Dlaczego warto ratować życie? Neoliberalizm, COVID-19 i publiczne wypowiedzi Borisa Johnsona

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Jeremiah Morelock
Yonathan Listik
Mili Kalia

Abstrakt

W przedstawionym artykule stosujemy wypracowaną przez Browna Foucaultowską perspektywę ujęcia neoliberalizmu po to, by przyjrzeć się związanemu z pandemią COVID-19 kryzysowi w Zjednoczonym Królestwie. Używając jakościowej analizy treści, staramy się odsłonić moralną logikę stojącą za 32 publicznymi wypowiedziami Borisa Johnsona na temat COVID-19. Podzieliliśmy naszą analizę na sześć części. W pierwszych czterech częściach wykorzystujemy cztery kategorie wskazane przez Browna: ekonomizację, rządzenie, czynienie odpowiedzialnym i poświęcenie. Następnie objaśniamy dwie inne logiki moralne – utylitarystyczną i współczującą. Połączenie tych logik przez Johnsona niesie ideologiczny przekaz o następującej treści: neoliberalna racjonalność służy ludziom i ich wspiera. W ramach perspektywy Browna problemem jest nie tylko dominacja rynku, lecz także legitymizowanie rynku jako logiki skoncentrowanej na człowieku. Proponowane przez nas uzupełnienie polega na rozpoznaniu faktu, że owa skoncentrowana na człowieku logika nie jest pokostem neoliberalizmu, ale raczej zestawem niespójnych logik moralnych, spojonym jedynie na powierzchni, ale wewnątrz wciąż rozproszonym.

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Morelock, J., Listik, Y., & Kalia, M. (2021). Dlaczego warto ratować życie? Neoliberalizm, COVID-19 i publiczne wypowiedzi Borisa Johnsona. Praktyka Teoretyczna, 42(4), 167–192. https://doi.org/10.14746/prt2021.4.7
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Biogramy autorów

Jeremiah Morelock, Boston College

JEREMIAH MORELOCK, Ph.D. – is a postdoctoral researcher and the project coordinator of the Taking Care of Us study at the William F. Connell School of Nursing at Boston College. He also teaches sociology at Boston College’s Woods College of Advancing Studies and directs the Research Network on Dialectics & Society. He is the author of Pandemics, Authoritarian Populism, and Science Fiction (Routledge, 2021), and co-author (with Felipe Ziotti Narita) of The Society of the Selfie (University of Westminster Press, 2021) and O Problema do Populismo (UNESP, Paco Press, 2019).

Yonathan Listik, University of Amsterdam

YONATHAN LISTIK – is PhD candidate from the University of Amsterdam working on political theory from a continental perspective. He works on the entanglement between democracy, stupidity and power.

Mili Kalia, Oxford City Council

MILI KALIA – works for the Oxford City Council and owns a Sociology tutoring business. She has completed her master’s degree from Oxford University and has trained as a doctoral student in the US. Her research, academic, and work interests/ passions lie at the intersection of everyday legality and economic processes—more specifically, how market-based practices and rationality engage and confront temporary migrant legality assemblages.

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