The European Union has identified education in Central Asia as a key area of cooperation. However, the EU’s engagement in this area, which has faced considerable difficulties since the fall of the Soviet Union, has so far not had the desired impact. Based on a case study of Uzbekistan, I argue in this article that the EU should revise its strategy by adopting a more targeted approach, consistent with the longer-term funding it is able to commit to Central Asia and better tailored to the local social context through strong engagement with local stakeholders. Instead of imposing broad concepts designed in Brussels – which have generally not been fully accepted or implemented by local political authorities – this new approach would involve setting up specific projects with local input, such as the opening of campuses of European universities, providing financial and logistical support for school infrastructure, and increasing the involvement of potential employers. With local ownership, EU education assistance will allow a new generation in Uzbekistan to breathe life into long-term reforms by drawing on the European concepts of their instruction, rather than viewing them as imposed from outside.
Ahunov M., Kakhkharov J., Parpiev Z., Wolfson I. (2015), Socio-economic consequences of labor migration in Uzbekistan, Griffith Business School Discussion papers, no. 07.
Akramov D., Sistema obrazovaniia v Uzbekistane, avtoreferat, УДК 377.1.
Axyonova V. (2013), The EU Education Initiative for Central Asia five years on: lessons learnt?, “Eucam Policy Brief,” no. 30.
BTI (2016), Uzbekistan Country Report.
Byrd M. W. (2012), Education, Economic Growth, and Social Stability: Why the Three Are Inseparable, in: R. Azizian, A. Lukin, From APEC 2011 to APEC 2012: American and Russian Perspectives
on Asia-Pacific Security and Cooperation, Far Eastern Federal University Press.
Campbell A. C. (2017), How international scholarship recipients perceive their contributions to the development of their home countries: Findings from a comparative study of Georgia and Moldova,
“International Journal of Educational Development,” no. 55.
Chauvet L., Collier P. (2008), What are the Preconditions for Turnarounds in Failing States?, “Conflict Management and Peace Science”, no. 25.
Directorate-General for External Policies (2016), Implementation and review of the European Union-Central Asia Strategy: Recommendations for EU action, January.
Education for All. Gobal Monitorig Report, Regional Overview, Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 2015, UNESCO, http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0023/002333/233313E.pdf.
Educated youth is the driving force for progress – Islam Karimov, 8.02.2012, https://en.trend.az/azerbaijan/politics/1993768.html.
Eniseev M. (2017), Strany Central’noi Azii aktiviziruiut usiliia po privlecheniiu zarubezhnyh studentov, Karavansarai, http://central.asia-news.com/ru/articles/cnmi_ca/features/2017/06/06/feature-01.
EU To Draw Up New Central Asia Strategy By Late 2019, RFE/RL, 19.6.2017, https://www.rferl.org/a/eu-central-asia-strategy-2019/28563536.html.
European Commission, The Bologna Process and the European Higher Education Area, http://ec.europa.eu/education/policy/higher-education/bologna-process_en.
European Commission, Uzbekistan. Country Profile, no date, http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/tempus/participating_countries/impact/uzbekistan.pdf.
European External Action Service (2012), Progress Report on the implementation of the EU Strategy for Central Asia Implementation Review and outline for Future Orientations, https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/eeas/files/20120628_progress_report_en.pdf.
Estafeev K. (2016), Naskol’ko zakonny pobory na remont shkoly?, „Hroniki Uzbekistana,” https://uzbchron.wordpress.com/2016/03/12/4665/.
ETF, Uzbekistan to develop qualifications framework, 15.6.2011, http://www.etf.europa.eu/web.nsf/pages/Uzbekistan_to_develop_qualifications_framework__EN.
Habibov N. (2012), Early childhood care and education attendance in Central Asia, “Children and Youth Services Review,” no. 34.
Hurramov Sh. (2016), V Rossiiu za diplomom: uzbekskie abiturienty vse bol’she prispatrivaiutsia k rossiiskim VUZam, CAA-Network, July 22, http://caa-network.org/archives/7382.
Markowitz L. (2013), State Erosion. Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia, Cornell University Press, Ithaca.
Melibaev N. (2017), Vysshee obrazovanie v Uzbekistane. Esche raz o testirovanii, abiturentah i korrupcii, September 05, 2017, http://tgraph.io/Vysshee-obrazovanie-v-Uzbekistane-Eshchyo-razo-testirovanii-abiturientah-i-korrupcii-09-05.
Melvin N., Boonstra J. (2008), The EU Strategy for Central Asia @ Year One, Eucam Policy Brief, no. 1.
Merrill M. C., Dukenbaev A. (2011), Youth and Education in Central Asia, in: The European Union and Central Asia, ed. A. Warkotsch, Routledge, London–New York.
Mirzieev poruchil usovershenstvovat’ sistemu postupleniia v vuzy, 9.10.2017, http://ru.sputniknews-uz.com/society/20171016/6563775/reformi-obrazovaniya-v-uzbekistane.html.
Nino-Zarazua M. (2016), Aid, education policy, and development, “International Journal of Educational Development,” no. 48.
Nino-Zarazua M. (2016), Aid, Education Policy, and Development, “International Journal of Educa tional Development,” vol. 48.
Niyozov S., Dastambuev N. (2013), Exploiting globalization while being exploited by it: Insights from post-Soviet education reforms in Central Asia, “Canadian and International Education,” vol. 41, no. 3.
Niyozov S. (2008), Understanding Teaching. Beyond Content and Method. Insights from Central Asia, “European Education,” vol. 40, no. 4.
Okolo 3 tysiach uchitelei angliiskoro iazyka ne proshli kvalifikaciiu, “Sputnik News,” 19.2.2017, http://ru.sputniknews-uz.com/society/20170219/4837485/Uzbekistan-ushitelya-testirovaniye.html.
Open Society Institute (2002), Education Development in Kyrgyzstan, Challenges and Ways Forward, Tajikistan–Uzbekistan.
Pis’mo chitatelia iz Uzbekistana: Novaia metodika, chotby ‘doit’ uchitelei, “Ferghana,” 30.8.2016, http://www.fergananews.com/articles/9070.
Reforma obrazovaniia v Uzbekistane: Chego zhdat’ ot novogo uchebnogo goda, Regnum.ru, 8.09.2017, https://regnum.ru/news/society/2327369.html.
Reforma Obrazovaniia v Uzbekistane: ot gorshka do studencheskoi skam’i, 16.10.2017, „Sputnik News,” http://ru.sputniknews-uz.com/society/20171016/6563775/reformi-obrazovaniya-v-uzbekistane.html.
Riboud M. (2016), Investing in Human Development, “Global Journal of Emerging Market Economies,” vol. 8, no. 2.
Riddell A., Nino-Zarazua M. (2016), The effectiveness of foreign aid to education. What can be learned?, “International Journal of Educational Development,” no. 48.
Samadov A., Shavkat Mirziyoyev: youth education is one of the most important issues, Uzbekistan National News Agency, 16.6.2017, http://uza.uz/en/politics/shavkat-mirziyoyev-youth-educationis-one-of-the-most-import-16-06-2017.
Samoff J., Leer J., Reddy M. (2016), Capturing Complexity and Context: Evaluating Aid to Education, Report Expertgruppen för biståndsanalys (EBA), no. 3.
Shaturaev J. (2014), Comparative Study on Similarities and Differences of Teaching and Learning Process in Primary Schools in Indonesia and Uzbekistan, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.
Skol’naia reforma v Uzbekistane: Chevo zhdat’ ot novogo uchebnogo goda, “Open Asia,” August 18.09.2017.
Silova I. (2010), Rediscovering Post-socialism in comparative education, in: Post-Socialism is not Dead: (Re)Reading the Global in Comparative Education, “International Perspectives on Education and Society,” vol. 14.
Silova I. (2011), Introduction: Education and Postsocialist Transformations in Central Asia – Exploring Margins and Marginalities, in: Globalization on the margins. Education and Postsocialist Transformations in Central Asia, Information Age Publishing, Charlotte, NC.
Silova I., Johnson S., Heyneman P. (2007), Education and the Crisis of Social Cohesion in Azerbaijan and Central Asia, “Comparative Education Review,” vol. 51, no. 2 (May 2007), pp. 159–180.
Tomusk V. (2011), The Garbage of the Garbage. The Second-Level Sub-Optimal Policy Process in European Higher Education, “Cahiers de la Recherche sur l’Education et les Savoirs,” Horssérie no. 3.
Uroka ne budet, uchitelia net – zvuchit vse chasche v shkolah Tashkenta, “Centr-1,” 11.11.2016, https://centre1.com/uzbekistan/uroka-ne-budet-uchitelya-net-zvuchit-vse-chashhe-v-shkolahtashkenta/.
Uzbekistan and Germany to boost cooperation in education, “UzDaily”, 26.05.2014, https://www.uzdaily.com/articles-id-27876.htm.
Uzbekistan: Prezident Shavkat Mirzieev vystupil za 11-letnee obuchenie v shkolah, “Fergananews,” 16.06.2017.
Uzbekistan: Education sector plan For 2013–2017, 2013.
Uzbekistan: From Russia, With Luck, “Tol Chalkboard”, 14.04.2008, http://chalkboard.tol.org/uzbekistan-from-russia-with-luck/.
V Uzbekistane reformiruiut sistemu podgotovki uchitelei, Centrasia.ru, 27.09.2017, http://www.centrasia.ru/newsA.php?st=1506516720.
V Uzbekistane sozdano Ministerstvo doshol’nogo obrazovaniia, Podrobno.uz, 2.10.2017, http://podrobno.uz/cat/obchestvo/v-uzbekistane-sozdano-ministerstvo-doshkolnogo-obrazovaniya/.
Van Fleet J. W. (2011), A global education challenge. Harnessing corporate philanthropy to educate the world’s poor, Working Paper no. 4, Center for Universal Education at Brookings.
Weidman J. C., Yoder B. (2010), Policy and Practice in Education Reform in Mongolia and Uzbekistan during the First Two Decades of the Post-Soviet Era, “Excellence in Higher Education,” no. 1.
Williamson R. C. (2009), Exploring the failure of foreign aid: The role of incentives and information, “The Review of Austrian Economics,” vol. 23, no. 1.
World Bank (2014), Project Appraisal Document On A Proposed Grant In The Amount Of Us$49.9 Million To The Republic Of Uzbekistan For The Improving Pre-Primary And General Secondary Education Project, October 9, http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/415261475216228549/pdf/PAD713-PAD-P144856-Box396309B-PUBLIC.pdf.
Yeniseyev M., Central Asian states step up efforts to attract foreign students, “Caravanserai”, 6.06.2017, http://central.asia-news.com/en_GB/articles/cnmi_ca/features/2017/06/06/feature-01.
Yun A. (2016), Corruption in Uzbek higher education: Detrimental impurity for the future, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, no. 34.
Za 9 mesiacev 2017 goda v RF pribyli 3,1 mln migrantov iz Uzbekistana, Sputnik.ru, 18.12.2017, http://ru.sputniknews-uz.com/migration/20171218/7095406/Uzbekistan-migranty-OON-statistika.html.
Teksty opublikowane na łamach czasopisma "Przegląd Politologiczny" i udostępniane w formacie PDF objęte są licencją CC BY 4.0 (Creative Commons - Uznanie autorstwa). Kopiowanie i rozpowszechnianie dozwolone jest pod warunkiem uznania autorstwa.