Financial Crime in the Operational Work of the State Security Service Until 1956 – Lower Silesian Perspective

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Robert Klementowski

Abstract

Nationalization and the introduction of state-controlled economy led to the emergence of abnormal social phenomena, including system-specific crimes. Economic transformations were the foundation of the systemic revolution carried out in the first decade after the Second World War, therefore they were the subject of interest for the Ministry of Public Security. That is why financial crimes were treated just like political crimes, which was also justified by legal provisions, as no specific definition of this type of crime existed. This allowed the authorities (secret police, prosecutor’s office, courts, media) to interpret the events according to their will and current political needs, and, as a result, to administer various overt or covert repressions (death penalty, imprisonment, forced cooperation with the secret police).

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How to Cite
Klementowski, R. (2017). Financial Crime in the Operational Work of the State Security Service Until 1956 – Lower Silesian Perspective. Studia Historiae Oeconomicae, 34, 129-148. https://doi.org/10.2478/sho-2016-0008
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Articles
Author Biography

Robert Klementowski, University of Wrocław, Wrocław

Robert Klementowski – Ph.d is a professor at the University of Wrocław, historian, anthropologist, scholar of literature. He researches communist secret police, the history of utopias, and anthropology of remembrance. He is the author of numerous publications including the following studies: Modelowe boksowanie ze światem. Polska literatura fantastyczna na przełomie lat 70 i 80 [Representative boxing with the world. Polish fantasy literature at the turn of the 1980s] (Toruń 2003); Urząd Bezpieczeństwa w powiecie Lwówek Śląski (1945–1956) [The Security Office in Lwówek Śląski county (1945–1956)] (Wrocław 2006); W cieniu sudeckiego uranu. Kopalnictwo uranu w Polsce w latach 1948–1973 [In the shadow of the Sudety uranium. Uranium mining in Poland in the years 1948–1973] (Wrocław 2010); Jeleniogórskie orlęta [Jelenia Góra eaglets] (Jelenia Góra 2011).

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