Art and emotion: the variety of aesthetic emotions and their internal dynamics

Słowa kluczowe

aesthetic emotions
aesthetic experience

Jak cytować

Przybysz, P. (2020). Art and emotion: the variety of aesthetic emotions and their internal dynamics. Interdisciplinary Studies in Musicology, (20), 51–63.


The aim of this paper is to propose an interpretation of aesthetic emotions in which they are treated as various affective reactions to a work of art. I present arguments that there are three different types of such aesthetic emotional responses to art, i.e., embodied emotions, epistemic emotions and contextual-associative emotions. I then argue that aesthetic emotions understood in this way are dynamic wholes that need to be explained by capturing and describing their internal temporal dynamics as well as by analyzing the relationships with the other components of aesthetic experience.


Berlyne, D. (1971). Aesthetics and Psychobiology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Brattico, E., Bogert, B., & Jacobsen, T. (2013). Toward a Neural Chronometry for the Aesthetic Experience of Music. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, article 206: 1–21.

Brattico, E., & Pearce, M. (2013). The Neuroaesthetics of Music. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 7(1): 48–61.

Brown, S., & Dissanayake, E. (2009). The Arts are More than Aesthetics: Neuroaesthetics as Narrow Aesthetics. In M. Skov, O. Vartanian (Eds.) Neuroaesthetics (pp. 43-57). New York: Baywood Publishing Company.

Chatterjee, A. (2014). The Aesthetic Brain. How We Evolved to Desire Beauty and Enjoy Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Collingwood, R. G. (1938). The Principles of Art. London: Humphrey Milford.

Darwin, C. (1872). The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. London: John Murray.

Darwin, C. (1902). The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Part II. New York: P. F. Collier & Son.

Ekman, P. (2003). Emotions Revealed. Recognizing Faces and Feelings to Improve Communication and Emotional Life. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Ekman, P., & Davidson, R. J. (Eds.). (1994). Series in Affective Science. The Nature of Emotion: Fundamental Questions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freedberg, D., & Gallese, V. (2007). Motion, emotion and empathy in esthetic experience. TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences, 11(5): 201–202.

Frijda, N. (1986). The Emotions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Frijda, N., & Sundararajan, L. (2007). Emotion Refinement. A Theory Inspired by Chinese Poetics. Perspectives on Psychological Sciences, 2(3): 227–24.

Hanslick, E. 1891. The Beautiful in Music (G. Cohen, Transl.). London: Novello and Company Ltd.

Huron, D. (2006). Sweet Anticipation. Music and the Psychology of Expectation. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press.

Ingarden, R. (1976). O poznawaniu dzieła literackiego [The cognition of the literary work of art] (D. Gierulanka, Transl.). Warszawa: PWN.

James, P., & Sloboda (1884). What is an Emotion? Mind, 9(34): 188–205.

Juslin, P. Sloboda, J. (Eds.) (2010). Handbook of Music and Emotion: Theory, Research, Applications. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Juslin, P., Vastfjall, D. (2008). Emotional Responses to Music: The Need to Consider Underlying Mechanism. Behavioral Brain Sciences, 31: 559–621.

Krumhansl, C. (1997). An Exploratory Study of Musical Emotions and Psychophysiology. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 15(4): 334–352.

Lane, R. D., & Nadel, L. (Eds.) (2000). Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

LeDoux, J. (1998). The Emotional Brain. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson.

Leder, H., Belke, B., Oeberst, A., & Augustin, D. (2004). A Model of Aesthetic Appreciation and Aesthetic Judgements, British Journal of Psychology, 95: 489–508.

Meyer, L. (1956). Emotion and Meaning in Music. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Miller, G. (2000). The Mating Mind. How Sexual Choice Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature. New York: Anchor Books.

Panksepp, J., (2000). Emotions as Natural Kinds within the Mammalian Brain. In M. Lewis, J. Haviland (Eds.). The Handbook of Emotions, 2nd ed. (pp. 137–156). New York: Guilford.

Pelowski, M., & Akiba, F. (2011). A Model of Art Perception, Evaluation and Emotion in Transformative Aesthetic Experience. New Ideas in Psychology, 29: 80–97.

Peretz, I., & Zatorre, R. (2003). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Przybysz, P. (2013a). Emocje muzyczne i ich estetyczne modyfikacje [Musical emotions and their aesthetic modifications]. In M. Bogucki, A. Fołtyn, P. Podlipniak, P. Przybysz, H. Winiszewska (Eds.) Neuroestetyka muzyki [Neuroesthetics of music], (pp. 115–126). Poznań: Wydawnictwo PTPN.

Przybysz, P. (2013b). Music and Emotions. Avant, IV(3): 175-196.

Przybysz, P. (2017). O naturze emocji towarzyszących odbiorowi sztuki. Dynamiczne i sytuacyjne podejście do emocji estetycznych [About the nature of emotions accompanying the reception of art. A dynamic and situational approach to aesthetic emotions]. Estetyka i krytyka, 46: 45–62.

Ramachandran, V., Hirstein, W. (1999). The Science of Art. A Neurological Theory of Aesthetic Experience. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6(6–7): 15–51.

Rolls, E. T. (2011). The Origins of Aesthetics: A Neurobiological Basis for Affective Feelings and Aesthetics. In: E. Schellekens, & P. Goldie (Eds.). The Aesthetics Mind. Philosophy & Psychology, (pp. 116–165). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Russell, J. (1980). A Circumplex Model of Affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39:1161–1178.

Scherer, K. (2000). Psychological Models of Emotion. In J. Borod (Ed.) The Neuropsychology of Emotion (pp. 137–162). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Silva, P. (2005). Emotional Responses to Art: From Collation and Arousal to Cognition and Emotion. Review of General Psychology, 9(4): 342–357.

Sloboda, J. (1991). Music Structure and Emotional Response: Some Empirical Findings. Psychology of Music, 19: 110–120.

Sloboda, J. (1999). Poznanie, emocje i wykonanie. Trzy wykłady z psychologii muzyki [Cognition, emotions and execution. Three lectures on the psychology of music] (A. Miśkiewicz, Transl.). Warszawa: Akademia Muzyczna im. F. Chopina.

Tan, E. S. (2000). Emotion, art and the humanities. In M. Lewis and J. M. Haviland-Jones (Eds.). Handbook of Emotions, 2nd. ed. (pp. 116-136). New York: Guilford Press.

Zeki, S. (1999). Inner Vision. An Exploration of Art and the Brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Zentner, M., Grandjean, D., & Scherer, K. (2008). Emotions Evoked by the Sound of Music: Characterization, Classification, and Measurement. Mind, 8(4): 494–521.