolitanizing Catastrophism: Remembering the Future.” Theory, Culture & Society 33(8): 291–299.
  56. Long, Heather. 2021. “Millions of Jobs Probably Aren’t Coming Back, Even after the Pandemic Ends.” Washington Post, February 17.
  57. Lorey, Isabell. 2015. State of Insecutiry: Government of the Precarious. New York: Verso.
  58. Luhmann, Niklas. 1997. Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft II. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  59. Maguire, Alex. 2020. “A Dying Class: The Traditional Middle-Class in Britain 2020.” Historical Materialism, December 11.
  60. Majewska, Ewa. 2020. “Precarity and Gender: What’s Love Got to Do With It.” Praktyka Teoretyczna 38(4): 19–48.
  61. Marcuse, Herbert. 1966. Eros and Civilization. Boston: Beacon.
  62. Marcuse, Herbert. 2015. “The Historical Fate of Bourgeois Democracy.” In Towards a Critical Theory of Society. London: Routledge.
  63. Marini, Ruy Mauro. 1993. “La crisis teórica.” In América Latina: Integración y Democracia. Caracas: Nueva Sociedad.
  64. Marin, Claire. 2019. Rupture(s). Paris: Éditions de l’Observatoire.
  65. Marx, Karl. 1962. Das Kapital: Kritik der politischen Ökonomie I. Berlin: Dietz.
  66. Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. 1978. Die deutsche Ideologie. Berlin: Dietz.
  67. Mau, Soren. 2021. Stummer Zwang. Eine marxistische Analyse der ökonomischen Macht im Kapitalismus. Berlin: Dietz.
  68. McDonough, Terrence, Michael Reich, and David Kotz. 2010. “Social Structure of Accumulation Theory for the 21st Century.” In Contemporaty Capitalism and Its Crises: Social Structure of Accumulation Theory for the 21st Century, edited by Terrence McDonough, Michael Reich and David Kotz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  69. Mearsheimer, John. 2019. “Bound to Fail: the Rise and Fall of the Liberal International Order.” International Security 43(4): 7–50.
  70. Mészarós, István. 2022. Beyond Leviathan: Critique of the State. New York: Monthly Review Press.
  71. Mitropoulos, Angela. 2005. “Precari-Us?” Transversal Texts 3(2).
  72. Moore, Jason. 2016. Anthropocene or Capitalocene? Nature, History, and the Crisis of Capitalism. Oakland: PM Press.
  73. Morelock, Jeremiah. 2018. Critical Theory and Authoritarian Populism. London: University of Westminster Press.
  74. Morelock, Jeremiah. 2021. How to Critique Authoritarian Populism: Methodologies of the Frankfurt School. Leiden: Brill.
  75. Morelock, Jeremiah, and Felipe Ziotti Narita. 2021. The Society of the Selfie: Social Media and the Crisis of Liberal Democracy. London: University of Westminster Press.
  76. Mythen, Gabe. 2014. Understanding Risk Society. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  77. Narita, Felipe Ziotti. 2019. “Espectros da multidão.” Revista USP 122(3): 89–98.
  78. Narita, Felipe Ziotti. 2020. “Between a Double Crisis: Precarization, Extractivism and the Futures of the Commonist Politics.” Praktyka Teoretyczna 38(4): 124–133.
  79. Narita, Felipe Ziotti. 2021. “No terreno normativo da modernidade.” Transições 2(1): 189–230.
  80. Natalino, Marco. 2020. Estimativa da População em Situação de Rua no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: IPEA.
  81. Negri, Antonio. 1991. Marx Beyond Marx: Lessons on the Grundrisse. Translated by Harry Cleaver, Michael Ryan, Jim Fleming and Maurizio Viano. London: Pluto.
  82. NPR. 2021. “Growth of Homelessness During 2020 Was Devastating, Even Before the Pandemic.” NPR, March 18.
  83. O’Kane, Chris. 2021. “Reification and the Critical Theory of Contemporary Society.” Critical Historical Studies 8(1): 110–132.
  84. Oliveira, Walter Lisboa, Zenith Delabrida, André Faro, and Elder Cerqueira Santos. 2020. “Intolerance of Uncertainty and Mental Health in Brazil During the COVID-19 Pandemic.” Suma Psicológica 27(1): 32–49.
  85. Ong, Aihwa. 2006. Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty. Durham: Duke University Press.
  86. Papadimitropoulos, Vangelis. 2020. The Commons: Economic Alternatives in the Digital Age. London: University of Westminster Press.
  87. Pascale, Celine-Marie. 2021. Living on the Edge: When Hard Times Become a Way of Life. London: Polity.
  88. Pérez-Lanzac, Carmen. 2020. “La generación arrollada por dos crisis.” El País, April 25.
  89. Peron, Alcides. 2019. American Way of War: Guerra Cirúrgica e o Emprego de Drones Armados em Conflitos Internacionais. Curitiba: Appris.
  90. Pierret, Régis. 2013. “Qu’est-ce que la précarité?” Socio 2(2): 307–330.
  91. Pignarre, Philippe, and Isabelle Stengers. 2007. La Sorcellerie Capitaliste. Pratiques de Désenvoûtement. Paris: La Découverte.
  92. Pradella, Lucia. 2014. Globalization and the Critique of Political Economy. London: Routledge.
  93. Priest, Dana, Craig Timberg, and Souad Makhennet. 2021. “Private Israeli Spyware Used to Hack Cellphones of Journalists, Activists Worldwide.” Washington Post, July 18.
  94. Ravenelle, Alexandrea. 2019. Hustle and Gig: Struggling and Surviving in the Sharing Economy. Palo Alto: University of California Press.
  95. Rego, Walquiria Leão, and Alessandro Pinzani. 2014. Vozes do Bolsa Família. São Paulo: UNESP Press.
  96. Rendueles, César, and Joan Subirats. 2016. Los bienes comunes. Madrid: Icaria.
  97. Rodrik, Dani. 2011. The Globalization Paradox. New York: W.W. Norton.
  98. Roitman, Janet. 2014. Anti-Crisis. New York: Duke University Press.
  99. Rosario, Teresita Cruz, and Jonathan Rigg. 2019. “Living in an Age of Precarity in 21st Century Asia.” Journal of Contemporary Asia 49(4): 517–527.
  100. Santos, Theotonio. 1978. Imperialismo y Dependencia. Mexico: Editorial Era.
  101. Scholz, Trebor. 2016. Uberworked and Underpaid. London: Polity.
  102. Schweiger, Gottfried. 2020. Poverty, Inequality and the Critical Theory of Recognition. London: Springer.
  103. Shavit, Tal, Arie Sherman, and Daniela Aisenberg. 2021. “The Effects of the COVID-19 Crisis on the Subjective Well-Being of the Isralei Population.” Current Psychology 29(3): 211–235.
  104. Skidelsky, Robert. 2010. Keynes: The Return of the Master. New York: Public Affairs.
  105. Smulewicz-Zucker, Gregory. 2020. Confronting Reification. Leiden: Brill.
  106. Sotiropoulos, Dimitris, John Milios, and Spyros Lapatsioras. 2013. A Political Economy of Contemporary Capitalism and its Crisis. London: Routledge.
  107. Standing, Guy. 2011. The Precariat. London: Bloomsbury.
  108. Stiglitz, Joseph. 2006. The Price of Inequality. New York: W.W. Norton.
  109. Stirk, Peter. 2005. Critical Theory, Politics and Society. London: Continuum.
  110. Strobl, Natascha. 2021. Radikalisierter Konservatismus. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  111. Sznaider, Natan. 2015. “Ulrich Beck and Classical Sociological Theory.” Journal of Classical Sociology 15(2): 220–225.
  112. Walby, Sylvia. 2015. Crisis. London: Polity.
  113. Xavier, Getulio. 2021. “Reforma trabalhista completa 4 anos sem cumprir suas promesas.” Carta Capital, July 13.
  114. Wilson, Elizabeth. 1989. Hallucinations: Life in a Post-Modern City. London: Hutchinson Radius.
  115. Woodcock, Jamie, and Mark Graham. 2019. The Gig Economy: A Critical Introduction. London: Polity.
  116. Young, Iris Marion. 2000. Inclusion and Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  117. Žižek, Slavoj. 2011. Living in the End Times. New York: Verso.