Jakie są względne zalety makroekonomiczne i wpływ na środowisko płynące z bezpośredniego tworzenia miejsc pracy oraz dochodu podstawowego?

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Pavlina R. Tcherneva


There is a body of literature that favors universal and unconditional public assurance policies over those that are targeted and means-tested. Two such proposals—the basic income proposal and job guarantees—are discussed here. The paper evaluates the impact of each program on macroeconomic stability, arguing that direct job creation has inherent stabilization features that are lacking in the basic income proposal. A discussion of modern finance and labor market dynamics renders the latter proposal inherently inflationary, and potentially stagflationary. After studying the macroeconomic viability of each program, the paper elaborates on their environmental merits. It is argued that the “green” consequences of the basic income proposal are likely to emerge, not from its modus operandi, but from the tax schemes that have been advanced for its financing. By contrast, the job guarantee proposal can serve as an institutional vehicle for achieving various environmental goals by explicitly targeting environmental rehabilitation, conservation, and sustainability. Finally, in the hope of consensus building, the paper advances a joint policy proposal that is economically viable, environmentally friendly, and socially just.


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Tcherneva, P. R. (2017). Jakie są względne zalety makroekonomiczne i wpływ na środowisko płynące z bezpośredniego tworzenia miejsc pracy oraz dochodu podstawowego?. Praktyka Teoretyczna, 24(2), 125-154. https://doi.org/10.14746/prt.2017.2.5
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Pavlina R. Tcherneva, Bard College Economics Department 30 Campus Road Annandale-On-Hudson, NY 12504

Pavlina R. Tcherneva - profesor ekonomii, dyrektorka Wydziału Ekonomii na Bard College. Jest również współpracowniczką naukową Instytutu Ekonomicznego Levy'ego (Levy Economics Institute) oraz Centrum Pełnego Zatrudnienia i Stabilności Cen (Center for Full Employment and Price Stability). Specjalizuje się w tematyce teorii pieniężnej, polityki fiskalnej i stabilizacji makroekonomicznej. Publikowała m.in. w Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, International Journal of Political Economy i Review of Social Economy. Współredagowała (wraz z M. Forstaterem) książkę pt. Full Employment and Price Stability: The Macroeconomic Vision of William S. Vickrey (2004, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar).


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