Wyjaśniamy czy utrzymujemy status quo? Teorie o „głęboko zakorzenionych” różnicach płciowych jako samospełniająca się przepowiednia

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Cordelia Fine

Abstrakt

W poniższym artykule przedstawiam dane na poparcie twierdzenia o wpływie naukowych opisów grup społecznych na same te grupy oraz na badane zjawiska mentalne. Zarówno w nauce, jak i w popularnym przekazie medialnym powszechna jest kontrowersyjna hipoteza o istnieniu głęboko zakorzenionych różnic między mózgami mężczyzn i kobiet, które przyczyniają się do powstawania różnic w zachowaniach typowych dla danej płci. Przedstawiam dowody na to, że takie stwierdzenia, niezależnie od ich zasadności naukowej, mogą podtrzymywać istnienie różnic płciowych, które mają wyjaśniać. Przekonuję, że choć potrzeba dalszych badań, powyższe twierdzenia mogą stać się samospełniającą się przepowiednią, oddziałując na odbiór społeczny, zachowania oraz nastawienie. Rzeczywisty wpływ efektów badań naukowych na nasze umysły i społeczeństwo oraz to, że wszystkie hipotezy naukowe podlegają dyskusji i podważaniu, wskazuje na potrzebę rozważenia przez naukowców etycznych implikacji ich pracy.

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Fine, C. (2018). Wyjaśniamy czy utrzymujemy status quo? Teorie o „głęboko zakorzenionych” różnicach płciowych jako samospełniająca się przepowiednia. Praktyka Teoretyczna, 28(2), 171-189. https://doi.org/10.14746/prt.2018.2.9
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Cordelia Fine, Centre for Agency, Values & Ethics Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia Melbourne Business School University of Melbourne, 200 Leicester St., Carlton Victoria 3053

profesor historii i filozofii nauki na Uniwersytecie Melbourne, w Australii. Naukowo zajmuje się poznaniem społecznym, neuroseksizmem oraz popularnymi mitami dotyczącymi różnicy płci. Jest autorką trzech, wielokrotnie nagradzanych, książek popularnonaukowych: A Mind of Its Own (W. W. Norton 2006), Delusions of Gender (W. W. Norton 2010) oraz Testosterone Rex (W. W. Norton 2017).

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