Is this the Collapse of Islamic State? The Evolution of the Terrorist Threat in the Middle East in 2017
PDF (English)

Słowa kluczowe

Middle East
Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
Islamic State

Jak cytować

WEJKSZNER, A. (2018). Is this the Collapse of Islamic State? The Evolution of the Terrorist Threat in the Middle East in 2017. Przegląd Strategiczny, (11), 383–393.


The main aim of this article is to present an evolution of the terrorism threat in the Middle East in 2016. For this purpose, firstly, the essence and determinants of the contemporary terrorism threat have been analyzed. Some main Middle East terrorist organizations, actively operating in this area, have also been indicated. Secondly, the chronology and the most important terrorism trends in the region have been presented. A special attention has been paid to consequences of the fall of the Islamic State. And last but not least some predictive scenarios regarding the development of above phenomenon in 2017 and beyond have been pointed out.
PDF (English)


Abdellah M., Tolba A. (2017), Two German tourists stabbed to death on Egyptian beach, Reuters, 14.07.2017, stabbed-to-death-on-egyptian-beach-idUSKBN19Z1KW (23.03.2018).

Adamski J. (2007), Nowe technologie w służbie terrorystów, Warszawa.

Adel L. (2017a), Car bomb blast in Habibiya near Baghdad leaves 25 casualties, „Iraqi News”, 15.02.2017, leaves-25-casualties/> (23.03.2018).

Adel L. (2017b), Mosul victims treated for chemical agents as displacement accelerates, „Iraqi News”, 4.03.2017, agents-displacement-accelerates/ (12.03.2018).

Adel L. (2017c), IS chemical missiles kill 4 civilians and wounds 25 others near Mosul, „Iraqi News”, 6.03.2017, 25-others-near-mosul/ (23.03.2018).

ALJAZEERA (2017a), Iraq: Suicide attacks rock Baghdad killing at least 20, „Al Jazeera”, 8.01.2017, killing-20-170108131406836.html (23.03.2018).

ALJAZEERA (2017b), Syria war: Twin suicide attacks kill dozens in Damascus, 15.03.2017, https:// 170315114623986.html (13.03.2018).

ALJAZEERA (2017c), Baghdad car bomb kills at least 21, Al Jazeera, 21.03.2017, (23.03.2018).

ALJAZEERA (2017), Suicide truck bomber kills 17 in Baghdad, Al Jazeera, 30.03.2017, https:// 170329211917253.html (23.03.2018).

BBC (2017a), Iran attacks: ‘IS’ hits parliament and Khomeini mausoleum, BBC News, 7.06.2017, (23.03.2018).

BBC (2017b), Iraq: At least 60 die in twin attacks near Nasiriya, BBC News, 14.09.2017, https:// (15.03.2018).

Beaumont P. (2017), Jerusalem stabbing: British student, 20, killed close to Old City, „The Guardian”, 14.04.2017, to-death-in-jerusalem-good-friday (23.03.2018).

Byman D. (2007), Deadly Connections. States that Sponsor Terrorism, New York.

Byman D. L. (2017), The Islamic State’s long-term threat to the Middle East, Brookings, 28.07.2017, the-middle-east/ (13.01.2018).

DHA (2017), İzmir’deki alçak saldırıyı TAK üstlendi, Dogan Haber Ajansi, 11.01.2017, http://arsiv. (12.03.2018).

DNA (2017), Twin bombings in Damascus kill 59, mostly Iraqi pilgrims, DNA, 12.03.2017, http:// 2350570 (12.03.2018).

DW (2017), Scores killed in twin suicide attack on Iraq wedding, Deutsche Welle, 8.03.2017, https:// (12.03.2018).

Ehrlih P. R., Liu J. (2002), Some Roots of Terrorism, „Population and Environment”, Vol. 24, No. 2.

Explosive detonated by PKK wounds 5 in Şırnak, Turkey (2017), „Yeni Safak”, 16.01.2018, 2597726 (marzec 2018).

Gaballa A., Tolba A. (2017), Palm Sunday bombings of Egyptian Coptic churches kill 44, Reuters, 9.04.2017, (12.03.2018).

al-Hassani A., Amir H. (2017), Bomb attacks kill 9 in Iraq, Anadolu Agency, 5.04.2017, https://www. (12.03.2018).

Horton M. (2017), Fighting the Long War: The Evolution of al-Qa`ida in the Arabian Peninsula, „CTC Sentinel”, Vol. 10, Issue 1, January.

Hussein S. (2017), 6 killed in al-Qaeda attack in southern Yemen, Anadolu Agency, 5.03.2017, https:// (12.03.2018).

Illingworth A. (2018), Huge ISIS bombing in east Syria by German jihadist leaves nearly 100 USbacked fighters killed, wounded, AMIN, 1.01.2018, huge-isis-bombing-east-syria-german-jihadist-leaves-nearly-100-us-backed-fighters-killed- wounded/ (12.03.2018).

Iraq blast: Suicide bomber kills 30 Shias near Karbala, Islamic State claims responsibility (2017), „Hindustan Times”, 9.06.2017, er-kills-20-in-iraq-islamic-state-claims-responsibility/story-vtKbcwmusZ3Sq7uxCy7bFO. html (12.03.2018).

i24NEWS (2017a), Three wounded in stabbing attack in Old City of Jerusalem, i24 News, 1.04.2017, city-of-jerusalem (12.03.2018).

i24NEWS (2017b), Terror attack near Tel Aviv beachfront wounds four, i24 News, 23.04.2017, https:// tel-aviv-beach (12.03.2018).

Kazandioglu Y., Karadeniz S. (2017), 2 killed in PKK terror attack in SE Turkey, Anadolu Agen- cy, 14.08.2017, 884145 (12.03.2018).

Krawczyk A. (2007), Terroryzm ugrupowań fundamentalistycznych na obszarze Izraela w drugiej połowie XX wieku, Toruń.

LE FIGARO (2017), Actualité Flash Actu Syrie: 26 morts dans un attentat de l’EI, „Le Figaro”, 17.11.2017, syrie-26-morts-dans-un-attentat-de-l-ei.php (12.03.2018).

Lister C. (2018), How al-Qa`ida Lost Control of its Syrian Affiliate: The Inside Story, „CTC Sentinel”, Vol. 11, Issue 2, February.

Madej M. (2001), Międzynarodowy terroryzm polityczny, Warszawa.

Mostafa N. (2017a), Elder, grandson killed by bomb from Islamic State-guided drone in Mosul, „Iraqi News”, 20.01.2017, islamic-state-guided-drone-mosul/ (12.03.2018).

Mostafa N. (2017b), Three civilians killed as IS drones bomb eastern Mosul market, „Iraqi News”, 15.02.2017, ern-mosul-market (12.03.2018).

Mostafa N. (2017c), Islamic State drones, rockets kill 11 civilians, including school kids, in eastern Mosul, „Iraqi News”, 21.02.2017, rockets-kill-11-civilians-including-school-kids-eastern-mosul/ (12.03.2018).

Mostafa N. (2017d), IS attack kills 16 civilians in western Mosul, „Iraqi News”, 8.04.2017, https:// (12.03.2018).

Mostafa N. (2017e), Four killed, 10 wounded in a Shiite-majority district blast, eastern Baghdad, „Iraqi News”, 11.05.2017, shiite-majority-district-blast-eastern-baghdad/ (12.03.2018).

Mostafa N. (2017f), More than 80 killed, injured in several Baghdad, Basra blasts, „Iraqi News”, 20.05.2017, blasts/ (12.03.2018).

Mostafa N. (2017g), Woman detonates bomb in crowded Friday market in Iraq, killing at least 30, „Iraqi News”, 9.06.2017, crowded-friday-market-iraq-killing-least-30/ (12.03.2018).

Mostafa N. (2017h), 25 civilians killed, injured in two blasts at south, east of Baghdad, „Iraqi News”, 28.08.2017, south-east-baghdad/ (12.03.2018).

Mostafa N. (2017i), Civilian killed, 4 wounded in bomb blast south of Baghdad, „Iraqi News”, 7.09.2017, south-baghdad-3/ (12.03.2018).

NYT (2017), Suicide Bombing in Baghdad Kills at Least 36, „The New York Times”, 2.01.2017, bombing-islamic-state.html (12.03.2018).

Persio S. O. (2017), Isis targets civilians returning to liberated al-Bab in deadly Syrian car bomb attack, „International Business Times”, 24.02.2017, civilians-returning-liberated-al-bab-deadly-syrian-car-bomb-attack-1608360 (12.03.2018).

REUTERS (2017a), Suicide bomber kills at least eight soldiers in Yemen’s Zinjibar, Reuters, 24.02.2017, least-eight-soldiers-in-yemens-zinjibar-idUSKBN1630LR (12.01.2018).

REUTERS (2017b), Bombs target oil pipeline in Iraq’s Kirkuk, one killed, Reuters, 25.02.2017,> (12.03.2018).

REUTERS (2017c), Islamic State kills 31 in Iraq’s Tikrit: security sources, medics, Reuters, 5.04.2017,> (12.03.2018).

REUTERS (2017d), Yemen suicide car bomb kills 5 soldiers: residents, Reuters, 3.08.2017, https:// (12.03.2018).

REUTERS (2017e), Islamic State attacks kill at least 50 in east Syria: Kurdish Red Crescent, Reuters, 12.10.2017, state-attacks-kill-at-least-18-in-eastern-syria-monitor-idUSKBN1CH2RI (marzec 2018).

Richardson L. (2006), The Roots of Terrorism, New York–London.

Schmid A. P. (2011), The Routledge handbook of terrorism research, London–New York.

Schmid A. P., Jongman A. J. (2005), Political Terrorism. A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories & Literature, New Brunswick–London.

Strack C. (2017), The Evolution of the Islamic State’s Chemical Weapons Efforts, „CTC Sentinel”, Vol. 10, Issue 9, September.

al-Tamimi A. (2017), The Formation of Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham and Wider Tensions in the Syrian Insurgency, „CTC Sentinel”, Vol. 10, Issue 2, February.

Tawfeeq M. (2017), ISIS targets Iraqi families with blast at Baghdad ice cream shop, CNN, 30.05.2017, (12.03.2018).

TODAY (2017), Suicide bombings kill 10, wound 33 in Mosul, Baghdad, „Today Online”, 13.02.2017, restaurant (12.01.2018).

Wejkszner A. (2016), Państwo islamskie. Narodziny nowego kalifatu?, Warszawa.

Wejkszner A. (2017), Globalna sieć Al-Kaidy. Nowe państwo islamskie?, Warszawa.

Wejkszner A. (2018), Samotne wilki kalifatu? Państwo Islamskie i indywidualny terroryzm dżihadystyczny w Europie Zachodniej, Warszawa.

Winter C., Margolin D. (2017), The Mujahidat Dilemma: Female Combatants and the Islamic State, “CTC Sentinel”, Vol. 10, Issue 7, August.

Yeo W. (2017), Four trends in global terrorism threats in 2017, “The Straits Times”, 10.01.2017, (12.01.2018).