Constructive Empathizing – Educational Competence in the Light of Child’s Play


pretend play
zone of proximal development
moral development

How to Cite

Kaczmarczyk, L. (2013). Constructive Empathizing – Educational Competence in the Light of Child’s Play. ETHICS IN PROGRESS, 4(1), 82–90.


Pre-school play is an important moment in a child’s development.  Caretakers play an important role during play. This article presents a structure of educational competence called “constructive empathizing” or “invitingaccompanying competence”. A caretaker’s special task during child’s play is conversion between the third-person knowledge and a subjective, autotelic interaction. The caretaker’s constructive empathizing during a child’s play determines the child’s social and moral development, it helps the child to turn play into work, as a sign of higher spontaneous understanding of cultural norms standing behind cultural correctness actions. Finally, it is evidence of dynamic interaction between abstract-concrete thinking, with the child learning from the caretaker.


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