Pressto.

Nagłowek strony

Problem of relation between luck and morality in selected ancient philosophers

PRZEMYSŁAW STRZYŻYŃSKI

Abstrakt


The article presents views of selected philosophers, from antiquity and the Middle Ages, on luck and its role in morality. It shows that, for example, Plato did not consider moral luck. Aristotle did but without such concequences as Williams and Nagel did. Stoics also considered morality as independent from the fortune provided that the wise man is able to become independent from luck. In the ancient times, the role of luck or fate was undoubtedly perceived but not theorized. The luck was not the reason for the question of the meaning of moral responsibility.


Słowa kluczowe


luck; moral luck; Plato; Aristotel; Stoics; Thomas of Aquin; Williams; Nagel

Pełny tekst:

Bibliografia


A Loeb Classical Library edition, vol. 1, Harvard 1917.

Andre J., Nagel, Williams, and Moral Luck, State University of New York Press 1993.

Annas J., The Morality of Happiness, New York 1993.

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, translated by W.D. Ross, http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/nicomachaen.1.i.html, [accessed on 01.12.2016].

Aristotle, Rhetoric, translated by W. Rhys Roberts, http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/rhetoric.mb.txt, [accessed on 01.12.2016].

Athanassoulis N., Morality, Moral Luck and Responsibility, New York 2005.

Aurelius Marcus, The Meditations, translated by George Long, book II, http://classics.mit.edu/Antoninus/meditations.10.ten.html, [accessed on 01.12.2016].

Bobzien S., Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy, Oxford 1998.

Cicero, On Fate, 41, cf. 9, 21, 23, 31.

Epictetus, Enchiridion, from: A.A. Long, D.N. Sedley, The Hellenistic Philosophers, Cambridge, 1987, vol. 1. 62B.

Galen, On Hippocrates and Plato’s Doctrines, 5.5.8-26, in: A.A. Long, D.N. Sedley, The Hellenistic Philosophers, vol. 1, Cambridge 1999, p. 5.

God and Cosmos in Stoicism, ed. R. Salless, Oxford 2009.

Hadot P., The Inner Citadel. The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius, translated by M. Chase, London 1998.

Hankinson R.J., Determinism and indeterminism, in: The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, ed. K. Algra, J. Barnes, J. Mansfeld, M. Schofi eld, Cambridge 2008, pp. 529-541.

Hippolit, Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta, translated von H. Arnim, Leipzig 1921, vol. III. Irwin T., Aristotle’s First Principles, Oxford 1988.

Jedan Ch., Stoic Virtues. Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Virtues, New York 2009.

Laertius Diogenes., Lives of Eminent Philosophers, R.D. Hicks, Ed., Harvard 1972, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0258%3Abook%3D7%3Achapter%3D1, [accessed on 01.12.2016].

Long A.A, Sedley D.N., The Hellenistic Philosophers, Cambridge, 1987.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. New Edition, Warsaw 1990.

Meyer S.S., Chain of Causes. What is Stoic Fate?, in: God and Cosmos in Stoicism, ed. R. Salless, Oxford 2009, p. 71-90.

Nagel T., Moral Luck, in: Moral Luck, ed. D. Statman, New York 1993.

Nelkin D.K., Moral Luck, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2013/entries/moral-luck/, [accessed on 23.02.2016].

Nussbaum M.C., The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy, Cambridge 2001.

Nussbaum C.M., Luck and Ethics, in: D. Stateman, Moral Luck, New York 1993, p. 73-108.

Origen, Contra Celsus, Translated by Frederick Crombie. From Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. 4. Edited by A. Roberts, J. Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe. (Buff alo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1885.) Revised and edited for New Advent by K. Knight., http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/04164.htm, [accessed on 01.12.2016].

Plato, Crito, translated by B. Jowett, http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/crito.html, [accessed on 01.12.2016].

Plato, Kriton, translated into Polish by W. Witwicki, Warszawa 1984.

Plato, Laws, translated by B. Jowett, book IX, http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/laws.9.ix.html [accessed on 01.12.2016].

Plato, Protagoras, translated by B. Jowett, http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/protagoras.html, [accessed on 01.12.2016].

Plato, Republic, translated by B. Jowett, book X, http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/republic.11.x.html, [accessed on 01.12.2016].

Platon, Państwo, translated into Polish by W. Witwicki, Kęty 2003.

Plutarch, On Stoic Self-Contradictions, in: Plutarch, Moralia, translation by H. Cherniss, London 1976.

Richards N., Luck and Desert, in: Moral Luck, ed. D. Statman, New York 1993.

Seneca, Minor Dialogs Together with the Dialog “On Clemency”, translated by A. Stewart, London 1900.

Seneca, Moral Letters to Lucilius, translated by R. Guemmere Mott, in: A Loeb Classical Library edition, vol. 1, Harvard 1917, letter XLI, parts 6-8.

Seneca, Of Clemency, translated by A. Stewart, Book I, part VI, from: L. Annaeus Seneca, Minor Dialogs Together with the Dialog “On Clemency”, London 1900, pp. 380-414.

Seneca, On the Firmness of the Wise Man, from: L. Annaeus Seneca, Minor Dialogs Together with the Dialog “On Clemency”, translated by A. Stewart, London 1900, book II, part V.

Statman D., Introduction, in: Moral Luck, ed. D. Statman, State University of New York Press 1993. The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, ed. K. Algra, J. Barnes, J. Mansfeld, M. Schofield, Cambridge 2008.

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2013 Edition), ed. E.N. Zalta, URL = http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2013/entries/moral-luck/, [accessed on 23.02.2016].

Williams B., Moral Luck, in: Williams B., Philosophical Papers 1973-1980, Cambridge 1981, p. 20-39.

Williams B., Philosophical Papers 1973-1980, Cambridge 1981.

Williams B., Postscript, State University of New York Press 1993, pp. 251-258.

PRESSto2AMUR - export

Statystyki

Abstrakt - 14 PDF (English) - 11

Altmetric

Zewnętrzne odnośniki

  • Obecnie brak jakichkolwiek odnośników.




Copyright (c) 2017