The Cooperative Board Game THREE. A Test Field for Experimenting with Moral Dilemmas of Human-Robot Interaction

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Paweł Łupkowski
Aleksandra Wasielewska


The paper describes the cooperative board game entitled THREE. The game is inspired by the Three Laws of Robotics. We show how this game may be used as an environment for exploring the ethical problems arising from human-robot interaction. We present the idea behind the game, discuss its cooperativeness and analyze the dilemmas encountered by players during the gameplay. We also present and discuss the results of the game evaluation.


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Łupkowski, P., & Wasielewska, A. (2019). The Cooperative Board Game THREE. A Test Field for Experimenting with Moral Dilemmas of Human-Robot Interaction. ETHICS IN PROGRESS, 10(2), 82-97.
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Author Biographies

Paweł Łupkowski, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań

Paweł Łupkowski is associate professor at the Department of Logic and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. Cognitive Science Curriculum Manager at the Institute of Psychology. Co-founder of the Reasoning Research Group <>. Research interests: philosophical logic (logic of questions), theories of reasoning, formal analysis of cognitive processes, games with a purpose and serious games, human-robot interaction.

Aleksandra Wasielewska, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań

Aleksandra Wasielewska. Member of the Reasoning Research Group, Institute of Psychology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań. She holds a Bachelor's Degree in Cognitive Science and is currently preparing her Master's Degree thesis on roboethics and serious games. Her scientific interests focus on issues related to the Three Laws of Robotics, roboethics, human-robot interaction, educational games and immersion in games. As a chair of Poznańskie Forum Kognitywistyczne (Cognitive Science Forum in Poznań) she is responsible for creating a space for sharing ideas and research findings.


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