Początki ewangelizacji Islandii

Main Article Content

Grzegorz Adamiak

Abstrakt

The turning point of Icelandic history was the reception of Christianity. After the discovery of the island, and then its settlement and the organization of an independent state, this was another step in the unification of the Icelandic nation. The circumstances of Iceland's acceptance of Christianity are peculiar in comparison with other countries in Europe at that time. While the decision to accept a new religion was usually made by the ruler, in Iceland the introduction of Christianity took place by the decision of the pagan parliament. Opposition to each other, the pagan and Christian factions, through reasonable negotiations, agreed in a bloodless manner on political agreement in this matter. The national assembly – Althingi – made a resolution in the summer of 1000 establishing a Christianity valid for the whole country religion. It is worth noting that pagan priest and clan leader Thorgeir Thorlaksson, played a crucial role here. Iceland was thus a country that was an exception to the European countries, which accepted a new faith through the conscious and voluntary decision of its inhabitants.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Adamiak, G. (2019). Początki ewangelizacji Islandii. Annales Missiologici Posnanienses, (23), 23-39. https://doi.org/10.14746/amp.2018.23.2
Dział
Artykuły naukowe
Biogram autora

Grzegorz Adamiak

Grzegorz Adamiak, kapłan diecezji płockiej, doktorant misjologii na Wydziale Teologicznym UKSW, duszpasterz polonijny w Islandii, administrator parafii pw. św. Jana Pawła II w Ásbrú.

Bibliografia

  1. Aðalsteinsson, J. Hnefill. „Under the Cloak. The Acceptance of Christianity in Iceland with Particular Reference to the Religious Attitiudes Prevailing at the Time.” Studia Ethnologica Upsaliensia (1978) 4: 1-151.
  2. Byock, Jesse. Viking age Iceland. London: Pengiun Books, 2001.
  3. Magnússon, Sigurdur. Northern Sphinks. Iceland and Icelanders from settlement to the present. London: C. Hurst and Company, 1977.
  4. Miotk, Andrzej. „Peregrinatio pro Christi amore we wczesnym średniowieczu.” Studia Warmińskie 39 (2002): 161-168.
  5. Neill, Stephen. A History of Christian Missions (The Pelican History of the Church 6). Baltimore: Pelikan, 1964.
  6. Njardvík, Njörður. Birth of a nation. The story of the Icelandic Commonwealth. Tłum. John Porter. Reykjavík: Iceland Review, 1978.
  7. Pálsson, Einar. Celtic Christianity in pagan Iceland. Reykjavík: Mímir, 1985.
  8. Scherman, Katharine. Iceland: daughter of fire. London: The Travel Book Club, 1977.
  9. Torfason, Ólafur. Kaþólskur annáll Íslands: ártöl sem tengjast sögu rómversk-kaþólskrar kirkju á Íslandi. Reykjavík: Þorlákssjóður, 1993.
  10. Trial, Georg. History of education in Iceland, Cambridge: W. Heffer and Sons LTD, 1945.
  11. Wittmann, Pius. “Iceland.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 615-617.