Zbierając na brzegach politycznego. Uwspólnianie jako nowa filozofia praxis

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Łukasz Moll

Abstrakt

Artykuł włącza się w prowadzoną ostatnio przez teoretyków dóbr wspólnych dyskusję nad znaczeniem pojęcia uwspólniania (commoning). Proponuje uznać za podstawową cechę wyróżniającą praktyki uwspólniania zdolność do reprodukcji autonomii plebejskich światów życia, które potencjalnie wykraczać mogą ku post-kapitalistycznej przyszłości. Rozumienie uwspólniania jako aktywności podejmowanych przez zmarginalizowane podmiotowości zostało zaprezentowane na przykładzie zbieractwa. Ta tradycyjna czynność biedoty została w artykule poddana analizie jako dwuznaczna praktyka, która wymyka się dychotomiom działania i pasywności, pozytywności i negatywności, produkcji i reprodukcji. Zbieractwo, wraz ze swoimi reprodukcyjnymi cechami, potraktowane zostało jako modelowy fenomen dla uwspólniania, rozumianego jako nowa filozofia praxis, która pozostaje tak pożądana w dobie katastrofy ekologicznej i w obliczu zerwanych połączeń między pracą a opieką. Historia walk społecznych wokół zbieractwa i dóbr wspólnych, a także podmiotowości biednej pokłośnicy (glaneuse) i miejskiego szmaciarza (chiffonier), zostają przywołane w artykule, by rozpoznać niedoceniany potencjał uwspólniania do zakłócenia dziejów ślepego produktywizmu i – poprzez dążenie do odzyskania dóbr wspólnych – także do odzyskania naszej przyszłości.

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Dział
IMAGES OF THE RABBLE
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Łukasz Moll, University of Wrocław

ŁUKASZ MOLL – philosopher, sociologist. The faculty member in the Institute of Sociology at the University of Wrocław. The principal investigator in the “The Idea of Europe in the context of migration crisis” project at the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. The member of the editorial board of the journal Praktyka Teoretyczna.

Address:

The Institute of Sociology,University of Wrocław,Koszarowa 3, 52-007 Wrocław

email: lukasz.moll@uwr.edu.pl

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